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Figures Of Speech


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Figures Of Speech (The major one's )

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Figures Of Speech

  1. 1. Figures Of Speech :- A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways. Literary devices are ways of using words imaginatively to make writing more descriptive and colourful.
  2. 2. Examples :- 1. She is a night owl. 2. Her teddy bear was her best friend, never telling her secrets. 3. The sun is a golden ball. 4. The wheels of justice turn slowly. 5. At night the lake is a wide silence, without imagination.
  3. 3. Simile A simile is a figure of speech that compares two things that are alike in some way. To help you identify a simile, know that the words “like” or “as” are typically used.
  4. 4. Examples :- 1. "as blind as a bat" indicating that the person cannot see any better than a bat. 2. She is as thin as a toothpick.
  5. 5. Oxymoron Is two contradictory terms used together. Small crowd Loosely Bound Well known Secret Kind Cruelty bittersweet act naturally
  6. 6. litotes Consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.
  7. 7. Alliteration It is the repetition of beginning sounds. “Sally sells seashells.” "good as gold”
  8. 8. Anaphora Is a technique where several phrases or verses begin with the same word or words. We laughed, we loved, we sang
  9. 9. Assonance It is the repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close together . It is used to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences.
  10. 10. Metonymy The definition of a metonymy is a figure of speech in which one thing is replaced with a word closely associated with it. referring to the King as "the Crown."
  11. 11. The word "wheels" refers to a vehicle. "Milk" is commonly used to refer to cow's milk when, in reality there are many sources of milk.
  12. 12. Synecdoche vs Metonymy  they both use a word or phrase to represent something else. They could also both be considered metaphors because the word or words used are not taken literally.  A synecdoche uses part for the whole or the whole for a part.  A metonymy is a substitution where a word or phrase is used in place of another word or phrase. A good example is the phrase “The pen is mightier than the sword.” The word “pen” substitutes for written work, and the word “sword” substitutes for violence or warfare.
  13. 13. Figure of repetition that occurs when the last word or set of words in one sentence, clause, or phrase is repeated one or more times at the end of successive sentences, clauses, or phrases.
  14. 14.  government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth." - -Abraham Lincoln,
  15. 15. Antithesis The placing of a sentence or one of its parts against another to which it is opposed to form a balanced contrast of ideas, as in “Give me liberty or give me death.”. Antithesis can be used in many different contexts; but, the common thread is that it contains two contrasting ideas.
  16. 16. Examples :- • To err is human; to forgive divine. • Speech is silver, but silence is gold. • John Milton in “Paradise Lost” says: “Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heav’n.” • Give me some sunshine, Give me some rain, Give me another chance I wanna grow up once again. - Swanand Kirkire
  17. 17.  A play on words, either on different senses of the same word or on the similar sense or sound of different words. Ask for me tomorrow and you shall / Find me a grave man. William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet The adjective “grave” means serious or un- funny. The noun “grave” refers to the place where the dead are buried. In this quote, Mercutio is saying that he will die tomorrow and he is quite serious about it!
  18. 18. Euphemism Is a word or phrase that replaces a word or phrase to make it more polite or pleasant. Examples :- Passed away instead of died Homeless instead of bum Between jobs instead of unemployed Domestic engineer instead of maid.
  19. 19. ONOMATOPOEIA It is a word that sounds like what it is describing. The use of words (such as hiss or murmur) that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Buzz Click
  20. 20. Hyperbole Uses exaggeration for emphasis or effect. A statement is made emphatic by over statement. All the perfumes of Arabia / Will not sweeten this little hand.
  21. 21. Irony Is using words where the meaning is the opposite of their usual meaning. Examples :- The titanic was said to be sinked . After begging for a cat and finally getting one , she found that she was allergic .
  22. 22. Personification Is giving human qualities to non-living things or ideas. Snowflakes danced
  23. 23. An allusion is a reference, either direct or indirect, to a well-known person, place or event.
  24. 24. Understatement when something is said to make something appear less important or less serious. The tsunami caused some damage - referring to a huge tsunami
  25. 25. Climax Figure of repetition in which words or phrases or sentences are arranged in order of increasing intensity or importance, often in parallel construction; words or phrases arranged by degrees of increasing significance. What a piece of work is man!.How noble in reason ,how infinite in faculties ! In action , how like an angel !
  26. 26. Paradox In which a statement appears to contradict itself. An oxymoron puts opposite words together, a paradox puts opposite ideas together. The child is father of the man. William Wordsworth, “The Rainbow” When a man is old, his son or daughter needs to take care of him. The child thus becomes a “parent” to his or her own parent.
  27. 27. CHIASMUS A verbal pattern (a type of antithesis) in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed.
  28. 28. • "Eat to live, not live to eat" - Attributed to Socrates. • "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country." John F. Kennedy. • "You win to play, and you play to win." • "Mankind must put an end to war or war will put an end to mankind."
  29. 29. Apostrophe In which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and capable of understanding. O Death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? (The narrator is talking to death and the grave as if they are people who can hear him)