2008 Green ICT - Green IT


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Presentated by Mr Chan Yue Fai, Edward

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  • 2008 Green ICT - Green IT

    1. 1. Save or Delete? - Issues in Green IT ~ By Chan Yue Fai, Edward, Greenpeace China
    2. 2. Greenpeace is a non-profit organisation, with a presence in 40 countries. To maintain independence, we do not accept donations from governments or corporations but relies on contributions from individual supporters and foundation grants. our mission Greenpeace stands for positive change through action to defend the natural world and promote peace.
    3. 3. our history <ul><li>In 1971, a small team of activists set sail from Vancouver, Canada, to protest peacefully against U.S nuclear testing. Their direct action marked the beginning of Greenpeace. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Greenpeace has grown into a truly global organisation with presence in 40 countries and 2.8 millions of supporters worldwide. Yet we are still motivated by the same principles of those early activists: taking action to bring positive change. today
    5. 5. <ul><li>Greenpeace China was established in Hong Kong in 1997 and has since set up offices in Beijing and Guangzhou. </li></ul><ul><li>Greenpeace believes that development should not come at the expense of the environment. We are committed to seeking and building a green growth pattern, together with the people of China. </li></ul>
    6. 6. our campaigns in China <ul><li>toxics </li></ul>forests food & agriculture climate & energy toxics
    7. 7. <ul><li>Hong Kong is getting hotter and hotter </li></ul>
    8. 8. Annual mean temperatures of Hong Kong Observatory Headquarter at Tsim Sha Tsui (1947-2006) 1947-2006 0.17 o C per decade 1989-2006 0.34 o C per decade Year Temperature ( o C) Source: Hong Kong Observatory
    9. 9. Projection of cold days and very hot days in Hong Kong By the end of this century, the annual number of cold days in winter will decrease from the 1961-1990 mean of 21 days to less than a day By the end of this century, the annual number of very hot days in summer will increase from the 1961-1990 mean of 11 days to 24 days Number of cold days Number of very hot days Decade Decade Source: Hong Kong Observatory
    10. 10. Glaciers are melting <ul><li>Billions of people are at risk </li></ul>Middle Rongbuk Glacier 2007 Middle Rongbuk Glacier 1968
    11. 11. Fossil Fuels are the main cause of global warming and climate change <ul><li>Main greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) produced by fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) for energy and transport </li></ul>
    12. 12. Extreme weathers are more intense and severe <ul><li>droughts, desertification, sand storms, floods, heat waves, typhoons, reducing crops, water shortage… </li></ul>
    13. 13. People will become climate victims <ul><li>Predicted 2°C to 3°C rise by 2050; 5°C rise by 2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Glaciers melt – affects 1/6 world population </li></ul><ul><li>Crop yields decline – hundreds of millions could face starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases increase – malaria, death by colds and heat, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rises – 200 million people will be displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Species extinct – 15-40 % species will be extinct </li></ul>Source: Report by Sir Nicholas Stern, former chief economist of the World Bank, November 2006
    14. 14. The impact can be seen as early as 2035 <ul><li>The concentration of CO 2 will induce 2°C global temperature rise as early as year 2035 </li></ul><ul><li>Once passed this 2°C threshold, it will trigger catastrophic consequences to ecosystem and mankind </li></ul>
    15. 15. Economic development will suffer <ul><li>If we do nothing, by 2050: </li></ul><ul><li>A cost of 20% of world GDP </li></ul><ul><li>= Great Depression + World War II </li></ul><ul><li>and the earlier effective actions are taken, </li></ul><ul><li>the less costly it will be. </li></ul>Source: Report by Sir Nicholas Stern, former chief economist of the World Bank, November 2006
    16. 16. Tackling climate change: Is ICT doing enough?
    17. 17. ICT response to climate challenge <ul><li>“ ICT covers two percent of the global energy consumption. We can work to halve it to 1%, but the priority is to work to decrease the remaining 98 percent” </li></ul><ul><li>Francesco Serafini, VP Hewlett Packard EMEA </li></ul><ul><li>“ The real challenge is to address heavy energy consumers. ICT can help. It is indeed a typical anti-inflationary industry that with time gives you more for less. But the real problem is to cut heavy consumption” </li></ul><ul><li>Craig Barrett , Chairman, Intel </li></ul>
    18. 18. ICT can help curb or increase GHG emissions <ul><li>Intelligence and dematerialisation vs. material and energy consumption from mining to recycling/disposal (embodied energy) </li></ul><ul><li>Web-conferencing vs. more aviation (increased global social and business networking) </li></ul><ul><li>Too much IT? Growth of data centres </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the ‘paperless office’? </li></ul>
    19. 19. ICT and climate change <ul><li>2007: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>830m tonnes CO2 from electronic gear (PCs, peripherals, telecom network, data centre etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2% of global emission </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected to grow to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4 billion tonnes by 2020 (~70% increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data centres  fastest growing source </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. How ICT could help? <ul><li>Could help reducing 7.8 billion tonnes CO2 by 2020, if we act smartly and quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Videoconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Smart buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Smart logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Smart electrical grid </li></ul>
    21. 21. Closing the material loop via recycling and Individual Producer Responsibility saves energy <ul><li>Energy accounts for 20-30% of cost of metals e.g. Al and Zn </li></ul><ul><li>Material recycling is less energy intensive than primary material production e.g. mining gold </li></ul><ul><li>Iron and Steel: require 74% less energy </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Ferrous Metals: 96% less energy e.g. Al </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic: 36% less energy and fewer chemicals </li></ul>
    22. 22. Recycling and IPR save energy <ul><li>(Less mining: less use of toxic chemicals) </li></ul><ul><li>But safe recycling is only possible once materials (and products) have been detoxified e.g. PVC and BFRs in electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Only the producer can influence design of product for recycling – Individual Producer Responsibility </li></ul>
    23. 23. Greenpeace ranking Guide <ul><li>Design out Toxics </li></ul><ul><li>Take back & recycle </li></ul><ul><li>…… coming soon </li></ul><ul><li>Respect the climate </li></ul><ul><li>All information must be publicly available e.g. corporate website </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty points : double standards, lying, corporate misbehaviour </li></ul>
    24. 24. Greenpeace Guide: New Energy Criteria <ul><li>Support for global mandatory cuts in GHG emissions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At least 50% by 2050 (from 1990 levels) and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuts by industrialised countries of at least 30% as a group by 2020 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Stand up and be counted” (Hodges, IBLF) – and don’t hide behind trade associations </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lobby for national, global laws ” (Cramer, BSR) </li></ul>
    25. 25. Greenpeace Guide: New Energy Criteria <ul><li>Disclosure of (ISO 14064-certified) GHG emissions : own operations and 2 stages of supply chain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can’t manage what you don’t measure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commitment to cut emissions from own operations: by at least 20% by 2012 </li></ul>
    26. 26. Greenpeace Guide: New Energy Criteria <ul><li>Amount of renewable energy (RECS) used as proportion of total electricity use in own operations: at least 25% </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency of New Models of specified products: All new models to meet latest Energy Star® requirements and 30% of New Models to exceed ES standard (by at least 50% in sleep and standby/no-load modes) – double points </li></ul>
    27. 27. 行动 , 带来改变。 Positive change through action.