It’s OK to Play! How to recognize Developmentally Appropriate Practice
What is DAP?Developmentally appropriate practice is based on:• Knowledge about how children develop and learn• What should be learned and how it would best be learned depending on developmental level• Our understanding of the relationships between early experience and subsequent development – http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/dap3.asp
Why use DAP?• Areas of childrens development physical, social, emotional, and cognitive are closely related. Development in one area influences and is influenced by development in other areas. http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/dap3.asp
• Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts. – http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/dap3.asp
• Children are active learners, drawing on direct physical and social experience as well as cul- turally transmitted knowledge to construct their own understandings of the world around them. http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/dap3.asp
• Play is an important vehicle for childrens social, emotional, and cognitive development, as well as a reflection of their development. – http://www.naeyc.org/about/positions/dap3.asp
Where is DAP? (Where should DAP be???)• Anywhere!• As parents it is your responsibility to ensure your child is receiving DAP: – In a center – In a home setting – In a classroom – In a group setting (afterschool, field trips, sports games, church, etc.)
Observing The Learning Environment Well defined centers/areas Materials for centers/areas Focus on literacy and fine motor skills and many print-rich opportunities! Room Arrangement Traffic Patterns Aesthetic Appeal
Centers/Areas Large Group and Circle Time C Music and Silly SoundsS Science and MathS Blocks/TrucksS HousekeepingS ArtS Remember. . . Literacy and fine motor skills abound!
Literacy It’s EVERYWHERE!• Books• Puppets• Flannel Boards• Daily Schedule• Labels• Names• Fingerplays• Music and Dance• Rhymes
Print Rich Environment• Model Correct Print• Labels, Labels, Labels• Name Recognition• Daily Schedule Pocket Chart• Meaningful Print• Books available in centers• Graphing, voting, writing• “What noise does a turtle make?”
Fine Motor Development• What - use of hand and finger muscles to increase dexterity• Why – to increase ability to perform self help skills and later increase writing skills• How. . .