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ADB

  1. 1. Green Growth: ADB Perspectives<br />Mark Kunzer<br />Regional and Sustainable Development Department<br />17th July 2011<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />What is Green Growth?<br />Key Challenges in the Asia and Pacific Region<br />ADB's strategic directions to promote green growth<br />
  3. 3. Some definitions<br />“sustainable development “ is development which “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Report, 1987)<br />“green economy” is one that “results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing risks and ecological scarcities (UNEP, 2008)<br />“green growth” can be seen as “a way to pursue economic growth and development, while preventing environmental degradation, biodiversity loss, and unsustainable resource use” (OECD, 2009)<br />”environmentally sustainable growth” is a generic term (as used in ADB’s Strategy 2020, 2008)<br />
  4. 4. Some Features<br />potentially a more operational concept than broader “sustainable development”<br />consistent with “environmentally sustainable development”<br />first and foremost about economic growth albeit one that is decoupled from environmental degradation<br />climate change as a more central consideration, with heavy emphasis on low carbon economies<br />proponents argue it can de delivered at “little or no cost”, investment in environment can be profitable, and can support economic recovery and job creation <br />
  5. 5. Key Challenges in the Asia and Pacific Region<br />Resource use & efficiency<br />*Key Materials: metal ores, industrial minerals, fossil fuels, construction minerals, and biomass<br />Source: CSIRO and UNEP Asia-Pacific Material Flow Database<br />
  6. 6. Key Challenges in the Asia and Pacific Region<br />Convergent issues<br />
  7. 7. Outlook<br />UNEP’s<br />Resource Efficiency: Economics and Outlook for Asia and the Pacific report (REEO)<br />Two novel models of economy and resource use in Asia Pacific<br />Simulate the years 2010 & 2050<br />
  8. 8. Outlook<br />Scenarios<br />Business as usual – marginal improvements<br />Resource efficiency scenario – large scale efficiency changes<br />Systems innovation – transitions to new infrastructure and lifestyle changes<br />
  9. 9. Source: UNEP (2011)<br />Outlook<br />
  10. 10. ADB’s Strategy 2020<br />Vision<br />An Asia and Pacific Region free of poverty<br />Mission<br />To help our developing member countries reduce poverty and improve living conditions and quality of life<br />Strategic Agendas<br /><ul><li>Inclusive growth
  11. 11. Environmentally sustainable growth
  12. 12. Regional integration</li></li></ul><li>ADB's strategic directions to promote green growth<br />
  13. 13. Sustainable Infrastructure<br />Promoting transitions to clean, low carbon and climate resilient infrastructure systems and services, through: <br /><ul><li>Clean Energy (EE, RE and energy for all)
  14. 14. Sustainable transport
  15. 15. Livable cities
  16. 16. Water supply, sanitation and IWRM</li></li></ul><li>Improving Natural Resource Management<br />Threatened ecosystems<br />Unlocking the true value of natural capital must be a priority in the region, which is home to many of the earth’s richest ecosystems.<br />Borneo<br />Coral Triangle<br />
  17. 17. Building sound environmental governance and management capabilities<br />Green tax and budget reform is needed (e.g. carbon taxes, levies on non-renewable energy and virgin materials, landfill fees)<br />Removing distorting subsidies should probably be at the top of the agenda.<br />
  18. 18. Conclusions<br />Asia’s century?<br />

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