Ndzou camp Andrew Kingman

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This presentation by Andrew Kingman was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 …

This presentation by Andrew Kingman was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 (Day 2, Session 6, Integrating sustainability)

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  • 1. Introduction to MICAIA Concessions and sustainability in MICAIA is a hybrid organization consisting of an operating MICAIAChimanimani: NDZOU Camp & MICAIA foundation (Fundação MICAIA) and a social enterprise (Eco- MICAIA Ltd). MICAIA’s purpose is to enable people to prosper in strong local economies and healthy vibrant communities Fundação MICAIA has a set of long-term programmes including work on land use planning and conservation, sustainable agriculture, and local economic development Eco-MICAIA provides business development services and investment in areas of tourism and natural products MICAIA started work in early 2008 Presentation by Andrew Kingman, Eco-MICAIA Ltd MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world Chimanimani TFCA Moribane Forest • Moribane Forest Reserve is an area of 120 sq km stretching from the Sussundenga – Dombe road towards Chimanimani National the mountains and border Reserve • The Forest is home to a large population of elephants, a 625 km2 range of smaller game, and a large variety of birds Buffer Zone • Moribane has long been studied for its rich diversity of 1740 km2 flora including many rare and indigenous species • The history and rich socio-cultural heritage of the area add to its potential for visitors MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world Moribane: the need for Moribane: the need for sustainable livelihoods sustainable livelihoods • Moribane Forest Reserve is under threat – banana plantations, illegal logging, the spread of settlement • The growing numbers of elephants damage farms and homes, increasing conflict with people MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world
  • 2. NDZOU CAMP NDZOU Principal Features: CAMP • Joint venture development involving the Mpunga community (60%) and Eco-MICAIA Ltd (40%) • Situated in Moribane Forest on a 5.5ha site allocated by the community (who have DUAT) • 18 beds in 4 rondavels, a 3- bedroom family lodge and 2 fixed tents + prepared & serviced campsites (ablution block, cooking areas) • Restaurant and bar serving creative locally inspired dishes making the most of seasonal produce MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable worldSustainability requirements Sustainability requirements 2Starting point: the development took place in the context of the draft Moribane/Mpunga: Fundação MICAIA (with funding from iTC)Management Plan for the Chimanimani TFCA – this stresses the facilitated the CAP process over more than six months. By the timeneed for creating sustainable livelihood opportunities for business planning started there was solid local ownershipcommunities in the buffer zone The external review process (led by ECI) and guidelines stressedAll communities within the TFCA should have a Community Action key features of sustainability:Plan i.e. the output of a participatory asset mapping and planning Core business case – market, product offer, capacityprocess. Environmental impact Social impact – job creation, skills development, procurementIf done well, these CAPs can provide a) local ownership of any new NDZOU Camp scored highly on:development; b) guidance to investors/partners about local Eco-design, waste management plans, and use of alternative energyresources (social-cultural, natural, human, institutional); c) a Social impact – most jobs local, commitment to local procurementguarantee that there is widespread local support for and knowledge Business model – equity of 60% for communityof possible developments Core business case – detailed market analysis and segmentation MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world Sustainability initiatives:Sustainability initiatives forest conservationNDZOU Camp is a growing business but it remains just one feature A priority for all partners has been direct action on conservation ofof a steadily diversifying local economy in the Moribane area. the Moribane Forest. In the last year, actions have included:There is an effective partnership between the community of Planting and landscaping within the Camp groundsMpunga, NDZOU Camp, Eco-MICAIA Ltd and Fundação MICAIA. Establishing a tree seedling nursery (MF+NDZOU Camp)Each partner is involved in initiatives to promote sustainability Planting 1,000s of trees (community + MF)Sustainability initiatives cover: Training Community Forest Rangers (MF) Direct environmental work within and around the Camp Further work on zoning, creating new community agreed limits on Investment in local capacity building processes settlement and agriculture areas (MF) Investment in local supply chain Preparing detailed information about the biodiversity of the Forest – creating the Moribane Forest Learning Centre (MF) Marketing and business development processes MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world
  • 3. Sustainability initiatives: local capacity building Training community forest rangers and awarding certificates Capacity building is a process, not an event: sustainability requires a commitment to continuing investment in building local capacity. In the last year actions have included: Staff training (formal and informal) - NDZOU Camp Direct involvement via a Finance Committee of members of the Mpunga association in running NDZOU Camp (monitoring financial reports etc)Forest Nursery Participating & learning with the community Training of the Association and Natural Resource Management Committee (MF) Regular meetings with the Association, presenting financial information and involving the community in decision-making processes MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable worldSustainability initiatives: Sustainability initiatives:Investing in the local economy building the local business NDZOU Camp on its own will not convince the people of Mpunga to If the business fails in its core role (making money by attracting stop expanding their banana and maize plantations. Tourism is one visitors) the associated initiatives are irrelevant. For NDZOU Camp, livelihood opportunity, but the community needs more. In the last far from the beach, this means ensuring a balance between local year, efforts to diversity the economy have included : and fully ‘tourist’ business. In the last year Eco-MICAIA’s work has Construction of a fruit and forest products drying factory – due to open included: in July 2012 with a capacity of 40Kg dried produce/day (Eco-M+MF) Locally focused marketing with special events Increase in local procurement and support for local fresh produce and promotions (Valentine Weekend, the marketing association (NDZOU Camp + MF) Moribane Music Festival etc) Expansion of beekeeping in the area, including a beehive fence (MF) Targeted marketing of NDZOU as a small conference venue Work with local crafts people eg potters (NDZOU Camp) Building the reputation of the restaurant to create a regular drop-in trade MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable worldLessons learned In our context the relationship between NDZOU Camp and the community is central - taking time to communicate; address problems together; being honest about all aspects of the business. The result: a community that cares about and is proud of NDZOU Camp – that feels it can drop in and buy a drink The challenge: maintaining this level of engagement Build a local market if possible – NDZOU Camp is part of not only Mpunga, but Sussundenga and Manica Province…. Build alliances and partnerships with NGOs and others that can help diversify the local economy and build capacity for sustainability MICAIA – Working for local prosperity in a sustainable world