EU Rio+20


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EU position for Rio+20

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EU Rio+20

  1. 1. Rio+20: towards the green economy and reinforced governance ASEF 17-18 July 2011 Jakub Wejchert Multilateral Environmental Agreements Unit European Commission – DG Environment
  2. 2. Overview of presentation <ul><li>EU preparations on Rio+20 </li></ul><ul><li>Main lines in the Commission’s Communication: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking stock twenty years after Rio 1992 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing the debate: “what”, “how”, “who”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Commission proposals for possible outcomes for Rio+20 for further discussion within EU </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. EU Preparations for Rio+20 <ul><li>Commission Communication adopted on 20 June 2011 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds on a range of EU policies related to sustainable development and Europe 2020 strategy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follows from a range of discussions, consultations and inter-service meetings with services in the Commission, stakeholders, Member States, Parliament groups, as well as several 3rd countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Basis for discussion with EU Member States and the European Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>International outreach activities and dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>EU consolidated position by November 2011 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Taking stock and how to move forward <ul><li>Despite some successes – the world is not on the path of sustainable development, in particular in poverty eradication and in addressing environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Many implementation gaps remain agreed in Rio 1992 and Johannesburg 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Green Economy and reinforced governance offer a way of tackling remaining challenges of SD </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant to countries in all stages of development </li></ul><ul><li>EU approach builds on the EU2020 strategy and relates it to global challenges </li></ul>
  5. 5. Framing the debate and potential outcomes <ul><li>Investing in the sustainable management of key resources and natural capital (“what”) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the right market and regulatory conditions (“how”) </li></ul><ul><li>Improving governance and private sector involvement (“who”) </li></ul><ul><li>A set of European Commission proposals for outcomes for Rio+20 as a basis for the consolidated EU position </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1. Invest in the sustainable management of key resources and natural capital (“what”) <ul><li>Water, energy, marine resources and oceans, food security and sustainable agriculture, forests, materials, chemicals and waste… </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable management of natural capital essential for the economy, poverty eradication and the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Currently underpin many livelihoods and jobs around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Can become basis for future economic growth and global markets </li></ul><ul><li>If well managed well can draw people out of poverty, create better livelihoods, and create new jobs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2. Establish the right market and regulatory conditions (“how”) <ul><li>The enabling conditions to help stimulate green growth and markets in areas outlined under “what” include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eco-taxes, cap and trade, removal of environmentally harmful subsidies, innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilising and leveraging public and private financial resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing skills for new (“green” and “decent”) jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutual support between trade and sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New ways of measuring progress, in addition to GDP </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 3. Improve governance and private sector involvement (“who”) <ul><li>Need to modernise, reinforce and streamline governance structures to advance and deliver sustainable development, green economy and eradicate poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Different levels of governance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable development within the UN (e.g. role of ECOSOC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International environmental governance (e.g. reinforcing UNEP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider international framework for economic, environmental and social governance (e.g. role of IFIs, WTO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable development governance at national and sub-national level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced role of non-state actors (civil society, business, finance) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Possible ingredients of an outcome at Rio+20 <ul><li>A broad political rallying call for greener and more sustainable economy with shared vision and goals </li></ul><ul><li>Green economy roadmap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A set of international actions and a framework for national/regional actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National/regional actions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bottom up”, greening national priorities and national economic and development policies with the help of a “toolbox” of best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key indicators and accounting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a system for environmental & social accounting, in addition to economic accounting (GDP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree on indicators (only a couple!) based on the work of work of OECD, World Bank, UNDP </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Possible A ctions: Resources & Natural Capital <ul><li>Reinforce international partnerships on water, renewable energy and energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments for reducing marine pollution and waste; strengthen UNCLOS (law of the seas); move forward with benefit sharing and marine protected areas </li></ul><ul><li>Promote sustainable agriculture and food security through a partnership on sustainable trade of food commodities </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable forest management partnership (building on success of FLEGT) </li></ul><ul><li>Robust international regime on chemicals </li></ul>
  11. 11. Possible A ctions: Greening Markets <ul><li>Move forward with domestic carbon emission trading schemes </li></ul><ul><li>A scheme to phase out environmentally harmful subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>Public-private financing strategies and schemes for the green economy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mobilise and leverage public/private funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>incentivise private investments and banks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnerships for eco-innovation </li></ul><ul><li>More sustainable trade agreements both multilaterally and bilaterally </li></ul><ul><li>Green skills programmes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Re-skilling” for existing workforces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth training programmes (with ILO) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Possible A ctions: Improving Governance <ul><li>Sustainable development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce sustainable development in UN ECOSOC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrade CSD with extended functions or mainstream in UN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transform UNEP into Specialised Agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamline MEA system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reinforce capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector/civil society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential for success of partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking, alliances, commitments </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Moving forward <ul><li>The European Commission’s orientations on Rio+20 will lead to the EU initial position by 1 November 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>The EU is open to discuss with all countries and stakeholders on how to further shape the outcome, commitments and actions in build up to Rio+20 </li></ul><ul><li>For further information - Google: Rio+20 EU </li></ul>