Technopark and Cluster
What Common Points Could they Have ?
Philippe Geffroy
Moscow – November 27, 2013
Ingredients to have a Powerful and Internationally
Competitive Economy are Available …

… But real results are still not c...
Tools used to Succeed a Regional Strategy (1)


Develop a large industrial zone



Set up a strong team to promote the c...
Technoparks as a tool for Economic Policy (1)


Definition
Technopark (technology parks, technological parks also High-te...
Technopark as a tool for Economic Policy (2)


The overall challenge is to set up a Technopark that can
achieve three mai...
Market Insight: Myths and Realities of IT
Technoparks in Russia / Igor Ustimenko (Gartner
Dataquest March 25 2011)
KEY FIN...
Definition related to Cluster
Cluster Overall
definition

Clusters can be defined as a group of firms, related economic ac...
Cluster Benefits for Regional Actors
REGIONAL LEVEL

ENTREPRISES

 Fostering Innovation

 Fostering cooperation

 Foste...
The People Dimension at the Core of the Cluster
 The success of a high performance cluster is in a large part due to peop...
The Cluster Management Organization
CLUSTER OPERATIONAL
ORGANISATION
Larges

FINANCIAL PARTNERS
Fasie, RVC, VEB, RosNanos,...
Summary of the Key Factors of Success for a
Cluster Set up
 A common vision shared between region/territories and cluster...
Example of Existing Cluster with dedicated
Technopark http://www.routedeslasers.com/

27/11/2013

Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW
...
СПАСИБО ЗА ВНИМАНИЕ!
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Кластеры и Технопарки: общие элементы.

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Презентация в рамках семинара «Кластерные политики и кластерные инициативы» 27 ноября 2013 года, Москва.

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Кластеры и Технопарки: общие элементы.

  1. 1. Technopark and Cluster What Common Points Could they Have ? Philippe Geffroy Moscow – November 27, 2013
  2. 2. Ingredients to have a Powerful and Internationally Competitive Economy are Available … … But real results are still not comparable to international competitors 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 3
  3. 3. Tools used to Succeed a Regional Strategy (1)  Develop a large industrial zone  Set up a strong team to promote the city  Support creation of new companies (for example, in high tech sector)  Provide companies with financial advantages : free tax zone, public support  Develop specific training programmes  Develop a technology transfer policy  Improve the global quality of the urban environment  Develop a Technopark   Aim : Enables a long term regional development because of the innovative potential of the companies which can adapt to any change in technology, organization or market Create a network with the existing regional actors (cluster)  Aim: increase the competitiveness of the companies 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 4
  4. 4. Technoparks as a tool for Economic Policy (1)  Definition Technopark (technology parks, technological parks also High-tech park) is commercial property developments of one or more buildings that will accept all the types of tenant but they often have a wider range of acceptable activities in technology based business (TRL 5-6) and are not so concentrated on R&D as a main element in tenants' activities. They will also accept tenants that provide support services to technology-based businesses but are not themselves technical businesses such as:        27/11/2013 Accountants Lawyers Patent agents Market research organizations Technology brokers - especially those with good international connections Venture capital providers Business consultants specializing in technology-based firms Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 5
  5. 5. Technopark as a tool for Economic Policy (2)  The overall challenge is to set up a Technopark that can achieve three main goals  Respond to the NEEDS of regional enterprises in terms of innovation technology, cross fertilization with over R&D organizations, good services and friendly environment where researchers would have found an ideal environment to lead their R&D.  Develop specific R&D activities in conjunction with other knowledge based institutions in the region, in order to deliver some unique technological assets to existing enterprises or technology based start-ups  Create a management infrastructure that will allow the Technopark to be selfsustainable within a reasonable time frame (three to five years).  Attract in-FDI (that seeking advanced RD & DM capacities/capabilities not available for the price elsewhere) The overall idea is to ensure that the park will have an economic impact in the region and that will assist existing and new enterprises to manage their development and innovation process in a very proactive and leading edge manner. 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 6
  6. 6. Market Insight: Myths and Realities of IT Technoparks in Russia / Igor Ustimenko (Gartner Dataquest March 25 2011) KEY FINDING  The community of Russian technoparks includes a number of IT-oriented clusters of organizations that look to be real development centers focused on high-tech innovations for further implementation in real economic sectors (manufacturing, agriculture and so forth) inside and outside the country.  Confusion about high-tech terminology in Russia creates uncertainty when it comes to the selection criteria of foreign vendors, investors and projects within technoparks.  A number of organizations pretend to look like technoparks but have nothing to do with the development of innovation. 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 7
  7. 7. Definition related to Cluster Cluster Overall definition Clusters can be defined as a group of firms, related economic actors, and institutions that are located near each other and have reached a sufficient scale to develop specialized expertise, services, resources, suppliers and skills. This phenomenon can be economically measured Cluster Cooperation Cluster cooperation can take different facets. It can mean the cooperation among and between cluster firms and other innovation actors located in different clusters. It can also mean the cooperation between policy-makers at programme level or at operational level Cluster Initiatives Cluster initiatives are organised efforts to enhance the competitiveness of a cluster involving private business, public bodies and/or academic institutions within a regional and sectoral system. Cluster initiatives usually follow a bottom-up approach and are managed increasingly by specialized institutions, such as cluster organizations . Cluster Manager Cluster managers – or cluster facilitators – are the dedicated individual persons that manage a cluster organization. Cluster Organisation Cluster organizations are the legal entities operating the clusters in charge of managing the participation and access to the cluster’s premises, facilities and activities. They are considered as new and highly efficient forms of innovation support providers that provide or channel specialized and customized business support services, especially to SMEs. Cluster organizations are often also in charge of managing cluster initiatives 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 8
  8. 8. Cluster Benefits for Regional Actors REGIONAL LEVEL ENTREPRISES  Fostering Innovation  Fostering cooperation  Fostering internationalization 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 9
  9. 9. The People Dimension at the Core of the Cluster  The success of a high performance cluster is in a large part due to people forming quality relationships and networking to achieve results  There is some degree of dialogue and trust that the clustering process requires  people-to-people contact  consensus on key issues  collaboration at multiple levels  The teamwork is a key component of a local innovation system; It is much more than solo players working away in isolation.  Soft networks (such as local professional and trade associations) and hard networks (strategic alliances between firms) are both important.  Specialized SMEs, rarely have the resources to innovate alone. However, with an effective network in place to encourage linkages, firms are stimulated to develop their knowledge rather than remain isolated. 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 10
  10. 10. The Cluster Management Organization CLUSTER OPERATIONAL ORGANISATION Larges FINANCIAL PARTNERS Fasie, RVC, VEB, RosNanos,... Governance PRESIDENT Board of Administration Scientific Council REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION SMEs Members Network General Manager BUSINESS INCUBATEUR TECHNOPARK Thematic Projects Mgrs SERVICES Partners Logistic, Packaging, Ingeneering ... Services Spin-off Start Up · · · · © LinkWest 2008 PhG Market Access Financing Innovation Export support HR dev. & Mngt EDUCATION RESEARCH Organizations Results PROMOTION · · · · 27/11/2013 Exhibitions Events Peer Visites Business and Technology partnerships TRAINING PROJECTS · · · · · Acces to new markets Access to knowledge to use in new products & services Access to key infrastructure Access to new partners for collaboration Extend Network Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW · · · · · · Marketing International Standards Quality process New technologies Procurement and Purchasing New Competencies 11
  11. 11. Summary of the Key Factors of Success for a Cluster Set up  A common vision shared between region/territories and clusters actors such as Large companies, SMEs and Public Research.  Cluster implementation are mainly Industry driven and R&D driven, ideally depending on the RIS3 strategy.  Legal entity with a board of management so called Governance, appointed by cluster participants.  The Cluster management organization implements the collective strategy on behalf of the cluster members (board of representatives)  Cluster organization allows to manage and promote a broad approach of innovation from local to international level Lack of consensus, lack of common vision/strategy, and weak contacts network are the main reason for failure cluster set up. 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 12
  12. 12. Example of Existing Cluster with dedicated Technopark http://www.routedeslasers.com/ 27/11/2013 Philippe Geffroy MOSCOW 13
  13. 13. СПАСИБО ЗА ВНИМАНИЕ!

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