Air barrier paper is polyolefin sheet material. This material which is permeable to water vapor
but not to liquid water or air, comes in wide rolls allowing coverage of a single story house in
Soffit Vents p
generous airflow to
all rafter spaces but
keeps insects out.
Ridge Vents allow
air to circulate in
and out of a gable
roof at the ridge.
A Gable Vent is a screened, Roof Turbine Vents are effective in
louvered opening in a gable, replacing the hot air in an attic. Wind
used for exhausting excess blows across the fins in the turbine
heat and humidity from an and exhausts the heat build up.
BUCKET WIDTH = 22”
Backhoes have many different uses in construction, landscaping, and
building purposes. Mining brush cutting, digging and lifting heavy
purposes Mining, cutting
object are just a few things a backhoe can accomplish.
Batter Boards are a temporary frame built just outside the corner of an
excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement
that will be built in the excavation.
ROMAN ARCH WITH KEYSTONE
Centering is temporary framework that ROMAN ARCH
is built for an arch, dome, or vault
arch dome vault.
FLEMISH BOND RUNNING BOND
Flemish Bond- The courses
alternate between headers and
Running Bond- is a brick bond consisting of
The size brick I found
was a Utility Brick. Its
3½”x 11½”x 3½”
The other brick is the standard brick. Its
dimensions equal: 3½”x 8”x 2¼”
A Bulldozer is equipped with a substantial metal plate known as a blade,
used to push large quantities of soil, sand, mud, etc., during construction
WOOD SHINGLES, which are
wood shingles that have been
sawn rather than split like
wood shakes. My guess is
STONE COURSED ASHLAR
In the International Building Code it states that a window’s square feet of opening should be more than
g q p g
5.7 sq. ft. With the window I chose to photograph it meets the code with the square ft of opening being
6.46 sq. ft. The width of the window is 30” and the height is 31” which both exceed the minimum
measurements which are with being 34½” and the height being 24”. The requirements for the sill is that
the sill must be under 44” from the sill to the floor. This window sill is 21½” from the floor which also
The stairs that I chose have no opening limitations between treads and also meet requirements in that
the TREAD measures 10½” and the RISER measures 7½.” The code sates: Tread: 10” min. Riser: 7¾ max.
A Control Joint is an intentional, linear discontinuity
in a structure or component, designed to form a
plane of weakness where cracking can occur in
response to various forces so as to minimize or
eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.
FAILED CONTROL JOINT
An Isolation Joint is a joint that isolates the slab from
a wall, column, or drainpipe. In this photograph you
can clearly see the slab is being isolated from the
wall behind me.
4” 8”x 16”
1 CMU= 3 Courses of Standard 12”x 8”x 16”
A Concrete Masonry Unit(CMU) is a block of hardened concrete, with or
without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or
stone. The standard CMU block is 8” in height and 16” long. They are very
sturdy and are used frequently for the foundation of big buildings
Transom-A small window
T A ll i d
STILE above a door.
BOTTOM RAIL 6 PANEL DOOR Sidelight-A tall, narrow
window alongside a door.
POWER POLE WITH
A service head is usually on top of or
What a power pole with a A meter is a device that
on the side of a house and is used to
transformer does is take
t f d i tk measures th amount of
intercept the wires from power poles
electricity of one voltage and electrical energy
and direct them to the service panel.
change it into another voltage. supplied to or produced
by a residence.
A duplex receptacle is an outlet in the residence or building
that provides the electricity you need for anything.
A service panel is a distribution
board h divides h l
b d that di id the electrical il
mains feed into various circuits.
A Front End Loader is a piece of construction equipment that is primarily used to load asphalt,
dirt, rock, etc., into or onto another type of machinery like a dump truck. This is how the front end
loader differs from a backhoe and bulldozer. Although they have similar operations, the front end
loader i th
l d is the one that actually places the loose material i th t
th t t ll l th l t i l in the truck.
Gypsum Board- An interior facing
panel consisting of a gypsum core
sandwiched between paper faces;
also called drywall and plasterboard.
To the left is the compressor/
evaporator which takes the air in
compresses it and takes it to the
air handling unit on the right. The
air is then heated and forced
through small supply ducts to
each room which eventually
makes it back to the air handling
unit via a return air duct.
COMPRESSOR/ EVAPORATOR AIR HANDLING UNIT
An advantage of this forced air system is the ability to heat a house rapidly. A disadvantage is
that it spreads dust around the home, especially in the case of floor vents which results in dust
and dirt getting trapped underneath.
Batt/Blanket- This insulation goes in
between studs by friction or staples
and keeps heat from escaping the
Loose Fill- Sprayed into place by a tube most often goes into
attics because of the fire-retardant it contains and the ability to
leave few voids and no gaps in between pieces.
Foam- Great for a fire retardant and
Rigid Board- Most commonly used has an excellent R-value.
when insulation thickness is limited.
Lintel- A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or
This is a raked mortar joint. It gets its name raked
from it being tooled. The joint is measured to be
the standard 3/8.” The mortar I would guess for
This is an extruded mortar joint. It is left
this one would be Type-N because it’s used for
untouched by both a tool and trowel. It has
the bottom of an overhang which doesn’t require
been used on a housed and each joint size is
much of a load at all.
different because of the extruding mortar. I
would say the mortar used would be Type-S
since this house is located in Auburn and it is
only going to handle a normal compressive
A non-veneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber
oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. They
are manufactured by using long strandlike wood particles, compressed
and glued into three to five layers.
LAVATORY: 1½” Drain Pipe Drop-In Sink
Bathtub installed early.
Vent Through Roof that is helping
the plumbing’s drainage system.
WATER CLOSET: 3” Drain Pipe
A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer
bonded together under pressure.
Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing.
The rebar that I found was #4 which is ½” rebar. The deformations on the surface of
rebar help it to bond tightly to concrete.
Downspout- vertical pipe
Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater
for water flow from roof to
and snowmelt at the eave of a roof
Splash Block: A small precast block
of concrete or plastic used to divert
water at the bottom of a downspout.
CLAY TILE ROOF
METAL SHINGLE ROOF
Shingle- A small unit of water resistant
material nailed or installed in overlapping
fashion with many other such units to
render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
Typically metal panel roofs are galvanized
which means they will not rust in water is
METAL PANEL ROOF
The eave is the horizontal
edge at the low side of a
The ridge is the level
intersection of two planes in
it ti ft l i
The rake is the sloping edge
a gable roof.
of a steep roof.
The fascia is the exposed
vertical edge of an eave.
The soffit is the undersurface
of a h i
f horizontal element of a
tl l tf
There is no fascia on this
roof because there is no
vertical edge at the bottom
edge of the eave.
COURSED ASHLAR COURSED RUBBLE
Vapor retarder’s purpose is to diminish the flow of air and vapor through the
building assembly, preventing the moisture from reaching the point in the
assembly where it would condense. It is installed on the warmer side of the
i l ti l
What this waterproofing is providing is a coating on the outside of the house that repels
and keeps water out of the house. As you can see the waterproofing type that was used
on this house was loosely laid.
Weep Hole- A small opening in between joints of brick whose
purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a
building or cavity wall
DOUBLE -HUNG CASEMENT
This is a double hung because This is a sliding window This is a casement window
it has two moving sashes that because it has one fixed sash because it pivots on axis at
slide up and down in tracks in that moves horizontally in the vertical edge of the sash.
the frame of th window.
th f f the i d tracks.