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Educational System


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Educational System

  2. 2. Education Policy The key objectives of the current Development Plan (2011-2016) include promoting equality in education, enhancing the quality of education at all levels and supporting lifelong learning.
  3. 3.  Objectives and programmes  Legislation  Financing  Evaluation  Educational foresights  International cooperation
  4. 4. Education Policy One of the basic principles of Finnish education is that all people must have equal access to high-quality education and training.
  5. 5. The key words in Finnish education policy are quality, efficiency, equity and internationalisation.
  6. 6. Pre-Primary Education
  7. 7. Pre-primary education lays emphasis on the preparation for school. The national core curriculum for pre-primary education is determined by the Finnish National Board of Education.
  8. 8. The minimum scope of pre-primary education is 700 hours per year.
  9. 9. Basic Education in Finland
  10. 10. Basic education is a free nine-year education provided for the whole age group (currently 60,000 children) in comprehensive schools.
  11. 11. Compulsory schooling starts in the year when a child turns seven and ends after the basic education syllabus has been completed or after ten years.
  12. 12. Basic education is free of charge for pupils Highly qualified teachers Laws and regulations Administration and finance
  13. 13. a. Morning and afternoon activities for the youngest pupils b. Music and art education in Finland
  14. 14. General Upper Secondary Education
  15. 15. General upper secondary education develops all-round general knowledge Matriculation examination Specialized upper secondary schools Administration and finance Laws and regulations
  16. 16. Vocational Education and Training in Finland
  17. 17. The aim of vocational education and training (VET) is to improve the skills of the work force, to respond to skills needs in the world of work and to support lifelong learning. VET comprises initial vocational training and further and continuing training.
  18. 18. Initial VET The qualification is 120 credits, which takes three years of fulltime study, unless prior learning can be counted towards the qualification. The qualification is based on working life occupations and the competencies required.
  19. 19.  The qualification includes at least 20 credits of on-the-job learning. The training is built on the basic education syllabus.  Prior learning acquired in training, working life or other learning environments can be counted towards the qualification.
  20. 20. Matriculated students can also study in initial VET. Their prior studies are equivalent to some 30 credits, which are counted towards the vocational qualification. A vocational qualification gives general eligibility for polytechnic and university studies.
  21. 21. Administration and finance The Ministry of Education and Culture is responsible for the strategic and normative steering of VET and leads national development.
  22. 22. Qualifications and studies Students in upper secondary schools have the option of studying for both a vocational qualification and the matriculation examination at the same time.
  23. 23. VET is available in the following fields:  Humanities and Education  Culture  Social Sciences, Business and Administration  Natural Sciences  Technology, Communication and Transport  Natural Resources and the Environment  Social Services, Health and Sport  Tourism, Catering and Domestic Services
  24. 24. On-the-job learning and skills demonstrations
  25. 25. Competence-based qualifications
  26. 26. Apprenticeship Training
  27. 27. Polytechnic education in Finland
  28. 28. Polytechnics train professionals in response to labour market needs and conduct R&D which supports instruction and promotes regional development in particular
  29. 29. Polytechnics offer : education for polytechnic degrees education for polytechnic master's degrees professional specialization and other adult education open polytechnic education vocational teacher training
  30. 30. Polytechnic education is provided in the following fields:  Humanities and Education  Culture  Social sciences, business and      administration Natural sciences Technology, communication and transport Natural resources and the environment Social services, health and sport Tourism, catering and domestic services
  31. 31. University Education in Finland
  32. 32. The mission of universities is to conduct scientific research and provide undergraduate and postgraduate education based on it. Universities must promote free research and scientific and artistic education, provide higher education based on research, and educate students to serve their country and humanity.
  33. 33. Performance agreements University core funding and the funding model
  34. 34. Universities Universities Universities and University Networks There are 14 universities in the Ministry of Education and Culture sector; two of them are foundation universities (*) and the rest are public corporations.
  35. 35. • Aalto University • Hanken School of Economics • Lappeenranta • • • • University of Technology Tampere University of Technology University of Helsinki University of Eastern Finland University of the Arts Helsinki • University of • • • • • • Lapland University of Oulu University of Tampere University of Turku University of Vaasa Åbo Akademi University University of Jyväskylä
  36. 36. University Centers and University Networks
  37. 37. Studies and Degrees
  38. 38. Statistics
  39. 39. Adult Education Adult education is designed to provide study opportunities for adults. It encompasses self-motivated education, staff training and labour market training. The Ministry of Education and Culture is responsible for self-motivated education, the Ministry of Employment and the Economy for labour market training and employers for staff training.
  40. 40. The tasks and key reforms of adult education policy  Adult education policy supports efforts to extend working life, raise the employment rate, improve productivity, enhance multiculturalism and implement the conditions for lifelong learning. In addition, adult education alleviates the effects of the recession.
  41. 41. Adult education and the Ministry of Education and Culture  At the Ministry of Education and Culture, adult education comes under the Division for Adult Education and Training of the Department for Education and Science Policy
  42. 42. The following issues come under the scope of the Division for Adult Education and Training: • Developing the conditions for national adult education policy and lifelong learning • Vocational adult education and training, apprenticeship training and competence-based qualifications • Adult education offered by higher education institutions and open learning • General adult education and national certificates of language proficiency • Liberal adult education and educational and guidance organisations
  43. 43. • Guidance on adult education, counselling and the recognition of competence acquired in different ways • Assessing the need for and provision of adult education as well as guidance (permission to provide education and performance steering) Coordinating training for teaching staff and immigrants • Legislation, funding and economic planning for the sector The quality of the activities, evaluations and international cooperation
  44. 44. Finance and Administration
  45. 45. Adult education system Adult education is available within the official education system in: adult upper secondary schools vocational institutions and vocational adult training centres national and private vocational institutions polytechnics and universities
  46. 46. and in liberal adult education in: adult education centres folk high schools summer universities study centres sports institutes
  47. 47. Studies and degrees in adult education
  48. 48. Aiming for a certificate Self-development Basic education Studies in basic education Basic education certificate General upper secondary education Certificate from an adult upper secondary school Vocational education and training Studies in an adult upper secondary school
  49. 49. Training preparing for a Continuing vocational competence-based training qualification, incl. apprenticeship training Training preparing for a further or specialist qualification, incl. apprenticeship training Training preparing for a further or specialist qualification, incl. apprenticeship training
  50. 50. Training arranged by private vocational institutes Polytechnics Adult education leading to a polytechnic degree Staff-development training arranged by private institutes Open polytechnic Polytechnic Master's Specialization studies in a polytechnic Continuing professional education
  51. 51. Universities Separate Master's programmes Liberal adult education Open university Specialization studies in a university Continuing professional education Adult education centres Folk high schools Study centres Sport institutes Summer universities
  52. 52. Student Financial Aid in Finland
  53. 53. Financial aid is provided in the form of the following benefits: study grant housing supplement government guarantee for student loans. Student financial aid is granted for fulltime studies aiming at an upper secondary school certificate, a vocational qualification,
  54. 54.  a polytechnic or university degree, and  for additional studies qualifying for a profession or a post.  Study grant, housing supplement and government guarantee for student loan  Tax concession for loan  Student financial aid reform  International student aid
  55. 55. Social and Economic Conditions of Student Life in Europe
  56. 56. The main aim of the Euro student project is to collate comparable data on the social dimension of European higher education. It focuses on the socioeconomic background and on the living conditions of students, but it also investigates temporary international mobility. The project strives to provide reliable and insightful cross-country comparisons.
  57. 57. The reporting structure of Euros tudent consists of a comparative report and a more detailed, searchable database, which enables users to download data and a full National Profile for each country. The fourth round of Euro student was completed in 2011.
  58. 58. Thank You