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ADOLF LOOS
SCHUE HOUSE
–Adolf Loos
“Be not afraid of being called un-fashionable.”
ARCHITECT’s BACKGROUND
ADOLF LOOS
Architecture arouses sentiments in man. The architect's task therefore,
is to make those...
earlylife
Studied In:

Royal and Imperial State College in Rechendberg, Bohemia.
College of Technology, Dresden.
Left scho...
occupation
Return to Vienna.
Gained opportunity to work with
architect Carl Mayreder, before
establishing his own practice...
style
• Rejection of decorative elements.
• Combination of dandy, artist , architect, art critic.
• Most brilliant and mul...
“True vocabulary of architecture lies in the
materials themselves”
-Adolf Loos-
1898
principlesofbuildings
1899
Cafe Museum
His theories culminated in a
s h o r t e s s a y e n t i t l e d ,
"Ornament And Crime,"
published in 1908. This book
was ...
1909
Looshaus
1910
Steiner House
1912 - 1913
Scheu House
1922
Refer House
chicagotribunetower
• Challenge to design “the most beautiful
and distinctive office building of the world”
— and a prize ...
Tzara House
1926-1927
Villa Moller
1928
1930
Villa Muller
1931- 1932
Villa Winternitz
latestage
• Recognised as Master in Architecture.
• He was bestowed with an annual honorific income by the
president of th...
CONTEXT
location
Located in the Hietzing area.
scheuhouse
• Built for Gustav and Helen Scheu.
• The residents of the suburb were shocked by the new
aesthetics that the h...
concept
Geometrical
design
Flat roof
“Terracing principle”
(Courthouse)
He made was to plant ivy on the garden façade to make it less severe.
FORM AND SPACE
formandspace
Unadorned architecture
(plain white wall)
Repetition of 3
Cuboids in different size
3D massing
Repetition of
...
first
Flat Roof as
Outdoor Terrace
Bedroom faces east
enjoys a generous balcony
Different sized
windows
based on the combi...
asymmetricaltieredvolumeplacement of windows, sizes, entrance, structure
Second Floor
Rental Apartment
First Floor
Bedroom...
ZigguratShape-
Building
Staggered Method 16m long
SETBACK 4m
SETBACK 4m
Main House Rental Apartment
Interiors
Richardsonian
atmosphere
social areas :
walls covered in dark,
unpolished oak
Spatial Domesticity
created by Loo...
groundfloor
1. Kitchen
3. Library
4. Music Room/Office
5. Living Room
6. Terrace
7. Entrance Hall
Low Ceiling Fireplace
Al...
CIRCULATION
Approach – Distant view of Scheu House
circulation
- Plain exterior
- Exemplifies personal liberty
(different from the sur...
Entrance to atticEntrance to Main house
“ a building consisting of two houses, the main house and
a separate apartment loc...
Main Entrance
Steps to the entrance
introduce a vertical
dimension.
main entrance
Ground Floor
circulationwithinthebuilding
First Floor and Second Floor
circulationwithinthebuilding
Spiral Staircase that connect
the attic and the main house
Straight run stair and L-shaped
stairs connect the basement,
gr...
ELEMENTS
Outdoor Terrace The flat roof act as an
outdoor terrace that
would play an important
role in the development
of 20th centu...
The flat roof and the balconies are designed
waterproof that used reinforced concrete.
This able to make the platform no l...
The total length of the exterior wall of the
building is 16m long in total with all different
sizes of windows based on th...
Dark & unpolished oak
was used in the day area
White , painted wood
wasa used in bedroom
Reflects a notion
domestic space ...
Vertical elements
defining space :
Walls
The main element is the
four planes - closure
which form by four
planes (walls) t...
The windows that allow sunlight goes through into the basement is to ensure future
development of the basement that might ...
essay
Architecture :
Explained the importance of contradictions in design:
Interior Exterior
Monument
and the
house
Art Wo...
–Adolf Loos
“Architecture arouses sentiments in man. The
architect's task therefore, is to make those
sentiments more prec...
REFERENCES
• http://www.archdaily.com/576187/spotlight-adolf-loos
• http://architect.architecture.sk/adolf-loos-architect/...
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  1. 1. ADOLF LOOS SCHUE HOUSE
  2. 2. –Adolf Loos “Be not afraid of being called un-fashionable.”
  3. 3. ARCHITECT’s BACKGROUND ADOLF LOOS Architecture arouses sentiments in man. The architect's task therefore, is to make those sentiments more precise. Born in 1870,
 Brunn, Czech Republic 1870
  4. 4. earlylife Studied In:
 Royal and Imperial State College in Rechendberg, Bohemia. College of Technology, Dresden. Left school without graduating. Travelled to United States 
 Worked as: 
 Mason 
 Floor- layer
 Dish-Washer 1886 1889 1890 1893-1896
  5. 5. occupation Return to Vienna. Gained opportunity to work with architect Carl Mayreder, before establishing his own practice. 1896 1897
  6. 6. style • Rejection of decorative elements. • Combination of dandy, artist , architect, art critic. • Most brilliant and multitalented personalities of 20th century architecture • Believed in the merging of crafts and architecture. • Spatial planning. • Room of different heights.
  7. 7. “True vocabulary of architecture lies in the materials themselves” -Adolf Loos- 1898 principlesofbuildings
  8. 8. 1899 Cafe Museum
  9. 9. His theories culminated in a s h o r t e s s a y e n t i t l e d , "Ornament And Crime," published in 1908. This book was translated in Esprit Nouveau, a publication edited by Le Corbusier , Paul Dermee and Ozenfant in the year 1920. 1908
  10. 10. 1909 Looshaus
  11. 11. 1910 Steiner House
  12. 12. 1912 - 1913 Scheu House
  13. 13. 1922 Refer House
  14. 14. chicagotribunetower • Challenge to design “the most beautiful and distinctive office building of the world” — and a prize of $50,000 • This architecture stood out above all the others for its singular polemic: a 120m high Doric column by dogmatic Viennese architect Adolf Loos. • The polished black granite columns, durable classical symbols in a building, were altogether useful and therefore beautiful. 1922
  15. 15. Tzara House 1926-1927
  16. 16. Villa Moller 1928
  17. 17. 1930 Villa Muller
  18. 18. 1931- 1932 Villa Winternitz
  19. 19. latestage • Recognised as Master in Architecture. • He was bestowed with an annual honorific income by the president of the Czechoslovakian Republic • Passed away 1930 1933
  20. 20. CONTEXT
  21. 21. location Located in the Hietzing area.
  22. 22. scheuhouse • Built for Gustav and Helen Scheu. • The residents of the suburb were shocked by the new aesthetics that the house would bring into their area and saw the house as a disgrace and an insult to common sense. • Different from the symmetrical and neo-classical style
  23. 23. concept Geometrical design Flat roof “Terracing principle” (Courthouse)
  24. 24. He made was to plant ivy on the garden façade to make it less severe.
  25. 25. FORM AND SPACE
  26. 26. formandspace Unadorned architecture (plain white wall) Repetition of 3 Cuboids in different size 3D massing Repetition of Rectangles/ Squares in different size
  27. 27. first Flat Roof as Outdoor Terrace Bedroom faces east enjoys a generous balcony Different sized windows based on the combination of a single module (living room, bed room…)
  28. 28. asymmetricaltieredvolumeplacement of windows, sizes, entrance, structure Second Floor Rental Apartment First Floor Bedrooms Ground Floor Main Floor & Public Semi Basement
  29. 29. ZigguratShape- Building Staggered Method 16m long SETBACK 4m SETBACK 4m Main House Rental Apartment
  30. 30. Interiors Richardsonian atmosphere social areas : walls covered in dark, unpolished oak Spatial Domesticity created by Loos bedrooms : white painted wood Public Private
  31. 31. groundfloor 1. Kitchen 3. Library 4. Music Room/Office 5. Living Room 6. Terrace 7. Entrance Hall Low Ceiling Fireplace Alcove (feeling of intimacy,cozy) Gathering & Reception Spaces (living room, music room, library, dining room) arranged together on slightly raised ground floor : easy access + establish distinct zoning
  32. 32. CIRCULATION
  33. 33. Approach – Distant view of Scheu House circulation - Plain exterior - Exemplifies personal liberty (different from the surrounding houses) and simplicity
  34. 34. Entrance to atticEntrance to Main house “ a building consisting of two houses, the main house and a separate apartment located in the higher modulus “ entrance
  35. 35. Main Entrance Steps to the entrance introduce a vertical dimension. main entrance
  36. 36. Ground Floor circulationwithinthebuilding
  37. 37. First Floor and Second Floor circulationwithinthebuilding
  38. 38. Spiral Staircase that connect the attic and the main house Straight run stair and L-shaped stairs connect the basement, ground floor and first floor. formofcirculationspace
  39. 39. ELEMENTS
  40. 40. Outdoor Terrace The flat roof act as an outdoor terrace that would play an important role in the development of 20th century architecture. The East-facing bedroom gains a generous balcony in front that is set back 4 meters elements
  41. 41. The flat roof and the balconies are designed waterproof that used reinforced concrete. This able to make the platform no longer needs to conduct storm-water.
  42. 42. The total length of the exterior wall of the building is 16m long in total with all different sizes of windows based on the combination of module It’s a kind of opening in the space-defining elements. The black of the windows(opening) is also use to balance the white of the wall. Doors This door seems like a main entrance with the first sight but it’s acuatly an entrance to the attic. This is the main entrance to the house. windows
  43. 43. Dark & unpolished oak was used in the day area White , painted wood wasa used in bedroom Reflects a notion domestic space develop by Adolf Loos. Ornamental wood beams also use in the interior of the scheu house. walls
  44. 44. Vertical elements defining space : Walls The main element is the four planes - closure which form by four planes (walls) to establish the boundaries of an introverted space. There is also U-shaped plane and others. walls
  45. 45. The windows that allow sunlight goes through into the basement is to ensure future development of the basement that might become a gym in the future. basementopening
  46. 46. essay Architecture : Explained the importance of contradictions in design: Interior Exterior Monument and the house Art Works Functions 1910
  47. 47. –Adolf Loos “Architecture arouses sentiments in man. The architect's task therefore, is to make those sentiments more precise.”
  48. 48. REFERENCES • http://www.archdaily.com/576187/spotlight-adolf-loos • http://architect.architecture.sk/adolf-loos-architect/adolf-loos-architect.php • http://en.wikiarquitectura.com/index.php/Scheu_House • http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/scheu/ • https://books.google.com.my/books?id=kq2MVwHOyCkC&lpg=PA82&ots=AOf3dZ-Y3L&dq=scheu%20house&pg=PA81#v=onepage&q=scheu%20house&f=false • http://socks-studio.com/2014/03/03/i-do-not-draw-plans-facades-or-sections-adolf-loos-and-the-villa-muller/ • http://en.wikiarquitectura.com/index.php/Scheu_House • http://www.worldcat.org/title/adolf-loos/oclc/185858811/viewport • http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/scheu/ • https://books.google.com.my/books?id=kq2MVwHOyCkC&pg=PA82&lpg=PA82&dq=scheu+house&source=bl&ots=AOf3d-XZ2G&sig=MV7pgcwA3SoKFuy3O2hx- rpURNU&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=scheu%20house&f=false • Modern Architecture by Alan Colquhoun [P.g 73-86] • http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/scheu/ • http://www.adolf-loos.com
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