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Natural landscapes
Natural landscape <ul><li>Refers to the Visible features of the environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varies from place to pla...
Relief <ul><li>Height and shape of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Processes that have formed the land over geological time </l...
Climate <ul><li>Average atmospheric conditions over a long period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall, temperature, sunshin...
Soils <ul><li>Weathered or eroded materials from rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Of interest is soil type, fertility, drainage </l...
Vegetation <ul><li>Plant cover of an area </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation  </li></ul><ul><li>types and  </li></ul><ul><li>the...
Interaction <ul><li>Elements of the landscape affect one another in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>As a consequence of  ...
Activity <ul><li>Define ‘natural landscapes’ </li></ul><ul><li>Define ‘interaction’ </li></ul><ul><li>Study photo and answ...
Cultural landscapes
Cultural landscapes <ul><li>The activities and ways which people have influenced the landscape are known as it’s  cultural...
Land use <ul><li>Patterns made by people as they use the land for mining, farming, forestry etc </li></ul><ul><li>For exam...
Transport features <ul><li>Networks of roads, railways, canals, shipping lanes, airports etc </li></ul><ul><li>Known as  i...
Population and settlement <ul><li>Patterns of population, its distribution and the location of settlements </li></ul><ul><...
Activity <ul><li>Define ‘cultural landscape’ </li></ul><ul><li>Study the photograph of The Canterbury Plains </li></ul><ul...
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Natural & Cultural Landscape

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Natural and Cultural Landscape - Review

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Natural & Cultural Landscape

  1. 1. Natural landscapes
  2. 2. Natural landscape <ul><li>Refers to the Visible features of the environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varies from place to place and form patterns which can be described/mapped </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Includes interacting components or elements, including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leave 2 lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leave 2 lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leave 2 lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leave 2 lines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Relief <ul><li>Height and shape of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Processes that have formed the land over geological time </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate <ul><li>Average atmospheric conditions over a long period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall, temperature, sunshine hours, humidity, wind etc </li></ul>
  5. 5. Soils <ul><li>Weathered or eroded materials from rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Of interest is soil type, fertility, drainage </li></ul>
  6. 6. Vegetation <ul><li>Plant cover of an area </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>types and </li></ul><ul><li>their distribution </li></ul>
  7. 7. Interaction <ul><li>Elements of the landscape affect one another in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>As a consequence of interaction the natural landscape of an area can be seen as a system </li></ul>Climate Relief Vegetation Soils Interactions in the natural landscape Direct interaction Indirect interaction
  8. 8. Activity <ul><li>Define ‘natural landscapes’ </li></ul><ul><li>Define ‘interaction’ </li></ul><ul><li>Study photo and answer the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe two relief features of the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe one feature of the climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe one vegetation feature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe one soil feature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Describe how relief is interacting with climate in the area </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how climate is interacting with relief in the area </li></ul>Head of Lake Wakatipu, Dart River
  9. 9. Cultural landscapes
  10. 10. Cultural landscapes <ul><li>The activities and ways which people have influenced the landscape are known as it’s cultural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural features are established by people as they modify the natural landscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to use it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The main cultural features are (leave two lines between each) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport features </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population and settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural features in the area will affect the cultural features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few people live in the hottest or coldest climates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural factors can influence features of the environment as people and the environment interact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An opencast mine changes the relief features of the environment </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Land use <ul><li>Patterns made by people as they use the land for mining, farming, forestry etc </li></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Altering the vegetation by clearing forests to make pasture </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Transport features <ul><li>Networks of roads, railways, canals, shipping lanes, airports etc </li></ul><ul><li>Known as infrastructure </li></ul>
  13. 13. Population and settlement <ul><li>Patterns of population, its distribution and the location of settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmsteads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Villages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Activity <ul><li>Define ‘cultural landscape’ </li></ul><ul><li>Study the photograph of The Canterbury Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Describe 2 natural features </li></ul><ul><li>Describe 3 cultural features </li></ul><ul><li>Show an example of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of relief on climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of relief on farming </li></ul></ul>

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