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Appreciating Landscape Diversity Overview

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A presentation from the first day of the Nairobi International Forum. March 6, 2012.

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Appreciating Landscape Diversity Overview

  1. 1. Appreciating diversity ofintegrated landscape approachesDay 1Tuesday, 6 March11:15 – 11: 45 am
  2. 2. Objectives● Illustrate diversity in landscape approaches to sustaining agriculture, meeting livelihood needs and maintaining healthy ecosystems● Stimulate learning and networking within our community of landscape practitioners
  3. 3. Diversity of landscape contexts
  4. 4. Features of landscape approaches● Landscape-scale focus on complex management problems● Management of landscapes as complex socio- ecological systems● Management for multiple objectives● Adaptive collaborative management● Management through participatory processes of social learning and multi-stakeholder negotiation
  5. 5. Case studies of landscape initiatives●The Chiquitano Model Forest, Bolivia●Rupa Watershed, Nepal●Namaqualand, South Africa●Conservation in the Cape Winelands, South Africa
  6. 6. The Chiquitano Model Forest Hermes JustinianoFoundation for the Conservation of the Chiquitano Forest (FCBC) Bolivia Bolivia Amazon Brazil Forest Cerrado Andean Pantanal Chaco Paraguay South America
  7. 7. Landscape features 1988 2000 2009
  8. 8. Actors and organizations involvedTaking the lead Beneficiaries● FCBC since year 2000 ● 12 municipal governments and their populationKey partners ● 5 Indigenous Community Lands● Individual municipalities, since 2005 ● Selected communities that harvest wood and non-wood● Commonwealth of Chiquitano forest products Municipalities, since 2008 ● Craftsmen and women● Government of Santa Cruz● Private universities ● A global population of 250.000 inhabitants since 2011
  9. 9. Principal interventions● Strengthening the Model Forest concept and implementation● Land use and occupation plans for municipalities● Land use and resources management for indigenous territories● Creation and strengthening of protected areas● Sustainable forest management● Strengthening of sustainable community enterprises based on forest products● Training and professionalization of local leaders
  10. 10. Impacts so far● 23 Indigenous communities / 1450 families doing Watershed protection from sustainable management forestry and visibly improving their income and areas parks and forestry livelihoods● 7 Municipal Territories (14.5 Million hectares) with approved land use plans, emphasis added in maintenance of ecosystem services, specially water, to ensure human and animal life, agriculture production and long term sustainability● 7 new Municipal Parks created (1.7 Million hectares) for strict protection of watersheds and biodiversity, ensuring water availability for towns and communities● 12 Million hectares of watersheds declared as protected in one or more management levels
  11. 11. Rupa Watershed, Kaski, Nepal Sajal Sthapit, Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD)
  12. 12. Landscape Features
  13. 13. Actors and Organizations Involved Jaibik Shrot Samrachan Abhiyan (Bioresources Conservation Movement) KiDeKi Pratigya Co-op Rupa Co-op (Farmer to Farmer) Collect and sell 25% of profits Farmer to farmer value-added reinvested in PES trainings products
  14. 14. Principal Interventions● Awareness and Learning● Strengthening institutions● Participatory planning & implementation of conservation & income generation activities● Developing a collective vision
  15. 15. Impacts$100,000 $90,000 $80,000 $70,000 $60,000 $50,000 $40,000 $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
  16. 16. Namaqualand Wilderness Corridor , South AfricaHeidi Hawkins1, Ronald Newman1, Malinda Gardiner1, Tessa Mildenhall1, Ralph van der Poll1, Elmariza Smith1, Sarah Frazee1, Peter Carrick2 and John Buchanan3 1Conservation South Africa, 2Nurture, Restore, Innovate, 3Conservation International
  17. 17. Namaqualand Wilderness CorridorA landscape initiative within a hotspot Succulent Karoo
  18. 18. Key organizations● Conservation South Africa & CI● Nurture Restore Innovate● Agricultural Research Council● South African National Parks● Municipalities● Communal farmers● Private farmers
  19. 19. Principle intervention: Enabling conservation by the people● Biodiversity & Red Meat Transect-plots layout“We gave up grazing in the 1. Ecological monitoring northerly directionwetlands and reduced our 2. Socioeconomic surveys 3. Incentives (hand Permanent metallivestock, and in return we receive droppers painted pumps, training, dogs, p orange remium) 25 mincentives and premiums to act as a 4. Contract & Guidelines i. Stock reductioncushion friendly the reductions” ii. Wetlandfor © Peter Carrick © Peter Carrick management iii. Wildlife meat 2m 25 m x 1 m belt transect iv. Stewardship
  20. 20. Impacts over 2 years…● Stock soldConservancy 100 (518, x2 carrying capacity) 90 2011 Members with knowledge (%)● Stock80 4600 ha of 21 000ha priority area 46 communal and 3 private farmer members rotation monitored 2012 70● Livelihoods improvedformed 60 Own Association (EcoRangers, monitors) 50● Water (26 000L/day) 40 30● Markets for wildlife-friendly meat 20 10● The hope after 5 years: 0 ● improved rangeland condition ● Land stewardship expanded from mountain to sea, for benefit of all
  21. 21. Conservation in the Cape Winelands Russell Galt, ICLEI Nairobi, 6 March 2012
  22. 22. Cape ofcontrasts
  23. 23. Images: James Dickenson-Barker
  24. 24. Questions or comments?THANKS!
  25. 25. Diversity in landscape management● Problem situations● Ecology and extent● History● Entry points and objectives● Initiators and other actors● Management frameworks and indicators● Expertise● Financial resources● Implementation issues● Impacts
  26. 26. Appreciating diversity of integratedlandscape approaches: group taskTask: Think about landscape initiatives with which you are familiar…● In what important ways are they different?● What do they have in common?● What key ingredients make them work?

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