WHAT IS NONFICTION?The subject of nonfiction is real The author writes about actual persons, places and events. The writer may just report facts The writer may also include personal opinions Often there is a mixture of both Readers must read critically
CRITICAL READINGLook at writer’s backgroundLook at writer’s purposeLook at writer’s attitudeLook at writer’s audience
TYPES OF ESSAYS•Formal Essay •A prose discussion on a serious topic in a serious manner, usually rigidly structured and organized.•Informal Essay •A prose discussion on any topic in a light, humorous, amusing manner; often loosely organized, rambling and casual in approach.
OTHER TYPES OF ESSAYSComparison andContrast EssaysPersuasiveEssaysCause and EffectEssays
DIARIES AND JOURNALS Diaries: a private form of writing with no further intended audience Journals: varying styles and topics. Give a glimpse of the writer’s value of his or her world
LETTERSPrivate LettersPublic LetterLetters can Reveal character Express opinions Ask for information Give informationAudience and Purposeinfluence tone.
AUTOBIOGRAPHYWritten by the subject for publicationAuthor has some purpose for writing To teach To arouse awareness To warn Simply to entertain
MEMOIRSA TYPE OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICALWRITING, DEALING WITH THERECOLLECTIONS OF PROMINENTPEOPLE OR PEOPLE WHO HAVEBEEN A PART OF OR HAVEWITNESSED SIGNIFICANT EVENTS.CONSIDERED BOTHAUTOBIOGRAPHICAL ANDHISTORICAL
BIOGRAPHY The accurate presentation of a life story from birth to death of an individual. Historical biographies include strands of an individual’s life interwoven with historical persons, places and events.
OTHER TYPES OF NONFICTION Speeches Historical Writing Science Writing Technical writing Writing online Miscellaneous writing
ELEMENTS OF NONFICTIONCharacters, Plot, and Setting. Likefiction, nonfiction has characters, plot,and setting. However, these elementsare real, not made up. The maincharacter in an autobiography orbiography is called the subject. Thesubjects words, thoughts, and actionsare presented.
MORE ELEMENTSPurpose. Different types of nonfiction havedifferent purposes. Biographies andautobiographies, for example, have thepurpose of informing the reader. They useexplanatory, descriptive, and narrativeparagraphs. Other types of nonfiction, suchas newspaper editorials, are intended to winreaders over to a certain opinion. They usepersuasive paragraphs. Sometimes a piece ofwriting combines purposes.
AND MORE ELEMENTS Tone. The writers attitude toward his or her subject matter is called tone. A writers tone may be sympathetic, It may be bitter, It may be comic, hopeful, solemn, or anything the writer likes.
HOW TO READNONFICTION Try to separate Facts from Opinions. The writer has chosen facts that present a certain picture of the subject. Think about what might be missing as well as what is there.
MORE READING TIPSThink about thewriters purpose.Is the writer trying towin you over to his orher opinion?Learn to appreciatehow well a writer sayssomething, even whenyou dont agree.Be a critical reader.
FINAL READING TIPS Be aware of the writers tone. Frequently a writer reveals much about himself or herself by the tone he or she uses. This is especially important in autobiographical writing