DID YOU KNOW? The cell phone was developed in Israel by Israelis working in the Israeli branch of Motorola. The program ICQ, which is the technological basis for AOL Instant Messenger, was developed in 1996 by four young Israelis . Microsoft Israel developed most of the Windows NT technology and XP operating systems. The Disk on Key - a portable, virtual hard disk - was developed by the Israeli company M-Systems. The Pentium MMX Chip technology was designed in Israel at Intel. Both the Pentium-4 microprocessor and the Centrino processor were entirely designed, developed and produced in Israel . Israel has become a major center for Intel, the semiconductor giant and was responsible for the development of Intel's Centrino mobile technology that powers millions of laptops.The Pentium microprocessor in your computer was most likely made in Israel . Voice mail technology was developed in Israel . The Israeli company Amdocs is the largest company in the world in this field. The Israeli software company Check Point is the global leader in Virtual Private Network (VPN) and firewall technologies. Medicine... Israeli scientists developed the first fully computerized, no-radiation, diagnostic instrumentation for breast cancer. An Israeli company developed a computerized system for ensuring proper administration of medications, thus removing human error from medical treatment. Israel's Given Imaging developed the first ingestible video camera, so small it fits inside a pill. Used to view the small intestine from the inside, the camera helps doctors diagnose cancer and digestive disorders. Researchers in Israel developed a new device that directly helps the heart pump blood, an innovation with the potential to save lives among those with heart failure. The new device is synchronized with the heart's mechanical operations through a sophisticated system of sensors. Israeli doctors performed the first operation of its kind, injecting genes which stimulated the growth of new blood vessels into a cardiac patient. A new acne treatment developed in Israel , the ClearLight device, produces a high-intensity, ultraviolet-light-free, narrow-band blue light that causes acne bacteria to self-destruct -- all without damaging surrounding skin or tissue. An Israeli company was the first to develop and install a large-scale solar-powered and fully functional electricity generating plant, in southern California's Mojave desert. Israeli air force pilot training technology is being used to train American college basketball players. An Israeli company has unveiled a blood test that diagnoses heart attacks via the telephone. Israeli researchers developed a special metal detector that eliminates the need to remove shoes for airport security checks. Israeli flight systems protect passenger and freight aircraft against missile attack. An Israeli physicist-turned-inventor has developed the world's first air-conditioned motorcycle. Israeli scientists have discovered a material 40 times harder than diamonds, breaking the world hardness record by combining quantum mechanics, chemistry and mechanical engineering. FACTS ABOUT ISRAEL: Israel, with less than 1/1000th of the world's population, has the highest percentage in the world of home computers per capita. Israel has the highest ratio of university degrees to the population in the world. Israel produces more scientific papers per capita than any other nation by a large margin - 109 per 10,000 people --as well as one of the highest per capita rates of patents filed. In proportion to its population, Israel has the largest number of start up companies in the world. In absolute terms, Israel has the largest number of startup companies than any other country in the world, except the U.S. (3,500 companies mostly in hi-tech). Israel's civilian hi-tech exports rose by nearly 10% in 2005. With more than 3,000 high-tech companies and startups, Israel has the highest concentration of hi-tech companies in the world -- apart from Silicon Valley, USA. Outside the United States and Canada, Israel has the largest number of NASDAQ listed companies. On a per capita basis, Israel has the largest number of biotech startups. Israel has the third highest rate of entrepreneurship -- and the highest rate among women and among people over 55 in the world. Israel leads the world in the number of scientists and technicians in the workforce, with 145 per 10,000, as opposed to 85 in the US, over 70 in Japan, and less than 60 in Germany. With over 25% of its work force employed in technical professions. Israel places first in this category as well. Relative to its population, Israel is the largest immigrant-absorbing nation on earth. Immigrants come in search of democracy, religious freedom, and economic opportunity. Israel has the world's second highest per capita of new books. Israel is the only country in the world that entered the 21st century with a net gain in its number of trees, made more remarkable because this was achieved in an area considered mainly desert. Israel has more museums per capita than any other country.
Israel at a Glance ID : Official name: The State of Israel Government : Parliamentary democracy Capital : Jerusalem Area : 21,643 sq.km (8,367 miles) Official language : Hebrew, Arabic Currency : New shekel Internet ending : il Population : 7.15 Million GDP/Capita : $19,890 5 years average Inflation rate : 1.2%
Israel The Promised Land 1948 806,000 2007 7,150,000
Senior citizens <ul><li>In 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>85,000 over the age of 65. </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 5 percent of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>After 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>640,000 Israeli citizens are over 65 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 10 percent of the population </li></ul>
Whereas the number aged 65 and over doubled between 1970 and 1990, the number of over-75 years old tripled , and the sector which grew most quickly during this period was the over-80 years old Older Seniors age 75 and above
Life Expectancy in Israel In 1965 : Males- 70.5 females- 73.2 In 2002: Males- 77.9 females- 81.9 Life expectancy had risen by almost 10 percent
The aging services are composed of: <ul><li>Welfare System </li></ul><ul><li>Health System </li></ul><ul><li>Pensions System </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes </li></ul>
Welfare System The policy is to enable elderly people to stay in their community. It is manifested in two ways: <ul><li>Developing set of services within the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Insurance Law- in order to finance treatment in elder’s home. (15.5 hours per week) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the services are supplied by the Third Sector (non profit) but also by the private sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The government Welfare Ministry finance and supervised. </li></ul></ul>
Nursing Insurance Law <ul><li>According the national insurance law the Nursing Pensions will pay to: </li></ul><ul><li>Elder who lives in his/her home and need help in daily activities (dressing, bathing …) </li></ul><ul><li>The National Insurance Institute pays directly to the services suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>In June 2006 120,360 seniors got this pension (17.5%). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Consultation to Elderly </li></ul><ul><li>The National Insurance Institute established a Consultants Department to fill the needs which are not supplied by the law. </li></ul><ul><li>21 branches all over Israel </li></ul><ul><li>111,256 seniors used the service in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>4,094 volunteers provide the services </li></ul>
Day Centers The Day Centers are a place for daily activities in order to provide a treatment to disabled seniors in their own community, to postpone or avoid the transition to institutes. Welfare Ministry, National Insurance Institute and the Municipalities finance the service. Non Profit Organizations (77%), volunteers (18%) and private organizations (5%) provide it.
Support Community The goal is to develop support environment for seniors by creating personal connection. This group of seniors can receive services at their home and be a volunteer in helping other seniors. In 2006 there were 190 programs 30,000 seniors took part
<ul><li>Social Clubs </li></ul>The social clubs provide social, cultural and employment activities (lectures, fiscal activity, courses etc…) The municipalities operate the service The welfare ministry finance them . In 2003 there were active 840 clubs 75,900 seniors participated (12.4%).
A house who consists of more than 3 independent seniors. Each one lives in his own unit. Basic services are included : maintenance, social worker and housekeeping. In 2006 about 30,000 seniors are living in this program. Protected Accommodation
Senior Citizens' Homes <ul><li>Institute for long term treatment with supervision of Welfare Ministry </li></ul><ul><li>1. For independent seniors citizens </li></ul><ul><li>2. For those who need nursing car services. </li></ul>
Important Legal Development during the 1990s <ul><li>The enactment of the </li></ul><ul><li>1994- National Health Insurance Act </li></ul><ul><li>1996- Patient’s Rights Act </li></ul>
Health Insurance Law The law afforded universal health care insurance coverage to all the senior citizens of Israel on a universal coverage plan, and eliminated the possibility of seniors citizens being completely without health insurance or unable to obtain treatment for ill health.
According to the Law The HMO gives <ul><li>Discount in health insurance fee </li></ul><ul><li>They pay less than the entire population per their income. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing care insurance </li></ul><ul><li>The HMO offer special insurance for nursing care hospitalization. </li></ul><ul><li>Health treatment </li></ul><ul><li>The HMO is responsible to supply the health treatment in the community and refer them to experts and hospital. </li></ul>
Health Management Organization <ul><li>KLALIT (general) Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>MACABI Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>LEUMIT (national) </li></ul><ul><li>MEUCHEDET (united) </li></ul>
Geriatrics <ul><li>HMO is responsible for acute patients, rehabilitation and complex nursing patients </li></ul><ul><li>The Ministry of Health take care of the nursing care patient and mentally frail person </li></ul>