Rizal’s Many-Sided Personality “Rizal was the greatest product of the Philippines and his coming to the world was like the appearance of a rare comet, whose rare brilliance appears only every other century.” -Prof. Ferdinand BlumentrittA L S
Rizal’s Many-Sided Personality “Rizal’s many-sidedness was stupendous.” -Dr. Adolf B. MeyerA L S
Rizal’s Many-Sided Personality “Versatile genius.” -Dr. Camilo Osias His precocity since early boyhood turned into versatility in later years. Being curious and inquisitive, he developed a rare facility of mastering varied talents, skills, subjects and occupations.A L S
Rizal’s Talents and Skills Well-documented studies show that Dr. Jose Rizal was a polymath, with the ability to master various skills and subject.A L S
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Actor He acted as a character in one of Juan Luna’s paintings and acted in school dramas.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Agriculturist Rizal had farms in Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte (1892-1896) where he planted lanzones, coconuts and other fruit-bearing trees.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Ambassador Of Good Will His friendliness, goodwill and cultural associations with friends entitled him as one.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Animal Lover As a small boy, Rizal loved animals including birds, fish, insects, and other specimens of animal life. Fowls, rabbits, dogs, horses, and cats constituted his favorites.
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsAs much as possible, he did not wish fowlsto be killed even for food, and showeddispleasure in being asked to eat thecooked animal. The family garden inCalamba abounded with insects galore andbirds native to the Calamba environs. Hewrote about and sketched animals of theplaces he had toured.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Anthropologist He made researches on the physical and social make up of man.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Archeologist Rizal studied monuments and antique currency everywhere he went. He drew most of the monuments he saw.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Ascetic Rizal always practiced self-discipline wherever he went.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Book lover He had a big library and brought many books abroad.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Botanist Rizal maintained a garden in Dapitan where he planted and experimented on plants of all kinds.
This the Dao tree where Dr. Jose Rizal himself planted and nurtured.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Businessman He had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca business there (1892-1896). One of his profitable business venture was the hemp industry.
Rizal engaged in business in partnershipwith Ramon Carreon on May 14, 1893, aDapitan Merchant which has a profitablebusiness ventures in fishing, copra, andhemp industries. He invited his relativeSaturnina and Hidalgo to come toMindanao for some business opportunities.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Cartographer He drew maps of Dapitan, the Philippines and other places he visited.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Chess Player He played chess and bear several Germans and European friends and acquaintances.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Citizen of the world His extensive travels and multitude of friends in Europe, Middle East and Asia made him one.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Commentator Rizal always expresses and publishes his personal opinion.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Conchologist He had a good shell collection in Dapitan. Because of this, an American conchologist praised him.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Dramatist He acted in school dramas.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Economist He knew how to allot his scarce resources.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Educator Rizal taught in his special school in Dapitan.
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsHis exile in Dapitan gave him the opportunity toput into practice his educational ideas. In1893, he established a school which existed untilthe end of his exile in July 1896. It began withthree pupils and in the course of time theenrollment increased to 16 and later 21. In hisletter to Blumentritt on March 13, Rizal said thathe had 16 pupils in his school and these pupilsdid not pay any tuition.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Essayist - Reminiscence of a Student in Manila (his first essay) - The Philippines a Century Hence (prophesied the downfall of Spain in Asia)
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Ethnologist - In his travels, Rizal was able to compare different races and he noted the differences.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills- He became a member of BerlinEthnological and Anthropological Societywhile under the patronage of the famouspathologist Rudolf Virchow.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills“What moral right has the white man tolook down on the men who have similarthoughts, studies and abilities as theyjust because their skin is brown or theirnose is flat?”
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Farmer His total land holdings reached 70 hectares containing 6,000 hemp plants, 1,000 coconut trees, and numerous fruit trees, sugarcane, corn, coffee and cacao.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills "We cannot all be doctors; it isnecessary that there would be some to cultivate the soil."
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Father of community school He proposed college in Hong Kong and his special school in Dapitan made him a father of community schools.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Fencer He fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna and other friends in Europe. Fencing – a sport practiced at that time only by the ilustrados inteligencia
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Folklorist - “Specimen of Tagal Folklore”
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Freemason abroad He was member of La Solidaridad Lodge in Spain.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Geographer Title: Relief map of Mindanao Remarks: Made in Dapitan church plaza by the end of 1892 Title: Pacific Ocean spheres of influence Remarks: Made during the administration of Pres. Benjamin Harrison. Mentioned by Rizal in his Article "The Philippines a Century Hence", made in London in 1889.
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsTitle: Plan for modern college (front andside views)Remarks: Owned by Dr. L. L. R, apparentlyin Paris, 1872Title: The lake district of central LuzonRemarks: Mentioned in "Memorias de unEstudiante de Manila", 1872.
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsTitle: Plan of the waterworks in DapitanRemarks: Made with Father Sanchez, inDapitan, 1895Title: Sketch of the Lumanao Hill wherejewels were foundRemarks: Owned by Ateneo. Made in 1895
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Grammarian - “Estudios Sobre la Tagala” (a birthday gift for his former instructor, Father Sanchez who visited Rizal in Dapitan)
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Historian His annotation of Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas entitled him as one.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Horticulturist He experimented on and cultivated plants in Dapitan.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Humorist There are many humorous incidents in the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Ichthyologist He collected 38 new varieties of fish in Dapitan.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Inventor - He invented a cigarette lighter, which he called sulpakan, and sent it to Blumentritt in 1887 as a gift. - While in Dapitan, Rizal also invented a wooden machine for making bricks which turned out about 6,000 bricks daily.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Japanophile His admiration of Japanese traits and his knowledge of the Japanese language proved he was one.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Journalist He authored several published articles in Spanish and English.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Judoka Rizal was the first Filipino and Malay to have practiced and in fact, taught martial arts sport. Jiguro Kano taught him the “Way of Ju” which means the truth of the universe.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Laboratory worker He was employed in the clinic of Dr. L. Wecker in Paris.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Linguist He spoke over 22 languages including: Tagalog, Ilokano, Bisayan, Subanon, Spanish, Latin, Greek, English, French, German, Arabic, Malay, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Dutch, Catalan, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Swedish, and Russian.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Lover of truth He chided Spanish writers for not writing the truth about the Filipinos. He was always truthful since boyhood.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Musician He played the flute and composed pieces of music and cultivated music appreciation.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Mythologist Rizal used mythology in his Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo novels.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Nationalist He gave full expression of the native spirit strengthened by world civilization. He loved and defended everything Filipino.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Newspaperman He wrote and published articles in many publications and was one of the organizers of the La Solidaridad.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Novelist - Noli Me Tangere - El Filibusterismo
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Ophthalmologist - He graduated in an ophthalmologic college in Spain. - His mother who lost her eyesight in 1887, encouraged him to take advanced training in ophthalmology.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills- He apprenticed under Dr. Louis deWecker, a famous eye surgeon who can setin position crossed eyes in two minutes.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Orientalist Rizal admired the special characteristics and beauties of Oriental countries peoples.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Painter Title: Saturnina Rizal Material: Oil Remarks: Now in Rizal Shrine in Fort Santiago Title: Dapitan church curtains Material: Oil Remarks: Made in Dapitan, 1894
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsTitle: A painting on a pair of mother-of-pearlMaterial: OilRemarks: Shells painted by Rizal in Dapitanand given as a gift to Doña LeonorValenzuela and later passed into the handsof Doña Margarita ValenzuelaTitle: Spanish coat of armsMaterial: Water colorRemarks: Done during a fiesta of San Rafaelin Calamba in 1867
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsTitle: Allegory on a pair of porcelain basesof the new year celebrationMaterial: OilRemarks: Made in Berlin in 1886Title: Christ crucifiedMaterial: CrayonRemarks: 1875
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsTitle: Immaculate ConceptionMaterial: CrayonRemarks: Made in Manila, 1974Title: Portrait of MoraytaMaterial: CrayonRemarks: Made in Barcelona, 1885
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Pharmacologist Rizal treasured and popularized the usefulness and preparation of cures for treatment of his patients.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Philologist Rizal loved of learning and literature is unequalled.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Philosopher Rizal not only loved wisdom but also regulated his life and enjoyed calmness of the life at all time.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Physical culturist Rizal maintained a good health by exercising all parts of his body and eating proper foods.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Physician He treated several patients afflicted not only with eye diseases.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Plant lover As a child, Rizal spend most of his time in the family garden which was planted with fruit trees, shrubs and decorative trees. His diaries contained detailed description and sketches of plants, flowers and fruits he saw in the places he visited.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Poet Rizal wrote over 35 poems including his famous Mi Ultimo Adios, To The Philippines, Our Mother Tongue, Memories of My town, Hymn to Labor, Kundiman, A Poem That Has No Title, Song of Maria Clara, To the Philippines Youth, To Josephine, Education Gives Luster to the Motherland, To the Virgin Mary, Sa Aking mga Kabata and others.
Rizal’s Talents and SkillsHe wrote poems on flower he likes verymuch as his poems To the Flowers ofHeidelberg.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Politician Although Rizal did not engage in politics, he exposed the evils of the political activities of the Spaniards in the Philippines through his writing.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Polyglot Rizal spoke and wrote in 20 languages.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Proofreader In Germany, he worked as a part-time proofreader of his livelihood.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Propagandist As a reformer, Rizal encourages the recommendation of improving the government entities and discourages abuses on publishing articles.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Public relation man He worked for better cooperation of rulers and subjects in his country.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Reformer He published the modern methods of government administration, so changes could be made.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Researcher Being a wide reader, he compared the old and new practices in life.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Revolutionist Rizal encouraged reforms; discouraged old, impractical usage, and desired new and useful laws to benefit his countrymen. He desired changes for the better.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Rhetorician Rizal has always practiced the art of persuasive and impressive speaking and writing.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Romantic There were at least nine women linked with Rizal; namely Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga, O-Sei San, Gertrude Beckette, Nelly Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby and Josephine Bracken. These women might have been beguiled by his intelligence, charm and wit.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Sharp shooter He could hit a target 20 meters away.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Sinologist Rizal’s ancestry and his ability to speak Chinese made him one.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Sociologist In Rizal’s study of Philippines social problems, he always encouraged and introduced solutions.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Sodalist He always joined fraternities, associations and brotherhood, for self-improvement.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Sportsman He engaged from a surveying class at the Ateneo after passing his A. B. there.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Tourist He was considered the foremost tourist due to his extensive travels.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Translator - Christmas message (Hebrew to Spanish) - William Tell and Andersen Fairy Tales (German to Tagalog) - The Rights of Man (French to Tagalog) - Zend-Avesta (Arabic to Spanish)
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Traveler He traveled around the world three times.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Tuberculosis expert For having cured himself of this disease, he became and was recognized as an expert.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Universalist Rizal was the product of the very first synthesis between the civilizations of the East and the West. In his person embodied the ideals of the both.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Writer - Sa Aking Mga Kababata - To the Filipino Youth - The untitled Last Farewell
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Youth leader He considered the youth as "the hope of his Fatherland."
Rizal’s Talents and Skills• Zoologist - He was fond of pets. He researched later on their physiology, classification and habits. - A regular contributor of specimens of reptiles, mammals, birds, fish, insects, crustaceans and other invertebrates to the Dresden museum.
Rizal’s Talents and Skills- When he was an exile in Dapitan, hecollected different kinds of species ofanimals. Among there were the DracoRizali (Wandolleck), a specie of flyingdragon; Rachophorous Rizali (Boetger), ahithertho unknown specie of toad; andApogonia Rizali (Heller), a small beetle,which were later named after him.
Veneration Without Understanding Renato Constantino
Rizal and The Revolution• Ang pagtanggi ni Rizal sa pag-aaklas ng mga Pilipino laban sa gobyerno ng panahon na iyon.• Hindi pagpansin ng mga Pilipino sa pagtanggi ni Rizal sa Rebolusyon ng mga Katipunero• Sa mga Rizalista, si Rizal ay ginawang simbolo ng kalayaan ngunit hindi naman niya ninais na humiwalay sa pananakop ng Espanya.
An American-Sponsored Hero• Isang kamalian na ginagawa ng mga Pilipino ngayon ay ang pagsasamba ng husto sa mga ginawa ni Rizal na nakakalimot na natin ang mga taong talagang lumaban upang makamit ang kalayaan laban sa pananakop ng Espanya.• Si William Howard Taft ang nagparangal kay Rizal ng titulong pambansang bayani dahil sa kanyang edukasyon, katayuan sa buhay, at sa kanyang hindi paglaban sa gobyerno o sa mga sumasakop sa kanila.• Binigyang diin din ng mga Amerikano na si Rizal ay repormista at hindi seperatista.
The Role of Heroes• Kahit wala si Rizal ay may ibang tao ang magsisilbing ‘bayani’ o tagapagtulak sa iba na kumilos laban sa mga mananakop.• Maaaring napabilis niya ang takbo ng rebolusyon, ngunit• Kahit wala siya ay maipagpapatuloy pa rin ang paglaban ng mga Pilipino laban sa Espanya.• Kahit wala ang isang tao ay merong isang taong lalabas at gaganap ng layunin na iyon sa panahong iyon.
Innovation and Change• Material progress set the stage for cultural and social changes• Economic growth and Development• Abaca at Asukal• Ang mga pagbabagong ito ang naging sanhi ng pag-unlad ng komunikasyon at kalakalan sa Europe at sa Amerika.
The Ideological Framework• Hispanization• “equality with the peninsulares – not in the abstract, but in practical economic and political terms.”• “constituted the ideological expression of the economic motivations of affluent indios and mestizos.”• “He had to become a Spaniard first before becoming a Filipino.”• Si Rizal bilang isang ilustrado ay ginampanan niya yung mga layunin niya para sa bayan niya at sa mga kababayan niya.• At yung layunin niya ay gawing probinsya ng Espanya ang Pilipinas.
The Concept of Filipino Nationhood• Filipino - originally referred to the creoles.• Sila yung mga Espanyol na pinanganak sa Pilipinas.• Españoles-Filipinos or Filipinos.• Indios ang tawag sa mga katutubong Pilipino.• Natanggap ng mga idios ang pagka-Filipino dahil napatunayan nila na kapantay na nila ang mga Espanyol sa kultura at sa pag-aari.• “Rizal’s intellectual excellence paved the way for the winning of the name for the natives of the land.”
The “Limited” Filipino• Ang mga “limited” na Pilipino ay ang mga Pilipinong may mataas na antas ng edukasyon at mayaman.• Tunay na Pilipino- ang nakakawala na sa pananakop ng iba• Si Rizal ay nakuha ang karapatan sa para sa mga tao ng Pilipinas na gamitin ang terminong Pilipino bilang isang ilustradong nagsasalita para sa mga indio.• Si Rizal ay gusto ang kalayaan ngunit hindi sumusuporta sa paraan na pag-aaklas upang makamtan and kalayaan.• Si Rizal bilang modelo ng isang edukadong mamamayan.• Hangga’t hindi pa edukado at nakatatayo sasariling paa, hindi pa mainam ang “independence”
Precursors of Mendicancy• Ang hati pagitan ng mga mayayaman at ang mga masa. – Ang mga elite ay mataas ang tingin sa kanilang mga sarili na para sa kanila sila lamang ang maaring magsalita para sa mga tao. – Ang mga tao naman ay may sariling mga kagustuhan at sariling mga opinion, ito naman ay ikinagulat ng mga ilustrado sapagkat hindi nila matanggap na ang mga masa ay gumagawa o gumagalaw nang hindi na iniintay ang kanilang salita.
Ilustrados and Indios• Katipunan ni Bonifacio- ang kanilang pag-aaklas ay patunay ng kanilang kakayahang gumalaw sa sariling mga paa.• Mas unang nakaaangat ang mga indio kumpara sa mga ilustrado.• Ang mga nagawa ni Rizal ay naging importante at kinakailangang pangyayari para sa ebolusyon ng Pilipinas.• Kailangang mailagay sa tamang lugar bilang isang dakilang Pilipino si Rizal. Dapat nang makita na si Rizal ay hindi ang nakapagbigay ng pinakadakilang aksyon para sa kadakilaan ng bansa.• Ang naibahagi ng bawat bayani ay hindi nababaliwala ngunit may tamang puwang sa pagdevelop ng isang bayan.
Blind Adoration• Ang paghanga sa bayani ay dapat makasaysayan at dapat may pinagbabasihan.
Limitations of Rizal• Si Rizal ay may limitasyon sapagkat siya’y nabuhay sa panahon kung kailan may pananakop na hindi tulad ngayon.• Maaring magamit ang mga sinabi ni Rizal dati sapagkat may mga aspeto sa buhay ng mga Pilipino ngayon na parehas pa din mula noon ngunit hindi lahat.
The Negation of Rizal• Bagong bayani ay kailangan. At nang hindi na umasa kay Rizal lamang.• Ang tunay na bayani ay kabilang sa mga masa at hindi nakatataas.