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Guidelines for tourism partnerships and concessions in protected areas, Anna Spenceley

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Presentation made at the CBD/IUCN TAPAS Group meeting on "Tourism partnerships and concessions in protected areas: Cooperating for success" meeting in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park

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Guidelines for tourism partnerships and concessions in protected areas, Anna Spenceley

  1. 1. Guidelines for tourism partnerships and concessions in protected areas Anna Spenceley 31 May 2017 Time Block 1
  2. 2. Why we are here •  Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity work on biodiversity and tourism •  Under-use of tourism to finance conservation in protected areas •  Need identified for guidelines, better capacity and networks
  3. 3. IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) Specialist Group Voluntary technical network (420+) Specialists on tourism and protected areas and areas of particular importance to biodiversity Who we are
  4. 4. Strategy and fundraising: Anna Spenceley (Chair) Communi:es & Heritage: Sue Snyman (Vice chair) Biodiversity: Yu-Fai Leung Economics: Barbara Engels Knowledge development: Megan Epler Wood Capacity building: Thiago Souza Membership: Elena Nikolaeva Communica:on: Ron Mader IUCN focal point: Giulia Carbone Our ExCo
  5. 5. Our team Mary- Anne Merle SuePaulAnna Terri
  6. 6. Our participants Richard Mayando Lilian Titie Vitalis Harun Lizy Catherine Chizamoka Rantonirina Bigani
  7. 7. Participant pre-workshop survey 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% Protected area authority For-profit companies Not-profit organisations Local community organizations Another government department A joint-venture company (PPP, etc.) What type of organizations run different protected areas in your country?
  8. 8. What is the main source of financing for your protected area/s now?
  9. 9. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Restaurants Specialized training programs (e.g. mountain climbing, Membership program for visitors Transport: buses, taxis, car rentals Retail: Grocery food, souvenirs, equipment (sale/hire) Special events: sports, music, dancing, and displays Programme encouraging dona:ons from tourists Reserva:ons and sales Communica:ons: Wifi access, cellphone coverage Guided trips and tours: vehicle based, balloon, boat, canoe Accommoda:on (e.g. hotels, lodges, chalets, campsites etc) Medical services, search and rescue Basic services: Washrooms and toilets, cleaning, laundry Services and facili:es for volunteers Museum and archive Waste collec:on and management (including recycling) Power: Electricity, fuel, gas, petrol Informa:on: Visitor centre, informa:on boards, educa:on, Infrastructure: Tourist roads, hiking trails, 4x4 trails, landing Specialised research facili:es Policing and security Protected area authority/government Concessionnaire License holder Permit holder Don't know Not applicable Which of the following tourist services are currently provided in your most visited protected area and who provides them?
  10. 10. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Restaurants Transport: buses, taxis, car rentals Retail: Grocery food, souvenirs, equipment (sale/hire) Special events: sports, music, dancing, and displays Accommoda:on (e.g. hotels, lodges, chalets, campsites etc) Reserva:ons and sales Guided trips and tours: vehicle based, balloon, boat, canoe Specialized training programs (e.g. mountain climbing, Basic services: Washrooms and toilets, cleaning, laundry Membership programme for visitors, such as the SANParks Communica:ons: Wifi access, cellphone coverage Waste collec:on and management (including recycling) Medical services, search and rescue Infrastructure: Tourist roads, hiking trails, 4x4 trails, landing Power: Electricity, fuel, gas, petrol Programme encouraging dona:ons from tourists Specialised research facili:es Services and facili:es for volunteers Museum and archive Informa:on: Visitor centre, informa:on boards, educa:on, Policing and security Protected area authority/government Concessionnaire License holder Permit holder Don't know Not applicable Which of the following tourist services are planned for your protected areas in the future and who might provide them?
  11. 11. Our process Beger concessions and partnerships Needs assessment Guidelines Networking Capacity development Planning addi:onal ac:ons
  12. 12. Our process Beger concessions and partnerships Needs assessment Guidelines Networking Capacity development Planning addi:onal ac:ons
  13. 13. The needs assessment •  Online questionnaire •  Sent to 400+ people •  72 responses (18%): 67 usable •  Most responses from Africa (70%) + USA, UK, South America, Asia
  14. 14. Our process Beger concessions and partnerships Needs assessment Guidelines Networking Capacity development Planning addi:onal ac:ons
  15. 15. New guideline needs
  16. 16. Build on guidelines & initiatives ublications Services Unit 219c Huntingdon Road Cambridge, CB3 0DL, UK Tel: + 44 1223 277894 Fax: + 44 1223 277175 E-mail: info@iucn.org www.iucn.org/bookstore Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 8 IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) The World Conservation Union Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas Guidelines for Planning and Management Paul F. J. Eagles, Stephen F. McCool and Christopher D. Haynes Adrian Phillips, Series Editor SustainableTourisminProtectedAreas:GuidelinesforPlanningandManagement he world’s number d protected areas are ncreasing proportion ive to manage tourist t visitors can cted areas without hey come to see. Review Copy 5 November 2014 Tourism and Visitor Management in Protected Areas Guidelines for sustainability Edited by Yu Fai Leung, Anna Spenceley, Glen Hvenegaard and Ralf Buckley, in collaboration with 54 contributors, Craig Groves, Series Editor Developing Capacity for a Protected Planet Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. XX
  17. 17. Awareness of existing guidelines 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Tourism Concessions in Protected Natural Areas (UNDP) An Introduc:on to Tourism concessioning (World Bank Group) SADC TFCA Tourism Concession Guidelines (GiZ) Yes No I use this guide
  18. 18. Existing materials •  Draft CBD guidelines •  UNDP, IFC, SADC guidelines •  Country guidelines •  Case studies •  Tools and templates Image © Aiia via Pixabay
  19. 19. DRAFT
  20. 20. Our process Beger concessions and partnerships Needs assessment Guidelines Networking Capacity development Planning addi:onal ac:ons
  21. 21. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Tourism service pricing/fee sejng Legal liability Recruitment and management of volunteers Concession contract design/feasibility Tourism marke:ng/promo:on Hospitality services Procurement (e.g. tendering) Contrac:ng and contract management Business management Personnel management Legisla:on and regula:ons Tourism management Local community involvement and management Yes No Some Capacity building needs
  22. 22. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Understanding the overall procurement process Evalua:ng tender documents Decision processes on outsourcing compared to insourcing Marke:ng of PAs and available concessions Understanding the contrac:ng process Understanding the benefits and disbenefits of outsourcing compared to insourcing Understanding PA tourism Monitoring and evalua:ng tourism concessionaires Budge:ng and financing of tourism concessions Working with/engaging the private sector Pricing for tourism concessions Sustainability of tourism concessions Case study examples Understanding tourism concession processes Developing a tourism concession plan for your PAs 5 (very important) 4 3 2 1 (not important) 0 (didn't answer) Workshop content
  23. 23. Our workshop agenda
  24. 24. Our workshop agenda

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