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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 T/TH 11:00
  2. 2. <ul><li>Definition : A polyolefin sheet material used as an air barrier. </li></ul><ul><li>This material is used for keeping water and air from breaching it. </li></ul><ul><li>This material is permeable to water vapor though. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Air Barrier Paper
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent Ridge Vent Ridge Vent Soffit vent
  5. 5. Why Their Needed <ul><li>Soffit Vent : They are used to create intake ventilation. </li></ul><ul><li>Ridge Vent : This long continuous vent is used for venting, usually located at the top of the structure. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ridge Vent Roof Turbine Attic Ventilation
  7. 7. Why Their Needed <ul><li>Roof Turbine : Is a passive vent used to exhaust moist hot air from your attic or structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Gable Vent: Help create a cross draft in a wind condition. </li></ul>.
  8. 8. Backhoe Backhoe end
  9. 9. <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul>A backhoe, also called a rear actor or back actor, is a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. They are typically mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader. ...
  10. 10. <ul><li>Width of the bucket 22-1/2’’ </li></ul>Backhoe end
  11. 11. <ul><li>Definition : A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in excavation. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to establish foundations and jogs in foundations, such as offsets and courts. </li></ul>Batter Boards
  12. 12. Batter Boards Out side corner of Batter Boards Nails to run your string to establish your outside corners
  13. 13. Brick Arch #1 Roman Arch #1
  14. 14. Brick Arch #2 Segmental Arch
  15. 15. Arch With Keystone #3 Arch Key Stone
  16. 16. Centering <ul><li>Centering: Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault. </li></ul>Centering Centering
  17. 17. Brick Bond #1 <ul><li>Running Bond- The courses are all stretchers with offset mortar joints. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Brick Bond #2 <ul><li>Flemish Bond- The courses are laid stretcher header stretcher. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rowlocks
  20. 20. Headers Headers
  21. 21. Soldiers
  22. 22. Sailors Sailors
  23. 23. Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners) Shiners
  24. 24. Brick Size #1 <ul><li>Modular Brick </li></ul><ul><li>Width 3-1/2” </li></ul><ul><li>Length 7-1/2” </li></ul><ul><li>Height 2-1/4” </li></ul>
  25. 25. Brick Size #2 <ul><li>Standard Brick </li></ul><ul><li>Width 3 ½” </li></ul><ul><li>Length 8” </li></ul><ul><li>Height 2 ¼” </li></ul>
  26. 26. Bulldozer <ul><li>A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Bulldozer Bulldozer
  28. 28. Cladding <ul><li>Brick Clad Structure </li></ul>Brick Clad Structure
  29. 29. Cladding <ul><li>EFIS Clad Structure </li></ul>EFIS
  30. 30. Cladding <ul><li>Stone Clad Structure </li></ul>Stone Clad Structure
  31. 31. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Board Structure </li></ul>Board and Batten Cladding
  32. 32. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Shingle or Shake Structure </li></ul>Wood Shake Is what this
  33. 33. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Shake-A shingle split from a block of wood of water resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Shingle-A small sawn wood unit of water resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Code Requirements Egress Window From Bedroom
  35. 35. Code Requirements <ul><li>Actual measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Width 34” </li></ul><ul><li>Height 30-1/2’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Area 34’’x30-1/2’’ is 7.20 sq.ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Height 21-3/4’’ AFF </li></ul>
  36. 36. Code Requirements <ul><li>IBC Requirements for this double hung window are </li></ul><ul><li>Width 34-1/4’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Height 24’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Area 5.7 sq. ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Max 44” AFF </li></ul>
  37. 37. Code Requirements <ul><li>This window meets the egress requirements because it is with in the parameters of the required code to allow for emergency escape and rescue. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Code Requirements Riser Tread
  39. 39. Code Requirements <ul><li>Measured- Tread was 10-1/4” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser was 7” </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed By IBC code- Tread 10-11” minimum. Riser 7-3/4” maximum. </li></ul><ul><li>These stairs do fall with in the parameters of the measurement required for stair safety. So it does meet the IBC code requirements. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint </li></ul>Control Joint Control Joint with a crack near it.
  41. 41. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint - An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Isolation Joint </li></ul>This isolation Joint is separating the column footing from the slab
  43. 43. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Isolation Joint - completely isolates the slab from something else. That something else can be a wall or a column or a drain pipe. </li></ul><ul><li>This isolation joint is isolating the column footing from the slab. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Concrete Masonry Units CMU Three Brick courses high = 1 CMU high
  45. 45. Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>CMU- A block of hardened concrete, with or without hallow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. </li></ul><ul><li>Volume wise their much more economical. </li></ul><ul><li>Common size is 8 X 8 X 16 </li></ul>
  46. 46. Concrete Masonry Units 8” Wide CMU 12” Wide CMU
  47. 47. Decorative CMU <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul>Split Block
  48. 48. Decorative CMU <ul><li>Ribbed Block </li></ul>Ribbed CMU
  49. 49. Doors <ul><li>Exterior Flush Door </li></ul>
  50. 50. Doors: Exterior Panel Stile Top Rail Raised Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  51. 51. Doors: Transom Transom
  52. 52. Doors: Transom <ul><li>Transom Definition: A small window directly above a door. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Doors: SideLights Side Light Side Light
  54. 54. Door: Sidelights <ul><li>Sidelight Definition: A tall narrow window along side door. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Electrical Components Electric Lines Transformer Power Pole
  56. 56. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power pole: Local Lines carry high direct voltage of several thousand volts to the transformer which then converts it to 110/120 volt alternating current. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Electrical Components Service Head
  58. 58. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service head: A weather head is a weatherproof electrical service point for your overhead electrical service feed. The weather head connects to the top of the electrical service pipe and has a cap over the connection frame. Since it sits atop the pipe, has a cap on top of it, and makes the connection weatherproof, it is called a weather head. </li></ul>
  59. 59. Electrical Components Meter
  60. 60. Electrical Components <ul><li>Meter: This is the device that measures the power your electrical system uses throughout the month. Measured in watts and is the step after the weather head. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Electrical Components Service Panel
  62. 62. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service panel: </li></ul>The electrical service panel provides 100, 200, or more amps of power to a home. Power comes into the house from a &quot;service drop,&quot; connects to the lugs within the service panel , and is split into separate circuits throughout the house.
  63. 63. Duplex Receptacle Duplex Receptacle
  64. 64. Duplex Receptacle <ul><li>Duplex Receptacles are female electrical connectors that have slots or holes which accept and deliver current to the prongs of inserted plugs. To reduce the risk of injury or death by electric shock , some plug and socket systems incorporate various safety features. Sockets are designed to accept only matching plugs and reject all others. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Framing Elements <ul><li>Anchor Bolt #1 </li></ul>Anchor Bolt
  66. 66. Framing Elements <ul><li>Sill Plate #2 </li></ul>Sill Plate
  67. 67. Framing Elements <ul><li>Floor Joist #3 </li></ul>Floor Joist
  68. 68. Framing Elements <ul><li>Sub Flooring #4 </li></ul>Sub flooring
  69. 69. Framing Elements <ul><li>Sole Plate #5 </li></ul>Sole Plate Sole Plate
  70. 70. Framing Elements <ul><li>Stud #6 </li></ul>Stud Stud
  71. 71. Framing Elements <ul><li>Top Plate #7 </li></ul>Top Plate
  72. 72. Framing Elements <ul><li>Ceiling Joist #8 </li></ul>Ceiling Joist
  73. 73. Framing Elements <ul><li>Rafters #9 </li></ul>Rafters
  74. 74. Framing Elements <ul><li>Roof Decking #10 </li></ul>Roof Decking
  75. 75. Framing Elements <ul><li>Sheathing #11 </li></ul>Sheathing
  76. 76. Framing Elements <ul><li>Stringer #12 </li></ul>Stringer
  77. 77. Front End Loader Front End Loader
  78. 78. Front End Loader <ul><li>Front End Loader: Used to scoop and carry earth, rock or any material that can scooped. It is different from a bulldozer because it carries dirt instead of just pushing it. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Gypsum Board Gypsum Board
  80. 80. Heat Pump <ul><li>Heat Pump: One advantage of a heat pump is that it can increase heating efficiency by a factor of about 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Pump: One disadvantage of a heat pump is that it can be noisy so you must keep it away from Bedroom windows. </li></ul>
  81. 81. Heat pump <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser </li></ul>Compressor Condenser
  82. 82. Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser: The compressor compresses gas into a liquid while the condenser condenses liquid into a gas- or vise verse. </li></ul>
  83. 83. Heat Pump <ul><li>Air Handling Unit </li></ul>Air Handling Unit
  84. 84. Air Handling Unit <ul><li>Air Handling Unit: Is a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Insulation <ul><li>Insulations purpose is to reduce unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems . </li></ul>
  86. 86. Insulation <ul><li>Batt Insulation #1 </li></ul>Batt Insulation
  87. 87. Insulation <ul><li>Loose Fill #2 </li></ul>Loose Fill Insulation
  88. 88. Insulation <ul><li>Foamed Insulation #3 </li></ul>Foamed Insulation
  89. 89. Insulation <ul><li>Rigid Board Insulation #4 </li></ul>
  90. 90. Lintel Lintel
  91. 91. Lintel <ul><li>Lintel: A beam that carries the Load of a wall across a window or door opening. </li></ul>
  92. 92. Mortar <ul><li>Mortar Joint #1 </li></ul>
  93. 93. Mortar <ul><li>Tooled joint. </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” thick mortar joint </li></ul><ul><li>This mortar joint is used on a single dwelling residential home. </li></ul><ul><li>My guess is type N because it is the general use mortar. </li></ul>
  94. 94. Mortar <ul><li>Mortar Joint #2 </li></ul>
  95. 95. Mortar <ul><li>Troweled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” thick mortar joint </li></ul><ul><li>This mortar joint is used on a single dwelling residential home. </li></ul><ul><li>My guess is type N because it is the general use mortar. </li></ul>
  96. 96. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>OSB- Is made of long, strand like wood particles compressed and glued into three to five layers they are nonveneered panels and is one of three nonveneered panels. </li></ul>
  97. 97. Oriented Strand board 8’ Sheet of OSB 4’
  98. 98. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul>
  99. 99. Plumbing <ul><li>A 1-1/2” Pipe is to drain this lavatory. </li></ul>
  100. 100. Plumbing: Water Closet
  101. 101. Plumbing <ul><li>Usually a 3” pipe is used to drain waist from this water closet. </li></ul>3” Pipe for Water Closet
  102. 102. Plumbing: Manufactured Tub
  103. 103. Plumbing: Roof Vent Plumbing Roof Vent
  104. 104. Plumbing: VTR <ul><li>The vents sticking up in the air are for the lavatories and water closets (toilets)  to vent exhaust gas through the roof. </li></ul>
  105. 105. Plumbing: Kitchen Sink <ul><li>Undermount Sink </li></ul>
  106. 106. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood: A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer: A thin layer, sheet, or facing. </li></ul>
  107. 107. Plywood Plywood
  108. 108. Radiant Barrier Rafters Rafters Radiant Barrier
  109. 109. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A radiant barrier is a layer of metallic foil, reflective paint, or other reflective material that blocks radiated heat, assisting in the energy performance of a building. </li></ul><ul><li>Radiant Barrier is placed on the back of the rafters and sheathing and blocks radiation to allow for energy efficiency. </li></ul>
  110. 110. Rebar Rebar ¾” Dowel
  111. 111. Rebar <ul><li>Bar size in diameter: .750in or ¾” </li></ul><ul><li>Bar #: #6 </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the deformations or surface ribs is to create friction for better bonding to concrete. </li></ul>
  112. 112. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul>Gutter
  113. 113. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. </li></ul>
  114. 114. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Down Spout </li></ul>Down Spout
  115. 115. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Downspout: A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level. </li></ul><ul><li>The downspout carries water from the gutter or roof to a lower level or ground. </li></ul>
  116. 116. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splashblock </li></ul>Splash Block
  117. 117. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splashblock: A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout. </li></ul>
  118. 118. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul>Underlayment
  119. 119. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. </li></ul><ul><li>It is layer of back up to prevent water from entering the structure. </li></ul>
  120. 120. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>Clay Tile Roof
  121. 121. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Shingle: A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in an overlapping fashion with many other such units to render; to apply shingles. </li></ul>
  122. 122. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Wood Shingles: </li></ul>Wood Shingles
  123. 123. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Metal Roof </li></ul>Metal Roof
  124. 124. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>This roof is galvanized steel and painted light grey for aesthetic purposes. </li></ul>
  125. 125. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof: </li></ul>Gable Roof
  126. 126. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>Gambrel Roof
  127. 127. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul>Hip Roof
  128. 128. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>Mansard Roof
  129. 129. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge </li></ul>Ridge
  130. 130. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Valley </li></ul>Valley: Weaved
  131. 131. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Eave </li></ul>Eave
  132. 132. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Rake </li></ul>Rake Rake
  133. 133. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Soffit </li></ul>Soffit Soffit
  134. 134. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Fascia </li></ul>Fascia Fascia
  135. 135. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul>
  136. 136. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Building Without Fascia </li></ul>No Fascia
  137. 137. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble Pattern </li></ul>Random Rubble Pattern
  138. 138. Stone <ul><li>Coursed Rubble Pattern </li></ul>Coursed Rubble
  139. 139. Stone <ul><li>Random Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
  140. 140. Stone <ul><li>Coursed Ashlar </li></ul>
  141. 141. Vapor Retarder Vapor Retarder on the warm side of the insulation layer
  142. 142. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor Retarder: Its Preventing condensation from occurring in building assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>It is installed on the warmer side of the insulation layer. </li></ul>
  143. 143. Waterproofing Water Proofing Water Proofing
  144. 144. Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing: Is either a membrane, clay, portland cement or plaster with water-repellant admixtures that are applied to a structure to prevent water from reaching it. Usually an envelope that will receive pressure from being below grade such as a basement. </li></ul>
  145. 145. Waterproofing <ul><li>Category of Waterproofing: This waterproofing is “Roll On” or liquid applied. </li></ul>
  146. 146. Weep Hole Weep Hole
  147. 147. Weep hole <ul><li>Weep Hole: A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The weep hole allows for any driven water that has penetrated through to the vapor barrier on the back up wall to run down and out the weep hole. </li></ul>
  148. 148. Welded Wire Fabric Welded Wire Fabric in a prepped slab
  149. 149. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>Measurements of the grid in both directions. </li></ul><ul><li>6”x6” is the grid in both directions. </li></ul>
  150. 150. Windows <ul><li>Window #1 Double Hung </li></ul>This is a Double Hung window because it has one or two moveable sashes.
  151. 151. Windows <ul><li>Window #2 Sliding </li></ul>This is a Sliding window because one slash slides past the other.
  152. 152. Windows <ul><li>Window #3 Casement </li></ul>This window is a casement window because the sash tilts outward, and its hinged on a vertical jamb