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Drama terms


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Drama terms

  1. 1. Drama Terms
  2. 2. 1. Act--one of the main divisions of a play. 2. Antagonist--a person who opposes the hero of a drama 3. Aside--a dramatic convention by which an actor directly addresses the audience but it is not supposed to be heard by the other actors on the stage. 4. Climax--the highest point of dramatic interest, the turning point in a play 5. Comic relief--relief from emotions or tension or seriousness; humor 6. Conflict--a controversy or struggle between the protagonist and the antagonist 7. Dialogue--a conversation between two or more persons
  3. 3. 8. Drama—a play that usually tells a story, involving conflicts and emotions through action and dialogue 9. Dramatic irony--irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play 10. Dramatis personae/cast--the list of characters in a play; also the characters in a play 11. Falling Action--the part in the play that occurs after the climax of the plot and the conflict is resolved 12. Fourth wall--the imaginary divide that separates the audience from the performance space 13. Monologue--an uninterrupted speech delivered by one person directed to the audience
  4. 4. 14. Playwright--a person who crafts a play 15. Props--all of the items used in a play to tell the story not including the scenery or costumes, the short form of "Properties”. 16. Protagonist--the leading character, hero, of a drama. 17. Pun--a humorous use of words to emphasize or suggest different meanings 18. Rehearsal—performance of the play before presentation to an audience. 19. Rising Action--related series of incidents in the plot that build towards the highest point of interest 20. Scene--a smaller division of an act of a play, according to setting
  5. 5. 21. Screenplay--a drama script written for TV or film. 22. Script--the words, the stage directions, the cast of characters, etc. of a play. 23. sets/flats—constructions of scenery/backdrops where the drama takes place 24. Setting--the time or place in which the action of a play takes place 25. sound effects--audio effects other than music or speech that are enhanced or artificially created for the play, which occur on cue during the performance or can be added in post-production 26. Stage Directions--instructions written into the script of a play, blocking, dialect, lighting, etc. 27. Stage Manager—person responsible for the props and getting actors on stage at the right time. 28. Stereotype--a stock character easily recognized 29. Suspense--the excitement felt at the height of a play 30. Theme--the real subject of the drama
  6. 6. Types of Drama 1. Comedy—a light and amusing play with a happy ending 2. Fantasy–a make-believe play that could not possibly exist 3. Farce—A highly comic, light-hearted drama, usually involving stock situations and characters and based on a far-fetched humorous situation. 4. Folk play— a play about such folk legends and heroes as Robin Hood, Saint George and the Dragon, etc. or a certain group/nationality of people 5. Melodrama—a dramatic form that exaggerates emotion and emphasizes plot or action at the expense of characterization 6. miracle and mystery plays--plays that depicted stories about the life of Christ and saints or stories from the Bible to encourage religious devotion 7. morality play--medieval drama designed to teach a lesson. The characters were often allegorical and represented virtues or faults.
  7. 7. 8. Musical—the story is told not only through dialogue and acting but through music and dance. Musicals are often comedic, although many do involve serious subject matter. Most involve a large cast and lavish sets and costumes. 9. Pantomime—not really a play without words, but a British Christmas musical, usually silly and involving the main character to be cross-dressed 10. Radio play—a play meant to be heard, not seen; usually different voices and sound effects add to the performance. 11. Satire—something meant to make fun of human nature, politics, or a particular person
  8. 8. 12. Slapstick—literally, two hinged wooden slats attached to a handle. When the device strikes a person, a loud smack is heard. The term refers to any comedy that features physical, often abusive, pranks, puns, and pratfalls. 13. Teledrama—a drama written to be presented on film 14. Tragedy—a play in which the protagonist is overcome by conflict