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Hand tools and hand hazards ppt

Hand Tools and Hand Hazards

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Hand tools and hand hazards ppt

  1. 1. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands
  2. 2. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Have you stopped to consider the importance of your hands? How miserable we would be without them!
  3. 3. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Statistics show that hands are the part of the body most exposed to injuries  Statistics shows that 30-35% of injuries are hand related  Most of our activities are carried out using our hands  Most people are right handed but injuries occur evenly to both hands  Hands can be an “improper tool” without correct PPE and risk analysis
  4. 4. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Using The Wrong Hand Tool • A test hole was drilled into a reinforced concrete slab. • The hand drill bit got stuck within the first 30 cm of concrete. • After unsuccessful trials to remove the drill stem with a ring type spanner, a pipe was added to the handle of the spanner in order to increase the torque. • Suddenly the handle of the spanner broke, cutting the glove and the worker’s left hand between the first two fingers (five stitches needed: RWI). • Cause • Inappropriate tool used to retrieve the drill stem • Reinforced concrete is a major obstacle for the penetration of the hand drill bit, especially due to the metal rods of the reinforcements.
  5. 5. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Hand Positioning • A couple of guys are pushing a forklift having problems moving on gravel • The driver opens the door to better see the surface in front of the forklift • The forklift suddenly jumps forward, and the left hand of one of the guys slides between the door and the cab • The sudden movement also causes the cab door to closes trapping the worker’s finger • Result is a broken finger
  6. 6. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Improper positioning of hands using tools • While conducting maintenance work on an out of service exchanger using a torque gun, two fitters were removing stud bolts from it's end cover. • When nearing completion of the task, one of the fitter’s fingers was pinched against the exchanger shell. • Due to the force of the torque gun (approximately 4 bar), the tip of the finger was amputated.
  7. 7. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Hand Positioning PINCH POINT Main Lessons Learned • Recognize potential pinch-points ! • Maintain hands and fingers in defensive position !
  8. 8. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Reconstruction • Two workers were adjusting the spring in the balance system of an overhead door. Hand Tools & Hands Beware Of Compressed Energy! • One worker, standing on a ladder, planned to adjust the spring force by moving the spring retainer in the axial direction. • There were two bolts securing the spring retainer. The worker assumed that one of the bolts was secured in the groove of the shaft so that it was safe to loosen the bolts. • When unscrewing the second bolt the spring retainer started spinning. • One of the retaining bolts struck the right middle finger of the worker thereby cutting the middle finger joint.
  9. 9. Hwawndw .Tdoisoclosu &n tHppaen.dcsom Hazard Recognition Beware Of Compressed Energy! • Cause • Uncontrolled release of the spring’s tension. • Working on a spring actuated balance system without fully understanding the operating principle. Main Lessons Learned • Be cautious for systems with internal energy; improve awareness through refresher training • Working on spring balance systems can only be done by workers trained for the task • Perform a Job Safety Analysis/Task Risk Analysis or develop dedicated procedures before starting specialized jobs like this.
  10. 10. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Using Hand Tool Wrongly • Operator was manually lining-up flows for steaming the feed/fractionation section of a manufacturing unit. • When he started Reconstruction opening the valve with a valve wrench, he pinched his third finger of left hand between the wrench and a nearby work platform. • He required medical attention due to the intense pain in the finger. • Further exams confirmed that he had suffered a fracture at the tip of his third finger.
  11. 11. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Using Hand Tools/Hands Wrongly Main Lessons Learned • Improve valve ergonomics – rearrange valve positions/height of wheels or types if needed Reconstruction • Assess position of your hands – look for potential pinch-points • Don’t misuse your hands as inappropriate tools, don’t put them in the line of fire, assure adequate hand space and use hand protection
  12. 12. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Using Hand Tools Wrongly & No Protection Reconstruction • Electrical technician (contractor) cut his left hand (upper side) while he was cutting in the insulation of an electrical cable. • The cable was 24 years old and therefore the insulation was very rigid. • During cutting the insulation the knife slipped and cut the top side of the worker's hand. • Direct Cause: • Wrong working method • Cutting towards the body • Using the wrong tools
  13. 13. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Using Hand Tools Wrongly & No Protection • Root Cause: Risk analysis LTA. • Preventive measures and defensive working method where not recognized. • Third Party Company had the right tools but did not enforce the use. – A safe cutting tool – Protective hand ware – Knowledge Reconstruction of the risk
  14. 14. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Actions to Avoid Hand Injuries  Exhibit the right behavior: • Use your hands only for activities for which your hands are suitable tools! Reconstruction You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. • Always think about the unforeseen, are you able to let go or retrieve your hands if needed? • Protect your hands as much as possible, a plant in the UK has a policy that everybody wears gloves when they are out in the plant. It’s obvious that for some activities it’s more difficult (e.g. Small instrumentation, electrical wires) • Don’t use your hands as levers or put your hands were they can be squeezed/injured like at one of our plants where a person was trying to maneuver a tankroof on top of the tank and put his hand in between the roof and the tank. This is POP (Poor Operational Practice)!
  15. 15. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Actions to Avoid Hand Injuries  Choose the right PPE: You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. • There are many different types of gloves – protect yourself with gloves suitable for the particular job being performed • When you start any new activity (different tool, temperature, product) re-assess glove suitability • Any doubts, ask the Safety Advisor or Industrial Hygienist
  16. 16. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Actions to Avoid Hand Injuries You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely.  Check adequacy of your hand tools before starting work: • Were they designed to perform this task? • Are they strong enough? • Are they reliable, in good condition, is the tag in date? • If motor driven, are there any unusual noises, vibrations?
  17. 17. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Actions to Avoid Hand Injuries Hand Tools & Hands  Adopting defensive work behavior by: You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. • Using Last Minute Risk Assessment before starting • Assuring that you can always see your hands while working – Are you sure that nearby equipment (especially moving equipment and/or tools) can’t become a “hand trap”? – Have you positioned yourself and your hands out of the “line of fire”? – Are you ensuring that you don’t apply excessive force?
  18. 18. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Actions to Avoid Hand Injuries  Intervene if you see anything wrong: You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. • Remember your training: what are the risks you face and how do you prevent them from hurting your colleagues. Dare To Care!!!
  19. 19. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Control Your Hand Tools  Sharp Tools: You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. • Use intrinsically safe tools in which the knife blade is hidden in an enclosure such that your hands cannot be exposed to it • Carry and store tools with sharp points or edges down and away from the body whenever possible. Use protective covers • Do not hold work object in hand when using sharp tool • When using a knife, or other sharp tool, push away from your hands and body
  20. 20. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Control Your Hand Tools  Tool Handling: • Do not throw tools • Keep them out of aisles and walkways • Secure your tools so they can’t fall You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely. Focus on hands is what we expect but don’t forget to protect the other parts of your body as well.
  21. 21. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands Control Your Hand Tools  Use the right tool in the right way: • Never hammer with any tool except a hammer (and no rubber handles which can become loose!) • In use, always hold a spanner/wrench such that your hands will not strike against objects if the wrench slips or the bolt loosens • When pulling on spanner/wrench, anticipate body movement backwards - consider using flogging spanner and mallet • When tightening with a screwdriver, keep your free hand away from the screw You rely on your hands; They rely on your attention to working safely.
  22. 22. www.discountppe.com Hazard Recognition Hand Tools & Hands NO HAND INJURIES! Select the right tool Check hand tools reliability Use the right tool the right way Adopt defensive behavior Be cautious near sharp tools Perform a last minute risk assessment SUMMARIZING... Don’t misuse your hands as inappropriate tools Put your hand in safe places

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