SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Successful
Learning EarlyEDUCATION IN FINLAND
 I want to provide a service to the students I teach, offering
them a multitude of learning opportunities in my classroom.
That stems from believing that they can succeed, despite our
society’s current emphasis on data collection and testing.
 I believe that Finland is succeeding in providing quality
education to its children without the pressure of testing.
 I want to instill some of those values in my classroom and
inspire others to do the same.
 I want to be a champion to my students, by doing my part to
follow in the footsteps of educational leaders.
MY RATIONALE
Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) is
Finland’s approach to schools and learning.
ECEC focuses on strong educational foundation early
on through interventions.
Heavy focus on quality of experience children
receive.
PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
 Finland scorns almost all standardized testing before the age
of 16.
 ECEC discourages homework, which is seen as a violation of
children’s right to be children
 Children start school at the age of 7
 “The first six years are not about academic success. Its all
about finding your passion.” Pasi Sahlberg, Finnish educator.
 Finland is going against the tide of “global educational reform
movement,” which is based on core subjects, competition,
standardization, test-based accountability, and control
PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
 In the 1970s, Finland’s educational system was very similar to
that of the U.S.
 Mediocre and inequitable
 Top-down testing
 Extensive tracking
 Highly variable teachers
 Government Reboot/Economic Recovery Plan
 ALL teachers must have a government paid-for Master’s Degree
 96% of all teachers are unionized
 Highly desirable and respected field, along with doctors and lawyers
Anderson, “From Finland, an Intriguing School-Reform Model” New York Times
HISTORY OF REFORM
 In 2000, the first results of the Programme for International
Students Assessment (PISA) were published.
 The assessment is a standardized test given to 15 year-olds in
more than 40 “global venues”.
 Finnish youth were revealed to be the best young readers in
the world.
 In 2003, the Finnish youth led the pack in math.
 In 2006, Finland was in first science, out of 57 countries.
 The world began to take notice of their educational reform
methods, especially the US, whose scores barely changed in
more than ten years.
Hancock. “Educating Americans for the 21 st Century.” 2011. Smithsonian.com
HISTORY OF REFORM
SNAPSHOT OF PISA AND THE US
 ECEC has identified five policy levers that can encourage
quality education among young students:
 Policy Lever 1: Setting out quality goals and regulations.
 Policy Lever 2: Designing and implementing curriculum and
standards.
 Policy Lever 3: Improving qualifications, training and working
conditions.
 Policy Lever 4: Engaging families and communities.
 Policy Lever 5: Advancing data collection, research and monitoring.
CURRENT PRACTICES
 Finland has determined Policy Lever 3 their current policy
focus: improving qualifications, training and working
conditions.
 All of Finland’s 62,000 teachers will have a Master’s degree.
 Well educated staff are better able to create more effective work
environments and increase efficiency.
 Improved understanding of child development
 Improved problem solving and leadership skills.
 Strong lesson plans through collaboration.
 Continued professional development opportunities throughout
their career.
“Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland” OECD.com
CURRENT PRACTICES
 Early education is about finding one’s passion, not about
academic data collection.
 High regard for students’ well-being
 Students are not tracked or ability grouped
 Rejected the practice of holding back under-acheivers
 School after 16 becomes vocational training.
 Education is about preparing kids for life, “to serve as an
equalizing instrument for society.”
 Children should be children and play
 Finnish kids get 75 minutes of recess a day
 Mandated arts and crafts during the school day
CULTURAL VALUES
Indicator on child
outcomes
Value for Finland Minimum Value Maximum Value
Fertility Rate 1.86 Korea (1.15) Israel (2.96)
Enrollment in
formal care for the
under 3s
28.6 Czech Republic
(2.2)
Denmark (65,7)
Enrollment rate at
age 3
46.1 Netherlands (0.05) France (100)
Enrollment rate at
age 5
62.6 Turkey (50.9) Australia, France,
Ireland (100)
PISA Reading score 536 Mexico (425) Korea (539)
PISA Math score 541 Mexico (418) Korea (546)
PISA Science score 554 Mexico (415) Finland (554)
COMMUNITY INFLUENCES
 High qualification requirements for ECEC teaching staff.
 Professional development is mandatory for ECEC staff. The
costs for PD are split between government, employer and
individual.
 Teacher to student ratio is the lowest documented in the
OCED, Organization of Economic Co-operation and
Development, listed countries; currently 34.
 1:4 for zero to 3 year-olds
 1:7 for older children
 1:4 in family day care
“Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland”
STRENGTHS OF THE PROGRAM
 Finland is working against the norm by creating and
educational system that does not follow the global model of
standardized testing and data collection.
 One cannot argue that their success is based on their size and
relative homogeneity: Norway, Finland’s neighbor has similar
statistics and rates near the US on PISAs scoring rubric.
 Trying to replicate Finland’s education system here will not
work, due to the complex nature of education in general.
 The idea is to understand that children are more than just data in a
system but parts of the whole society.
 Understanding standardized testing has continuously failed to
improve the US’s test scores.
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES AND BUDGETS
 The US should put more emphasis on child centered learning.
 Understanding children’s developmental needs.
 Focus on arts and crafts and hands-on learning.
 Removal of most standardized testing practices (i.e. “teaching to the
test”)
 Understanding that our traditional methods have failed to
improve our education system.
 There should be more emphasis on societal success rather
than academia and university enrollment after high school.
 We, the US, can turn around our educational system and
create a successful environment that the world will take
notice of.
TAKEAWAYS
Abrams, S. “The Children Must Play.” January 28, 2011.
newrepublic.com
Anderson, J. “From Finland, an Intriguing School-Reform Model.”
New York Times. December 12, 2011.
Hancock, L. “Why are Finland’s Schools so Successful?”
September 2011. smithsonian.com.
Taguma, M. “Quality Matters in Early Childhood Educationa and
Care: Finland. 2012. oecd.com.
WORKS CITED

More Related Content

What's hot

Education In The Uk
Education In The UkEducation In The Uk
Education In The Uk
englishbites
 
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
Nalyn Ramirez
 
Education system in the UK
Education system in the UKEducation system in the UK
Education system in the UK
julia_martinez
 
Education in finland
Education in finlandEducation in finland
Education in finland
Amine Rida
 

What's hot (20)

The Education System of CANADA
The Education System of CANADAThe Education System of CANADA
The Education System of CANADA
 
British education
British educationBritish education
British education
 
editedversiongroup1:japan education system
editedversiongroup1:japan education systemeditedversiongroup1:japan education system
editedversiongroup1:japan education system
 
New china
New chinaNew china
New china
 
Education In The Uk
Education In The UkEducation In The Uk
Education In The Uk
 
History of educational policy making
History of educational policy makingHistory of educational policy making
History of educational policy making
 
Education
EducationEducation
Education
 
Sri lanka vs pakistan education system with documentaries
Sri lanka vs pakistan education system with documentariesSri lanka vs pakistan education system with documentaries
Sri lanka vs pakistan education system with documentaries
 
education in_finland (2)
 education in_finland (2) education in_finland (2)
education in_finland (2)
 
Education in uk and usa
Education in uk and usaEducation in uk and usa
Education in uk and usa
 
A Closer Look to the Educational Sytems of the World
A Closer Look to the Educational Sytems of the World A Closer Look to the Educational Sytems of the World
A Closer Look to the Educational Sytems of the World
 
Germany education system
Germany education systemGermany education system
Germany education system
 
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
 
Comparing educational system of finland
Comparing educational system of finlandComparing educational system of finland
Comparing educational system of finland
 
Education In Korea (Ppt)
Education In Korea (Ppt)Education In Korea (Ppt)
Education In Korea (Ppt)
 
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF FINLAND ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF FINLAND pptEDUCATION SYSTEM OF FINLAND ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF FINLAND ppt
 
Education system in the UK
Education system in the UKEducation system in the UK
Education system in the UK
 
Education in usa
Education in usaEducation in usa
Education in usa
 
Uk education system
Uk education systemUk education system
Uk education system
 
Education in finland
Education in finlandEducation in finland
Education in finland
 

Viewers also liked

Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Saint Petersburg (Russia)Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Adriana Nastase
 

Viewers also liked (17)

The Whiskey Rebellion
The Whiskey RebellionThe Whiskey Rebellion
The Whiskey Rebellion
 
The Rise of Hitler
The Rise of HitlerThe Rise of Hitler
The Rise of Hitler
 
The Virginia Colony
The Virginia ColonyThe Virginia Colony
The Virginia Colony
 
Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Saint Petersburg (Russia)Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Saint Petersburg (Russia)
 
Trump and Hitler Compared
Trump and Hitler ComparedTrump and Hitler Compared
Trump and Hitler Compared
 
Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)
Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)
Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)
 
Copernicus and Galileo: A Scientific Revolution
Copernicus and Galileo: A Scientific RevolutionCopernicus and Galileo: A Scientific Revolution
Copernicus and Galileo: A Scientific Revolution
 
Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning
Deductive vs Inductive ReasoningDeductive vs Inductive Reasoning
Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning
 
The Six Wives of Henry VIII
The Six Wives of Henry VIIIThe Six Wives of Henry VIII
The Six Wives of Henry VIII
 
The Road to Civil War (1850-1860)
The Road to Civil War (1850-1860)The Road to Civil War (1850-1860)
The Road to Civil War (1850-1860)
 
The Declaration of Independence (US History EOC Review)
The Declaration of Independence (US History EOC Review)The Declaration of Independence (US History EOC Review)
The Declaration of Independence (US History EOC Review)
 
The Reign of Terror (French Revolution 1793-1794)
The Reign of Terror (French Revolution 1793-1794)The Reign of Terror (French Revolution 1793-1794)
The Reign of Terror (French Revolution 1793-1794)
 
Cogito Ergo Sum (Rene Descartes)
Cogito Ergo Sum (Rene Descartes)Cogito Ergo Sum (Rene Descartes)
Cogito Ergo Sum (Rene Descartes)
 
Dutch Golden Age Painting
Dutch Golden Age PaintingDutch Golden Age Painting
Dutch Golden Age Painting
 
The Radicalization of the French Revolution
The Radicalization of the French RevolutionThe Radicalization of the French Revolution
The Radicalization of the French Revolution
 
The Wars of Louis XIV
The Wars of Louis XIVThe Wars of Louis XIV
The Wars of Louis XIV
 
Jacques-Louis David: French Neoclassical Painter
Jacques-Louis David:  French Neoclassical PainterJacques-Louis David:  French Neoclassical Painter
Jacques-Louis David: French Neoclassical Painter
 

Similar to Education in Finland

Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
Challenge Partners
 
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
Dr Iain Matheson - Matheson Associates Limited
 
School Plan 11-12
School Plan 11-12School Plan 11-12
School Plan 11-12
terbr1dj
 
Strategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
Strategically Planned--Faithfully FollowedStrategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
Strategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
Archbishop John Carroll
 
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docxWhy Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
alanfhall8953
 
China's IT in Education
China's IT in EducationChina's IT in Education
China's IT in Education
June Muzondo
 

Similar to Education in Finland (20)

2013 globalteacherstatusindex
2013 globalteacherstatusindex2013 globalteacherstatusindex
2013 globalteacherstatusindex
 
726 Rethinking us education
726 Rethinking us education726 Rethinking us education
726 Rethinking us education
 
Standard Prestasi dan Kepelbagaian Potensi Murid.pptx
Standard Prestasi dan Kepelbagaian Potensi Murid.pptxStandard Prestasi dan Kepelbagaian Potensi Murid.pptx
Standard Prestasi dan Kepelbagaian Potensi Murid.pptx
 
BADON, STARLETTE KAYE.pptx
BADON, STARLETTE KAYE.pptxBADON, STARLETTE KAYE.pptx
BADON, STARLETTE KAYE.pptx
 
BEST MODEL OF EDUCATION.docx
BEST MODEL OF EDUCATION.docxBEST MODEL OF EDUCATION.docx
BEST MODEL OF EDUCATION.docx
 
Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
Real Lessons from World Rankings and International Best Practice - Ken Walsh ...
 
education-in-finland-vs-united-states.ppt
education-in-finland-vs-united-states.ppteducation-in-finland-vs-united-states.ppt
education-in-finland-vs-united-states.ppt
 
EDCOM Report of 1991
EDCOM Report of 1991EDCOM Report of 1991
EDCOM Report of 1991
 
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
ACWA Conference Sydney 2018: Effecting Successful Systems-wide Change - Towar...
 
Transitions april 2010 final
Transitions   april 2010 finalTransitions   april 2010 final
Transitions april 2010 final
 
Long-term economic impact of better skills
Long-term economic impact of better skillsLong-term economic impact of better skills
Long-term economic impact of better skills
 
School Plan 11-12
School Plan 11-12School Plan 11-12
School Plan 11-12
 
Strategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
Strategically Planned--Faithfully FollowedStrategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
Strategically Planned--Faithfully Followed
 
What we can learn from finland
What we can learn from finlandWhat we can learn from finland
What we can learn from finland
 
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docxWhy Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
Why Some Schools With Latino Children...and Others Don’tdo.docx
 
China's IT in Education
China's IT in EducationChina's IT in Education
China's IT in Education
 
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame workChanging trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
 
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame workChanging trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
 
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame workChanging trends in national curriculam frame work
Changing trends in national curriculam frame work
 
PJ Settlement
PJ SettlementPJ Settlement
PJ Settlement
 

Recently uploaded

Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
EADTU
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
CaitlinCummins3
 
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
How to Send Pro Forma Invoice to Your Customers in Odoo 17
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
 
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer  Multilingual LearnersSupporting Newcomer  Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
 
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptxPSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
PSYPACT- Practicing Over State Lines May 2024.pptx
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
 
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA!                    .
VAMOS CUIDAR DO NOSSO PLANETA! .
 
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDFThe Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
 

Education in Finland

  • 2.  I want to provide a service to the students I teach, offering them a multitude of learning opportunities in my classroom. That stems from believing that they can succeed, despite our society’s current emphasis on data collection and testing.  I believe that Finland is succeeding in providing quality education to its children without the pressure of testing.  I want to instill some of those values in my classroom and inspire others to do the same.  I want to be a champion to my students, by doing my part to follow in the footsteps of educational leaders. MY RATIONALE
  • 3. Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) is Finland’s approach to schools and learning. ECEC focuses on strong educational foundation early on through interventions. Heavy focus on quality of experience children receive. PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
  • 5.  Finland scorns almost all standardized testing before the age of 16.  ECEC discourages homework, which is seen as a violation of children’s right to be children  Children start school at the age of 7  “The first six years are not about academic success. Its all about finding your passion.” Pasi Sahlberg, Finnish educator.  Finland is going against the tide of “global educational reform movement,” which is based on core subjects, competition, standardization, test-based accountability, and control PROGRAM IN PRACTICE
  • 7.  In the 1970s, Finland’s educational system was very similar to that of the U.S.  Mediocre and inequitable  Top-down testing  Extensive tracking  Highly variable teachers  Government Reboot/Economic Recovery Plan  ALL teachers must have a government paid-for Master’s Degree  96% of all teachers are unionized  Highly desirable and respected field, along with doctors and lawyers Anderson, “From Finland, an Intriguing School-Reform Model” New York Times HISTORY OF REFORM
  • 8.  In 2000, the first results of the Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) were published.  The assessment is a standardized test given to 15 year-olds in more than 40 “global venues”.  Finnish youth were revealed to be the best young readers in the world.  In 2003, the Finnish youth led the pack in math.  In 2006, Finland was in first science, out of 57 countries.  The world began to take notice of their educational reform methods, especially the US, whose scores barely changed in more than ten years. Hancock. “Educating Americans for the 21 st Century.” 2011. Smithsonian.com HISTORY OF REFORM
  • 9. SNAPSHOT OF PISA AND THE US
  • 10.  ECEC has identified five policy levers that can encourage quality education among young students:  Policy Lever 1: Setting out quality goals and regulations.  Policy Lever 2: Designing and implementing curriculum and standards.  Policy Lever 3: Improving qualifications, training and working conditions.  Policy Lever 4: Engaging families and communities.  Policy Lever 5: Advancing data collection, research and monitoring. CURRENT PRACTICES
  • 11.  Finland has determined Policy Lever 3 their current policy focus: improving qualifications, training and working conditions.  All of Finland’s 62,000 teachers will have a Master’s degree.  Well educated staff are better able to create more effective work environments and increase efficiency.  Improved understanding of child development  Improved problem solving and leadership skills.  Strong lesson plans through collaboration.  Continued professional development opportunities throughout their career. “Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland” OECD.com CURRENT PRACTICES
  • 12.  Early education is about finding one’s passion, not about academic data collection.  High regard for students’ well-being  Students are not tracked or ability grouped  Rejected the practice of holding back under-acheivers  School after 16 becomes vocational training.  Education is about preparing kids for life, “to serve as an equalizing instrument for society.”  Children should be children and play  Finnish kids get 75 minutes of recess a day  Mandated arts and crafts during the school day CULTURAL VALUES
  • 13. Indicator on child outcomes Value for Finland Minimum Value Maximum Value Fertility Rate 1.86 Korea (1.15) Israel (2.96) Enrollment in formal care for the under 3s 28.6 Czech Republic (2.2) Denmark (65,7) Enrollment rate at age 3 46.1 Netherlands (0.05) France (100) Enrollment rate at age 5 62.6 Turkey (50.9) Australia, France, Ireland (100) PISA Reading score 536 Mexico (425) Korea (539) PISA Math score 541 Mexico (418) Korea (546) PISA Science score 554 Mexico (415) Finland (554) COMMUNITY INFLUENCES
  • 14.  High qualification requirements for ECEC teaching staff.  Professional development is mandatory for ECEC staff. The costs for PD are split between government, employer and individual.  Teacher to student ratio is the lowest documented in the OCED, Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development, listed countries; currently 34.  1:4 for zero to 3 year-olds  1:7 for older children  1:4 in family day care “Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Finland” STRENGTHS OF THE PROGRAM
  • 15.  Finland is working against the norm by creating and educational system that does not follow the global model of standardized testing and data collection.  One cannot argue that their success is based on their size and relative homogeneity: Norway, Finland’s neighbor has similar statistics and rates near the US on PISAs scoring rubric.  Trying to replicate Finland’s education system here will not work, due to the complex nature of education in general.  The idea is to understand that children are more than just data in a system but parts of the whole society.  Understanding standardized testing has continuously failed to improve the US’s test scores. GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES
  • 17.  The US should put more emphasis on child centered learning.  Understanding children’s developmental needs.  Focus on arts and crafts and hands-on learning.  Removal of most standardized testing practices (i.e. “teaching to the test”)  Understanding that our traditional methods have failed to improve our education system.  There should be more emphasis on societal success rather than academia and university enrollment after high school.  We, the US, can turn around our educational system and create a successful environment that the world will take notice of. TAKEAWAYS
  • 18. Abrams, S. “The Children Must Play.” January 28, 2011. newrepublic.com Anderson, J. “From Finland, an Intriguing School-Reform Model.” New York Times. December 12, 2011. Hancock, L. “Why are Finland’s Schools so Successful?” September 2011. smithsonian.com. Taguma, M. “Quality Matters in Early Childhood Educationa and Care: Finland. 2012. oecd.com. WORKS CITED