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Literary Terms Powerpoint Presentation


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These are the most common literary terms taught in introductory English courses. If you master these, you will perform well in any high school or college English class you take. I look forward to working with you on these.

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Literary Terms Powerpoint Presentation

  1. 1. Literary Terms Mr. Brightman & Mr. Bray With help from the Pre-AP Guide
  2. 2. Alliteration <ul><li>The practice of beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same sound. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The twisting trout twinkled below.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Allusion <ul><li>A reference to a mythological, literary, or historic person, place, or thing. </li></ul><ul><li>“ He met his Waterloo.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Assonance <ul><li>The repetition of accented vowel sounds in a series of words. </li></ul><ul><li>The words “cry” and “side” have the same vowel sound, so if you used them together they would be in assonance. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Consonance <ul><li>The repetition of a consonant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect. </li></ul><ul><li>“ And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds.” </li></ul><ul><li>The “d” sound is in consonance as well as the “s” sound. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hyperbole <ul><li>A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The shot heard ‘round the world.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Imagery <ul><li>Words or phrases a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings, and ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Metaphor <ul><li>A comparison of two unlike things not using “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Time is money.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mood <ul><li>The atmosphere or predominant emotion in a literary work. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Motivation <ul><li>A circumstance or set of circumstances that prompts a character to act in a certain way or that determines the outcome of a situation or work. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>The use of words that mimic the sounds they describe. When onomatopoeia is used on an extended scale in a poem, it is called imitative harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hiss,” “buzz,” and “bang.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Oxymoron <ul><li>A form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression. </li></ul><ul><li>“ sweet sorrow” or “cold fire” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Paradox <ul><li>When the elements of a statement contradict each other. Although the statement may appear illogical, impossible, or absurd, it turns out to have a coherent meaning that reveals a hidden truth. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Much madness is divinest sense.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Personification <ul><li>A kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas human characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The wind cried in the dark.” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pun <ul><li>A play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have a sharply diverse meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>When Mercutio is bleeding to death in Romeo and Juliet , he says to his friends, “Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find a grave man.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Rhyme <ul><li>The repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem. </li></ul><ul><li>End Rhyme, Internal Rhyme, and Slant Rhyme are all different types of rhyme. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sarcasm <ul><li>The use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it. </li></ul><ul><li>“ As I fell down the stairs headfirst, I heard her say, ‘Look at that coordination.’” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Shift or Turn <ul><li>The change or movement in a piece resulting from epiphany, realization, or insight gained by the speaker, a character, or the reader. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Simile <ul><li>A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words “like” or “as.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The warrior fought like a lion.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Symbol <ul><li>Any object, person, place, or action that has both a meaning in itself and that stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, attitude, belief, or value. </li></ul><ul><li>The land turtle in Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wraith suggests or reflects the toughness and resilience of the migrant workers. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Theme <ul><li>The central message of a literary work, which can be expressed in a word or two: courage, survival, war, pride, etc. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Tone <ul><li>The writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject, character, or audience and it is conveyed through the author’s choice of words and detail. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Understatement <ul><li>The opposite of hyperbole. It is a kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I could probably manage to survive on a salary of two million dollars per year.” </li></ul>