Inland waters


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Inland waters

  1. 1. Inland Waters Rivers Lakes
  2. 2. • short;• most of them flow in eastward direction;• the water level is always high (due to humid climate and abundant rainfall);• seldom freeze in winter;• are not navigable for oceans ships;• form deep estuaries;• most of the large ports are situated in the estuaries. back next
  3. 3. Estuaries are places where freshwaterrivers and streams flow into the ocean,mixing with the seawater. back
  4. 4. • The Severn• The Thames• The Tyne• The Trent• The Mersey• The Clyde back
  5. 5. • the longest river in Great Britain, at 354 km (220 miles);• flows from the Cambrian Mountains in Wales into the Bristol Channel. back next
  6. 6. • a major inlet in the island of Great Britain, separating South Wales from the South West England and extending from the lower estuary of the River Severn to that part of the North Atlantic Ocean known as the Celtic Sea;• takes its name from the English city of Bristol and is over 50 km across at its widest point. back
  7. 7. The Severn Bore is one of Britains fewtruly spectacular natural phenomena. It isa large surge wave that can be seen in theestuary of the River Severn, where thetidal range is the 2nd highest in the world. back next
  8. 8. • Severn Bridge — opened in 1966;• Second Severn Crossing — opened in 1996. home back
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  10. 10. a motorway crossing over the River Severn between England and Wales. back
  11. 11. • a major river flowing through southern England;• flows through central London and several other towns and cities, including Oxford, Reading and Windsor;• empties into the North Sea at the Thames Estuary;• has a length of 346 km. home next
  12. 12. Newbridge, OxfordshireTheMillennium LondonView houses aboveDolls from the Tower withGravesendwithLondon Eye StThamesEyeThames EstuaryLondon from FootbridgeBridge Pauls Cathedral in the backgroundThe Towerbarrier back
  13. 13. • a river in northern England that flows east to the North Sea;• formed by the confluence of two rivers, the North Tyne and the South Tyne;• its length is about 100 km. home
  14. 14. • one of the major rivers of England;• flows through the Midlands (forming a boundary between the North and South of England) enters the Humber estuary 65 km from the North Sea;• its length is 298 km;• one of only two bore rivers in England. This means that the Trent is tidal, and, like the sea, has a tide twice a day, one in the morning and one in the evening. home next
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  16. 16. The MerseyA river of northwest England flowing about113 km (70 miles) generally westward through thesouthern suburbs of Manchester and emptying intothe Irish Sea at Liverpool.Its large estuary which is 26 km (16 miles) long and 3.2km (2 miles) wide, is navigable for ocean ships. home next
  17. 17. Silver Jubilee BridgeManchester Ship Canal Old Quay Bridge Dock Area Liverpool back next
  18. 18. Lighthouse on the River Mersey, LiverpoolThe Lighthouse at New Brighton, also known as the Perch RockLighthouse, is situated where the Mersey Estuary opens out intoLiverpool Bay.Before the lighthouse was built there was a wooden ’perch’ erectedupon the rock, formerly known as the Black Rock, by the city ofLiverpool in 1683. The rock was a serious hazard to navigation. Theperch was often washed away by gales. In 1821 one of the LiverpoolPilot Boats crashed into the perch and carried it away.The construction of the new stone lighthouse started in 1827 and ittook 3 years to complete.The Lighthouse last shone its light in 1973 as it was no longer neededon account of the radar system. Now it is being used as a touristattraction. back next
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  20. 20. The Mersey River FestivalFor 25 years, in honour of its maritimetradition, Liverpool has organised the annualMersey River Festival.It features a parade of tall ships and othervessels, displays, demonstrations, streetentertainers, music and many other thingsassociated with the River Mersey. back next
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  22. 22. • a major river in Scotland;• 176 km (109 miles) long;• the eighth longest river in the United Kingdom• the third longest in Scotland;• flows west across the Southern Uplands;• flows through the major city of Glasgow,• merges into the Firth of Clyde (a wide bay);• was narrow and shallow until the 1700s when engineers widened and deepened the river to make it navigable;• ships from the Atlantic Ocean can sail up the Clyde to Glasgow. home next
  23. 23. The Clyde flowing through river next Millennium Bridge Glasgow Dock by the back Clyde
  24. 24. *Aerial view of the Clyde back
  25. 25. • since Britain has a moist climate with much rainfall, lakes are numerous;• lakes in Scotland are called lochs;• in Northern Ireland they are called loughs;• in Wales a lake is called a Llyn;• many of the largest lakes in England and Wales are man-made reservoirs or lakes whose size has been increased by damming.The largest lakes in the UK by country are:• N. Ireland: Lough Neagh (381.74 km²)• Scotland: Loch Lomond (71.12 km²)• England: Windermere (14.74 km²)• Wales: Lake Vyrnwy (8.24 km²) The deepest lake in the UK is Loch Morar with a maximum depth of 309 metres; Loch Ness is second at 228 metres deep. back
  26. 26. • a freshwater lake in east-central Northern Ireland;• lies 30 km to the west of Belfast;• approximately 30 km long and 15 km wide;• the largest lake in the British Isles;• very shallow around the margins;• the average depth in the main body is about 9 m, although at its deepest the lake is about 25 m deep. home
  27. 27. Loch Lomond• pronounced /loʊmənd/ is a Scottish loch, located in both the western lowlands of Central Scotland and the southern Highlands;• 39 km long and up to 8 km wide;• an average depth of about 37 m, and a maximum depth of about 190 m;• a large number of islands, several of them quite large by the standards of British lochs/lakes, including Inchmurrin, the largest island in a loch/lake in the British Isles. home
  28. 28. an island in Loch Lomond in Scotland. It is thelargest fresh water island in the British Isles. home back
  29. 29. • the largest natural lake in England;• lies in the county of Cumbria and entirely within the Lake District National Park;• a ribbon lake, which are long, narrow and finger–like;• 17 km long and from 400 m to 1,500 m wide. home next
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  31. 31. • a rural area in North West England;• a popular holiday destination;• famous for its lakes and mountains;• about 55 km (34 miles) across;• the central and most-visited part of the area is the Lake District National Park - one of fourteen National parks in the UK. back next
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  34. 34. • Lake Vyrnwy Nature Reserve is an area of land in Wales, • created during the 1880s in order to provide a storage reservoir of safe water for the city of Liverpool; • the river Vyrnwy was blocked up by a huge stone dam; • as the water built up behind the dam, valley and the village of Llanwddyn were flooded; • the dam is 357 m high and the base is 39 m wide; • has a road bridge running along the top; • it is decorated with over 25 arches and two small towers.* Background - dam home next
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  36. 36. Vyrnwy Dam back
  37. 37. • a freshwater loch in Highland, Scotland;• the fifth largest loch in Scotland, with a surface area of 26.7 km2;• the deepest freshwater body in the British Isles, with a maximum depth of 310 m. home
  38. 38. • a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands extending for approximately 37 km southwest of Inverness; • the second largest Scottish loch by surface area after Loch Lomond at 56.4 km²; • it contains more fresh water than all lakes in England and Wales combined; • best known for the legendary Loch Ness Monster, also known as "Nessie".Click here to see views of Loch Ness home
  39. 39. Loch Ness Urquhart Castle back
  40. 40. Loch Ness is famous for itsfriendly monster, Nessie. Mostpeople think that this is only alegend, but every year touristsfrom all over the world come toLoch Ness and hope that they willsee the monster. back