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Eeva Nykänen: Social and health care reform in Finland


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Integration of health and social care – predicting the quality, costs and consequences 17.4.2018.

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Eeva Nykänen: Social and health care reform in Finland

  1. 1. SOCIAL AND HEALTH CARE REFORM IN FINLAND Eeva Nykänen 25.4.2018 1
  2. 2. WHY THE REFORM?  The population is ageing rapidly and there is a growing need for services but less money to finance them.  Although the quality of care is regarded generally good, there are regional disparities in access to and availability and quality of services.  Socioeconomic inequalities persist in Finland.  At present the responsibility to organize health and social services belongs to municipalities (local authorities, 295 in mainland Finland), many of which are too small and financially too weak to carry this responsibility. 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 2
  3. 3. AIMS OF THE REFORM  Narrowing down the differences in people's health and wellbeing.  Enhancing equality and accessibility of health and social services.  Curbing costs: savings of EUR 3 billion by year 2030 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 3
  4. 4. KEY POINTS OF THE REFORM  Establishment of counties – a new level of governance – and responsibility to organize services from municipalities to counties  Responsibility of financing, steering and monitoring the counties to central government  Integration of social and health services  Freedom of patient choice  Public, private and third party providers of services 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 4
  5. 5. COUNTIES  Responsibility to organize social and health services will be shifted from 295 municipalities to 18 counties.  The counties will have also other duties, such as rescues services, environmental healthcare, regional development duties.  The counties will constitute a new democratic and autonomous level of governance.  Autonomy of the counties will be limited – no right to levy taxes, strong state regulation.  In the organization of the county, the organizer-producer model will be applied: a service utility for the production of services  5 collaborative catchment areas 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 5
  6. 6. STATE  State will finance the public health and social services as well as the other functions of the counties.  The financing will flow through the counties to the service providers  State will steer the counties (functioning, investments, service structure).  State will monitor, evaluate and supervise the counties. If a county ‘fails’ it will be incorporated into another county.  Compared with the current situation, the role of the central government will be stronger. 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 6
  7. 7. INTEGRATION OF SOCIAL AND HEALTH CARE  Integration of social and health care is seen as a central tool for reaching the aims of the reform: – 10 % of population uses 80 % of social and health care costs, 5 % of population who uses social and health care services uses 57 % of social and health care costs – integration of services would serve the needs of these population groups in particular  Integration at the level of financing, organizing and producing the services 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 7
  8. 8. FREEDOM OF PATIENT CHOICE  Right to choose a public, private or third sector social and health centre for primary health care  Right to choose the provider of services by a voucher issued by the county  Right to choose the provider of services by a personal budget in the services for ageing and disabled people  The county may set conditions for service providers  All providers which meet the conditions set in law and defined by the county must be approved (s&h centres and vouchers) 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 8
  9. 9. PUBLIC, PRIVATE AND THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS  Services within the scope of the Act on Freedom of Patient Choice will be provided by public, private and third-sector operators.  There must always be public production available (19 §+124 § of Finnish Constitution)  The counties are responsible for making sure that public, private and third-sector services work seamlessly together, that information flows smoothly and that the services meet quality criteria. 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 9
  10. 10. CURRENT STATE OF THE REFORM  The legislative package which comprised of more than 40 laws is being processed by the Parliament.  The recast version of the Act on Freedom of Choice is being discussed by the Constitutional Law Committee  The legislative package should enter into force on 1.7.2018, the responsibility for services will be shifted to counties on 1.1.2020.  But… will the Parliament approve the package? 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 10
  11. 11. CONCLUSIONS 1/2  Finland’s forthcoming health and social services reform is revolutionary in its scope and impact, even in the international context. Implementation of the reform is a challenging task.  The increased size of the organizers and the strengthening of their economic capacity may lead to reduced inequalities in health and wellbeing. But will they be strong enough?  Managing the system of freedom of choice will require strong resources which some of the counties will not necessarily have. 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 11
  12. 12. CONCLUSIONS 2/2  Plans to slow the rate of expenditure growth are ambitious. Is there a risk of underfunding the health and social care system? How to guarantee equality?  Are there sufficient tools to prevent disruption of integration?  The time frame for implementing the reform?  Yet, the reform is necessary… 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 12
  13. 13. THANK YOU! EEVA.R.NYKANEN@THL.FI 25.4.2018 Esityksen nimi / Tekijä 13