What is nonfiction 2


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What is nonfiction 2

  1. 1. Introducing Nonfiction <ul><li>How does it differ from fiction? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the purpose? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some types of nonfiction? </li></ul>
  2. 2. What’s the Difference? <ul><li>Here are the dictionary definitions: </li></ul><ul><li>Fiction — </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) something invented by the imagination ; specifically : an invented story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) fictitious literature (as novels or short stories) . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction — </li></ul><ul><ul><li>literature or cinema that is not fictional </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Nonfiction is the Real Deal <ul><li>All forms of nonfiction concern REAL — not creative or the imaginary — subject matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction is writing or speaking about the REAL WORLD . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nonfiction is the Real Deal <ul><li>In other words... </li></ul><ul><li>Non fiction is NOT fiction! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(It’s not imaginary or “made up.”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It’s about real people and real events . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Three Types of Nonfiction <ul><li>There are two types of nonfiction — </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative nonfiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tells a true-to-life story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informative nonfiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explains a topic or presents an opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Persuasive nonfiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages the reader to believe or do something </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Narrative Nonfiction <ul><li>Narrative nonfiction tells a story . </li></ul><ul><li>(Fiction (short stories & novels) also tells a story — but narrative nonfiction stories are true. ) </li></ul><ul><li>Both use the same story elements : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Narrative Nonfiction <ul><li>In other words… </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative nonfiction offers the same story appeal as fiction (made-up, imaginative stories) </li></ul><ul><li>The important difference is this: </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative nonfiction stories are a true-to-life retelling of events that actually happened . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Narrative Nonfiction <ul><li>Have you ever read: </li></ul><ul><li>an Autobiography ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A writer tells his/her life story from the first-person point of view (I, me) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>a Memoir ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A writer tells a story from a specific period of his/her life , also from first-person POV </li></ul></ul><ul><li>a Biography ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A writer tells someone else’s story from the third-person point of view (he, she) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>a Narrative Essay ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A writer relates a true story in a short composition (first-person or third-person POV) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Narrative Nonfiction <ul><li>Of course you have! </li></ul><ul><li>Then you have read Narrative Nonfiction! </li></ul><ul><li>In this 6-weeks we’ve read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Trip — a narrative essay by Naomi Shihab Nye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Boy — a memoir by Richard Wright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only Daughter — a memoir by Sandra Cisneros </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Informative Nonfiction <ul><li>Also remember… </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction also includes another type: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informative nonfiction. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Informative Nonfiction <ul><li>Informative writing is also called expository. </li></ul><ul><li>Informative / expository writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarifies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuades </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Informative Nonfiction <ul><li>Have you ever read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a magazine? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a newspaper? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an instruction sheet? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If so, then you have read Informative Nonfiction! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Informative Nonfiction <ul><li>Informative nonfiction includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expository Essays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the steps in a process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Report the news </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persuasive Essays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote an opinion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Informative Nonfiction Format <ul><li>LEAD — </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Captures the readers’ attention, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes a thesis , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A statement of the essay’s main idea . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>BODY — </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develops the main idea with supporting details … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facts, reasons, quotations, statistics, examples, observations, personal experiences, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION — </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restates the main idea and/or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summarizes the main points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves the reader with something to think about </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Persuasive essays often end with a call to action.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Persuasive Nonfiction <ul><li>Persuasive Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages the reader to believe or do something </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common Persuasive Writings include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Editorials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Brochures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertisements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And many more! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Nonfiction Form— Description <ul><li>Creates a mood and appeals to the senses by answering these questions — </li></ul><ul><li>Answers these questions— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it LOOK like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it TASTE like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it SOUND like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it SMELL like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does it FEEL? </li></ul></ul>