HISTORYThe people of Ghana wanted hydroelectricity for aluminum industry. They decided to build a dam on the River Volta, which is the worlds largest man-made lake, covering 8,502 square kilometers (3,283 sq mi). As the dam cost a fortune Ghana had to take loans from the World Bank and UK, and a large loan from the USA. As a part of this deal, an American Company called Valco got the right to produce almunium in Ghana.
Challenges faced while building the dam•Over 80,000 people were moved from theirfarms and villages to make way for the Akosombodam.•Increased human migration within the area hasbeen driven by poverty and unfavorableresettlement conditions.•The Akosombo Dam increased substantially theconditions for the spread of schistosomiasis.
Effects of the DamThe dam has helped Ghana in many ways but things did not turn out the way they expected:• Valco was still importing alumina from Jamaica and using none of Ghana’s bauxite.• It did not has to pay a tax on the alumina it imported.• Lake volta was not being used for irrigation, or transport, or tourism.• Most of the rural areas in Ghana did not had any electricity!