6th
Africa Agriculture Science Weekand FARA General Assembly
Justin Chisenga
Knowledge & Information Management Officer
FA...
Presentation Outline
• Introduction – Food (In)Security
• Food Security Situation in Africa
• Political Will
• Agricultura...
Food Security exists:
...when all people, at all times, have
physical, social and economic access
to sufficient, safe and ...
Food Security - dimensions:
• Physical AVAILABILITY of food
• Economic and physical ACCESS
• Food UTLIZATION
• STABILITY o...
Food Insecurity exists:
• When food is not available, when individuals
or households lack the means to access it,
when it ...
Food Security Situation in Africa
• Lowest average value of food production of
any region (1990 – 2010)
• Net food importe...
Food Security in Africa - Challenges
• Ineffective regional and global
responses
• Underdeveloped agriculture
• Lack of mo...
Food Security Situation in Africa…
Africa is off track...
Slow progress on the health
MDGs
Political will
Strong leadership and political will be
critical determinants of success in
eradicating hunger from Africa
...
Agric Knowledge and Information
...several other factors, including
agricultural knowledgeandinformation,
also come into p...
Knowledge and Information
The farmers and the people who support
them need agricultural knowledge and
information for sust...
Knowledge and Information…
Knowledge and information are important
factors for accelerating agricultural
development by in...
Knowledge and Information –
focusing on:
• Crop production
• Post-harvesting
techniques
• Livestock production
• Marketing...
Sources of knowledge
∼ Farmers
∼ Agriculture research organizations
∼ Governments and government agencies
∼ International ...
Sources of knowledge… Challenges
• Poor information/knowledge sharing
• Lack of/inadequate access to best
practices at con...
Need for Coordinated Efforts
• Information and knowledge initiatives to
address the food security and hunger
situation on ...
Regional Initiatives: CAADP & FARA
• Comprehensive Africa Agriculture
Development Programme
• July 2003, Maputo, Mozambiqu...
CAADP Pillars
• Pillar I - Extending the area under
sustainable land management and
reliable water control systems
• Pilla...
CAADP Pillars…
• Pillar III - Increasing food supply and
reducing hunger
• Pillar IV - Agricultural research,
technologydi...
CAADP Pillar IV
• Strategy for increasing agricultural
productivity by revitalizing, expanding
and reforming Africa’s ag r...
• Partnership of organizations involved
in:
– Agricultural innovation
– Opening access to agricultural
information
– Devel...
• CIARD partners create coherence by:
(a) coordinating their efforts
(b) promoting common formats,
(c) adopting open syste...
• 5th
FARA General Assembly endorsed
CIARD and recommended to:
Coherence in Information forCoherence in Information for
Ag...
Conclusion
• There should be synergy between
farmers, researchers and policy
markers
• There is need for participatory
kno...
Conclusion…
• Agricultural information and knowledge
for food security m ust be accessible to
all
∼ Especially to the farm...
justin.chisenga@fao.org
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Making Agricultural Information and Knowledge Work for Food Security in Africa

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Making Agricultural Information and Knowledge Work for Food Security in Africa

  1. 1. 6th Africa Agriculture Science Weekand FARA General Assembly Justin Chisenga Knowledge & Information Management Officer FAORegional Office forAfrica, Accra, Ghana Accra International Conference Centre Ghana, 15 – 16 July 2013 Side Event on: Information& KnowledgeforFoodSecurityinAfrica Making Agricultural Information and Knowledge WorkforFood Security in Africa
  2. 2. Presentation Outline • Introduction – Food (In)Security • Food Security Situation in Africa • Political Will • Agricultural Information and Knowledge • Need for Coordination – CAADP – CIARD • Conclusion
  3. 3. Food Security exists: ...when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Wo rld Fo o d Sum m it, 1 9 9 6
  4. 4. Food Security - dimensions: • Physical AVAILABILITY of food • Economic and physical ACCESS • Food UTLIZATION • STABILITY of availability, acce ss and utiliz atio n
  5. 5. Food Insecurity exists: • When food is not available, when individuals or households lack the means to access it, when it is not available all the time and when individuals or households are unable to consume it UNECA, AU, AfDB& UNDP, 20 1 3 • Hunger is an element of food insecurity
  6. 6. Food Security Situation in Africa • Lowest average value of food production of any region (1990 – 2010) • Net food importer • Low rural incomes • High rates of malnutrition • About 240 million hungry people (almost 25% of total population) • World’s most food insecure continent
  7. 7. Food Security in Africa - Challenges • Ineffective regional and global responses • Underdeveloped agriculture • Lack of modernization • Chronic poverty • Lack political focus [UNECA, AU, AfDB & UNDP, 2013]
  8. 8. Food Security Situation in Africa… Africa is off track... Slow progress on the health MDGs
  9. 9. Political will Strong leadership and political will be critical determinants of success in eradicating hunger from Africa High Level Meeting of African and International Leaders 29 June – 1 July 2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  10. 10. Agric Knowledge and Information ...several other factors, including agricultural knowledgeandinformation, also come into play
  11. 11. Knowledge and Information The farmers and the people who support them need agricultural knowledge and information for sustainable food security [van Crowder, 1998]
  12. 12. Knowledge and Information… Knowledge and information are important factors for accelerating agricultural development by increasing agricultural production and improving marketing and distribution [Bertolini, 2012]
  13. 13. Knowledge and Information – focusing on: • Crop production • Post-harvesting techniques • Livestock production • Marketing • Water & irrigation management • Climate change & Environmental issues • Rural development economics
  14. 14. Sources of knowledge ∼ Farmers ∼ Agriculture research organizations ∼ Governments and government agencies ∼ International development organizations ∼ International and local non-state actors ∼ Private sector • Agricultural knowledge, research development ideas and best practices come from different sources:
  15. 15. Sources of knowledge… Challenges • Poor information/knowledge sharing • Lack of/inadequate access to best practices at continental level • Low level of networking and partnerships at continental level General absence of institutional and national ICM policies and strategies
  16. 16. Need for Coordinated Efforts • Information and knowledge initiatives to address the food security and hunger situation on the continent MUST exist within [national], regional and global frameworks
  17. 17. Regional Initiatives: CAADP & FARA • Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme • July 2003, Maputo, Mozambique • To improve livelihoods, food security, andenvironmentalresilienceinAfrica
  18. 18. CAADP Pillars • Pillar I - Extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems • Pillar II- Improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for improved market access
  19. 19. CAADP Pillars… • Pillar III - Increasing food supply and reducing hunger • Pillar IV - Agricultural research, technologydisseminationandadoption
  20. 20. CAADP Pillar IV • Strategy for increasing agricultural productivity by revitalizing, expanding and reforming Africa’s ag ricultural re se arch, te chno lo g y disse m inatio n and ado ptio n syste m s [FARA, 2011] • FARA leads implementation of CAADP Pillar IV
  21. 21. • Partnership of organizations involved in: – Agricultural innovation – Opening access to agricultural information – Development assistance Coherence in Information forCoherence in Information for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentAgricultural Research for Development A Global MovementA Global Movement
  22. 22. • CIARD partners create coherence by: (a) coordinating their efforts (b) promoting common formats, (c) adopting open systems and standards Coherence in Information forCoherence in Information for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentAgricultural Research for Development A Global MovementA Global Movement
  23. 23. • 5th FARA General Assembly endorsed CIARD and recommended to: Coherence in Information forCoherence in Information for Agricultural Research for DevelopmentAgricultural Research for Development A Global MovementA Global Movement ∼ advocate for more coherent approaches to knowledge sharing and communication of the outputs of agricultural research and support development of national capacities for all types of stakeholders
  24. 24. Conclusion • There should be synergy between farmers, researchers and policy markers • There is need for participatory knowledge systems to facilitate sharing of innovations widely and equitably
  25. 25. Conclusion… • Agricultural information and knowledge for food security m ust be accessible to all ∼ Especially to the farmers and poor families who arethemost affected
  26. 26. justin.chisenga@fao.org
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