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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. By: Corbel
  2. 2. Air barrier paper is polyolefin sheet material. This material which is permeable to water vapor but not to liquid water or air, comes in wide rolls allowing coverage of a single story house in one pass pass.
  4. 4. Soffit Vents p permits generous airflow to all rafter spaces but keeps insects out. ZOOM VIEW Ridge Vents allow air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  5. 5. A Gable Vent is a screened, Roof Turbine Vents are effective in louvered opening in a gable, replacing the hot air in an attic. Wind used for exhausting excess blows across the fins in the turbine heat and humidity from an and exhausts the heat build up. attic. attic
  6. 6. BUCKET WIDTH = 22” Backhoes have many different uses in construction, landscaping, and building purposes. Mining brush cutting, digging and lifting heavy purposes Mining, cutting object are just a few things a backhoe can accomplish.
  7. 7. Batter Boards are a temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
  8. 8. GOTHIC ARCH ROMAN ARCH WITH KEYSTONE Centering is temporary framework that ROMAN ARCH is built for an arch, dome, or vault arch dome vault. CENTERING
  10. 10. Flemish Bond- The courses alternate between headers and stretchers. Running Bond- is a brick bond consisting of Bond only stretchers.
  12. 12. The size brick I found was a Utility Brick. Its dimensions equal: 3½”x 11½”x 3½” The other brick is the standard brick. Its dimensions equal: 3½”x 8”x 2¼”
  13. 13. A Bulldozer is equipped with a substantial metal plate known as a blade, used to push large quantities of soil, sand, mud, etc., during construction work. k
  14. 14. BRICK WOOD SHINGLES, which are wood shingles that have been sawn rather than split like wood shakes. My guess is shakes wood shingles. WOOD BOARDS EFIS STONE COURSED ASHLAR
  15. 15. In the International Building Code it states that a window’s square feet of opening should be more than g q p g 5.7 sq. ft. With the window I chose to photograph it meets the code with the square ft of opening being 6.46 sq. ft. The width of the window is 30” and the height is 31” which both exceed the minimum measurements which are with being 34½” and the height being 24”. The requirements for the sill is that the sill must be under 44” from the sill to the floor. This window sill is 21½” from the floor which also meets code code. The stairs that I chose have no opening limitations between treads and also meet requirements in that the TREAD measures 10½” and the RISER measures 7½.” The code sates: Tread: 10” min. Riser: 7¾ max.
  16. 16. A Control Joint is an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure. FAILED CONTROL JOINT An Isolation Joint is a joint that isolates the slab from a wall, column, or drainpipe. In this photograph you can clearly see the slab is being isolated from the wall behind me.
  17. 17. 4”x 8” 4” 8”x 16” 1 CMU= 3 Courses of Standard 12”x 8”x 16” Brick A Concrete Masonry Unit(CMU) is a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. The standard CMU block is 8” in height and 16” long. They are very sturdy and are used frequently for the foundation of big buildings buildings.
  19. 19. PANEL TOP RAIL Transom-A small window T A ll i d STILE above a door. FLUSH DOOR LOCK RAIL BOTTOM RAIL 6 PANEL DOOR Sidelight-A tall, narrow window alongside a door.
  20. 20. SERVICE HEAD POWER POLE WITH METER TRANSFORMER A service head is usually on top of or What a power pole with a A meter is a device that on the side of a house and is used to transformer does is take t f d i tk measures th amount of the tf intercept the wires from power poles electricity of one voltage and electrical energy and direct them to the service panel. change it into another voltage. supplied to or produced by a residence.
  21. 21. DUPLEX RECEPTACLE A duplex receptacle is an outlet in the residence or building that provides the electricity you need for anything. SERVICE PANEL A service panel is a distribution board h divides h l b d that di id the electrical il mains feed into various circuits.
  23. 23. #8 CEILING JOIST #7 TOP PLATE #9 RAFTER Roof Decking #10 #11 SHEATHING #12 STRINGER
  24. 24. A Front End Loader is a piece of construction equipment that is primarily used to load asphalt, dirt, rock, etc., into or onto another type of machinery like a dump truck. This is how the front end loader differs from a backhoe and bulldozer. Although they have similar operations, the front end loader i th l d is the one that actually places the loose material i th t th t t ll l th l t i l in the truck. k
  25. 25. Gypsum Board- An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall and plasterboard.
  26. 26. To the left is the compressor/ evaporator which takes the air in compresses it and takes it to the p air handling unit on the right. The air is then heated and forced through small supply ducts to each room which eventually makes it back to the air handling unit via a return air duct. COMPRESSOR/ EVAPORATOR AIR HANDLING UNIT An advantage of this forced air system is the ability to heat a house rapidly. A disadvantage is that it spreads dust around the home, especially in the case of floor vents which results in dust and dirt getting trapped underneath.
  27. 27. Batt/Blanket- This insulation goes in between studs by friction or staples and keeps heat from escaping the Loose Fill- Sprayed into place by a tube most often goes into house. attics because of the fire-retardant it contains and the ability to leave few voids and no gaps in between pieces. Foam- Great for a fire retardant and Rigid Board- Most commonly used has an excellent R-value. when insulation thickness is limited.
  28. 28. Lintel- A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening opening.
  29. 29. This is a raked mortar joint. It gets its name raked joint from it being tooled. The joint is measured to be the standard 3/8.” The mortar I would guess for This is an extruded mortar joint. It is left this one would be Type-N because it’s used for untouched by both a tool and trowel. It has the bottom of an overhang which doesn’t require been used on a housed and each joint size is much of a load at all. f different because of the extruding mortar. I would say the mortar used would be Type-S since this house is located in Auburn and it is only going to handle a normal compressive load. ld
  30. 30. A non-veneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. They are manufactured by using long strandlike wood particles, compressed and glued into three to five layers.
  31. 31. LAVATORY: 1½” Drain Pipe Drop-In Sink Bathtub installed early. Vent Through Roof that is helping the plumbing’s drainage system. WATER CLOSET: 3” Drain Pipe
  32. 32. A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing.
  33. 33. The rebar that I found was #4 which is ½” rebar. The deformations on the surface of rebar help it to bond tightly to concrete.
  34. 34. Downspout- vertical pipe Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater for water flow from roof to and snowmelt at the eave of a roof roof. lower level. Splash Block: A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  35. 35. CLAY TILE ROOF METAL SHINGLE ROOF Shingle- A small unit of water resistant material nailed or installed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. Typically metal panel roofs are galvanized which means they will not rust in water is applied. METAL PANEL ROOF
  37. 37. The eave is the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof. pg The ridge is the level intersection of two planes in it ti ft l i The rake is the sloping edge a gable roof. of a steep roof.
  38. 38. The fascia is the exposed vertical edge of an eave. The soffit is the undersurface of a h i f horizontal element of a tl l tf There is no fascia on this building. roof because there is no vertical edge at the bottom edge of the eave.
  40. 40. Vapor retarder’s purpose is to diminish the flow of air and vapor through the building assembly, preventing the moisture from reaching the point in the assembly where it would condense. It is installed on the warmer side of the insulation layer. i l ti l
  41. 41. What this waterproofing is providing is a coating on the outside of the house that repels and keeps water out of the house. As you can see the waterproofing type that was used on this house was loosely laid.
  42. 42. Weep Hole- A small opening in between joints of brick whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building or cavity wall
  43. 43. DOUBLE -HUNG CASEMENT SLIDING This is a double hung because This is a sliding window This is a casement window it has two moving sashes that because it has one fixed sash because it pivots on axis at slide up and down in tracks in that moves horizontally in the vertical edge of the sash. the frame of th window. th f f the i d tracks. tk