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  1. 1. Cartoons
  2. 2. What is a cartoon? Animation or animated cartoon is the optical illusion of motion created by the consecutive display of images of static elements. The pictures are shown at the rate of 24 pictures per second, making the pictures appear to move.
  3. 3. Example You have some pictures
  4. 4. Example If you put these pictures in a sequence and in a determined rate they will appear to move .
  5. 5. When did it start? The first examples of trying to capture motion into a drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are showed with multiple legs giving a sense of motion.
  6. 6. The first animated cartoon was created by Frenchman Émile Reynaud , inventor of the praxinoscope, an animation system using loops of 12 pictures. On October 28, 1892 at Musée Grévin in Paris, France. The first animated cartoon on standard picture film was Fantasmagorie by the French director Émile Courtet (also called Émile Cohl ), projected for the first time on August 17, 1908 at Théâtre du Gymnase One of the very first successful animated cartoons was " Gertie the Dinosaur " by Winsor McKay . It is considered the first example of true character animation
  7. 9. Styles of Cartoons Traditional Animation Computer Animation Anime
  8. 10. Styles of Cartoons Traditional Animation Traditional animation, sometimes also called cel animation or hand-drawn animation, is the oldest and historically the most popular form of animation. In a traditionally-animated cartoon, each frame is drawn by hand.
  9. 11. Styles of Cartoons Traditional Animation Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was the first animated feature film. It was produced by Walt Disney Productions, on December 21, 1937.
  10. 12. Traditional Animation Other Animated Features 1940 - Pinocchio 1940 - Fantasia 1941 - Dumbo 1942 - Bambi 1950 - Cinderella 1951 – Alice in Wonderland 1953 - Peter Pan 1955 – Lady and the Tramp 1959 – Sleeping Beauty 1961 - One Hundred and One Dalmatians 1989 – The Little Mermaid 1991 - Beauty and the   Beast   1992 - Aladdin   1994 – The Lion King 2002 – Lilo  &  Stitch
  11. 13. Styles of Cartoons Computer Animation Computer animation is the art of creating moving images via the use of computers. Nowadays it is created by means of 3D computer graphics, though 2D computer graphics are still used.
  12. 14. Styles of Cartoons Computer Animation Toy Story was the first completely computer-animated movie released by Disney in 1995.
  13. 15. Computer Animation Other Computer Features 2001 - Shrek 2002 - Ice Age 2003 - Finding Nemo 2004 - The Incredibles 1998 - Antz 2001 - Monsters, Inc.
  14. 16. Some of the Famous Animation StudioS
  15. 17. Hanna Barbera The original Hanna-Barbera company was founded in 1944 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) animation directors William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. Now Cartoon Network Studios is the successor to Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. See now some of the notable productions.
  16. 19. Nelvana Nelvana is a Canadian company that produces children's animation and other series. It is named after a Canadian super heroine. It is now part of Corus Entertainment. See now some of the notable productions.
  17. 21. Walt Disney Walter Elias Disney was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator. One of the most famous motion picture producers in the world. Today, the corporation is known as The Walt Disney Company. He and his staff created a number of the world's most popular animated characters, including Disney's most famous, Mickey Mouse. See now some of the notable productions.
  18. 23. Warner Bros . Warner Bros. Entertainment is one of the world's largest producers of film and television entertainment. The company prefers that its name be spelled "Warner Bros.", not "Warner Brothers". The corporate name honors the four founding Warner brothers, Harry Warner, Albert Warner , Sam Warner and Jack L. Warner.
  19. 25. MTV Productions MTV: Music Television is a young adult cable TV network located in New York City. MTV originally devoted to music videos, but later abandoned music, and became an option for a variety of different material for adolescents and young adults. See now some of the notable productions.
  20. 27. DiC Entertainment DiC Entertainment (pronounced "deek") is a film production company which was created in 1971 by Jean Chalopin in Luxembourg, as a subsidiary of Radio-Television Luxembourg. See now some of the notable productions.
  21. 29. Marvel Productions Marvel Productions was a television and film studio located in Los Angeles, California. Originally an animation studio. See now some of the notable productions.
  22. 31. Filmation Filmation Associates was an American company that produced animated cartoons for television during the later half of the 20th century. It was founded in 1963 and, like other U.S studios, was based in California. See now some of the notable productions.
  23. 33. Film Roman Film Roman develop and produces animation for Television. See now some of the notable productions.
  24. 35. Other Companies Let’s see now other famous cartoons from different Animation Studios.
  25. 37. Styles of Cartoons Anime History Anime (Japanese: アニメ ) is a style of animated cartoon originating in Japan, that visually differs from other forms of animation. The stories are normally fictional. Anime is broadcast on television, distributed on DVDs, or included in video-games and computer games. Anime is influenced by Japanese comic books known as “manga”. The history of anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese filmmakers experimented with the animation techniques what were being explored in America. During the 1970s, anime developed, separating itself from the american roots. In the 1980s, anime was accepted by the general public in Japan, and became a boom in production. In the 1990s and 2000s it became succesful in other countries.
  26. 38. Styles of Cartoons Anime History The Japanese term for animation is アニメーション ( animēshon , pronounced: /ɑnimɛːʃɔn/), written in katakana (one of the four Japanese writing systems. The others are hiragana, kanji and rōmaji) .It is a direct transliteration of the English term "animation." The Japanese term is abbreviated as アニメ ( anime , pronounced: /ɑnimɛ/. Both the original and abbreviated forms are valid in Japanese, but the abbreviated form is more commonly used. There’s a theory that the word comes from the French animé ("animated") and pronounced "ah nee MAY", but the Japanese deny this theory. See now some of the notable productions.
  27. 40. Quiz
  28. 41. Quiz Which of the following heroes says: “I have the power”? Superman Lion He-man
  29. 42. Quiz Which of the following cartoons has a character who always says: “Try to take over the world ” Johnny Bravo The Brain The Venger
  30. 43. Quiz Which cartoon has characters with names of Planets? Justice League Sailor Moon Captain Planet
  31. 44. Quiz Which of the following cartoon has a Nanny in it? Tiny Toons Muppet Babies Digimon
  32. 45. Quiz In this cartoon there is a little girl called “Penny”, which cartoon is it? Teen Titans Rugrats Inspector Gadget
  33. 46. Quiz You can learn a lot about the Greek Mythology by watching this cartoon. Pokémon Knights of the Zodiac Digimon
  34. 47. Quiz This cartoon has an episode about Brazil. The Simpsons The Addams Family Aladdin
  35. 48. Quiz The characters in this cartoon have an abandoned red caboose for a clubhouse. Muppet Babies Gummi Bears The Get Along Gang
  36. 49. Quiz The enemy in this cartoon is called “ Mumm-Ra ” She-ra Thundercats Tennage Mutant Ninja Turtles
  37. 50. Quiz There is an unicorn as a pet in this cartoon. Dungeons & Dragons The Littles Rugrats
  38. 51. Quiz This cartoon has two editions, the second one is called evolution. X-men Sailor Moon Doug
  39. 52. Quiz The characters in this cartoon live on a cloud . Care Bears My Little Pony Garfield
  40. 53. That ’ s All Folks