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Visual dictionary/ sp10sash


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Visual dictionary/ sp10sash

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />April 29, 2010<br />Materials, Methods, and Equipment I<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier paper is usaully referred to as housewrap, which is applied before the siding and allows the passage of water vapor, while blocking the passage of water and air.<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Materials<br />1<br />2<br />Attic ventilation is essential to keeping the attic dry and free from moisture. In the photos to the right in sequential order, a roof turbine, soffit vent, ridge vent, and gable vent are pictured and all aid in the ventilation of attics.<br />3<br />4<br />
  4. 4. Backhoe<br />Backhoes are essential in the constructing of houses, as they are used to excavate ditches for items such as piping, conduit, etc. the backhoe pictured to the right has a bucket width of 2 feet.<br />
  5. 5. Batter Boards<br />Batter board is a temporary frame built just outside the corner of the excavated area that will be used for a slab.<br />
  6. 6. Brick Arches<br />Keystone<br />Roman Arch<br />Gothic Arch<br />
  7. 7. Brick bonds<br />Header<br />Sailor<br />Stretcher<br />Rowlock<br />Running Bond- Stretchers cover around half of each other<br />Flemish Bond- Composed of alternating headers and stretchers.<br />
  8. 8. Brick Sizes<br />The brick featured below measured closest to a modular brick, which had face dimensions of 7 ½” by 3 ½”.<br />The brick featured below measured closest to a Standard brick, with face dimensions of 8” by 3 ½”.<br />
  9. 9. Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a very handy piece of equipment which is used for different activities such as clearing, pushing debris away, and sometimes grading of soil.<br />
  10. 10. Cladding<br />Wood Boards<br />Brick<br />Wood Shakes are shingles split from a block of wood, usually an uneven texture, as pictured below.<br />Wood shingles are usually more clean cut.<br />EIFS<br />Stone (Random Rubble)<br />Wood Shakes<br />
  11. 11. Code Requirements<br />This window meets all code requirements because it is less then 44” from the floor to bottom of the sill<br />
  12. 12. Concrete Joints<br />Below is a control joint, which is an intentional linear discontinuity in concrete to create a point of weakness so that cracking does not occur from stress. Below, a crack still occurred insinuating that the control joint did not fully serve its purpose.<br />Below is an isolation joint which is used to isolate the load of this column to one specific place instead of distributing it throughout the slab.<br />
  13. 13. Concrete Masonry Units<br />Below a concrete masonry unit (CMU) wall is pictured next to modular brick, representing that 3 courses of modular brick equal one CMU.<br />The picture below illustrates that CMU blocks can come in a variety of sizes, depending on what they are being used for.<br />
  14. 14. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units<br />The CMU below is referred to as split faced block, because of the texture that is created, making it look as if the block was split in half.<br />This CMU pictured below is referred to as a ribbed face CMU because of the many “ribs” that are created to add more decorative style.<br />
  15. 15. Doors<br />Transom- A small window directly above a door<br />Sidelight- A tall, narrow window alongside a door<br />Stile, Panel, Lock Rail, Top Rail, Bottom Rail<br />Solid Flush Door<br />
  16. 16. Electrical Components<br />Transformer Box<br />Duplex Receptacle<br />Service Meter<br />Service Head<br />Service panel<br />
  17. 17. Electrical Components<br />Transformer Box- Receives power from the power plant<br />Service Head- Feeds power to the meter<br />Meter- Reads the amount of power used and feeds power to the service panel<br />Service panel- Relays power to different aspects in house<br />Duplex Receptacle- Allows availability of power to household items<br />
  18. 18. Framing Elements<br />1. Anchor bolt<br />4. Subflooring<br />7. Top Plate<br />2. Sill Plate (Not Pictured)<br />5. Sole Plate<br />3. Floor Joist<br />8. Stringer<br />6. Stud<br />
  19. 19. Framing Elements Cont’d.<br />9. Ceiling joist<br />11. Roof Decking<br />10. Rafter<br />12. Sheathing<br />
  20. 20. Front End Loader<br />This piece of equipment is used on job sites to transport soil and other materials to and from places, which differs from a backhoe or bulldozer because it is not used for excavation or demolition.<br />
  21. 21. Gypsum Board<br />An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall and plasterboard.<br />
  22. 22. Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket Insulation<br />Loose Fill Insulation<br />Rigid Insulation<br />Foam Insulation<br />
  23. 23. Lintel<br />Pictured below is a steel lintel, which carries the load of a wall across a window or opening.<br />
  24. 24. Mortar<br />Both of these mortar joints are 3/8” and were used on a residential home.<br />Below is a picture of a flush mortar joint(which is tough to see). This joint was most likely troweled and is probably type N mortar.<br />This picture illustrates a concave mortar joint, which was tooled and is probably type N mortar.<br />
  25. 25. Oriented Strand Board<br />This photo shows a sheet of OSB which is a non veneered panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.<br />
  26. 26. Plumbing<br />Lavatory which typically uses 1 ½” drain pipe<br />Water Closet which typically uses 3” piping for draining<br />Vent through the roof pipe which is keeping sewer gasses from entering into the house<br />Drop in kitchen sink<br />
  27. 27. Plywood<br />Below is a photo of plywood, which is a wood panel consisting of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.<br />
  28. 28. Radiant Barrier<br />A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy<br />
  29. 29. Rebar<br />This rebar that is pictured is #4, which is ½” in diameter and the uses of the deformations on this rebar are to insure the bonding of the concrete that it will be set in.<br />
  30. 30. Steep Roof Drainage<br />1.<br />2.<br />These photos illustrate a gutter(1), downspout(2), and splash block(3).<br />A gutter collects rainwater and snow from the eave of a roof, transfers it to the downspout, which is then transferred to the splashblock which lies underneath th exit of the downspout and deterrs water away from house.<br />3.<br />
  31. 31. Steep Roof Materials<br />This photograph represents the underlayment on a steep roof, which in this instance is roofing felt and the purpose of this material is to keep moisture from entering the roof.<br />
  32. 32. Steep Roof Materials<br />Clay tile roof<br />
  33. 33. Steep Roof Materials<br />Shingles are small units of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. This photo represents a roof that was covered with wood shake shingles.<br />
  34. 34. Steep Roof Materials<br />This roof represents Metal Panel Roofing, which usually consists of tin, and is fastened with galvanized screws.<br />
  35. 35. Steep Roof Terms<br />Valley<br />Ridge<br />Eave<br />Soffit<br />
  36. 36. Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake<br />Fascia<br />Valley – A trough created by the intersection of 2 roof slopes<br />Ridge- The level intersection of 2 planes of a gable roof<br />Eave- The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof<br />Soffit- The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building<br />Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof<br />Fascia- The exposed vertical face of an eave<br />
  37. 37. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable<br />Hip<br />Mansard<br />
  38. 38. Stone<br />Coursed Rubble<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Rubble<br />Random Ashlar<br />
  39. 39. Vapor Retarder<br />Below is a photo of vapor retarder which is placed on the “warm in winter side” of the interior wall. Its purpose is to deter water vapor from entering through the insulation<br />
  40. 40. Water Proofing<br />This is a photo taken of loosely laid waterproofing being installed below grade to help the cause of preventing water to penetrate the walls once they are covered with soil.<br />
  41. 41. Weep Hole<br />This is a photograph of a weep hole, whose purpose is to permit the drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or wall assembly.<br />
  42. 42. Welded Wire Fabric<br />
  43. 43. Windows<br />Double-Hung Window<br />OutswingingCasemnent Window due to its placement of hinges along its side<br />Awning Window<br />