Cumbria flood uk


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Cumbria flood uk

  1. 1. November 2009
  2. 2. • Average annual rainfall is about 2,000 millimetres, reported by the met office • Cumbria is a region in North-East England • The region has a steep relief including the three highest peaks in England • Total population of Cumbria in 2003 was 487,607 people • There are only five urban areas • North Atlantic Drift which, together with the mountainous landscape, make Cumbria the wettest part of England.
  3. 3. • Flooding occurred at the confluence of two rivers near the town of Cockermouth • Events took place in November 2009 • The two rivers have large amounts of tributaries further upstream • This central region is mountainous, 11 lakes and countless streams and rivers which drain out of the uplands
  4. 4. • One fatality • 1,000 people evacuated • 1,700 homes flooded • 1,500 homes without power • Limited access to schools and hospitals • 1,800 bridges declared unsafe • £100 million worth of insurance claims • 2.5m of flood water left behind • Large amounts of soil erosion • Farmland left unusable due by debris • 12,000 tonnes of gravel spread by the flood
  5. 5. • Urbanisation • Sewers blocking up was another factor that contributed to the flooding. This happened in Elliot park, Kenswick • There is also a large number of bridges in the area • Cars being carried by the river caused blockages in the river making it spill over its banks
  6. 6. • Met Office forecast that 350 mm of rain was possible in the most exposed locations over high ground • In the 24 hours from midnight to midnight on 19 November, Seathwaite in Borrowdale, Cumbria recorded 316 mm of rainfall • On the week before the flood there was heavy rainfall which meant the ground was saturated. • Another contribution to this speed was the precipitous ground of the Lake District. This kind of airflow is common in the UK during autumn and winter, and is known as a ‘warm conveyor’.
  7. 7. • Flood walls and Barriers • Dock gates • Restrictions on land used for building • Flood warning scheme in place • Flood plain areas mainly used for farming
  8. 8. • Railway fixed between two halves of Workington: Temporary station set up Free shuttle service across river • Emergency footbridge • Temporary supermarket • Surveying of bridges • Clean up of houses and businesses
  9. 9. • Strengthening and creation of flood defences and bridges • Flood protection and warning for the public • The public was encouraged to fit: Door guards Air brick covers Non-return valves Pumps for the inside of properties • Flood defence was still continuing in March 2013