José Rizal was a very prolific writer froma young age. When he was 7 years old, hewrote a play that was staged during thetown fiesta At 8 Rizal wrote his renowned poementitled "Sa Aking Mga Kabata" During his time in Ateneo and UST hewrote numerous poems, plays, and otherliterary pieces; he joined contests andemerged as the winner several times
As leader of the reform movement ofFilipino students in Spain, hecontributed essays, allegories, poems,and editorials to the Spanishnewspaper La Solidaridad in Barcelona(inthis case Rizal used a pen name,Dimasalang and Laong Laan). The core of his writings centers onliberal and progressive ideas of individualrights and freedom; specifically, rights forthe Filipino people.
• Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not ) – dedicated to the Motherland – Published in Berlin, Germany in 1887.• El Filibusterismo (Treason) – dedicated to GOMBURZA – Published in Ghent, Belgium in 1891.• Makamisa – 1891 unfinished
• Sa Aking Mga Kabata – first poem, written when he was eight years old, urging love of native language.• Mi Primera Inspiraccion (My First Inspiration) – written in Ateneo, dedicated to his mother.• A La Juventud Filipina (To The Filipino Youth) – won first prize, written at the age of 18 when he was in UST.• Ultimo Adios (Last Farewell) – written at his death cell in Fort Santiago on the eve of his execution.
Rizal was a leader in the PropagandaMovement, contributing numerous articles to itsnewspaper, La Solidaridad. Jose Rizal was recognized as the great novelist ofthe Propaganda Movement with his books Noli MeTangere and El Filibusterismo. He is considered to be the most outstandingPropagandist due to the great impact his novels haddone on the development of a Filipino nationalconsciousness. Jose Rizal was the Propaganda Movement’s mostbrilliant figure and his writings had a wide impact inthe Philippines.
"Mi último adiós" (Spanish for "My Last Farewell") - Filipino (José Gatmaitan): "Hulíng Paalam“- is a poem written by Philippine national hero Dr JoséRizal on the eve of his execution on 30 December1896. This poem was one of the last notes he wrotebefore his death; another that he had written wasfound in his shoe but because the text wasillegible, its contents remains a mystery.
Rizal did not ascribe a title to his poem. MarianoPonce, his friend and fellow reformist, titled it MiÚltimo Pensamiento (My Last Thought) in the copieshe distributed, but this did not catch on. "On the afternoon of Dec. 29, 1896, a day before hisexecution, Dr. Jose Rizal was visited by hismother, Teodora Alonzo, sistersLucia, Josefa, Trinidád, Maria and Narcisa, and twonephews. When they took their leave, Rizal toldTrinidád in English that there was something in thesmall alcohol stove (cocinilla), not alcohol lamp(lamparilla).
The stove was given to Narcisa by the guard when the partywas about to board their carriage in the courtyard. Athome, the Rizal ladies recovered from the stove a foldedpaper. On it was written an unsigned, untitled and undatedpoem of 14 five-line stanzas. The Rizals reproduced copies ofthe poem and sent them to Rizals friends in the country andabroad. In 1897, Mariano Ponce in Hong Kong had the poem printedwith the title "Mi Ultimo Pensamiento." Fr. MarianoDacanay, who received a copy of the poem while a prisoner inBilibid (jail), published it in the first issue of La Independencia onSept. 25, 1898 with the title "Ultimo Adios"."
Jose Rizal expresses his willingness to die for hismotherland and bids farewell to hiscountry, family, friends and love ones. He also asksthem to pray for all those who died and suffered, andbe thankful for he will be in a better place to rest.