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Implementation of the Paris
Agreement in Canada
Louise Métivier
Assistant Deputy Minister of International Affairs and
Chi...
Page 2 – June-22-16
The Paris Agreement
• Establishes a universal, long-term framework for global action: 177 Parties
sign...
Page 3 – June-22-16
The Paris Agreement is ambitious and
transformative
• The Paris Agreement requires increased global am...
Page 4 – June-22-16
Complementary Initiatives
• We can further the objectives of the Paris Agreement by
advancing climate ...
Page 5 – June-22-16
Focus on early Entry into Force and
preparations for implementation
• Promote signing and ratification...
Page 6 – June-22-16
Canada’s climate change actions reflects
national circumstances
• Canada’s geographic, demographic, an...
Page 7 – June-22-16
Canada's Emissions by Sector
2013 2030
Page 8 – June-22-16
With current measures, GHG emissions are
projected to increase
• Canada’s target is 30% below 2005 lev...
Page 9 – June-22-16
Domestic investments
• Domestic Funding Commitments:
– $3.4 billion over five years for climate change...
Page 10 – June-22-16
Pan-Canadian Framework on Climate Change
and Clean Growth
• In March 2016 Vancouver Declaration, Cana...
Page 11 – June-22-16
Working Group Mandates
• Clean Technology, Innovation and Jobs: Stimulate economic
growth, create job...
Page 12 – June-22-16
Robust engagement is instrumental for
developing effective policies
• Engagement is a key facet in de...
Page 13 – June-22-16
North America has a longstanding history of
cooperation on climate change action
• Regional cooperati...
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Louise Metivier, Chief Negotiator for Climate Change, Environment and Climate Change Canada

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Implementation of the Paris Agreement in Canada

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Louise Metivier, Chief Negotiator for Climate Change, Environment and Climate Change Canada

  1. 1. Implementation of the Paris Agreement in Canada Louise Métivier Assistant Deputy Minister of International Affairs and Chief Negotiator for Climate Change Environment and Climate Change Canada June 22, 2016
  2. 2. Page 2 – June-22-16 The Paris Agreement • Establishes a universal, long-term framework for global action: 177 Parties signed the Agreement on April 22 • Limits the global average temperature rise to well below 2°C and pursues efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C • Recognizes the role of non-state actors, including in terms of accelerating pre-2020 action • Increases ambition over time by requiring countries to update their targets every five years – updates informed by global stock take • Enhanced efforts on adaptation and resilience • Acknowledges the role of cooperative approaches and internationally transferred mitigation outcomes (ITMOs) • Requires an enhanced transparency Framework and robust accounting and reporting provisions
  3. 3. Page 3 – June-22-16 The Paris Agreement is ambitious and transformative • The Paris Agreement requires increased global ambition and accelerated transition to low-carbon economies • Transformation requires massive investments beyond Governments, through mobilization of private sector – Innovation is pivotal – Mission Innovation – Opportunities: Canadian companies are well positioned • Developed countries have committed to provide support to developing countries – Canada committed to provide $2.65 B over five years
  4. 4. Page 4 – June-22-16 Complementary Initiatives • We can further the objectives of the Paris Agreement by advancing climate change in a number of fora and through initiatives: – Climate and Clean Air Coalition (Canada co-chair) and the Global Methane Initiative – Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition – Montreal Protocol amendment to phase down HFCs – Adopting a market based solution under the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  5. 5. Page 5 – June-22-16 Focus on early Entry into Force and preparations for implementation • Promote signing and ratification of Paris Agreement in 2016 – Entry into Force: ratification by 55 parties representing 55% of global emissions • Technical work programme until 2019 on rules and guidelines - Canada will seek to advance provisions that: – Support robust accountability and transparency requirements – Promote cooperation through international carbon markets – Facilitate ambitious action and clean technology innovation – Advocate for gender equality and Indigenous rights • Mid-century low-GHG development strategy • Implement INDC and take actions at home
  6. 6. Page 6 – June-22-16 Canada’s climate change actions reflects national circumstances • Canada’s geographic, demographic, and economic circumstances influence its GHG emissions profile: – Extreme, variable climate contributes to higher energy use – Large landmass and low population density contribute to longer travel times and higher demand for freight transportation – Northern and coastal regions particularly vulnerable – Resource-based, export-oriented economy with sustained growth • Canada is a decentralized federation: environment is an area of shared jurisdiction between the federal and provincial governments
  7. 7. Page 7 – June-22-16 Canada's Emissions by Sector 2013 2030
  8. 8. Page 8 – June-22-16 With current measures, GHG emissions are projected to increase • Canada’s target is 30% below 2005 levels in 2030 • Emissions are currently projected to be 9% above 2005 levels in 2030, a gap of 291 Mt
  9. 9. Page 9 – June-22-16 Domestic investments • Domestic Funding Commitments: – $3.4 billion over five years for climate change, air pollution, protected areas, and environmental assessments – $1 billion over four years for clean technology – $60B in new funding over 10 years for infrastructure ▪ Public transit, green infrastructure, and social infrastructure ▪ Can support climate change mitigation and adaptation – $2B over two years for the Low Carbon Economy Fund ▪ Support for provincial and territorial actions to reduce GHGs
  10. 10. Page 10 – June-22-16 Pan-Canadian Framework on Climate Change and Clean Growth • In March 2016 Vancouver Declaration, Canadian First Ministers collectively committed to build a low-carbon, climate resilient economy by: – Promoting clean economic growth to create jobs; – Delivering mitigation actions; and – Increasing action on adaptation and climate resilience. • A federal/provincial/territorial process was launched to develop a Pan-Canadian Framework for Clean Growth and Climate Change – The framework is to be agreed at a First Ministers’ Meeting to be held this fall, and implemented by early 2017 – It will inform Canada’s approach to achieving its international commitments, incl. meeting or exceeding Canada’s current international commitment – Four working groups were established to develop options for the framework
  11. 11. Page 11 – June-22-16 Working Group Mandates • Clean Technology, Innovation and Jobs: Stimulate economic growth, create jobs, and drive innovation across all sectors. • Carbon Pricing Mechanisms: Assess the role of carbon pricing mechanisms in meeting Canada’s emissions reduction targets, including different design options taking into consideration existing and planned provincial and territorial systems. • Specific Mitigation Opportunities: Achieve a range of ambitious reductions in key sectors, including large industrial emitters, transportation, electricity generation and transmission, built environment, agriculture and forestry, and government operations. • Adaptation and Climate Resilience: Identify measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change, support affected communities and build great climate resilience.
  12. 12. Page 12 – June-22-16 Robust engagement is instrumental for developing effective policies • Engagement is a key facet in developing a Pan-Canadian framework that supports climate change action, while taking into account the challenges Canada faces. • Working groups are consulting: – Indigenous Peoples, including weekly meetings with National Indigenous Organizations. – Stakeholders, including industry sectors. – Public, through online presence and town halls. • Please visit http://letstalkclimateaction.ca to contribute to the ongoing consultations.
  13. 13. Page 13 – June-22-16 North America has a longstanding history of cooperation on climate change action • Regional cooperation for over 20 years under the Commission for Environmental Cooperation – Climate Change part of current strategic plan • Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. have championed an amendment to phase down hydrofluorocarbons under the Montreal Protocol since 2009 • Canada, Mexico, and the US are three of the six founding partners of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition • Canada, the US, and Mexico worked closely at CoP21 and signed on to various common initiatives including, Because the Ocean and Mission Innovation. • The U.S.-Canada joint statement on climate, energy, and arctic leadership in March 2016, recognized a common vision of a sustainable North American economy • The Mexican President visit and the upcoming North American Leaders’ Summit offer opportunities to further North-American cooperation

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