Mills Chapter 06

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  • 1. 6-1 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Action Research Geoffrey E. Mills Fifth Edition © 2014, 2011, 2007, 2003, 2000 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. A Guide for the Teacher Researcher
  • 2. 6-2 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 6 Data Analysis and Interpretation
  • 3. 6-3 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Ongoing Analysis & Reflection  Is your research question still answerable and worth answering?  Are your data collection techniques catching the kind of data you want and filtering out unwanted data?  Conduct interim analysis  Avoid premature action
  • 4. 6-4 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Analysis & Interpretation  Data analysis  summary of data  technique determined by type of data  Data interpretation  finding meaning in the data
  • 5. 6-5 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Organizing Qualitative Data  Reading/Memoing  record initial thoughts  Describing  include context, actions, interactions  Classifying  develop themes
  • 6. 6-6 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Data Analysis Techniques  Identify themes  work inductively  Code surveys, interviews, questionnaires  try to find patterns, meaning  Analyze interviews  annotate and identify themes  Ask key questions
  • 7. 6-7 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Data Analysis Techniques  Organizational review  vision & mission, goals & objectives, structure of organization, operation, problems, issues, & concerns  Develop a concept map  Analyze antecedents, consequences  identify causal relations
  • 8. 6-8 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Data Analysis Techniques  Concept map
  • 9. 6-9 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Data Analysis Techniques  Display findings  matrixes, charts, concept maps, graphs, figures, audiovisual media  State what’s missing  avoid making unwarranted assertions
  • 10. 6-10 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Choosing Analysis Software  Are you analyzing large amounts of data?  Are you adequately trained?  Do you have resources to purchase a program?  Do you plan to capture specific quotes from a large database?
  • 11. 6-11 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Computer Software for Data Analysis  Handy, extremely fast labeling & retrieval tools  NVivo 9.0 complex data  The Ethnograph v6 text files  HyperRESEARCH 3.0 text, graphics, audio, video
  • 12. 6-12 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Preparing Quantitative Data for Analysis  Scoring procedures  Tabulation and Coding Procedures
  • 13. 6-13 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Analyzing & Interpreting Quantitative Data  Descriptive statistics  shorthand way of giving lots of information about a range of numbers  count what counts!  be careful not to over interpret
  • 14. 6-14 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Analyzing & Interpreting Quantitative Data  Descriptive statistics  central tendency mean (average) median (middle) mode (most frequent)  variability standard deviation (spread)
  • 15. 6-15 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Analysis in Mixed Methods Designs
  • 16. 6-16 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Qualitative Data Interpretation  Extend the analysis  raise questions  note implications that might be drawn, without actually drawing them  Connect findings with personal experience  Seek advice of “critical” friends  take time to build relationships
  • 17. 6-17 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Qualitative Data Interpretation  Contextualize findings in literature  Turn to theory  link to broader issues  search for abstraction  provide rationale, sense of meaning  Know when to say “when”  if you don’t feel comfortable offering an interpretation, don’t!
  • 18. 6-18 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Sharing Interpretations Wisely  Connect interpretations closely to data and analysis  Avoid being evangelical