Thanks to Ms.RieraMadurell and Mr. Tatarella. Astronomy born as a practical aid to agriculture and navigation. Throughout the ages has been a highly practical subject.Demonstrate that today astronomy is still a practical subject, unique tool for societal development and capacity building. Practical importance made astronomy dangerous profession to practice in the past. Famous story of the Chinese emperor Yao who in the 8th century BC punished astronomers for failing to predict an eclipse by executing them. I am glad to say that the prestige of astronomers has declined substantially since then. Nowadays, the Commission only cuts off our grants, not our heads.
3 pillars of international development: science, technology and culture. Astronomy is a link to all three.Developing astronomical technology led to many new applications. Wireless internet. Medical imaging.
Inexpensive laboratories for studying laws of physics extremes: Greatest energies ~ 10**61 erg. Densities 10**18 kg/m3. Most tenuous vacuum. Largest sizes > 10M LyearsAccess over whole world. Archives
We all come from the Big Bang. I used to argue that astronomers are almost unique in talking about Billions and Billions as if they understand it. In the last few years this role has been taken over by economists.
Archeoastronomy. We all come from the Big Bang.
EUNAWE Presentation at the European Parliament
ASTRONOMY AND SOCIETY FURTHERING GLOBAL CAPACITY BUILDING AND INSPIRING YOUNG CHILDREN<br />Why astronomy for education and capacity building?<br />International Astronomical Union Strategic Plan<br />“Astronomy for the Developing World”<br />EU Universe Awareness (EUNAWE) <br />GEORGE MILEY <br />Leiden University<br />Vice President International Astronomical Union<br />Portfolio: Development and Education<br />Research field: Probing the early Universe with distant radio galaxies<br />
IAU GLOBAL OFFICE OF ASTRONOMY FOR DEVELOPMENT <br />Global call for proposals <br />20 excellent proposals<br />SAAO Cape Town selected <br />Partners IAU-SAAO/NRF <br />Strong support from SA Department of Science & Technology and Minister<br />Superb Director recruited<br />Kevin Govender<br />Started 1 March 2011<br />Inauguration by South African Minister of Science & Technology 16 April 2011<br />Planned Stakeholders workshop 12 – 14 December 2011<br />
PILLARS OF IAU ASTRONOMY FOR DEVELOPMENT“from the cradle to the grave”<br />Excites <br />Stimulates imagination<br />Introduces science<br />Gives perspective<br />
EU- UNIVERSE AWARENESS (EUNAWE)Astronomy-based program with educational and social goals<br />Exposes DISADVANTAGED young children (4 – 10) to INSPIRATIONAL aspects of astronomy<br />Use PERSPECTIVE, INSPIRATION and FUN of astronomy to<br />Introduce young children to excitement of science<br />Broaden children’s minds<br />Stimulate internationalism, tolerance <br />Stimulate European and world citizenship<br /><ul><li>Implementation in 5 EU member states and South Africa
Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, UK (N. Ireland)
South Africa</li></ul>National coordinators + materials + teacher training + exchanges<br />
EU- UNIVERSE AWARENESS (EUNAWE)<br />Ingredients<br />International Network<br />Platform for teachers and development professionals worldwide<br />Exchange of ideas, experience and materials<br />Development of fun materials<br />Games, cartoons, songs, hands-on material<br />Entertaining and developed by professionals <br />Translated into various languages and cultures<br />Teacher Training<br />Tailored to each country and community<br />Involvement of EU Parliament<br />Amendment 898 of 2009 EU Budget – action connected with IYA<br />FP7 action supporting IYA<br />Thanks to MsRiera Madurell for her support<br />
MOTIVATION FOR EU-UNIVERSE AWARENESS<br /><ul><li>Ages 4 - 10 are crucial for child development</li></ul>Beauty and size of the Universe excite young children<br />
OUR Universe is beautiful<br />e.g. Birthplace of stars<br />
OUR Universe is exciting<br />Exploding stars<br />
MOTIVATION FOR EU-UNIVERSE AWARENESS<br /><ul><li>Ages 4 - 10 are crucial for child development</li></ul>Beauty and size of the Universe excite young children<br />Gives perspective – stimulates tolerance and sense of world citizenship<br />Gateway to science and rational thought<br />Most need for economically disadvantaged children<br />Combat fanaticism<br />"Fanatic ethnic, religious or national identifications are difficult to support when we see our planet as a fragile, blue crescent fading to become an inconspicuous point of light against the bastion and citadel of the stars. “ CARL SAGAN<br />
EARTH FROM SATURN (CASSINI)<br />EARTH FROM SATURN (ESA - CASSINI)<br />
EUNAWE BUILDS FROM UNIVERSE AWARENESS<br />Initiated in 2005<br />Bottom-up network of ~ 500 dedicated multidisciplinary experts in ~ 40 countries<br />Global cornerstone of UN-ratified International Year of Astronomy IYA2009<br />Now official programme of International Astronomical Union<br />Seed funding from <br />Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts & Sciences<br />NL Ministry of Education, Culture and Science<br />
Would not have been possible without:<br />Carolina Ödman, UNAWE International Project Manager 2005 – 2010<br />Pedro Russo EUNAWE International Project Manager 2011 – <br />Claus Madsen, Head of ESO Public Affairs<br />Stefano D’Odoria, EUNAWE REA Project Officer<br />Cecilia Scorza, Andreas Quirrenbach, Natalie Fischer<br />Rosa Ros<br />Franco Pacini, Lara Albanese, Alessandra Zanazzi <br />Kevin Govender<br />Frederiek Westra van Holthe<br />Mark Bailey<br />Armagh<br />Observatory<br />MANY THANKS TO ALL<br />
THE UNIVERSE IS SCIENCE<br />UNAWE Venezuela – Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía<br />
THE UNIVERSE IS TECHNOLOGY<br />UNAWE Venezuela – Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía<br />
THE UNIVERSE IS CULTURE<br />UNAWE Tunisia– Children’s Club Sfax<br />