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Lean practices for effective project management


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Lean Practices more effective in civil industry.

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Lean practices for effective project management

  2. 2. PROJECT MANAGEMENT ? Application of knowledge, skills and techniques to execute projects effectively and efficiently.
  4. 4. EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT All projects are measured against some performance criteria that indicate whether the project is successful or not. The following are the most important performance criteria, TIME COST QUALITY SAFETY
  5. 5. COST EFFECTIVE  For cost effective project management we should focus on each and every aspects and the key point we have to focus is wastage.  Waste generated as a result of design & specifications  Waste generated by construction activities
  6. 6. WASTAGE BY SPECIFICATION & DESIGN  Design and the specifications can contribute significantly to the amount of waste generated during the construction of a project particularly when uneconomical design solutions are selected or when unsuitable materials are specified.  However once the design is in place, the waste arising from the design can be estimated, controlled and reduced at tender stage, particularly for ‘area based’ packages such as flooring, walling and ceilings or when off site manufacture is used.
  7. 7. WASTAGE BY CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES  The way construction activities are carried out during the construction process also impacts on the quantity of waste produced.  This waste is more difficult to estimate at tender stage as it is based upon events that occur during construction that are not foreseen at tender stage.  Maximum wastage arises under this category.
  8. 8. How to reduce these waste? ??????
  10. 10. DEFINITION Lean construction is a “way to design production systems to minimize waste of materials, time, and effort in order to generate the maximum possible amount of value”
  11. 11. LEAN TOOLS Value stream mapping Waste walk & Reduction Building Information Modeling(BIM) 5 Whys A3 reports Poke-a-yoke Partnering Last Planner
  12. 12. TOOLS FOR REDUCTION OF WASTE Value stream mapping – identifying the waste. Last Planner – minimizing the waste.
  14. 14. VALUE STREAM MAPPING  Value stream mapping is a lean-management method for analyzing the current state and designing a future state for the series of events that take a product or service from its beginning through to the customer.  At Toyota, it is known as "material and information flow mapping".
  15. 15. VSM - PRINCIPLES  Diagnostic Tool – Reveals hidden symptoms of larger problems  Strategic Planning Activity – Helps priorities opportunities for improvement – Results in an implementation plan  Macro-Level - Visual Representation – Information flow – People and material flow – Each process block represents a handoff or a break in the timeline  Contains Relevant Metrics – Lead time – throughput / turnaround / flow time – Cycle time – touch / process time
  16. 16. HOW IT PROCESS? Define value from the customer’s perspective Map the value stream Create flow; eliminate the root causes of waste Create pull where flow is difficult to achieve Seek perfection via continuous improvement
  17. 17. SIPOC - Process Map S I O CP Suppliers Inputs Process Outputs Customers
  19. 19. 21 VSM - Boundary Current State  Define the boundaries  Define the value  Identify the tasks and flows of material and information between them  Identify resources for each task and flow  Create the current state map Future State (Design)  Visualize the “Ideal State” and design the future state map – Identify value added and waste from Current State – Reconfigure the process to eliminate waste / Add Value Implementation Plan  Develop Action plans and track
  20. 20. VALUE ADD & NON VALUE ADD  Value Add (VA) • Any activity the customer values (and is willing to pay for) – Who are your customers? – What do they really want? • To be considered “value add”, a process step must have YES to all these questions – Does the customer care? – Does it change the thing? – Is it done right the first time? – Is it required by law or regulation?  Non Value Add (NVA) • Any activity that consumes time and / or resources & does not add value to the service or product for the customer. These activities should be eliminated, simplified, reduced, or integrated. – Necessary – Legal / regulatory requirements – Unnecessary - Waiting, Unnecessary processing, Errors/defects, Motion (people), Transportation (product), Underutilized people, Inventory
  21. 21. LAST PLANNER SYSTEM  Last Planner is a short-term project planning system first used in engineering construction 20 years ago.  Glenn Ballard and Greg Howell created The Last Planner System (LPS) to improve the predictability and reliability of construction production.  It continues to create significant improvements in project & program safety, predictability, productivity, speed of delivery, profit and feelings of wellbeing among project staff.
  22. 22. PROCESS IN LP
  23. 23. LEAN THINKER
  24. 24. The impossible is often the untried Great ideas need landing gears as well as wings