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Pulse-Basics-4.pdf

Yolanda Ramon
Yolanda Ramon
Yolanda RamonProfesora en clases de Inglés at clases de inglés

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Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
pulse basics
Contents
Unit 5
Vocabulary 1: Innovation and
invention 29
Grammar 1: The passive 30
Vocabulary 2: Adverb review 31
Grammar 2: Active and passive voice 32
Reading and Writing 33
Study guide 34
Unit 6
Vocabulary 1: Identity theft 35
Grammar 1: Modals of ability and
possibility, obligation and
prohibition 36
Vocabulary 2: Personal identity 37
Grammar 2: Modals of deduction 38
Reading and Writing 39
Study guide 40
Unit 7
Vocabulary 1: Film-making 41
Grammar 1: Reported speech 42
Vocabulary 2: Reporting verbs 43
Grammar 2: Reported questions 44
Reading and Writing 45
Study guide 46
Unit 8
Vocabulary 1: Advertising 47
Grammar 1: Relative pronouns;
Indefinite pronouns 48
Vocabulary 2: Easily confused verbs 49
Grammar 2: Reflexive pronouns 50
Reading and Writing 51
Study guide 52
Unit 9
Vocabulary: Revision 53–54
Grammar: Revision 55–56
Reading and Writing 57
Study guide 58
Answer key 59–65
Starter unit
Vocabulary and Grammar 1–4
Unit 1
Vocabulary 1: Skills and abilities 5
Grammar 1: Present perfect with just,
yet, already, for and since 6
Vocabulary 2: Life skills 7
Grammar 2: Present perfect and
past simple 8
Reading and Writing 9
Study guide 10
Unit 2
Vocabulary 1: Rescue and survival 11
Grammar 1: Past perfect and past
simple 12
Vocabulary 2: Extreme adjectives 13
Grammar 2: Subject and object
questions 14
Reading and Writing 15
Study guide 16
Unit 3
Vocabulary 1: Future aspirations 17
Grammar 1: Future tenses 18
Vocabulary 2: Time management 19
Grammar 2: Future continuous 20
Reading and Writing 21
Study guide 22
Unit 4
Vocabulary 1: Phrasal verbs 23
Grammar 1: The first, second and third
conditional 24
Vocabulary 2: Non-verbal
communication 25
Grammar 2: Adverbs of possibility
and probability 26
Reading and Writing 27
Study guide 28
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STARTER
pulse basics
Vocabulary
Describing places
1 Match the words with their opposites.
1 exciting a) dull
2 pretty b) dangerous
3 clean c) boring
4 peaceful d) ugly
5 safe e) chaotic
6 lively f ) dirty
2 Look at the pictures and order the letters.
3 Complete the sentences with the words in
the box.
1 The beach is very here – the waves
are always small and there’s a lifeguard, too.
2 The beach is so today. I don’t think
there’s space for our towels!
3 He’s not interested in seeing the
monuments.
4 The city centre is very because of
the fumes from the traffic.
5 We played an game at the pool.
6 I want to live in a village in the
countryside when I’m older.
1 mbcotorfale 2 eensixpve
3 etnniac 4 tmroainc
5 rdwcdeo 6 dleotulp
ancient crowded exciting polluted
pretty safe
Comparatives and superlatives
4 Complete the table with the words and phrases
in the box.
more comfortable more exciting prettier
safer the most exciting the prettiest
the ugliest
adjective comparative superlative
safe (1) the safest
pretty (2) (3)
exciting (4) (5)
ugly uglier (6)
comfortable (7) the most
comfortable
9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 1 30/03/2015 11:11
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STARTER
pulse basics
Grammar
Present simple and present
continuous
present simple
affirmative negative questions
I / You watch I / You don’t
watch
Do I / you
watch?
He / She
watches
He / She
doesn’t watch
Does he / she
watch?
We / You / They
watch
We / You / They
don’t watch
Do we / you /
they watch?
present continuous
affirmative negative questions
I’m working I’m not
working
Am I working?
You’re working You aren’t
working
Are you
working?
He / She’s
working
He / She isn’t
working
Is he / she
working?
We / You /They’re
working
We / You / They
aren’t working
Are we / you /
they working?
1 Circle the correct answer.
1 I always take / ’m always taking the bus
to school.
2 It rains / ’s raining – take your umbrella.
3 My parents aren’t working / don’t work in
the city.
4 The babies sleep / are sleeping – please
be quiet!
5 They don’t usually play / aren’t usually playing
volleyball after school.
6 My friends normally are coming / come to see
me on Friday afternoons.
2 Complete the dialogue with the present
simple or present continuous form of the
verbs in brackets.
Mike:(1) (you / like)
going on holiday in the summer?
Sam: Yes, I (2) (love) it.
Mike:Where (3)
(you / go / normally)?
Sam: We (4) (go / always)
to a cabin in the mountains.
Mike:Is that a photo of you and your family?
Sam: Yes, and that’s our cabin. We
(5) (swim) in the
lake and that’s my sister – she
(6) (help) my
dad with the barbecue.
Mike:It’s a great photo. Look – you
(7) (have) a
great time.
Sam: Yeah! You should come with us next year.
Gerunds and infinitives
gerunds infinitives
love doing something
hate doing something
interested in doing
something
before doing something
Doing something
decide to do something
hope to do something
happy to do something
easy to do something
to do something
3 Circle the correct answer.
1 I want to send / sending my friend a postcard
when I’m in Greece.
2 Swimming / To swim in cold water isn’t fun.
3 We’re interested in visiting / to visit a busy
city this year.
4 I’m happy taking / to take photos of our
holiday this year.
4 Complete the sentences with the gerund or
infinitive form of the verbs in the box.
get go spend take visit
1 I love weekends at my aunt’s house
in the summer.
2 They want organized for their big
trip next weekend.
3 abroad is so much fun!
4 Remember your camera with you.
5 I’m interested in ancient sites.
9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 2 30/03/2015 11:11
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STARTER
pulse basics
Vocabulary
Holiday activities:
Verb + noun collocations
1 Find eight holiday activities in the wordsquare.
G S W I M I N T H E S E A H
O K G E T A S U N T A N C C
S D S O J M D D K A T A R P
I T G S I A V W S S E S Q I
G H A Y N L I C Y B K H O L
H Z E K V Q L K E K B U O Q
T T D A E R E H F N U M R H
S Q L M Q A T J R R O G K I
E S I R F N P J D Y K O S R
E X I W O L C H I P J A J E
I P S E Q D H S O Q G B X A
N C I Y T A D Y Q T C R Z B
G L T N R C P I J Q O O G I
T M A U M P Y L H W C A H K
G E T S U N B U R N T D E E
2 Match the speech bubbles.
Travel words
3 Complete the sentences with the words in
the box.
journey travels voyage trip trip
1 Let’s go on a day to the seaside!
2 My dad a lot for work – he went to
China twice last year!
3 The school to the ancient
monument next week is optional.
4 Do you feel tired after your long
from Thailand to New Zealand?
5 The by boat from England to
Australia in the 19th century was very long.
I’d love to learn
about the history
of this place.
1
I don’t want to
get sunburnt.
2
I want to observe
life underwater.
3
I don’t want to use
public transport to get
around the city.
4
I want to exercise
while I’m on holiday.
5
Swim in the sea!
a
Go snorkelling!
b
Visit a museum!
c
Hire a car!
d
Wear sun cream!
e
4 Complete the sentences so they are true
for you.
1 When I go abroad I always
.
2 On holiday I like to
.
3 If I stay at home in the summer, I never
.
4
is the most boring part of going on holiday.
5
is the most exciting part of going on holiday.
6 This year, I want to
on holiday.
9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 3 30/03/2015 11:11
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STARTER
pulse basics
Grammar
Past simple and past
continuous
past simple
affirmative negative questions
I / You watched I / You didn’t
watch
Did I / you
watch?
He / She
watched
He / She
didn’t watch
Did he / she
watch?
We / You / They
watched
We / You / They
didn’t watch
Did we / you /
they watch?
past continuous
affirmative negative questions
I was working I wasn’t
working
Was I working?
You were
working
You weren’t
working
Were you
working?
He / She was
working
He / She
wasn’t working
Was he / she
working?
We / You / They
were working
We / You / They
weren’t
working
Were we / you /
they working?
We use when with the past simple.
We use while with the past continuous.
LOOK!
1 Complete the sentences with the past simple or
past continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
1 While we (watch)
the match, it (start) to rain.
2 I (read) a cool article while
I (wait) for the train.
3 My sister (take) a photo
when she (fall) and hurt
her arm.
4 My parents (sunbathe)
while we (swim).
2 Write questions for the underlined part of the
answers.
Where ?
We went to the South of France last year.
1 How long ?
We stayed for two weeks.
did you go last year
2 Where ?
We stayed at a campsite.
3 What ?
We did many interesting things. We even saw
a fox!
4 What ?
We were making a campfire when we saw it.
5 What ?
The fox didn’t do anything. It looked at me for
a few minutes and then it ran away.
used to
used to
affirmative negative questions
I / You used
to go
I / You didn’t
use to go
Did I / you use
to go?
He / She used
to go
He / She didn’t
use to go
Did he / she
use to go?
We / You / They
used to go
We / You / They
didn’t use to
go
Did we / you /
they use to go?
3 Complete the sentences and questions with
the correct form of used to and the verbs in
brackets.
1 I (listen) to music in the
shower.
2 My parents (walk) five
miles to school every day.
3 He (not have) a car.
4 (TVs / be) black and white?
4 Rewrite the sentences with the correct form of
used to.
He was poor.
1 My friends didn’t play tennis with me.
2 We played beach volleyball every summer.
3 She had long, black hair.
4 You didn’t study for two hours after school.
He used to be poor.
9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 4 30/03/2015 11:11
Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015
5
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UNIT
1 pulse basics
Vocabulary 1
Skills and abilities
1 Find the words and phrases in the wordsquare.
3 Complete the sentences with the words in
the box.
1 As part of his circus skills training, Alan wants
to .
2 I hope to in the future –
I can only speak Spanish at the moment.
3 I’ve decided to about my
girlfriend.
4 I don’t want to sing in the concert because
I’m too shy to .
5 Don’t forget to
for Jen’s birthday party this weekend!
6 That’s amazing! How do you
like that?!
7 It’s more difficult to than
ride a bike!
4 Complete the sentences so they are true
for you.
1 I think this is a useful skill:
2 I don’t think this is a useful skill:
3 I’ve tried this, but I didn’t enjoy it:
4 I’d like to learn how to do this:
5 I think this skill is boring:
blog cupcakes first aid juggle
magic tricks song stage unicycle video
J U R S E N C Z O M
U T N W O I Z E K A
G I M I L N D G K G
G A W B C I G E S I
L E U J V Y A L I C
E P Z G C V C R V T
G H O R Y X U L G R
B L S T A G E Z E I
B C U P C A K E S C
K B Z O D W W G A K
F I R S T A I D P S
bake cupcakes do magic tricks
learn a foreign language learn to juggle
perform on stage ride a unicycle
write a song
2 Complete the skills and abilities.
1 d s gn a w bs t
2 pl y n b nd
3 d t ph t s
4 sp k n p bl c
5 wr t c mp t r c d
6 l rn f rst a d
7 m k a v d bl g
8 d m g c tr cks
9 p rf rm n st ge
9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 5 30/03/2015 11:11

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Pulse-Basics-4.pdf

  • 1. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 pulse basics Contents Unit 5 Vocabulary 1: Innovation and invention 29 Grammar 1: The passive 30 Vocabulary 2: Adverb review 31 Grammar 2: Active and passive voice 32 Reading and Writing 33 Study guide 34 Unit 6 Vocabulary 1: Identity theft 35 Grammar 1: Modals of ability and possibility, obligation and prohibition 36 Vocabulary 2: Personal identity 37 Grammar 2: Modals of deduction 38 Reading and Writing 39 Study guide 40 Unit 7 Vocabulary 1: Film-making 41 Grammar 1: Reported speech 42 Vocabulary 2: Reporting verbs 43 Grammar 2: Reported questions 44 Reading and Writing 45 Study guide 46 Unit 8 Vocabulary 1: Advertising 47 Grammar 1: Relative pronouns; Indefinite pronouns 48 Vocabulary 2: Easily confused verbs 49 Grammar 2: Reflexive pronouns 50 Reading and Writing 51 Study guide 52 Unit 9 Vocabulary: Revision 53–54 Grammar: Revision 55–56 Reading and Writing 57 Study guide 58 Answer key 59–65 Starter unit Vocabulary and Grammar 1–4 Unit 1 Vocabulary 1: Skills and abilities 5 Grammar 1: Present perfect with just, yet, already, for and since 6 Vocabulary 2: Life skills 7 Grammar 2: Present perfect and past simple 8 Reading and Writing 9 Study guide 10 Unit 2 Vocabulary 1: Rescue and survival 11 Grammar 1: Past perfect and past simple 12 Vocabulary 2: Extreme adjectives 13 Grammar 2: Subject and object questions 14 Reading and Writing 15 Study guide 16 Unit 3 Vocabulary 1: Future aspirations 17 Grammar 1: Future tenses 18 Vocabulary 2: Time management 19 Grammar 2: Future continuous 20 Reading and Writing 21 Study guide 22 Unit 4 Vocabulary 1: Phrasal verbs 23 Grammar 1: The first, second and third conditional 24 Vocabulary 2: Non-verbal communication 25 Grammar 2: Adverbs of possibility and probability 26 Reading and Writing 27 Study guide 28 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 1 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 2. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 1 Photocopy me! STARTER pulse basics Vocabulary Describing places 1 Match the words with their opposites. 1 exciting a) dull 2 pretty b) dangerous 3 clean c) boring 4 peaceful d) ugly 5 safe e) chaotic 6 lively f ) dirty 2 Look at the pictures and order the letters. 3 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. 1 The beach is very here – the waves are always small and there’s a lifeguard, too. 2 The beach is so today. I don’t think there’s space for our towels! 3 He’s not interested in seeing the monuments. 4 The city centre is very because of the fumes from the traffic. 5 We played an game at the pool. 6 I want to live in a village in the countryside when I’m older. 1 mbcotorfale 2 eensixpve 3 etnniac 4 tmroainc 5 rdwcdeo 6 dleotulp ancient crowded exciting polluted pretty safe Comparatives and superlatives 4 Complete the table with the words and phrases in the box. more comfortable more exciting prettier safer the most exciting the prettiest the ugliest adjective comparative superlative safe (1) the safest pretty (2) (3) exciting (4) (5) ugly uglier (6) comfortable (7) the most comfortable 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 1 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 3. 2 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! STARTER pulse basics Grammar Present simple and present continuous present simple affirmative negative questions I / You watch I / You don’t watch Do I / you watch? He / She watches He / She doesn’t watch Does he / she watch? We / You / They watch We / You / They don’t watch Do we / you / they watch? present continuous affirmative negative questions I’m working I’m not working Am I working? You’re working You aren’t working Are you working? He / She’s working He / She isn’t working Is he / she working? We / You /They’re working We / You / They aren’t working Are we / you / they working? 1 Circle the correct answer. 1 I always take / ’m always taking the bus to school. 2 It rains / ’s raining – take your umbrella. 3 My parents aren’t working / don’t work in the city. 4 The babies sleep / are sleeping – please be quiet! 5 They don’t usually play / aren’t usually playing volleyball after school. 6 My friends normally are coming / come to see me on Friday afternoons. 2 Complete the dialogue with the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Mike:(1) (you / like) going on holiday in the summer? Sam: Yes, I (2) (love) it. Mike:Where (3) (you / go / normally)? Sam: We (4) (go / always) to a cabin in the mountains. Mike:Is that a photo of you and your family? Sam: Yes, and that’s our cabin. We (5) (swim) in the lake and that’s my sister – she (6) (help) my dad with the barbecue. Mike:It’s a great photo. Look – you (7) (have) a great time. Sam: Yeah! You should come with us next year. Gerunds and infinitives gerunds infinitives love doing something hate doing something interested in doing something before doing something Doing something decide to do something hope to do something happy to do something easy to do something to do something 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 I want to send / sending my friend a postcard when I’m in Greece. 2 Swimming / To swim in cold water isn’t fun. 3 We’re interested in visiting / to visit a busy city this year. 4 I’m happy taking / to take photos of our holiday this year. 4 Complete the sentences with the gerund or infinitive form of the verbs in the box. get go spend take visit 1 I love weekends at my aunt’s house in the summer. 2 They want organized for their big trip next weekend. 3 abroad is so much fun! 4 Remember your camera with you. 5 I’m interested in ancient sites. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 2 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 4. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 3 Photocopy me! STARTER pulse basics Vocabulary Holiday activities: Verb + noun collocations 1 Find eight holiday activities in the wordsquare. G S W I M I N T H E S E A H O K G E T A S U N T A N C C S D S O J M D D K A T A R P I T G S I A V W S S E S Q I G H A Y N L I C Y B K H O L H Z E K V Q L K E K B U O Q T T D A E R E H F N U M R H S Q L M Q A T J R R O G K I E S I R F N P J D Y K O S R E X I W O L C H I P J A J E I P S E Q D H S O Q G B X A N C I Y T A D Y Q T C R Z B G L T N R C P I J Q O O G I T M A U M P Y L H W C A H K G E T S U N B U R N T D E E 2 Match the speech bubbles. Travel words 3 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. journey travels voyage trip trip 1 Let’s go on a day to the seaside! 2 My dad a lot for work – he went to China twice last year! 3 The school to the ancient monument next week is optional. 4 Do you feel tired after your long from Thailand to New Zealand? 5 The by boat from England to Australia in the 19th century was very long. I’d love to learn about the history of this place. 1 I don’t want to get sunburnt. 2 I want to observe life underwater. 3 I don’t want to use public transport to get around the city. 4 I want to exercise while I’m on holiday. 5 Swim in the sea! a Go snorkelling! b Visit a museum! c Hire a car! d Wear sun cream! e 4 Complete the sentences so they are true for you. 1 When I go abroad I always . 2 On holiday I like to . 3 If I stay at home in the summer, I never . 4 is the most boring part of going on holiday. 5 is the most exciting part of going on holiday. 6 This year, I want to on holiday. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 3 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 5. 4 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! STARTER pulse basics Grammar Past simple and past continuous past simple affirmative negative questions I / You watched I / You didn’t watch Did I / you watch? He / She watched He / She didn’t watch Did he / she watch? We / You / They watched We / You / They didn’t watch Did we / you / they watch? past continuous affirmative negative questions I was working I wasn’t working Was I working? You were working You weren’t working Were you working? He / She was working He / She wasn’t working Was he / she working? We / You / They were working We / You / They weren’t working Were we / you / they working? We use when with the past simple. We use while with the past continuous. LOOK! 1 Complete the sentences with the past simple or past continuous form of the verbs in brackets. 1 While we (watch) the match, it (start) to rain. 2 I (read) a cool article while I (wait) for the train. 3 My sister (take) a photo when she (fall) and hurt her arm. 4 My parents (sunbathe) while we (swim). 2 Write questions for the underlined part of the answers. Where ? We went to the South of France last year. 1 How long ? We stayed for two weeks. did you go last year 2 Where ? We stayed at a campsite. 3 What ? We did many interesting things. We even saw a fox! 4 What ? We were making a campfire when we saw it. 5 What ? The fox didn’t do anything. It looked at me for a few minutes and then it ran away. used to used to affirmative negative questions I / You used to go I / You didn’t use to go Did I / you use to go? He / She used to go He / She didn’t use to go Did he / she use to go? We / You / They used to go We / You / They didn’t use to go Did we / you / they use to go? 3 Complete the sentences and questions with the correct form of used to and the verbs in brackets. 1 I (listen) to music in the shower. 2 My parents (walk) five miles to school every day. 3 He (not have) a car. 4 (TVs / be) black and white? 4 Rewrite the sentences with the correct form of used to. He was poor. 1 My friends didn’t play tennis with me. 2 We played beach volleyball every summer. 3 She had long, black hair. 4 You didn’t study for two hours after school. He used to be poor. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 4 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 6. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 5 Photocopy me! UNIT 1 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Skills and abilities 1 Find the words and phrases in the wordsquare. 3 Complete the sentences with the words in the box. 1 As part of his circus skills training, Alan wants to . 2 I hope to in the future – I can only speak Spanish at the moment. 3 I’ve decided to about my girlfriend. 4 I don’t want to sing in the concert because I’m too shy to . 5 Don’t forget to for Jen’s birthday party this weekend! 6 That’s amazing! How do you like that?! 7 It’s more difficult to than ride a bike! 4 Complete the sentences so they are true for you. 1 I think this is a useful skill: 2 I don’t think this is a useful skill: 3 I’ve tried this, but I didn’t enjoy it: 4 I’d like to learn how to do this: 5 I think this skill is boring: blog cupcakes first aid juggle magic tricks song stage unicycle video J U R S E N C Z O M U T N W O I Z E K A G I M I L N D G K G G A W B C I G E S I L E U J V Y A L I C E P Z G C V C R V T G H O R Y X U L G R B L S T A G E Z E I B C U P C A K E S C K B Z O D W W G A K F I R S T A I D P S bake cupcakes do magic tricks learn a foreign language learn to juggle perform on stage ride a unicycle write a song 2 Complete the skills and abilities. 1 d s gn a w bs t 2 pl y n b nd 3 d t ph t s 4 sp k n p bl c 5 wr t c mp t r c d 6 l rn f rst a d 7 m k a v d bl g 8 d m g c tr cks 9 p rf rm n st ge 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 5 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 7. 6 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! 1 UNIT pulse basics Grammar 1 Present perfect with just, yet, already, for and since present perfect affirmative negative questions I / You have played I / You haven’t played Have I / you played? He / She has played He / She hasn’t played Has he / she played? We / You / They have played We / You / They haven’t played Have we / you / they played? 1 Order the words to make sentences and questions. 1 you / yet / baked / the / Have / cupcakes ? 2 performed / band / Nick’s / just / has / live . 3 has / year / had / Sam / a / for / one / blog . 4 already / photos / Dad / edited / the / has . 5 started / The / has / first aid / class / just . 2 Complete the sentences with the present perfect form of the verbs in brackets. 1 Class (not start) yet. 2 (you / see) Paul already? 3 Where (you / be) for the past 20 minutes? 4 I (just / bake) some lovely cupcakes for you! 3 Complete the sentences with already or yet. 1 I haven’t read the book . 2 My parents have seen my exam results. 3 Have you heard Katy Perry’s new song ? 4 Has the dog eaten ? 4 Complete the table with the time expressions in the box. for (a duration of time) since (a point in time) two seconds 2010 5 Complete the answers with for or since and the time expressions in brackets. How long have you lived here? I’ve lived here . (three years) 1 How long has he been a musician? He’s been a musician . (six years) 2 How long have you had a piano? I’ve had a piano . (I was young) 3 How long have they been on holiday? They’ve been on holiday . (last Thursday) 4 How long has your brother been ill? He’s been ill . (two days) for three years just, yet, already, for and since We put the words just and already after the verb to have. We’ve just learnt to juggle. I’ve already made a video blog. The word yet is used in negative sentences and questions. She hasn’t ridden a unicycle yet. Have you edited the photos yet? We use for to talk about a period of time that started in the past and continues now. I have studied English for two years. We use since to talk about a point / date in time that started in the past and continues now. I have played in a band since 2014. LOOK! 12.30pm a few days five hours last May many years yesterday 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 6 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 8. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 7 Photocopy me! UNIT 1 pulse basics Vocabulary 2 Life skills 1 Find and circle seven life skills words and phrases in the wordsnake. 4 Tick (✓) the sentences that are true for you. 1 time management a) I always know what to do and when to do it. b) I never know what I need to do and when. 2 assertiveness a) I feel confident when I give my opinion, and people listen to me. b) I prefer to agree with people because I’m quite shy. 3 problem-solving a) I love finding answers to problems. b) I don’t like trying to find answers or dealing with problems. 4 cooperation a) I love working in a team and sharing ideas. b) I prefer to work alone. 5 creative thinking a) I love new ideas and being imaginative. b) I have no imagination and prefer a routine job. 6 money management a) I always know how much money I have and spend it sensibly. b) I never know how much money I have and spend it quickly. 2 Match words and phrases 1–5 with definitions a–e. 1 problem-solving 2 assertiveness 3 money management 4 creative thinking 5 cooperation a) The ability to use your money sensibly. b)The ability to work together in a team. c) The ability to find answers to difficult questions. d) The ability to be imaginative and come up with new ideas. e) The ability to be strong or confident. 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 She has learnt a lot about money / time management since becoming a treasurer on the class committee. 2 I’m a writer so I’m very good at assertiveness / creative thinking. 3 I think cooperation / problem-solving is very important when you work in a large team. 4 He has no self-awareness / active listening – he doesn’t know his own areas of weakness. 5 She’s really good at problem-solving / active listening – I always feel she’s really paying attention to what I’m saying. s e lf-awarenessactivelisteningdefres p e c t f o r o t h e r sefm oneymanagementcliiccon f i c t r e s o l u tioneentrepreneurshipednegotiation 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 7 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 9. 8 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 1 pulse basics Grammar 2 Present perfect and past simple present perfect I’ve played the guitar since I was ten. past simple I played the guitar yesterday. 1 Complete the sentences and questions with the past simple form of the verbs in brackets. 1 We (not talk) about self- awareness in class yesterday. 2 (she / have) many cats a few years ago? 3 Where (you / learn) to be creative? 4 My dad (bake) cupcakes last weekend. They (be) delicious! 5 I (go) to an interview last month but I (not get) the job. 2 Complete the table with the time expressions in the box. 3 Complete the sentences and questions with the present perfect or past simple form of the verbs in brackets. 1 We (have) this car for three years. 2 Yesterday the teacher (ask) the class to write about their skills. 3 How long (you / study) French? 4 The class (do) a few workshops in 2012. 5 My aunt is a nurse, but she (not work) in a hospital yet. 6 The college (organize) monthly sessions since last autumn. 4 Complete the dialogue with the words in the box. We use the present perfect for actions that began in the past and continue in the present. We use the past simple for completed actions in the past. LOOK! already for two years just last week since I was young two days ago when I was 12 yesterday yet present perfect past simple How long …? in 1998 asked did didn’t haven’t spoken started Karen Have you ever (1) in public? Jason No, but a few months ago, the teacher (2) us to make a video blog about ourselves. I (3) want to talk in front of a camera. Karen What (4) you do? Jason I (5) practising in front of a camera in my bedroom. Karen Did it work? Jason Yes actually, it did! I (6) thought about it yet, but I suppose I feel much more confident because of that experience. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 8 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 10. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 9 Photocopy me! UNIT 1 pulse basics Reading 1 Read the blog. Choose the correct title for the blog posts. Writing 3 Read the notes and use them to complete the personal blog. At the moment: learning to play the guitar Started two months ago Practise three times a week Learnt so much already First thing learnt: the chords – difficult, practised the chords – getting easier Not tried writing a song yet My new band: The Blue Monkeys – can’t wait to perform First performance – amazing! Played a song that I wrote! Next week: perform in the school concert Juggling isn’t easy Success! 2 Read the blog in exercise 1 again and circle T (true) or F (false). 1 Ellie has had a boring year. T F 2 Ellie has just started at a juggling school. T F 3 Ellie practised and she got better at juggling. T F 4 Ellie juggled with three balls in her first performance. T F 5 Ellie made some mistakes in the performance. T F 6 Ellie wants to ride a unicycle next week. T F Hello! I’m Ellie and this is my blog. This year has been pretty exciting because I started at circus school in September and I’ve already learnt a lot. I’ve made some great friends, too. Here’s my story … 12 October, 17:35 (1) Juggling was the first thing we started to learn. It was rather difficult at first, but I’ve practised a lot so now I’m quite confident. I can juggle with three balls now – hooray! 29 October, 22:14 (2) I’ve just got home from my first public performance! It went very well – I juggled with four balls and I didn’t make any mistakes. Next week I’m going to start learning to ride a unicycle. I’m looking forward to it … Hello! I’m Tom and this is my blog. I’m (1) at the moment. I started (2) and I (3) a week. I’m so happy because I (4) already. Here’s my story ... Learning the chords is difficult The first thing I learnt was (5) . It was (6) at first, but I (7) a lot, and it’s getting easier now. I haven’t tried (8) yet, but I’m looking forward to doing that. I can’t wait to (9) with my new band, The Blue Monkeys. Famous at last! I’ve just got home from our (10) – it was amazing! It was really exciting because we (11) that I wrote and it was the most popular song! Next week we’re going to (12) . I can’t wait! 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 9 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 11. 10 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 1 pulse basics Vocabulary Skills and abilities bake cupcakes design a website do magic tricks edit photos learn a foreign language learn first aid learn to juggle make a video blog (vlog) perform on stage play in a band ride a unicycle speak in public write a song write computer code Life skills active listening assertiveness conflict resolution cooperation creative thinking entrepreneurship money management negotiation problem-solving respect for others self-awareness time management Study guide Grammar Present perfect with just, yet, already, for and since • we use the present perfect with just to describe very recent actions We’ve just baked some cupcakes. She’s just designed a website. • we use the present perfect with already to talk about something that has happened He’s already learnt to speak Japanese. I’ve already written the song. • we use the present perfect in the negative with yet to talk about things that haven’t happened but might happen in the future I haven’t learnt to juggle yet. He hasn’t edited the photos yet. • we use the present perfect with for to talk about the duration of something which started in the past and continues in the present He’s done magic tricks for five years. (He still does magic tricks.) They’ve played in a band for two months. (They still play in the band.) • we use the present perfect with since to describe a point in time which started in the past and continues in the present They haven’t performed since 2010. (They stopped performing in 2010.) He’s written computer code since he was young. (He still writes computer code.) • we use the present perfect with How long …? to ask a question about a duration of time How long has Julie had a unicycle? How long have the cupcakes been in the oven? Present perfect and past simple • we use the past simple for completed actions in the past I played in a band at school. He spoke in public last week. • we use the past simple to ask for more information about a past experience Who did you play with? What music did you play? What did he speak about? Who did he see? • we use the present perfect for past actions that are connected to the present We’ve designed websites for several different groups. (We are still designing websites.) She’s performed on stage most of her life. (She is still performing on stage.) • we use the present perfect to ask about past experiences Have you ever made a video blog? Has he ever ridden a unicycle? 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 10 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 12. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 11 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Rescue and survival 1 Find nine rescue and survival words in the wordsquare. C V C R A S H N F C P E V O Z H Y H A O I A A C C Y M U A H Z G R P R A K U W P I R F Z E S A S F V G T E M C V F I M U C T R Y V N W E I Z E A Y U L V V F S D G E D L S O C J G H D A H Y I T F I R S T A I D T S C I V I C T I M S C E I S E X K K J K J H M R V O S S U R V I V O R S A R N 2 Match words and phrases 1–6 with definitions a–f. 1 victims 2 capsize 3 give first aid 4 casualties 5 firefighters 6 compensation a) The people who put out fires. b)When somebody has an accident you might need to do this. c) The people who are affected by an accident or event. d) The people who are injured in war or an accident. e) After an accident people sometimes receive this. f) When a boat overturns in the water. 3 Complete the sentences with the words and phrases in the box. caught fire give first aid receive compensation search and rescue sent international aid 1 The workers eventually found the man in the mountains. 2 The old bank last night. The firefighters worked hard all night to put out the fire. 3 I did some training with St John’s Ambulance last month, and now I know how to . 4 My uncle was happy to for a bad car accident he had last year. 5 After the earthquake, charities to the survivors in Japan. 4 Circle the answers so they are true for you. 1 You’re at school and there’s a dangerous earthquake. What would you do? a)I would protect myself. b)I would look for any casualties. 2 You’re cooking and the food catches fire. What would you do? a)I would cover the food with a wet cloth. b)I would phone the firefighters. 3 You’re walking and you see a car crash. One of the people isn’t breathing. a)I would give first aid. b)I would phone the paramedics. 4 You’re walking in the mountains and your friend goes missing. a)I would look for her / him. b)I would phone the search and rescue workers. 5 You’re on the beach when you see a boat capsize. a)I would phone the coast guard. b)I would swim to the boat to look for survivors. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 11 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 13. 12 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics Grammar 1 Past perfect and past simple past perfect affirmative negative questions I / You had played I / You hadn’t played Had I / you played? He / She had played He / She hadn’t played Had he / she played? We / You / They had played We / You / They hadn’t played Had we / you / they played? 1 Underline the past perfect verbs in the sentences. I had never witnessed an accident before I saw the crash yesterday. 1 The team had cycled nearly 20 km before I saw them. 2 The families rushed to the hospital after they had heard about the tragedy. 3 Everybody returned to their cabin after they had eaten. 4 By the time I finished my homework, the programme had already finished. 5 She had already been at the cinema for 20 minutes by the time Rick phoned her. 2 Complete the sentences with the past perfect form of the verbs in brackets. By 4.30pm, Joe and Pete (put up) a tent. 1 By 5.15pm, they (collect) wood. 2 By 6.30pm, they (make) a fire. 3 By 8pm, they (go) to bed. 4 By 9.30pm, they (fall) asleep. 5 By 11pm, it (start) to rain. had put up Time expressions with the past perfect I had played tennis before I went to the cinema. = I went to the cinema after I had played tennis. By the time Lucy arrived, I had already watched the film. LOOK! 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 After José had set off / set off on his fishing trip, the weather changed. 2 Everyone thought he had died when he didn’t return / hadn’t returned. 3 Some people didn’t believe that he survived / had survived at sea for 13 months. 4 José said that he ate / had eaten raw fish and turtles to stay alive. 5 He looked / had looked healthy, but he had been a much bigger man before his adventures. 6 He told / had told us many stories about his time at sea after he returned. 4 Order the words to make sentences and questions. 1 his wife / spoken to / had / saw / soon after / I / James / I . 2 before / met / your job / you / Had / started / already / your manager / you ? 3 first aid / received / survivors / the / we / arrived / already / By the time / had . 4 came / when / for 20 minutes / in / been / She / already / had / the building / the firefighters . 5 before / I / France / to / had / already / in / went / been / twice / I / summer . 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 12 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 14. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 13 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics Vocabulary 2 Extreme adjectives 1 Find and circle eight extreme adjectives in the wordsnake. 4 Circle the correct extreme adjective. 1 a terrifying / delighted storm 2 a huge / tiny puppy 3 a starving / disgusting meal 4 an unforgettable / exhausted experience 5 a horrific / boiling hot day 6 an exhausted / fascinating climber 7 a delighted / huge collection 8 tiny / freezing water 9 a furious / exhausted man 10 a starving / horrific survivor 2 Match words 1–6 with definitions a–f. 1 fascinating 2 unforgettable 3 terrifying 4 horrific 5 gorgeous 6 delighted a) terrible b)beautiful c) very pleased d) very interesting e) very frightening f) memorable 3 Complete the sentences with extreme adjectives. 1 Thank you, the meal was . Lasagne is my favourite! 2 I read a book about a woman’s survival in the Australian Bush. 3 It was August and the air conditioning wasn’t working in the classroom, so it was . 4 Come and look! The view from our hotel room is . You can see the sea and the mountains! 5 It was only a mistake, but it caused problems for everyone. 6 I’m never eating at this restaurant again. The food was ! f u r i o u s s h e f e x h a usteddtinetiny b f e g b o i l i n g f e h u g e d d i s g u s t i n g stestarvin g s f r e e z i n g 5 Replace the underlined words in the sentences with the extreme adjectives in the box. boiling disgusting fascinating gorgeous huge tiny 1 I saw a very interesting film about a village that survived a tsunami. 2 They said they had eaten a very bad meal on their trip, and they were sick all day. 3 Sentinels are very big trees covered in ice. 4 It was very hot that day so we stayed in the water for hours. 5 The artist made a beautiful tree from very small pieces of paper. 6 My aunt lives in a very small house in the mountains. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 13 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 15. 14 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics Grammar 2 Subject and object questions subject questions Who loves you? My family loves me. subject subject object questions Who do you love? I love my family. object object 3 Complete the questions with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1 Who (teach / you) how to make a fire? 2 Who (go) skiing? 3 Why (you / talk) to the police? 4 Who (rescue) them? 5 Where (you / go)? 4 Complete the dialogue with who or what. A:(1) ’s your name? B:Bridget Manson. A:(2) do you do? B:I’m a firefighter. A:(3) do firefighters work for? B:They normally work for the government. A:(4) abilities do firefighters need to have? B:Well, physical strength and the skill to calculate risk is really important, but teamwork is probably the most important skill required. A:(5) drives the fire engine? B:The most experienced firefighters. A:(6) saves you when you’re in danger? B:My team, of course! Like I said, we couldn’t do the job without excellent teamwork. What We don’t use an auxiliary verb (such as do) in subject questions. Who does loves you? LOOK! 1 Are the questions subject or object questions? Write S (subject) or O (object). 1 When did he win the prize? 2 What happened? 3 Where did you stay? 4 Who slept in the tent? 5 Where are the victims? 2 Order the words to make questions. 1 made / your / What / you / fall / off / bike ? 2 caused / Who / accident / the ? 3 driver / the / you / say / to / did / What ? 4 to / you / the / hospital / took / Who ? 5 accident / did / the / time / What / happen ? 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 14 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 16. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 15 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics 3 Find and write the five connectors of sequence in the newspaper article in exercise 1. 1 2 3 4 5 Writing 4 Read the notes and use them to complete the newspaper article. Reading 1 Read the newspaper article. How did the fire start? 2 Read the newspaper article in exercise 1 again and circle the correct answer. 1 What was Jake Keller doing in Greece? a)He was on a camping trip. b)He was on a hiking trip. 2 On 17th July what did the group decide to do? a)They decided to spend the night in another village. b)They decided to sleep in the mountains. 3 Why did the fire spread quickly? a)Because of the campfire. b)Because of the wind. 4 What did they do to escape the fire? a)They went down the mountain. b)They went up the mountain. 5 When did the search and rescue helicopter find them? a)Before they climbed to the top of the mountain. b)After they climbed to the top of the mountain. A forest fire survivor Last summer, 17-year-old Jake Keller was with a group of teenagers hiking on an island in Greece. On 17th July they decided to go for a long hike and stay the night in a village on the other side of the mountain. They had walked for hours when they decided to stop and cook some food. After they had made the campfire and eaten some food, some trees caught fire. At first they weren’t scared but then the fire started spreading fast because of the wind.They realized they were in danger. After that they quickly climbed to the top of the mountain to escape. Luckily, a search and rescue helicopter found them in the end.The group were delighted to survive their terrifying experience. newspaper article. When? last month Where? Japan Why? walking in the mountains Who? two girls in the group What happened? They got lost. They felt hungry. They ate plants and bugs and slept in the cold. A search and rescue team found them two days later. They were starving. Two lucky survivors (1) , a group of ten walkers were in (2) . They were (3) when (4) got lost. At first, the girls weren’t worried, but they quickly felt (5) because they hadn’t eaten since breakfast. They ate the food they had with them. After that, they ate (6) and (7) . Then they tried to (8) , even though it was freezing cold. Eventually, a (9) found them in a wood on the mountain (10) days later. By the time they found them, they were (11) and freezing so they were rushed to hospital. It was a miracle they survived the terrifying experience. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 15 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 17. 16 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! 2 UNIT pulse basics Vocabulary Rescue and survival capsize casualties catch fire crash firefighters give first aid paramedics receive compensation search and rescue workers send international aid survivors victims Extreme adjectives boiling delighted disgusting exhausted fascinating freezing furious gorgeous horrific huge starving terrifying tiny unforgettable Study guide Grammar Past perfect and past simple • we use the past perfect to refer back to an earlier event in the past and talk about things that had already happened The coastguard had found the boat before it capsized. (The coastguard found the boat first, then it capsized.) By the time the firefighters arrived, the fire had gone out. (The fire stopped, then the firefighters arrived.) The search and rescue workers had already given first aid when the firefighters arrived. (The search and rescue workers gave first aid, then the firefighters arrived.) • we use the past simple to talk about completed actions in the past The boat capsized at 2pm yesterday. The cars crashed last month. Subject and object questions • question words can be the subject of the question. In this case, there is no auxiliary verb used in the question Who crashed the car? (The driver crashed the car.) (Who = the driver – the driver is the subject) Where are the survivors now? (They’re in hospital.) (Where = in hospital – the hospital is part of the subject) What caught fire? (The engine caught fire.) (What = the engine – the engine is the subject) • question words can also be the object of the question. In this case, the auxiliary verb is used (do, does or did) Who did the firefighters rescue first? (The firefighters rescued the little girl first.) (the firefighters = subject; who = the little girl – the little girl is the object) Why did he receive compensation? (He received compensation for the accident.) (he = subject; why = the accident – the accident is the object) What did the victims receive? (The victims received compensation.) (the victims = subject; what = compensation – the compensation is the object) 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 16 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 18. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 17 Photocopy me! UNIT 3 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Future aspirations 1 Match verbs 1–5 with nouns and phrases a–e. 1 do 2 pass 3 go 4 get 5 make a) a degree, a holiday job b)your driving test, your exams c) new friends, money d) backpacking, for an interview, on an exchange e) work experience, voluntary work 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 There are many benefits to going for / on an exchange. 2 My brother is making plans to study abroad / out this summer. 3 A good CV is important when you apply for / to a job. 4 I went at / for an interview on Monday, but I don’t know if I got the job. 3 Find five expressions with make and do in the wordsquare. Complete the phrases. D H N I C I S Y Y L E T N G S T O A E I J K L E R C T H E J U E L A S T F C H K I L I R F T Y O E C I O R C A O K A H X W T J J Z I F J K B H A G A R O J W D R X X B X L C U T Y I S S F M R T M A K E A R R A N G E M E N T S A Y X E O J S A D A F P F H V P H A K I D E K L I P O R T F T R K A D O Y O U R H O M E W O R K M A K E A D E C I S I O N I G B D O T H E H O U S E W O R K C W 1 the housework 2 a decision 3 a choice 4 your homework 5 arrangements 4 Complete the sentences with the phrases in the box. apply for a job do voluntary work get a degree get a holiday job go for an interview leave home 1 Jane wants to a few days a week. She’d like to help children in need. 2 When I , I’ll move in with my girlfriend. 3 You need to prepare a CV before you . 4 My sister wants to this year. She needs money for her camping holiday in August. 5 You should wear smart clothes, like a suit, when you . 6 I want to in economics so that I can get a good job in a bank when I’m older. 5 Tick (✓) the sentences that are true for you. Before I’m 25, I want to ... 1 pass my exams. 2 go on a student exchange. 3 study abroad. 4 do voluntary work. 5 pass my driving test. 6 get a degree. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 17 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 19. 18 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 3 pulse basics 2 Complete the dialogue with will or won’t and the verbs in brackets. Jack: I have a terrible headache! Dad: I (1) (get) you a glass of water. Jack: No, thanks. I’ve just drunk a glass of water. I think I (2) (go) for a sleep. (3) (you / wake) me when dinner is ready? Dad: I (4) (ask) your mum to wake you because I (5) (not be) here later. ’ll get Grammar 1 Future tenses We use five main forms to make the future. will / won’t: for future predictions and spontaneous promises, offers or decisions be going to: for future intentions Present continuous: for definite arrangements Present simple: for schedules and timetables might: for future possibilities LOOK! will affirmative negative questions I / You will play I / You won’t play Will I / you play? He/ She will play He / She won’t play Will he / she play? We / You / They will play We / You / They won’t play Will we / you / they play? be going to affirmative negative questions I’m going to listen I’m not going to listen Am I going to listen? You’re going to listen You aren’t going to listen Are you going to listen? He/ She’s going to listen He / She isn’t going to listen Is he / she going to listen? We / You / They’re going to listen We / You / They aren’t going to listen Are we / you / they going to listen? 1 Look at the survey results. Complete the sentences for Rob. Will you travel in the future? ✓ Will you go to university? ✗ Will you work abroad? ? Will you be fluent in English next year? ✓ Will you live alone? ✗ Will you get married? ? ’ll travel in the future First, Sarah (1) an email. Then she (2) Jim and they (3) a volleyball match. When she gets home, she (4) her science project. He . 1 He won’t go . 2 He might . 3 He’ll be . 4 He won’t . 5 He might . ’s going to send Fir email. Then she (2) Jim and they (3) volleyball match. When she gets home, she (4) science project. Tomorrow 1 send an email 2 meet Jim 3 play a volleyball match 4 print science project 3 Look at Sarah’s plans and complete the text with the correct form of be going to and the verbs in brackets. 4 Complete the sentences and questions with the present continuous form of the verbs in brackets. I ’into town tomorrow. (go) 1 We the new job until the end of the month. (not start) 2 We my little sister to the park later today. (take) 3 Uncle Bill to see us today. (come) 4 Where tomorrow? (you / go) 5 Complete the sentences with the present simple form of the verbs in brackets. What time (the train / arrive) tonight? 1 School (start) at 9am. 2 He (have) an exam on Friday. 3 The exhibition (run) from 10th January to 25th February. ’m going does the train arrive 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 18 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 20. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 19 Photocopy me! 3 UNIT pulse basics Vocabulary 2 Time management 1 Match the words to form phrases. 1 take 2 set 3 meet 4 waste 5 get 6 plan a) time b)a deadline c) a break d) organized e) a reminder f) ahead 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 Setting reminders / Getting organized on my phone helps me to remember important things like exam dates. 2 Don’t waste time / put off doing something you don’t want to do if you can do it today. 3 Sometimes I have a lot of homework at the same time and I find it difficult to plan ahead / prioritize the most important things. 4 Luckily, this year I think I’ve found a balance / gotten organized between study time and free time. 5 You can’t get organized / plan ahead with these papers all over your desk! 6 While I’m studying I try to meet a deadline / take a break every 45 minutes so I don’t get too tired. 3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box. develop make plan put set set 1 I lists for everything! 2 It’s important to a routine for regular study and revision before an exam. 3 It’s easier to a reminder on my phone than to write things in a diary. 4 People who don’t off doing jobs are more efficient. 5 All successful people say it is very important to goals. 6 When you ahead, it helps you to focus. 4 Tick (✓) two ways you could improve your time-management skills. Then write a sentence. get organized stop putting off doing important things make lists plan ahead set goals develop a routine set reminders I could to improve my time-management skills. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 19 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 21. 20 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 3 pulse basics At half past eight tomorrow Joshua for the bus. (wait) 1 At four o’clock tomorrow Sarah for her exams. (study) 2 At five o’clock tomorrow we TV at home. (watch) 3 At two o’clock tomorrow we at our favourite restaurant. (eat) 4 At ten o’clock tomorrow we a museum. (visit) 5 At eight o’clock tomorrow our favourite band . (sing) 3 Rewrite the sentences in the negative form of the future continuous. At three o’clock I’ll be watching a match. 1 At midday tomorrow they’ll be having lunch. 2 At six o’clock Mary will be flying to New York. 3 At ten o’clock we’ll be doing an exam. 4 At five o’clock Georgina and her friends will be getting ready for the party. 4 What will you be doing this time tomorrow? Write affirmative and negative future continuous sentences that are true for you. (study) 1 (play football) 2 (watch TV) 3 (chat with my friends) 4 (work) will be waiting At three o’clock I won’t be watching a match. This time tomorrow I’ll be studying. Grammar 2 Future continuous future continuous affirmative negative questions I / You will be working I / You won’t be working Will I / you be working? He / She will be working He / She won’t be working Will he / she be working? We / You / They will be working We / You / They won’t be working Will we / you / they be working? 1 Order the words to make sentences and questions. 1 two / in / be / weeks’ / home / leaving / I’ll / time . 2 year / you / next / will / be / time / What / doing / this ? 3 tomorrow / having / She’ll / time / be / lunch / this . 4 in / backpacking / Thailand / be / We / won’t / in / September . 5 years’ / in / will / ten / Where / be / he / living / time ? 2 Look at the pictures and complete the sentences with the future continuous form of the verbs in brackets. 1 2 3 4 5 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 20 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 22. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 21 Photocopy me! UNIT 3 pulse basics Reading 1 Read the CV. What type of work is Sarah interested in doing? 2 Read the CV in exercise 1 again and circle T (true) or F (false). 1 Sarah has already taken her GCSEs. T F 2 Sarah has no previous work experience. T F 3 Sarah speaks fluent English. T F 4 Sarah knows how to work with people. T F 5 Sarah has no experience with children. T F Writing 3 Read and complete the notes so they are true for you. Then use them to complete your CV. CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION Sarah Brown 24 Hough Lane, Leeds, LE4 5SK + 44 0113 876432 s.brown@email.com POSITION APPLIED FOR Work experience at Meade Activity Centre for Young People EDUCATION AND TRAINING September 2013–June 2015 I will be taking GCSEs in the following subjects: English, maths, science, Spanish, German, art & design, ICT, music, history, geography WORK EXPERIENCE August 2014 Monitor at international summer camp October 2013–present Volunteer at Oaks Youth Club PERSONAL SKILLS • Mother tongue: English • Other language(s): Spanish, German • Communication skills: excellent communication skills gained as volunteer at Oaks Youth Club • Organizational skills: excellent organizational skills • Computer skills: proficient with Microsoft and Acrobat • Other skills: EFR first aid certificate; Piano Grade 6; experience in sports coaching for 6- to 12-year-olds. PERSONAL INFORMATION Name: Address: Telephone number: Email address: POSITION APPLIED FOR Where would you like to do work experience? EDUCATION AND TRAINING Date started secondary school: Date finish exams: Subjects you are studying: WORK EXPERIENCE Date started / ended: What position did you have? PERSONAL SKILLS Your first language: Any other language(s) excellent / very good / good communication skills excellent / very good / good organizational skills What other skills or abilities do you have? CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL INFORMATION (1) (2) (3) (4) POSITION APPLIED FOR (5) EDUCATION AND TRAINING (6) WORK EXPERIENCE (7) PERSONAL SKILLS • Mother tongue: (8) • Other language(s): (9) • Communication skills: (10) • Organizational skills: (11) • Other skills: (12) 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 21 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 23. 22 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 3 pulse basics Vocabulary Future aspirations apply for a job do voluntary work do work experience get a degree get a holiday job go backpacking go for an interview go on an exchange leave home make money make new friends pass your driving test pass your exams study abroad Time management develop a routine find a balance get organized make lists meet a deadline plan ahead prioritize put off doing something set a reminder set goals take a break waste time Study guide Grammar Future tenses • we use will / won’t to make predictions for the future He’ll pass his driving test first time. They won’t do voluntary work in the summer. • we also use will / won’t to make promises, offers and spontaneous decisions I’ll pay you back when I get paid. I won’t leave home without my keys. • we use be going to for future intentions They’re going to go backpacking around Asia next year. She’s going to get a degree first. • we use the present continuous for future arrangements I’m working at the café on Saturdays. We’re going on an exchange in July. I’m not playing basketball tomorrow. • we use the present simple for schedules and timetables The first train leaves at 10.30am. The interview starts at 9am. • we use might for possibilities in the future She might leave home when she finishes school. They might make new friends on holiday. Future continuous • we use the future continuous for actions that will be in progress at a specific time in the future He’ll be working at the supermarket over the summer. They won’t be doing work experience at the travel agency next year. Where will you be doing work experience next year? 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 22 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 24. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 23 Photocopy me! UNIT 4 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Phrasal verbs 1 Find and circle eight phrasal verbs in the wordsnake. 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 If you hang out with your friends, it means a) you spend time with them. b) you go to a place with them. 2 If you settle down with somebody, it means a) you move away from them. b) you make a home with them. 3 If you get on with a person, it means a) you have a good relationship. b) you have a bad relationship. 4 If you split up with a partner, it means a) you are saying goodbye. b) the relationship has ended. 5 If you meet up with somebody, it means a) you get together with somebody at an arranged time and place. b) you invite somebody on a date. 6 If somebody tells you off, it means a) you’ve done something wrong. b) you’ve done something right. 3 Look at the pictures and circle the correct answer. bringupeasjaskoutghfalloutwithetellofffedhangoutwitheasplitupwithsplmakeupwithwitlookafter 1 Emily and Fran have made up / fallen out with each other. 2 Joe’s dad told him off / brought him up when he came home after 11pm. 3 Daisy’s looking after / telling off her little brother. 4 Nick’s going out / splitting up with Ana. 5 Sophie settles down / gets on with her mum. 4 Answer the questions. Write sentences that are true for you. 1 Do you get on well with your parents? Why / Why not? 2 Do you get told off often? Why / Why not? 3 Do you have to look after a younger brother or sister? 4 Can you hang out with your friends until late in the evening? Why / Why not? 5 Have you ever fallen out with a friend? Did you make up with them? 6 Where were you brought up? Do you live in the same place now? 1 3 5 2 4 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 23 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 25. 24 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 4 pulse basics Grammar 1 The first, second and third conditional 3 Match sentence and question beginnings 1–5 with endings a–e. 1 Mary would come to the party 2 If we had time, 3 Would you forgive them 4 If I didn’t have a bike, 5 If Greg came to the party, a) if they apologized? b)I would take the bus to school. c) we would study another language. d) he wouldn’t play cards. e) if she wasn’t on holiday. 4 Order the words to complete the third conditional sentences. If Johnny hadn’t broken his leg, … 1 hospital / two / wouldn’t / he / been / in / have / for / days . 2 taken / the / would / he / have / centre / job / at / sport’s / the . 3 a / he / birthday / his / arranged / have / for / would / girlfriend’s / surprise . 4 the / he / times / gone / to / have / doctor’s / so / wouldn’t / many . 5 Match the speech bubbles. We use the first conditional for possible or probable situations in the future. If I study every day, I’ll pass my exams. We use the second conditional for hypothetical situations in the future. If I had lots of money, I’d buy a palace! We use the third conditional when we imagine the consequences of a situation after it has happened. If I had gone out more, I would have made more friends. LOOK! first conditional If / Unless + present simple will / won’t + infinitive second conditional If + past simple would(n’t) + infinitive third conditional If + past perfect would(n’t) + have + past participle 1 Complete the sentences with the first conditional form of the verbs in brackets. If we pass our exams, we a party. (have) 1 If you later, I’ll see you tomorrow. (not come) 2 My parents me if I don’t call them now. (not collect) 3 If our team wins the match, we a trophy. (get) 4 If Peter today, he won’t pass his exam tomorrow. (not study) 2 Complete the sentences with if or unless. 1 You’ll be sick you stop eating cake. 2 you get up late, you’ll miss the bus. 3 they arrive early, I won’t see them. 4 They won’t know how to get here they have a map. ’ll have If she was poor, 2 If she doesn’t arrive soon, 3 They would change jobs 4 we’ll start the meeting without her. a if they had the chance. b I would have sat in the garden. c she wouldn’t drive such a big car. d If it hadn’t rained yesterday, 1 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 24 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 26. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 25 Photocopy me! UNIT 4 pulse basics Vocabulary 2 Non-verbal communication 1 Find six non-verbal communication words and phrases in the wordsquare. N S T T Y I E Y Q G X F T M C E R Q D F E U A I A I A Z D X R S Q D I W T L U B X O T T I K S S T E W J W I F A N H E P C I W N C I S R R C A P C K T U B Y G P K N T S N S L L R Y G U B V H O C A Y H O L D H A N D S T F D T N K V H D F P E Q E S H A K E H A N D S 2 Label the pictures with the phrases in the box. give somebody a hug kiss somebody on the cheek make eye contact raise your eyebrows roll your eyes shake hands shrug your shoulders 1 frowned gave raised shake stare 2 3 4 5 6 7 3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box. 1 In a formal situation, like an interview, I like to hands. 2 When we told her the news, she her eyebrows and didn’t know what to say. 3 Sarah was so happy with her present, she everybody a big hug. 4 My mum always tells me not to at people – it’s very rude. 5 They could tell I was angry when I . 4 Match sentence beginnings 1–6 and endings a–f. 1 When I’m happy to see somebody 2 When I get angry 3 When I’m surprised 4 When I don’t know something 5 When I go for an interview 6 When I see my family a) I shake hands. b)I shrug my shoulders. c) I smile. d) I hug them. e) I raise my eyebrows. f) I frown. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 25 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 27. 26 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 4 pulse basics Grammar 2 Adverbs of possibility and probability 1 Tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 The adverbs perhaps and maybe have different meanings. 2 The adverbs perhaps and maybe go at the beginning of a sentence or clause. 3 The adverbs definitely and probably go at the beginning of a sentence or clause. 4 The adverbs definitely and probably go after affirmative auxiliaries and forms of be. 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 I definitely / probably won’t tell anyone else your secret. 2 Maybe / Probably that’s John’s jacket – I saw him looking for something earlier. 3 They will perhaps / probably want to play cards because that’s all they ever want to do! 4 Perhaps / Definitely I should smile in work more often. 3 Tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 a) They are definitely coming to the party. b) Definitely they are coming to the party. 2 a) She seemed worried. She has an exam maybe. b) She seemed worried. Maybe she has an exam. 3 a) Sam hasn’t called. He’s perhaps still at work. b) Sam hasn’t called. Perhaps he’s still at work. 4 a) They will probably leave early in the morning. b) Probably they will leave early in the morning. 4 Complete the sentences with the adverbs in the box. definitely definitely maybe perhaps probably 1 I can’t go out today. we can do something tomorrow. 2 That is the biggest elephant I’ve ever seen, but I’m not sure. 3 They aren’t answering the phone. they are sleeping. 4 The bus hasn’t arrived yet. I’m going to be late for school. 5 They’re going to the concert because they bought tickets last week. 5 Rewrite the sentences so they are true for you. Use adverbs of possibility or probability. 1 I’ll do well in all my exams. 2 I’ll go to university. 3 I’ll become fluent in English. 4 I’ll live abroad. 5 I’ll get a good job. 6 I’ll get married. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 26 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 28. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 27 Photocopy me! 4 UNIT pulse basics Writing 3 Read the notes and use them to complete the instant messages. Reading 1 Read the instant messages. What is Holly asking Lisa for? instant messages. Ben thinks Matt should get some rest thinks Matt would feel better after a walk – maybe help him to sleep better wishes Matt good luck Matt feeling exhausted studied all week keeps thinking about the exams will message Ben later 2 Read the instant messages in exercise 1 again and tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 a) Amy needs advice. b) Holly needs advice. 2 a) Mike has a new friend. b) Amy has a new boyfriend. 3 a) Mike cancels plans all the time. b) Amy cancels plans all the time. 4 a) Holly wants to ask Amy to go out in a group of friends. b) Holly wants to ask Amy to chat with Mike. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 27 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 29. 28 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 4 pulse basics Vocabulary Phrasal verbs ask out bring up fall out with get on with go out with hang out with look after make up with meet up with settle down with split up with tell off Non-verbal communication frown gesticulate give (somebody) a hug hold hands kiss (somebody) on the cheek make eye contact raise your eyebrows roll your eyes shake hands shrug your shoulders smile stare Study guide Grammar The first, second and third conditional • we use the first conditional for possible future situations If I don’t ask her out today, I’ll ask her out tomorrow. If they don’t meet up today, they’ll hang out with each other tomorrow. • we use the second conditional for hypothetical or unlikely future situations If I hung out with that gang, I would get into trouble. (I don’t hang out with the gang.) If Mark split up with me, I’d be really upset. (They haven’t split up.) • we use the third conditional when we imagine situations that are different from what actually happened If I hadn’t fallen out with my mother, I would have gone to the show tonight. (I did fall out with my mother, so I didn’t go to the show.) If he had gone out more, he would have made more friends. (He didn’t go out much, so he didn’t make many friends.) If we had settled down, we would have been really happy together. (They didn’t settle down, so they aren’t really happy together.) Adverbs of possibility and probability • we use maybe and perhaps when we are not very sure that something will happen. They go at the start of the sentence Maybe they’ll settle down in the country after the wedding. Perhaps she isn’t telling them off after all. Maybe we’ll split up. • we use definitely when we are very sure about something My brother will definitely meet up with us later. I’m definitely going to shake hands with him at the interview. • we use probably when we think something is likely to happen We’re probably going to go out with our friends on Saturday. She’s probably going to raise her eyebrows when you tell her. • definitely and probably go after an affirmative auxiliary I’ll probably look after my sister tonight. They’re probably going to shrug their shoulders when you tell them the news. • definitely and probably go before a negative auxiliary She definitely won’t ask him out. We probably don’t get on with him because he’s too loud. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 28 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 30. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 29 Photocopy me! UNIT 5 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Innovation and invention 1 Label the pictures with the phrases in the box. driverless car e-reader flexible smartphone space tourism 2 Find six innovations and inventions in the wordsquare. S P A C E T O U R I S M A D B A A S R A F E V U C I M M J I S F T D H E T T O T Z U P J S L G H E E M P U B D E X J S B A N I I L E F R D Z N W Y W G I R U T G L B C Z Q S P D D R R L F E T H I O I H F L H R U E G F P H I S T M O O P C L T T Y Z N J K R P E Q A P P Y Z A T I P O Q A H E B R Y Z J L M N D V Y B P B D E R M H P U T A I M Q R P N N K D O R E A R A N S E H R D C E O T A V L A P K X A T T J I S R W R D X M A I D V F W I A T G B H A B S J N W T C E E T C V Z G K I A D E D A K R A N A T S B E E N N W E A R A B L E G A D G E T S D N S C I T L M A O T C L E K O 1 2 3 4 driverless cars e-reader flexible smartphone high-speed train space stations 1 We travelled to Madrid on a . It was amazing! 2 If I had an I would download all my comics and read them. 3 Do you know how many there are in space? 4 I’ve broken two phones already. A would be perfect for me! 5 are a great invention! I’m sure they would help reduce traffic accidents. 5 Finish the sentences so they are true for you. 1 If I had a 3D printer, I would . 2 If I had a flexible smartphone, I would . 3 If I had an e-reader, I would . 4 If I had a driverless car, I would . 5 If I had clothes made of smart materials, I would . 3 Tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 High-speed trains move faster than normal trains. 2 You can’t drink desalinated water. 3 Driverless cars are robotic vehicles that use artificial intelligence. 4 Bioplastics create more pollution than traditional plastics. 5 3D printing hasn’t been invented yet. 4 Complete the sentences with the words and phrases in the box. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 29 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 31. 30 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 5 pulse basics 3 Complete the sentences with the correct future passive form of the verbs in brackets. Cars of the future In the future, better and safer cars by inventors. (invent) 1 They by electricity or water. (power) 2 They by computers. (control) 3 Miniature cars around big cities. (drive) 4 Different car shapes and sizes . (design) 4 Complete the sentences with the present simple, past simple or future passive form of the verbs in brackets. will be invented Grammar 1 The passive present simple passive affirmative negative questions Digital pens are used. Digital pens aren’t used. Are digital pens used? past simple passive affirmative negative questions Digital pens were used. Digital pens weren’t used. Were digital pens used? future passive affirmative negative questions Digital pens will be used. Digital pens won’t be used. Will digital pens be used? 1 Circle the correct answer. 1 Computers is / are provided to all students. 2 Access to the computer room is / are allowed between 9am and 4pm. 3 The room is / are locked at lunchtime. 4 Using social networking is / are forbidden. 5 The computers is / are switched off at night. 2 Circle the correct answer. The history of brushing our teeth 1 In ancient times a twig … on the teeth to clean them. a) was rubbed b) were rubbed 2 The first toothbrush … in 1498 in China. a) were invented b) was invented 3 It … from hairs from a pig’s neck! a) were made b) was made 4 Electric toothbrushes … until 1939 in Switzerland. a) wasn’t developed b) weren’t developed 5 Toothpaste … in 500 BC in China and India. a) was used b) were used 6 Toothpaste in a tube … in the USA in 1892 by Dr Washington Sheffield. a) was introduced b) were introduced The tape recorder 1 In the past, music on tape recorders. (record) 2 A cassette tape to make it work. (need) The smartphone 3 Today, messages and received quickly on smartphones. (send) 4 All the functions on a touchscreen. (control) Robots 5 In the future, all our housework by robots. (do) 6 Many domestic appliances . (not need) 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 30 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 32. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 31 Photocopy me! 5 UNIT pulse basics Vocabulary 2 Adverb review 1 Find and circle seven adverbs in the wordsnake. 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. The astronauts waved as they boarded the space shuttle. (quick) 1 They work at the weekend. (rare) 2 We arrived after a ten-hour journey. (safe) 3 My dad doesn’t speak English very . (good) 4 I don’t send text messages to my parents. (usual) 5 You can confuse some words. (easy) quickly 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 The adverb ‘quite’ means a)a little. b)a lot. 2 The adverb ‘often’ means a)rarely. b)frequently. 3 The adverb ‘absolutely’ means a)frequently. b)extremely. 4 The adverb ‘rarely’ means a)extremely. b)not very often. 5 The adverb ‘quickly’ means a)fast. b)a little. 3 Rewrite the sentences with the adverbs in brackets. I play games on my phone. (often) 1 This app is amazing! (absolutely) 2 All the competitors were talented. (extremely) 3 James is on Facebook! (always) 4 This solar oven cooks well. (very) 5 Tablets are useful for watching films. (quite) I often play games on my phone. comfortablylyedredquicklydferquiteuirfoftenendtabsolutelyalstalwaysrfedtextremely 5 Complete the sentences with the adverbs in the box. comfortably easily fast quietly well 1 I’m so hungry – I could eat another pizza! 2 I didn’t feel yesterday – I had a headache all day. 3 The cat came into the room so that I didn’t know it was there. 4 We sat on the sofa and watched a great film. 5 The new student spoke – I think he was quite nervous. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 31 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 33. 32 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 5 pulse basics 3 Read the sentences and cross out the words in bold if they aren’t necessary. 1 My house will be painted by them. 2 The instructions were given by our teacher yesterday. 3 This cool gadget was invented by my friend Dave. 4 The programme will be downloaded tomorrow by our computer technician. 5 This new TV series is viewed by over 2 million people. 4 Rewrite the sentences and questions in the passive form. Use by only if necessary. People celebrate the event every year. The event 1 Leonardo da Vinci invented an alarm clock. An alarm clock . 2 Somebody stole my pen last week. My pen . 3 Somebody found this microchip the other day. This microchip . 4 Did Isaac Newton discover gravity? Was gravity ? 5 Cyclists use the Smart Wheel when they don’t want to do any work. The Smart Wheel . is celebrated every year. Grammar 2 Active and passive voice active An inventor designed the driverless car. passive The driverless car was designed by an inventor. In the active voice, the subject is the person or thing that does the action. In the passive voice, the subject is the person or thing that receives the action of the verb. LOOK! 1 Are the sentences and questions active or passive? Write A (active) or P (passive). 1 Many new gadgets are invented every year. 2 The app is used to chat to friends. 3 They received the device in the post. 4 Will the information be sent soon? 5 They sent some messages to their friends. 2 Match questions 1–5 with answers a–e. The Smart Wheel 1 Where is it sold? 2 How is the battery charged? 3 What does it do? 4 How is it used? 5 Who was it invented by? a) It allows you to cycle fast without you doing any work! b)It was invented by a company called FlyKly Bikes. c) It’s fitted to your bicycle. It can replace the back wheel of most bikes. d) The battery charges itself when you cycle downhill. e) On the FlyKly website. The Smart Wheel 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 32 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 34. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 33 Photocopy me! 5 UNIT pulse basics Reading 1 Read the formal letter of complaint. What was the problem with the tablet that Maggie bought? bought mobile phone on 15th December first bill: £75 money taken from account yesterday offer: 120 minutes free calls / free text messaging haven’t made or received any calls never had problems with the shop before want a refund in the next seven days 2 Read the letter in exercise 1 again and circle the correct answer. 1 a) Maggie bought a tablet in a shop. b) Maggie bought a tablet online. 2 a) She didn’t receive the tablet. b) She received the tablet but it was damaged. 3 a) She sent the tablet back. b) She hasn’t sent the tablet back yet. 4 a) She wants her money back. b) She wants her money back or a new tablet. 5 a) She has had similar problems with the website before. b) This is the first time she has had problems with the website. Writing 3 Read the notes and use them to complete the formal letter of complaint. 74 Park Drive York YO2 4PL 14th March The Manager Top Computers 35 Raikes Lane London SW2 7RR Dear Sir or Madam, I ordered a new tablet computer (a DELL Venue 8 Pro at £215) from your website on 5th February. My order was placed at 18:30 and I received a confirmation email.The money was taken from my account the next day. Unfortunately, when the tablet arrived it had been damaged. I sent it back immediately, but I still haven’t received a replacement. I would appreciate it if you could send a replacement or refund my money within one week. I have never had any problems using your website before and am disappointed this hasn’t been resolved sooner. I look forward to your reply and a quick resolution to this problem. Yours faithfully, Maggie Hall 16 Grace Park Avenue Durham DRM 6OM 9th January The Manager YouPhone 69 Blue Road London SW3 8SS Dear Sir or Madam, I purchased a new (1) from your shop on (2) . I’ve just received my first bill for an amount of (3) . The money (4) from my account yesterday. When I bought the phone, I signed a contract for (5) of free calls and all instant messages totally (6) of charge. I have sent a few messages but I still haven’t made or received any phone (7) . I have (8) had any problems with your shop before and am disappointed that this mistake has been made. I would appreciate it if you could send a (9) within the next (10) . I look forward to your reply and a quick resolution to this problem. Yours faithfully, Tom Allen Read the letter in exercise 1 again and circle resolution to this problem. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 33 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 35. 34 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 5 pulse basics Study guide Grammar The passive • we use the passive to say what happens to people or things or what is done to them The sea water is processed to remove the salt. The 3D printer will be used by the new students. • we use the passive to focus on the recipient of an action, not the person or thing that does the action New smart materials are produced all the time. The space station was built a few years ago. New wearable gadgets will be designed in the future. • we use by to show who or what does / did the action E-readers are used by people all over the world these days. The mobile phone was invented by Martin Cooper. The smart materials will be worn by athletes. Active and passive voice • the active voice is where the subject is the person or thing that does the action Richard Branson wants to be the pioneer of space tourism. They didn’t use bioplastics in their invention. Electric toothbrushes weren’t developed until 1939. • the passive voice is where the subject of the sentence receives the action, so the focus is on the action or the recipient of the action 3D printing is used to make more products every day. Driverless cars won’t be driven by robots. The Smart Wheel was invented by a company called FlyKly Bikes. Vocabulary Innovation and invention 3D printing bioplastics desalinated water driverless cars e-readers flexible smartphones high-speed trains satellite broadband smart materials space station space tourism wearable gadgets Adverb review absolutely always comfortably easily extremely fast hard late often quickly quietly quite rarely safely usually very well 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 34 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 36. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 35 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Identity theft 1 Match the words to form phrases. 1 shred a) account 2 credit b) theft 3 bank c) documents 4 junk d) mail 5 identity e) spree 6 spending f) rating 7 credit g) scam 8 phishing h) hotspot 9 wifi i) card 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 You can use this instead of money to buy things. a) credit card b) loan 2 A person who tries to cheat others. a) scam b) fraudster 3 This is when you go shopping and buy lots of things. a) debt b) spending spree 4 Emails that you don’t want from strangers. a) loan b) junk mail 5 A public place where you can use the internet. a) wifi hotspot b) social networking 6 Money that somebody owes. a) debt b) shred 7 You save money in this. a) credit card b) bank account 8 A website where you communicate with friends. a) social networking b) wifi hotspot site 9 You do this when you start a computer or want to read you emails. a) log on b) loan 3Complete the sentences with the words and phrases in the box. credit card fraudster junk mail loan log on spending spree 1 Mary closed her email account because she was getting too much . 2 He just went on a huge and spent £500 on suits! 3 I can’t to my computer for some reason – perhaps I changed my password. 4 My mum destroyed her because she was spending too much money. 5 A in the USA was sentenced to 150 years in prison last month for identity theft. 6 I would only get a to buy something big like a house or a car. 4 Tick (✓) the sentences that are true for you. 1 I always keep my passwords secret. 2 I would never give a stranger my personal information. 3 I don’t make friends with people I don’t know online. 4 I don’t use the internet in public places. 5 If I buy something online, I always check that the website is safe. 6 I don’t open emails or attachments from people I don’t know. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 35 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 37. 36 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics Grammar 1 Modals of ability and possibility, obligation and prohibition 2 Complete the sentences with mustn’t or don’t have to. We finish it today – we can do it tomorrow. You drink that – it’s very bad for you! You touch that – it’s very hot! You tell me about it if you don’t want to. 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 We missed the bus, so we … call a taxi. a) have to b) had to c) must 2 You … wear a suit for this job – everyone normally wears jeans. a) don’t have to b) have to c) had to 3 I broke my leg when I was a child and I … walk for six weeks. a) could b) can’t c) couldn’t 4 You … always find a wifi hotspot in town – there are lots of cafés with free internet. a) can b) can’t c) could 4 Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box. 1 2 3 4 didn’t have to had to have to must 1 We finished school at 2pm yesterday because my teacher leave early. 2 You open a bank account in your own name. 3 It’s not fair! My parents study as much as I do when they were young. 4 You study hard if you want to become a doctor. ability and possibility present past can / can’t + infinitive I / You can speak He / She can speak We / You / They can speak could / couldn’t + infinitive I / You could speak He / She could speak We / You / They could speak obligation and prohibition present past must / mustn’t + infinitive; have to + infinitive I / You have to speak He / She has to speak We / You / They have to speak had to + infinitive I / You had to speak He / She had to speak We / You / They had to speak no obligation present past don’t have to + infinitive I / You don’t have to speak He / She doesn’t have to speak We / You / They don’t have to speak didn’t have to + infinitive I / You didn’t have to speak He / She didn’t have to speak We / You / They didn’t have to speak 1 Complete the sentences with can / can’t or could / couldn’t. 1 You use my phone if you need to ring your parents. 2 I access my email yesterday because I didn’t have an internet connection. 3 It was raining heavily last weekend so we go on our school trip. 4 You get a credit card because you’re already in debt! 5 I wear my own clothes when I was in primary school, but now I wear a uniform. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 36 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 38. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 37 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics 4 Complete the profile with the words and phrases in the box. Vocabulary 2 Personal identity 1 Find and circle eight personal identity words in the wordsnake. 2 Complete the personal identity words. 1 a pea an e 2 re a ion hips 3 en e 4 a io alit 5 s yl 6 a ue 7 e ni i y 8 b l fs 3 Match words and phrases 1–8 with definitions a–g. 1 friendships 2 possessions 3 beliefs 4 ethnicity 5 peer group 6 style 7 personality 8 appearance a) People of the same age and background. b)Your nationality, language and cultural background are part of this. c) The way somebody looks on the outside. d) The relationships you have with friends. e) The mixture of characteristics that makes somebody different from others. f ) A person’s opinions. g)The things somebody owns. h)The clothes you wear and the way you choose to dress. appearancenaenationalitynipossessionsppersonalitythn e thnicityychfriendshipsbebeliefsfegrrelationships American blond hair blue eyes confident female funny individual People should be themselves. 21st April 1996 Name: Date of birth: (1) Gender: (2) Nationality: (3) Appearance: (4) , (5) Personality: (6) , (7) Style: (8) Beliefs: (9) 5 Complete the profile so it is true for you. Tavi Gevinson Gender: (1) Nationality: (2) Appearance: (3) , (4) Personality: (5) , (6) Style: (7) Favourite possession: (8) 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 37 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 39. 38 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics Grammar 2 Modals of deduction certainty can’t + infinitive must + infinitive I / You can’t be famous He / She can’t be famous We / You / They can’t be famous possibility might / might not + infinitive could + infinitive I / You might not be famous He / She might not be famous We / You / They might not be famous I / You could be famous He / She could be famous We / You / They could be famous 1 Complete the sentences with can’t or must. 1 This be a new computer – it looks so old! 2 Our neighbours be on holiday. I haven’t seen them for over a week. 3 James be a dentist – he’s too young. 4 That be you in the photo – this person has black hair, but your hair is blond! 5 She have a good job if she can afford this expensive car. 6 He be at home – all the lights are on. 2 Complete the sentences with might or might not. 1 If my mum gets the job in Sydney, we move to Australia. 2 James come to school today – he wasn’t feeling well yesterday. 3 The players win anything because of their bad behaviour in the match. 4 You be lucky this week and win the lottery! 5 She change her mind and surprise us all! 6 That be his dog – I think it was brown not black. 3 Match sentences 1–4 with pictures a–d. 1 The food can’t be good – there’s nobody here! 2 You can’t be hungry – you’ve just eaten! 3 This could be valuable! 4 You must feel awful! 4 Circle the correct answer. 1 I said I’d meet Sarah at the cinema so that can’t / must be her at the door. 2 Our hockey team is doing very well this year – we might not / could win the finals! 3 You must / might be able to speak some English – you lived in England for five years! 4 If we get to the stadium before nine o’clock, we might / must see the end of the match. 5 Look at the photo and order the words to make sentences. a b c d 1 be / look / could / sisters / They / they / similar / because . 2 happy / smiling / be / because / must / they’re / They . 3 they’re / wearing / can’t / They / university / be / because / school / at / uniforms . 4 the / is / Eiffel Tower / must / be / Paris / They / because / in / in the background . 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 38 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 40. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 39 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics Writing 3 Read the information about Nick Vujicic and use it to complete the profile. Reading 1 Read the profile. Who values a strong work ethic? Nationality: American Residence: Camden, New Jersey, USA Occupation: founder and teacher at Camden Sophisticated Sisters Tawanda Jones is from New Jersey, one of the poorest cities in the USA. She started an organization called Camden Sophisticated Sisters to teach discipline and self-confidence to vulnerable young people. She also helps young women to do well at school and to get involved in the community. She does this because she believes it will make Camden a better place to live. Tawanda’s key values include a commitment to improving the lives of young women, pride in her community and a strong work ethic. Because of this, the organization has grown from the original 80 members to over 4,000 participants. Tawanda has made a difference to the lives of many young people and she is a role model to many. It can’t be easy working in tough conditions, but she has certainly succeeded. 2 Read the profile in exercise 1 again and tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 Tawanda teaches people how to be vulnerable. 2 She believes that the community will be better if people get involved. 3 Tawanda wants to make people’s lives better. 4 The organization has 80 members today. 5 Tawanda has changed many people’s lives. 6 It is easy for Tawanda to work in these conditions. Nick Vujicic is from (1) in (2) . Due to a (3) disability, he has no arms or legs and relies on two small feet. Despite his condition, Nick is (4) and always stays positive. He taught himself many incredible things like writing, swimming and throwing tennis balls. Nick was bullied at school and suffered from depression at a young age. However, he realized that his story inspired other people, so he decided to help people. At the age of 17, he started an organization called (5) . Nick still runs this non-profit organization for (6) people today. He is also a (7) and has travelled to many countries. He has inspired people with his story. Nick believes that we should have (8) and never give up. Nationality: Australian Residence: Melbourne Appearance: physical disability (no arms or legs) Personality: determined, positive Occupation: director of Life Without Limbs (a non-profit organization for the physically disabled), motivational speaker Beliefs: Always have big dreams and never give up. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 39 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 41. 40 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 6 pulse basics Vocabulary Identity theft bank account credit card credit rating debt fraudster junk mail loan log on phishing scam shred documents social networking site spending spree wifi hotspot Personal identity appearance beliefs ethnicity friendships gender nationality peer group personality possessions relationships style values Study guide Grammar Modals of ability and possibility, obligation and prohibition • we use can / could for ability and possibility I can’t pay my bills so the debt is increasing. He could get credit cards very easily when he was 18. She can afford to go on a spending spree this month, but she couldn’t last month. • we use must, have to and had to for obligation We must keep our passwords secret. They have to shred all confidential documents. We had to take out a loan to pay the debt. • we use mustn’t for prohibition You mustn’t tell anyone your password. She mustn’t get into debt again. • we use don’t have to / didn’t have to when there is no obligation You don’t have to join a social networking site if you don’t want to. We didn’t have to get a credit rating. We didn’t have to sign up for a bank account when we were students, and we don’t have to sign up for one now. Modals of deduction • we use can’t and must when we are certain about something That can’t be true. I saw them at the shopping centre yesterday evening. This must be a mistake – I didn’t go to the office yesterday. He can’t be our new teacher. It must be a mistake! • we use might or could when we think something is possible but we are not certain He might be a fraudster – I’m not sure everything he said was true. They might not be in the office now – it’s after 5pm. I’m going to shred these documents because someone could find the information and use it. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 40 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 42. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 41 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics Vocabulary 1 Film-making 1 Look at the pictures and complete the film-making words and phrases. 3 Match words and phrases 1–6 with definitions a–f. 1 crew 2 script 3 sound effects 4 make-up artist 5 credits 6 set a) The noises in a film. b)The person who puts cosmetics on the actors. c) A group of people who work on the production of a film. d) The scenery and props used for a film. e) The written text of a film. f) The words that appear on screen at the end of a film. 2 Find and circle seven film-making words and phrases in the wordsnake. locationonsu b t i t l e s d e d c r e d i t s e ssoundeffectsegcrewsaxsoun d t r a c k a c f c a s t 1 s r p 4 a e-u a tis 2 o tu e esi ne 5 a e a o e a or 3 s or bo r 6 i h in 7 s t de i ner 4 Complete the dialogue with the words in the box. actors cast costume designer script sound effects Laura: Have you seen any good films recently? Glen: Yeah, I saw X-Men last week. It was brilliant! Laura: Yeah, I saw it, too. The (1) are all famous, which made it even better! Glen: Yeah. I really like Hugh Jackman – he’s one of my favourite (2) . Laura: What did you think of the (3) ? Glen: Amazing, they were loud but really cool. And the costumes were fantastic, too. Laura: I agree. The (4) will probably be nominated for an award for them. Glen: The (5) was excellent, so the writers will probably win some awards, too. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 41 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 43. 42 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics Grammar 1 Reported speech reported speech: tense changes direct speech reported speech am / is / are was / were present simple past simple present continuous past continuous past simple past perfect present perfect past perfect will / would would must / have to had to can / could could 1 Circle the correct answer. 1 The teacher said that he was starting / is starting rehearsals for the play. 2 Jodie said that she wanted / wants to play. 3 She said that she has downloaded / had downloaded the film. 4 The actor said that he did / had done another action film the year before. 2 Complete the reported speech sentences. 1 ‘It’s a great film!’ They said that it a great film. 2 ‘I would love to watch that film again.’ Sophie said that she to watch that film again. 3 ‘I’ve finished the script.’ The script writer said that she the script. reported speech: changes to time expressions direct speech ➔ reported speech today ➔ that day tomorrow ➔ the following day / the day after next week ➔ the following week / the week after yesterday ➔ the previous day / the day before last week ➔ the previous week / the week before four years ago ➔ four years before here ➔ there this ➔ that these ➔ those 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 ‘Sorry I didn’t call you yesterday.’ Max said that he was sorry he hadn’t called me the previous day / the next day. 2 ‘The film club’s showing Gravity next week.’ He said that the film club was showing Gravity the next week / the following week. 3 ‘Three great movies came out last year.’ She said that three great movies had come out the year before / the year after. 4 ‘I’m flying to Hollywood tomorrow!’ Chloe said that she was flying to Hollywood the following day / the day after. 5 ‘I’ll meet you here at nine o’clock.’ Dan said that he would me there / here at nine o’clock. 6 ‘I need these chairs for the set.’ The set designer said that she needed that / those chairs for the set. 4 Match direct speech sentences 1–8 with reported speech sentences a–h. 1 ‘You’re late!’ said Maggie. 2 ‘I missed the bus,’ said Jack. 3 ‘We can’t go to the cinema,’ Maggie said. 4 ‘The film has already started,’ she said. 5 ‘It doesn’t matter,’ Jack said. 6 ‘We don’t have to go to the cinema,’ he said. 7 ‘I’m feeling hungry,’ he said. 8 ‘Luckily I know a nice café near the cinema!’ Maggie said. a) Maggie said that luckily she knew a nice café near the cinema. b)She said that the film had already started. c) Maggie said that Jack was late. d) Jack said that it didn’t matter. e) He said that he was feeling hungry. f ) Jack said that he had missed the bus. g)Maggie said that they couldn’t go to the cinema. h)He said that they didn’t have to go to the cinema. 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 42 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 44. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 43 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Sarah she broke the light on the car the night before. (admit) 1 They tell us what happened at the end of the film. (refuse) 2 He help us with the script. (agree) 3 They perform for them. (ask / us) 4 Our teacher show us the photos. (promise) 5 They leave early. (ask / him) 6 I read the book before seeing the film. (suggest / we) 7 He watch the film. (convince / us) 8 The couple the service had been very bad at the Chinese restaurant. (complain) 5 Match verbs 1–3 with words a–c. 1 say 2 promise 3 invite a) to … b)somebody to … c) that … admitted that Vocabulary 2 Reporting verbs 1 Find ten reporting verbs in the wordsquare. T V D J F L D N M A T P R C L V I P P D L E R E E A U R V M V B T O L A E E W I J Y L P M F T Z T T Y T M X T I X F W C Q O S E S C S R I E C O F F E R U E V F I H T K L U H A E A S U G G G E S T C K C Y M Z Y S N G M A W B A J W F H N S G Z E Y E P W S N U R O Q Y G R E F U S E A S K H I N V I T E 2 Complete the reporting verbs. 1 pr m s 2 c nv nc 3 nv t 4 s y 5 c mpl n 6 r f s 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 ‘I’ll love you forever!’ said Mark to Bridget. Mark offered / promised to love Bridget forever. 2 ‘I don’t want to go to the party with you,’ said Pippa to Oliver. Pippa refused /complained to go to the party with Oliver. 3 ‘Linda’s acting is really bad!’ said Tim. Tom suggested / complained that Linda’s acting was really bad. 4 ‘I’ll pay for the tickets,’ said my aunt. My aunt refused / offered to pay for the tickets. 5 ‘Let’s watch this DVD!’ said Nick. Nick suggested / offered that we watch that DVD. Verb patterns verb + infinitive with to: agree, offer, promise, refuse verb + object + infinitive with to: ask, convince, invite, tell verb + that: admit, complain, say, suggest LOOK! 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 43 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 45. 44 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics Can you sing? 3 Write the direct speech questions. They asked Tom if he had any experience. ‘Do you ?’ they asked Tom. 1 She asked where he was rehearsing. ‘Where ?’ she asked. 2 The teacher asked what we had done. ‘What ?’ asked the teacher. 3 They asked how many movies the director had made. ‘How many movies ?’ they asked. 4 The actor asked if he could repeat that scene. ‘ this scene?’ asked the actor. 4 Read the speech bubbles and circle the correct answer. have any experience Grammar 2 Reported questions reported questions wh- / how questions yes / no questions ‘Where are you going?’ They asked me where I was going. ‘How many films have you seen?’ They asked me how many films I had seen. ‘Are you working?’ They asked me if / whether I was working. ‘Will you be rich?’ They asked me if / whether I would be rich. 1 Circle the correct answer. 1 ‘How are you?’ The teacher asked me how I am / was. 2 ‘Where do you study?’ The man asked me if I studied / where I studied. 3 ‘Do you like school?’ They asked her if she liked / likes school. 4 ‘What kind of acting do you do?’ They asked the boy what kind of acting he does / did. 5 ‘Are you a good actor?’ The director asked him if he was / is he a good actor. 2 Circle the correct answer. 1 ‘What did you do last night?’ a) Dad asked me what I had done the night before. b) Dad asked me what I did last night. 2 ‘Were you with Suzie?’ a) He asked me if I was with Suzie. b) He asked me if I had been with Suzie. 3 ‘Where did you go?’ a) He asked me where we had gone. b) He asked me if we had gone. 4 ‘Are you going out tonight?’ a) He asked me if I was going out that night. b) He asked me if I would go out that night. 5 ‘What time will you be back?’ a) He asked me what time I could be back. b) He asked me what time I would be back. Have you acted before? 3 2 Which part are you interested in? 4 How old are you? 1 Yesterday I went for an audition to be in a theatre production of High School Musical. First, the director asked me (1) how old am I / how old I was. Then she asked me (2) if I had acted before / what I acted before and (3) could I sing / if I could sing. After that, I had to read a bit of the script to her and she asked me (4) which part I am interested in / which part I was interested in. I hope she’ll call me! 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 44 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 46. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 45 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics Reading 1 Read the report. Where do the majority of young people prefer to watch films? Writing 3 Put the sentences in the correct order. Then complete the survey by writing the conclusion and your recommendations. Report on the results of a survey about films This report outlines the results of a survey about films and young people at our school. Fifty students aged 14–16 were asked about their film-viewing habits and preferences. The majority of students said that they watched films on TV, online and at the cinema. Over 80% said that they would like to have more films for young people. More than half of those interviewed said that they preferred to watch films at the cinema rather than on TV. To sum up, this survey shows that young people watch films in different ways and that there is a lack of good films for this age group. I suggest that we send this report to local cinemas and to the TV broadcasting companies so that they can take our opinions into account. 2 Read the report in exercise 1 again and circle T (true) or F (false). 1 Fifty students participated in the survey. T F 2 The students were asked about their TV-viewing habits. T F 3 According to the survey, there aren’t enough films for teenagers. T F 4 The survey shows that teenagers don’t like watching films. T F 5 The report was sent to cinemas and TV companies. T F a) More than half the students said that they exercised regularly – 30% of those said they practised three or more times a week. 90% of those who practise a sport on a regular basis said they enjoyed it and feel the benefits of exercise in their lives. b) This report outlines the results of a survey about the amount of time young people spend on sports or physical activity. c) Report on the results of a survey about sports d) Of the teenagers interviewed, 25% said they can’t find the time to exercise but they are aware it is good for them. Only 5% of the people interviewed claimed to dislike sports and physical activity. e) Thirty teenagers were asked if they play a sport, how much time they dedicate to sport and their attitudes towards physical exercise in general. To sum up, this survey shows that 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 45 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 47. 46 Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 Photocopy me! UNIT 7 pulse basics Vocabulary Film-making camera operator cast costume designer credits crew lighting location make-up artist script set designer sound effects soundtrack storyboard subtitles Reporting verbs admit agree ask complain convince invite offer promise refuse say suggest tell Study guide Grammar Reported speech • we use reported speech to talk about what people said The director said that the cast was excellent. (‘The cast is excellent.’) The make-up artists said that the brushes were dirty. (‘The brushes are dirty.’) • we change the tense in reported speech. Present tenses are changed to past tenses The actor said that he was sorry he was late. (‘I’m sorry I’m late.’) The make-up artist said that she was putting on the make-up. (‘I’m putting on the make-up.’) The set designer said that he had found the perfect location. (‘I have found the perfect location.’) • we change the past simple to the past perfect The director said that they had recorded the soundtrack. (‘We recorded the soundtrack yesterday.’) The costume designer said that she had made the final costume. (‘I made the final costume today.’) • we change the present perfect to the past perfect The director said that he had never filmed in that location. (‘I’ve never filmed in this location.’) He said that he had checked the credits. (‘I have checked the credits.’) • we change modal verbs into their past form The director said that she would tell the crew we were ready. (‘I’ll tell the crew we’re ready.’) The crew said that they could put the lights there. (‘We can put the lights here.’) The camera operator said that we had to redo the scene. (‘We have to redo the scene.’) Reported questions • we make the same tense changes when we report questions, but the word order is the same as in affirmative sentences He asked where the script was. (‘Where is the script?’) I asked when they would do the credits. (‘When will they do the credits?’) The designer asked where the lighting would be. (‘Where will the lighting be?’) • we use if or whether to report yes / no questions The director asked if the set was ready. (‘Is the set ready?’) She asked whether the costumes were ready. (‘Are the costumes ready?’) 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 46 30/03/2015 11:11
  • 48. Text Pulse © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2015 47 Photocopy me! UNIT 8 pulse basics 4 Tick (✓) the sentences that are true for you. 1 I know many ads in my country that have gone viral. 2 I would like to work in an ad agency in the future. 3 I would love to be a celebrity. 4 I like many different brands of clothes. 5 I have felt peer pressure from my friends many times. 6 I like eye-catching advertisements. 7 I like to know a lot about the celebrities in my country. 8 I think jingles are an effective way of advertising something. 9 I find adverts on TV very persuasive – I want to buy the products after I see them. Vocabulary 1 Advertising 1 Find and circle nine advertising words and phrases in the wordsnake. hypeeconsumerdecelebrityjunjingleveadagencygeadvertisingcampaignbrbrandpespersuasiveeradvert 2 Match the words to form compound nouns. 1 target a) agency 2 online b) catching 3 eye- c) audience 4 ad d) pressure 5 peer e) ads 3 Circle the correct answer. 1 These are adverts on the internet. a) online ads b) ad agencies 2 When something is noticeable because it is attractive or unusual. a) persuasive b) eye-catching 3 When something is shared very quickly and with a lot of people on the internet. a) advertising campaign b) go viral 4 The people that an advert is aimed at. a) peer pressure b) target audience 5 A business which creates adverts for other companies. a) ad agency b) online ads 6 The influence that people of your age have on you. a) persuasive b) peer pressure 7 A person who is famous. a) celebrity b) consumer 9780230439702_A-Basics_CS6.indd 47 30/03/2015 11:11