Ten Technology Trends That Will Change the World in Ten Years


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At Cisco Live 2011, Dave Evans, Cisco’s chief futurist and chief technologist for the Cisco Internet Business Solutions Group (IBSG), presented the 10 technology trends that will change the world in 10 years.

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Ten Technology Trends That Will Change the World in Ten Years

  1. 1. Ten in TenTen Technology Trends thatWill Change the World in Ten YearsDave EvansCisco’s Chief Futurist and Chief Technologist for CiscoInternet Business Solutions Group (IBSG)CiscoLiveJuly 12, 2011
  2. 2. The Ten…Trends and implications1. The Internet of Things2. The Zettaflood Is Coming3. Wisdom of the Cloud4. The Next Net5. The World Is Flat and So Is Your Technology6. The Power of Power7. It’s All About You8. The Next Dimension9. Another Family Tree10. You…Only BetterSource: Cisco IBSG, 2011
  3. 3. 1Internet of Things:First Evolution of the Internet
  4. 4. The Internet of Things Is Already Here World Population: 6.3 Billion 6.8 Billion 7.2 Billion 7.6 BillionConnected Devices: 500 Million 12.5 Billion 25 Billion 50 Billion More connected devices than people Connected Devices 0.08 1.84 3.47 6.58 Per Person 2003 2010 2015 2020Source: Cisco IBSG, 2011
  5. 5. New Internet InhabitantsWhat do trees, cows, shoes, and your body have in common? This tree has 3,000 Cow transmits Connected shoe followers…do you? 200 MB per year Asthma inhaler cross-referenced with environmental / weather data Proteus chip transmits data from your stomachSources: Cisco IBSG, 2011; Sparked, 2010; Nike, 2010; David Van Sickle, 2011; Proteus, 2011
  6. 6. IPv6: Connectivity Without Meaningful Limits 52,000 trillion trillion 100 addresses for 4.8 trillion addresses addresses per every atom on the for every star in the person earth’s surface known universeIPv4 addresses: 4,294,967,296IPv6 addresses: 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 Sources: Cisco IBSG, 2006–2011; Steve Leibson, Computer History Museum; CNN
  7. 7. The Opportunity:Turning Data into Wisdom More Important Wisdom Knowledge Information Data LessSource: Cisco IBSG, 2011 Important
  8. 8. 2The Zettaflood Is Coming
  9. 9. By 2015, 1 Zettabyte of DataWill Flow over the Internet One zettabyte = stack of books from Earth to Pluto 20 times (72 billion miles) Increase of 540,000 times from 2003; more than 90% from video If an 11 oz. cup of coffee equals 1 gigabyte, then 1 zettabyte would have the same volume of the Great Wall of ChinaSource: Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI), June 2011
  10. 10. 3Wisdom of the Cloud
  11. 11. More and More Data in the Cloud Cloud Virtualization Web Client Server MinicomputerMainframe 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 By 2020, one-third of all data will live in or pass through the cloud Global cloud services revenue will jump 20% per year IT spending on innovation and cloud computing could top $1 trillion by 2014 Creating new capabilities…Sources: Lew Tucker, Cloud CTO, Cisco, 2011; EMC, 2010; IDC, 2010
  12. 12. Watson Will Improve Our HealthWhat if Watson were a cloud service? From Jeopardy winner… …to healthcare provider IBM’s Watson supercomputer defeats Watson’s ability to answer questions humans in final Jeopardy match makes it ideal for doctors to improve patient careSource: IBM, 2011
  13. 13. 4The Next Net
  14. 14. Recent Networking Advances February 2011: Ericsson and Sant’Anna demonstrate 448 GB per second over fiber (20 HD movies / second) March 2011: Northwestern University researchers develop new switching device to usher in ultrafast quantum Internet April 2011: World record set by sending more than 100 terabits of information per second through a single optical fiber May 2011: Researchers set new record for rate of data transfer using a single laser at 26 terabits per second All developments in 4-month periodSources: American Physical Society, 2011; BBC, 2011
  15. 15. 5The World Is Flat…So Is Your Technology
  16. 16. From Near Time to Real TimeEveryone becomes a reporter + + = Broadband Anywhere, anytime Internet TV wireless production In 10 years, anyone will broadcast anywhere to anybody on any deviceSource: Cisco IBSG, 2011
  17. 17. 6The Power of Power
  18. 18. Solar Is a Viable Solution Sandia produces solar cells with 100 times less material / same efficiency MIT technology allows windows to generate power without blocking view June 2011: inkjet printer produces solar cells with 90 percent decrease in waste at significantly lower costs Oregon State University researchers develop novel method to produce solar cells using inkjet printerSource: BBC News, June 2011
  19. 19. 7It’s All About You
  20. 20. Brain-Machine Interfaces:The Ultimate IntegrationFebruary 2009: University of Toronto scientists invent machinethat determines what you’re thinking (80% accuracy)June 2009: University of Southampton demonstrates brain-to-brain communication over Internet Brain-controlled prosthesisOctober 2009: Toyota showcases mind-controlled wheelchairwith 95% accuracyMarch 2010: University of Maryland decodes brain signals /reconstructs into 3D hand movementsApril 2010: Intel software analyzes fMRI scans to determinewhat you’re thinking (90% accuracy)July 2011: University of Western Ontario develops technologyto predict what a person is going to do before he or she does it Mind-controlled wheelchair Artificial brain implants expected by 2030Sources: Cisco IBSG, 2011; Toyota; CNN; USA Today; KurzweilAI.net; wfs.org
  21. 21. 8The Next DimensionTomorrow: Anything on Demand
  22. 22. Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing) Additive manufacturing: “The process of joining materials to make objects from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer.” Printing file size approx. 1 MB Subtractive manufacturing includes methodologies such as traditional machiningSource: Stratasys, 2011
  23. 23. 3D Printing a Gimmick? You Decide. Dinosaur skull Toy car Model engine Working bicycleSources: Stratasys, 2011; European Air Defense System
  24. 24. 3D Printing: What About Us? Developed technique to print human March 2011: Dr. Atala prints a cells using modified inkjet printer kidney mold on stage at TED (Proof of principle only)Source: Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, 2011; TED Conferences, LLC
  25. 25. 9Another Family Tree
  26. 26. Interacting with Technology: Artificial Entities“It’s possible to make a conscious computer with superhuman intelligence before 2020.”Ian PearsonHead of FuturologyBritish Telecommunications  Automatic emotions, gestures, and responses Emily  Speech recognition  Text-to-speech  Knowledge of previous Current Technology encounters (memory) Virtual Valerie  Every interaction will be a network call Progression of Conversational InterfacesSources: Cisco IBSG, 2006-2011; Carnegie Mellon, 2004; Image Metrics, 2010
  27. 27. 10You…Only BetterFundamental Changes
  28. 28. Self-Evolution of the Species March 2010 July 2009 Retina implant restores Spanish researchers discover vision to blind patients substance for photographic memory October 2009 February 2010 University of Washington Artificial retina (Argus III) researchers develop non-invasive brain- developed by Lawrence computer interface (BCI) that allows a Livermore National Labs user to command humanoid robot October 2009 August 2009 Italian and Swedish Wicab develops device that lets scientists develop first blind “see" with their tongues artificial hand with feeling December 2009 Organovo 3D bio-printer prototype may June 2011 print human tissues and organsTexas Heart Institute develops “spinning” heart (no pulse, no April 2010 clogs, no breakdowns) Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston trialing artificial pancreas in 11 patients April 2010 Scientists at Chicago’s Rush February 2010University Medical Center find University of Michigan develops artificial foot possible cure for skin cancer to make it easier for amputees to walk Sources: Cisco IBSG, 2011; Science Magazine, 2010