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Robo-Ethics
Rafael Capurro ラファエル・カプーロ
International Center for Information Ethics
国際情報倫理学研究センター
http://www.capurro.de/home-jp.html
Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation - University of Tsukuba
Joint Symposium
Robo-Ethics and „Mind-Body-Schema“ of Human and Robot
Challenges for a Better Quality of Life
University of Tsukuba, Japan
January 23, 2015
2
A Robot Age
Will robots be widespread
in the 21st century
similarly to cars in the
last century?
How quickly?
3
A Robot Age
Will robots be widespread
in the 21st century
similarly to cars in the
last century?
Who will use them?
4
A Robot Age
Will robots be widespread
in the 21st century
similarly to cars in the
last century?
For what purposes?
5
A Robot Age
Will robots be widespread
in the 21st century
similarly to cars in the
last century?
With what kind of inbuilt
rules of behaviour?
6
A Robot Age
Will robots be widespread
in the 21st century
similarly to cars in the
last century?
What are the social risks
and opportunities?
7
A Robot Age
With what consequences
for:
• Self-awareness
• Everyday life
• Working environment
• Ecology
• Privacy / Publicness
• Safety / Security
• Surveillance
8
Robots and Humans
A world of networked
robots
Sharing the world with
others
9
Robots and Humans
What is a robot? Who are we?
10
Robots and Humans
The more computable a
being is, the more and
the better it is.
Freedom: the capacity to
opt for diverse forms of
being-in-the-world.
11
Robots and Humans
The more computable a
being is, the more and
the better it is
Feelings open dimensions
of being-in-the-world
12
Robots and Humans
Being a robot is more and
better than being a
human
Sharing bodily the world
with others
13
Robots and Humans
Linear robot time Three-dimensional human
(spatial-)temporality
Situation - Ba 場
14
Ethics of Care
More subjected to linear
time
More free time
15
Ethics of Care
Care tends to take the
place of the other,
Care opens up a path for
the other to care for him
or herself.
16
Ethics of Care
Replacing humans Deplacing humans
17
Ethics of Care
Dominating Liberating
18
Ethics of Care
Exacerbating capitalism Taming capitalism
19
Ethics of Care
Dehumanizing war A-humanizing war?
20
Ethics of Care
Algorithms Rules of fair play
21
Humans and Robots
What are we in the robot
era?
Who are we in the robot
era?
22
Humans and Robots
Human-Robot interaction Human-Human interplay
23
Humans and Robots
Culturally detached view
of robots
Cultural embeddedness of
humans
24
Conclusion
Adapting social ‚immune
systems‘ (Sloterdijk) to
robots
Adapting robots to social
‚immune systems‘
免疫系(め んえきけい)
(me nekikei)
25
Conclusion
Taking care of robots in
the robot era
Taking care of each other
in the common world
26
Conclusion
Self and selfless robots Human self and
selflessness
27
Conclusion
What are robots?
They are masks of human desire(s)
28
Conclusion
Cosima Wagner writes in her book
„Robotopia Nipponica. Research on the
Acceptance of Robots in Japan“ (2013):
"[...] "social robots" illustrate the "negotiation
character of the creation and use of
technological artefacts" (Hörning), which
for example includes the rejection of
military applications of robot technology in
Japan.
29
Conclusion
On the other hand, as a cultural topos, they
mirror dreams, desires and needs of
human beings at a certain time and
therefore have to be interpreted as political
objects as well.
30
Conclusion
As a source for a Japanese history of
objects "social" robots exemplify the
cultural meaning of robots, the
expectations of the Japanese state and
economy, the mentality of Japanese
engineers and scientists
31
Conclusion
and last but not least the socio-cultural
change, which the ageing Japanese
society is about to face.„ (Cosima Wagner,
2013)
32
どうも 有難う 御座います
33
References
Capurro, Rafael: Medicine 2.0. Reflections on a pathology of the information society.
In: Innovation, journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in
Southern Africa, Nr 46, June 2013 (Special Issue: Information Ethics, ed. Stephen
Mutula) pp. 75-96.
http://www.capurro.de/Medicine2_0.html
Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Biometrics. Contribution to Tabula Rasa (FP 7
2011: Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks, Deliverable D 7.2) (Questions by
Andrew P. Rebera)
http://www.capurro.de/biometrics.html
http://www.tabularasa-euproject.org/
Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Value Ageing. (Questions by Barry Guihen)(FP 7,
2013)
http://www.capurro.de/value_ageing.html
http://cordis.europa.eu/result/rcn/60667_en.html
34
References
Capurro, Rafael: Toward a Comparative Theory of Agents. In: AI & Society, Vol. 27, 4
(2012), 479-488.
http://www.capurro.de/agents.html
Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. Contribution to the Workshop organized by
Cybernics, University of Tsukuba (Japan), September 30, 2009. In: Cybernics
Technical Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba 2011, 39-59
(CYB-2011-001 -CYB-2011-008 March 2011).
http://www.capurro.de/roboethics_survey.html
Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. In: IEEE ISTAS – International
Symposium Technology and Society, Australia 2010. Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvB6cYzDkcg Proceedings:
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?reload=true&punumber=5507518
35
References
Capurro, Rafael: Toward a comparative theory of agents. In AI & Society, 27, 4 (2012), 479-488.
http://www.capurro.de/agents.html
Capurro, Rafael: Ethics and Robotics. In: Rafael Capurro and Michael Nagenborg: Ethics and
Robotics. Heidelberg 2009, 117-123. http://www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html
http://www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html
Capurro, Rafael and Nakada, Makoto: An Intercultural Dialogue on Roboethics. In: ibid. (Eds.):
The Quest for Information Ethics and Roboethics in East and West. Research Report on trends
in information ethics and roboethics in Japan and the West. ReGIS and ICIE, March 31, 2013,
pp. 13-22 (ISSN 2187-6061).
http://www.capurro.de/intercultural_roboethics.html
Capurro, Rafael, Eldred, Michael and Nagel, Daniel: Digital Whoness: Identity, Privacy and
Freedom in the Cyberworld. Frankfurt 2013.
Capurro, Rafael and Marsiske, Hans-Arthur: Der Moment des Triumphs. E-Mail-Dialog über ein
Bild. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im Militäreinsatz.
Hannover 2012, 11-30.
http://www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf
36
References
Capurro, Rafael: Wer ist der Mensch? Überlegungen zu einer vergleichenden Theorie
der Agenten. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im
Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012, 231-238.
http://www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf
Capurro, Rafael and Nagenborg, Michael (Eds.): Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg 2009.
ETICA: Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT Applications (FP 7, 2009-2011):
Deliverable 3.2 Evaluation Report (M. Rader, ed.)
Deliverable 3.2.2 Ethical Evaluation (M. Nageborg, R. Capurro)
http://www.capurro.de/etica_deliv3.2.2.pdf
Deliverable 2.2 Normative Issues Report (R. Heersmink, J. van den Hoven, J.
Timmermans)
http://www.etica-project.eu/deliverable-files
37
References
ETHICBOTS: Emerging Technoethics of Human Interaction with Communication,
Bionics and Robotic Systems (FP 6, 2005-2007):
Deliverable 4 : Analysis of national and international EU regulations and Ethical
Councils Opinions related with technologies for the integration of human and
artificial entities (R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel)
See also: R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel: Ethical Regulations on
Robotics in Europe. In: AI & Society, 22 (2008), 349-366.
Deliverable 5 Technoethical Case Studies in Robotics, Bionics, and Related AI Agent
Technologies(R. Capurro, G. Tamburrini, J. Weber, eds.)
http://ethicbots.na.infn.it/documents.php
38
References
Kimura, T, Nakada, M., Suzuki, K., Sankai, Y. (Eds.): Cybernics Technical Reports.
Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba, March 2011. CYB-2011-011 –
CYB-2011-008.
Nishigaki, Toru: Is a Society of Cohabitation with Robots Possible? In: Toru Nishigaki
and Tadashi Takenouchi (Eds.): Information Ethics. The Future of Humanities.
Nagoya City 2012, 1-25.
Wagner, Cosima: Robotopia Nipponica – Recherchen zur Akzeptanz von Robotern in
Japan. Marburg 2013. http://www.japanologie.uni-
frankfurt.de/japlehre/English_abstract_Robotopia_Nipponica_CW.pdf

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ROBOETHICS-CCS345 ETHICS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.ppt

  • 1. Robo-Ethics Rafael Capurro ラファエル・カプーロ International Center for Information Ethics 国際情報倫理学研究センター http://www.capurro.de/home-jp.html Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation - University of Tsukuba Joint Symposium Robo-Ethics and „Mind-Body-Schema“ of Human and Robot Challenges for a Better Quality of Life University of Tsukuba, Japan January 23, 2015
  • 2. 2 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? How quickly?
  • 3. 3 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? Who will use them?
  • 4. 4 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? For what purposes?
  • 5. 5 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? With what kind of inbuilt rules of behaviour?
  • 6. 6 A Robot Age Will robots be widespread in the 21st century similarly to cars in the last century? What are the social risks and opportunities?
  • 7. 7 A Robot Age With what consequences for: • Self-awareness • Everyday life • Working environment • Ecology • Privacy / Publicness • Safety / Security • Surveillance
  • 8. 8 Robots and Humans A world of networked robots Sharing the world with others
  • 9. 9 Robots and Humans What is a robot? Who are we?
  • 10. 10 Robots and Humans The more computable a being is, the more and the better it is. Freedom: the capacity to opt for diverse forms of being-in-the-world.
  • 11. 11 Robots and Humans The more computable a being is, the more and the better it is Feelings open dimensions of being-in-the-world
  • 12. 12 Robots and Humans Being a robot is more and better than being a human Sharing bodily the world with others
  • 13. 13 Robots and Humans Linear robot time Three-dimensional human (spatial-)temporality Situation - Ba 場
  • 14. 14 Ethics of Care More subjected to linear time More free time
  • 15. 15 Ethics of Care Care tends to take the place of the other, Care opens up a path for the other to care for him or herself.
  • 16. 16 Ethics of Care Replacing humans Deplacing humans
  • 18. 18 Ethics of Care Exacerbating capitalism Taming capitalism
  • 19. 19 Ethics of Care Dehumanizing war A-humanizing war?
  • 20. 20 Ethics of Care Algorithms Rules of fair play
  • 21. 21 Humans and Robots What are we in the robot era? Who are we in the robot era?
  • 22. 22 Humans and Robots Human-Robot interaction Human-Human interplay
  • 23. 23 Humans and Robots Culturally detached view of robots Cultural embeddedness of humans
  • 24. 24 Conclusion Adapting social ‚immune systems‘ (Sloterdijk) to robots Adapting robots to social ‚immune systems‘ 免疫系(め んえきけい) (me nekikei)
  • 25. 25 Conclusion Taking care of robots in the robot era Taking care of each other in the common world
  • 26. 26 Conclusion Self and selfless robots Human self and selflessness
  • 27. 27 Conclusion What are robots? They are masks of human desire(s)
  • 28. 28 Conclusion Cosima Wagner writes in her book „Robotopia Nipponica. Research on the Acceptance of Robots in Japan“ (2013): "[...] "social robots" illustrate the "negotiation character of the creation and use of technological artefacts" (Hörning), which for example includes the rejection of military applications of robot technology in Japan.
  • 29. 29 Conclusion On the other hand, as a cultural topos, they mirror dreams, desires and needs of human beings at a certain time and therefore have to be interpreted as political objects as well.
  • 30. 30 Conclusion As a source for a Japanese history of objects "social" robots exemplify the cultural meaning of robots, the expectations of the Japanese state and economy, the mentality of Japanese engineers and scientists
  • 31. 31 Conclusion and last but not least the socio-cultural change, which the ageing Japanese society is about to face.„ (Cosima Wagner, 2013)
  • 33. 33 References Capurro, Rafael: Medicine 2.0. Reflections on a pathology of the information society. In: Innovation, journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa, Nr 46, June 2013 (Special Issue: Information Ethics, ed. Stephen Mutula) pp. 75-96. http://www.capurro.de/Medicine2_0.html Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Biometrics. Contribution to Tabula Rasa (FP 7 2011: Trusted Biometrics under Spoofing Attacks, Deliverable D 7.2) (Questions by Andrew P. Rebera) http://www.capurro.de/biometrics.html http://www.tabularasa-euproject.org/ Capurro, Rafael: Ethical Aspects of Value Ageing. (Questions by Barry Guihen)(FP 7, 2013) http://www.capurro.de/value_ageing.html http://cordis.europa.eu/result/rcn/60667_en.html
  • 34. 34 References Capurro, Rafael: Toward a Comparative Theory of Agents. In: AI & Society, Vol. 27, 4 (2012), 479-488. http://www.capurro.de/agents.html Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. Contribution to the Workshop organized by Cybernics, University of Tsukuba (Japan), September 30, 2009. In: Cybernics Technical Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba 2011, 39-59 (CYB-2011-001 -CYB-2011-008 March 2011). http://www.capurro.de/roboethics_survey.html Capurro, Rafael: The Quest for Roboethics. In: IEEE ISTAS – International Symposium Technology and Society, Australia 2010. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvB6cYzDkcg Proceedings: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?reload=true&punumber=5507518
  • 35. 35 References Capurro, Rafael: Toward a comparative theory of agents. In AI & Society, 27, 4 (2012), 479-488. http://www.capurro.de/agents.html Capurro, Rafael: Ethics and Robotics. In: Rafael Capurro and Michael Nagenborg: Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg 2009, 117-123. http://www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html http://www.capurro.de/ethicsandrobotics.html Capurro, Rafael and Nakada, Makoto: An Intercultural Dialogue on Roboethics. In: ibid. (Eds.): The Quest for Information Ethics and Roboethics in East and West. Research Report on trends in information ethics and roboethics in Japan and the West. ReGIS and ICIE, March 31, 2013, pp. 13-22 (ISSN 2187-6061). http://www.capurro.de/intercultural_roboethics.html Capurro, Rafael, Eldred, Michael and Nagel, Daniel: Digital Whoness: Identity, Privacy and Freedom in the Cyberworld. Frankfurt 2013. Capurro, Rafael and Marsiske, Hans-Arthur: Der Moment des Triumphs. E-Mail-Dialog über ein Bild. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012, 11-30. http://www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf
  • 36. 36 References Capurro, Rafael: Wer ist der Mensch? Überlegungen zu einer vergleichenden Theorie der Agenten. In: Hans-Arthur Marsiske (Ed.): Kriegsmaschinen - Roboter im Militäreinsatz. Hannover 2012, 231-238. http://www.capurro.de/kriegsmaschinen.pdf Capurro, Rafael and Nagenborg, Michael (Eds.): Ethics and Robotics. Heidelberg 2009. ETICA: Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT Applications (FP 7, 2009-2011): Deliverable 3.2 Evaluation Report (M. Rader, ed.) Deliverable 3.2.2 Ethical Evaluation (M. Nageborg, R. Capurro) http://www.capurro.de/etica_deliv3.2.2.pdf Deliverable 2.2 Normative Issues Report (R. Heersmink, J. van den Hoven, J. Timmermans) http://www.etica-project.eu/deliverable-files
  • 37. 37 References ETHICBOTS: Emerging Technoethics of Human Interaction with Communication, Bionics and Robotic Systems (FP 6, 2005-2007): Deliverable 4 : Analysis of national and international EU regulations and Ethical Councils Opinions related with technologies for the integration of human and artificial entities (R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel) See also: R. Capurro, M. Nagenborg, J. Weber, Chr. Pingel: Ethical Regulations on Robotics in Europe. In: AI & Society, 22 (2008), 349-366. Deliverable 5 Technoethical Case Studies in Robotics, Bionics, and Related AI Agent Technologies(R. Capurro, G. Tamburrini, J. Weber, eds.) http://ethicbots.na.infn.it/documents.php
  • 38. 38 References Kimura, T, Nakada, M., Suzuki, K., Sankai, Y. (Eds.): Cybernics Technical Reports. Special Issue on Roboethics. University of Tsukuba, March 2011. CYB-2011-011 – CYB-2011-008. Nishigaki, Toru: Is a Society of Cohabitation with Robots Possible? In: Toru Nishigaki and Tadashi Takenouchi (Eds.): Information Ethics. The Future of Humanities. Nagoya City 2012, 1-25. Wagner, Cosima: Robotopia Nipponica – Recherchen zur Akzeptanz von Robotern in Japan. Marburg 2013. http://www.japanologie.uni- frankfurt.de/japlehre/English_abstract_Robotopia_Nipponica_CW.pdf