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Strategy for boosting agribusiness development along cassava value chain for young people

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Presentation made by NGOUAMBE Nestor at the Regional forum on cassava in central Africa, on 6-9 Dec 2016, in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

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Strategy for boosting agribusiness development along cassava value chain for young people

  1. 1. CASSAVA IN CENTRAL AFRICA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR SMALLHOLDERS Strategy for boosting agribusiness development along cassava value chain for young people NGOUAMBE Nestor, Agroeconomist, YPARD representative Cameroon
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Around 240 millions of people still suffered of food insecurity in subsahara Africa  Lack of opportunity for young people to get involve with agriculture  Agriculture is not really considered as carreer in most countries  Low investment in agriculture
  3. 3.  CAADP (2003) & Malabo Declaration (2014): engagent government to invest more in agriculture and create more opportunities for young and women  Many Africa countries are progressively considered agriculture as main pillar of their economic growth. They are now conscious that agriculture is the only sector able to bring significant change to their respective economy.
  4. 4. CHALLENGE FOR YOUTH IN AGRIBUSINESS  Increase Investment and revising agricultural finance policy.  The promotion of microfinance institutions and banks (Young people and women still have limited access to finance. Most bank are not motivated to invest in agriculture due to high risk).  improve Rural infrastructure and rural advisory services ( a key drive for boosting agribusiness in central Africa).  Promoting Public and private partnership for harmonization of actions and strategies.  Promote youth platform for experience sharing, lesson learnt and best practices to let’s some get inspired. (agribusinessTV)
  5. 5. WHAT IS OBSERVED NOW  Some countries (East, South, Western Africa) try to increase investment in agriculture in favor of youth (Youth Agripreneur) and this has significant change on food security, If central Africa countries can copy this example, it would be good for our people.  There are several strategies or development plan with valuable and concrete issues, but those strategies lack a strong operational plan.  In Cameroon for example, the strategy is to be an emergent country in 2035, within the theoretical framework, agriculture is consider as a cornerstone of this approach. But the total budget related to agriculture is still less than 4%.  This just simple main that, it is not necessary to develop a strategic, but to give means to implement those policies if we want to face food insecurity.
  6. 6. WHAT IS YPARD ABOUT?  Young professional Platform for Agricultural development : international movement 4 Youth in agriculture present in around 60 countries  Vision Sustainably improved livelihoods worldwide where young professionals are proactively contributing to innovative agricultural development. Mission  To serve as a global collective platform through which young professionals can realise their full potential and contribute proactively towards innovative agricultural development.
  7. 7. Objectives  Facilitate exchange of information and knowledge among young professionals across disciplines, professions, age and regions  Broaden opportunities for YPs to contribute to strategic ARD policy debates  To promote agriculture among young people (activities still under discussion)  Facilitate access to resources and capacity building opportunities
  8. 8. YOUTH ARE PROGRESSIVELY INTERESTED TO GET INVOLVE IN AGRICULTURE
  9. 9. SOME KEY ACTIONS  Realizing Central Africa Agriculture potential by move from subsistence to true agribusiness, create more value chain along specific subsectors (roots & tubers (cassava), cereals,, fruits & legume).  Revigorating agricultural training and education (start agriculture courses at primary school)  Developing specific programmes for youth agribusiness  Re-organizing farmer into true cooperatives societies
  10. 10. AGRIC COM APPROACH IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS – CASE STUDY : SCHOOL VEGETABLE GARDEN PROJECT (2) A B C D EFGH Composting Workshop Kids looking for grass to make compost Cover grass with soil Compost pile after watering Soil bed preparation and Manure Grass mulching to protect Best vegetables drawn by kids Seeds given to kids for school and home
  11. 11.  Developed Market-driven approach (PIDMA has great initiative in Cameroon, but should paid more attention on cooperative managed by young people)  Increase partnership between research-innovation and extension to delivered adaquate services to young agripreneur  Food security is the global problems, but the challenge is to be self-sufficient first. The limitation of importation will increase investment (agribusiness) & food production and will let more youth get involve.  Can you realized that Africa spent more than 6 billion USD/year to import rice. More than 3 billion to import wheat flour in Cameroun. If we invest this amount to boost our local cassava production, we can be food secure by creating wealth, employment, and reduce the gap between import and export.
  12. 12. We can end hunger only by increasing food productivity and availability. Government should really invest in agriculture, research and innovation. youth should be empowered and considered in agri-policy at national or regional level. Women must follow some trainings on feeding, nutrition and sanitation.
  13. 13. WAY FORWARD?  As Youth in Agriculture and agribusiness what can we do to break the gaps?  What policies issues could be addressed for boosting agribusiness among youth in central Africa countries  What strategy to advocate about relevant investment in youth agribusiness venture?  How can ICT could be useful for Youth agribusiness venture since there are the one dealing most with ICT tools
  14. 14. MERCI DE VOTRE ATTENTION « If agriculture is the engine able to create more economic opportunities in Africa, youth and women are the fuel able to strengh its power »

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