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PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF REHABILITATION IN
PHYSIOTHERAPY
BY- DR. KEERTI GOUR
(NEUROPHYSIOTHEREPIST)
CONTENTS
• Introduction to Rehabilitation Psychology
• History of Rehabilitation psychology
• India and Rehabilitation Psychology
• Indications for Rehabilitation Psychology
• Models of Rehabilitation Psychology
• Facilitators and Barriers of Psychological Rehabilitation
• Aspects of Psychological Rehabilitation
• Role of physiotherapist in Rehabilitation Psychology
INTRODUCTION
A Holistic, Person-Centered Approach to Mental Health Care
“Rehabilitation Psychology is a specialty area of psychology aimed at maximizing
the independence, functional status, health, and social participation of individuals
with disabilities and chronic health conditions overall and specifically with gaining
and advancing with employment”
OR
“Rehabilitation psychology is a specialty area within psychology that focuses on
the study and application of psychological knowledge and skills on behalf of
individuals with disabilities and chronic health conditions in order to maximize
health and welfare, independence and choice, functional abilities, and social role
participation”
OR
“ A rehabilitation psychology is that particular stream of physical medicine which
deals with the psychological aspects like cognition mental health, mood,
emotions, affection, disgrace, anxiety and other experiences which an individual
or an athlete undergoes in day to day life”
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
• Deals with assessment and treatment may include the following
areas: psychosocial, cognitive, behavioral, and functional status, self-esteem,
coping skills, and quality of life.
• Rehabilitation psychologists provide clinical services in varied healthcare
settings, including acute care hospitals, inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation
centers, assisted living centers, long-term care facilities, specialty clinics, and
community agencies.
• A rehabilitation psychologist addresses that psychosocial factors, in relation to
patients’ experience of pain, may explain why some patients are unable to
make a full recovery.
Introduction
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
HISTORY
• Rehabilitation came into existence after the World Wars and because of their soldiers and activists
working that time.
• Medicine has always been keen on findings solutions to problems which not only last long but also
consider rehabilitation in the centre stream of treatment line.
• Psychological aspects of rehabilitation is said to have been originated and conceptualized in 1960s
and 1970s.
• Along with rehabilitation taking mainstream into treatment psychological aspects have been
illustrated as important parameter by the World Health Organization.
• Previously, psychological rehabilitation was provided by doctors and nurses along side main
medications.
• Present scenario has resulted in an increase of these therapies being provided by professional
psychiatrists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and sometimes vocational therapists.
• Worldwide, these services are being rendered by specialized Psychological therapists but many
countries have incorporated dealing of such patients under Sports Rehabilitation Specialists.
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
DETAILED HISTORY AT A GLANCE
There was a mental hospital at
Dhar, near Mandu, in Madhya
Pradesh, established by
Mohammed Khilji in the
15thcentury between 1436 –
1469 A.D.
In 1929, The Indian Association for
Mental Hygiene was founded by Dr.
Barkeley Hill. Subsequently The Indian
Psychiatric Society (IPS) was established
on 7thJanuary 1947 by a group of Indian
Psychiatrists.
In 1954, the involvement of
family in the psychiatric
treatment was initiated by Dr.
Vidya sagar, at Amritsar Hospital
in Punjab.
In 1960, the first day care
centre for the mentally ill was
established by the All India
Institute of Mental Health,
Bangalore.
In 1960s,the Mental Health
Centre was started at
Christian Medical College
Hospital at Vellore, Tamil
Nadu.
In 1964, the first voluntary
organisation for the persons with
mentally illness was established by a
group of people at Bangalore, called
Medico Pastoral Association (MPA).
The ALMA ATA declaration was
proclaimed in 1970, the 7thcomponent
was the promotion of mental health
through primary health care system in
the community
In 1982, National Mental Health
Programme (NMHP) was
inceptioned by the Government of
India. It was a landmark in the field
of psychosocial rehabilitation.
In 1985, the community based
rehabilitation programme was
launched by the United
Nations.
In 1986, World Association for
Psychosocial Rehabilitation
(Indian Chapter) (WAPR -IC)
was established by Dr.
Sarathamenon at Madras.
In December 1995, People With
Disability Act (Equal opportunity,
Protection of rights, Full
participation) was enacted by the
Government of India and was
implemented in February 1996.
In 1999, National Trust Act was
enacted and implemented by the
Government of India. This act for
persons with autism, cereparal
palsy, mental retardation and
multiple disabilities
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
INDIA AND REHABILITATION PSYCHOLOGY
• In India, rehabilitation psychologists render their services through various modes.
• Psychiatric rehabilitation in India is in dynamic growth since the 1990s.
• Three sectors which hire the most amount of these personnel in India include Hospital sector, NGOs and community
initiatives.
• Organized and financed government aided Psychosocial rehabilitation centres are still scarce and 60% of them remained on
papers only.
• NHRC report of 1999 states that 63% hospitals had a general rehabilitation service for all the aspects of rehabilitation
throughout the country.
• Well known NGOs in India like Medical Pastoral Association in Bangalore, Richmond Fund Society, Schizophrenia Research
Foundation (SCARF) at Chennai, etc. are providing not only residential facilities but vocational facilities at their centres.
• 25+ day care centres work all over India with majority of them being in South India.
• Training of skilled professionals for jobs in this sector is usually taken up by the Rehabilitation Council of India in association
with the Indian Psychiatric Society, Indian Association of Social Psychology, World Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation,
etc.
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
INDICATIONS
Why should I
seek
Psychological
Rehabilitation?
Chronic illness
Prolonged
Hospitalization
Amputation
Mental
disabilities
Lack of
social life
Prolonged
isolation
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
MODELS
• Working of a psychological rehabilitation is conceptualized to be assertive to four
main models, which are:
Impairment,
Disability
and
Handicap
model
Stress,
Vulnerability
Coping and
Competence
Model
Integrated
model by
Liberman
Biopsychosocial
Model
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
ICIDH MODEL FOR PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
STRESS, VULNERABILITY COPING AND
COMPETENCE MODEL
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
INTEGRATED APPROACH
BIO-PSYCHO-SOCIAL MODEL
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
FACILITATORS AND BARRIERS
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL REHAB
Treatment strategies often used with patients requiring psychological
rehabilitation include:
• Cognitive therapies
• Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Most recent therapy devised)
• Skill training (considered as elementary in psychological rehabilitation)
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
COGNITIVE THERAPIES
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
Cognitive training
Cranial electrical stimulation (CES)
Counselling
Group Psychotherapy
Brain storming
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT)
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
SKILL TRAINING
•Patient’s problem should be identified in terms of Behavioural deficits and social problems.
Problem
• Strengths and capabilities of patients must be identified
Inventory of Assests
• Build rapport with patient and show empathy instead of judgemental
Therapy Alliance
• Establish realistic positive and attainable goals
Goal setting
• Behavioural rehearsal is critical element in training skills
Rehearsal
• Positive reinforcements should be build in at each and every step
Reinforcement
•Breaking of short term goals into long term goals which sound attainable and realistic
Shaping
• Giving directional prompts or cues to patients with every desired behaviour
Prompting
•Therapist demonstrated desirable behavioural patterns at different or desired situations.
Modelling
• Assignments and home-works allotment for general behavioural skills to develop
Homework
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555
M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
ROLE OF PTS
• Physical therapists’ are considered to be in an optimal position to treat the
psychosocial and physical factors accompanying the rehabilitation process.
• Sports medicine has comprehensively examined the relationship between
thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in regards to the psychological and
behavioral responses of injury and recovery.
• An extensive amount of research in the field of sports medicine has
investigated the psychosocial impact of athletic injuries.
• It is suggested that medical professionals, such as physical therapists, should
provide psychological support during athlete rehabilitation, be able to
effectively implement psychosocial interventions, and have the ability to
recognize when referral is appropriate.
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018;
2(1): 555579
ROLE OF PTS
• Good rapport and communication have been associated with greater adherence
to the rehabilitation program, increased motivation, and better recovery.
• When used in conjunction, the integrated model of psychological response and
the bio-psychosocial model of sport injury rehabilitation provide a broader
framework of the psychological and social factors impeding the rehabilitation
program than the one originally outlined by Engel.
• It is evident that physical therapists need to address both physical and
psychological aspects of their patients.
Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018;
2(1): 555579
Thank You

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PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF REHAB. IN PHYSIOTHERAPY..pdf

  • 1. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF REHABILITATION IN PHYSIOTHERAPY BY- DR. KEERTI GOUR (NEUROPHYSIOTHEREPIST)
  • 2. CONTENTS • Introduction to Rehabilitation Psychology • History of Rehabilitation psychology • India and Rehabilitation Psychology • Indications for Rehabilitation Psychology • Models of Rehabilitation Psychology • Facilitators and Barriers of Psychological Rehabilitation • Aspects of Psychological Rehabilitation • Role of physiotherapist in Rehabilitation Psychology
  • 3. INTRODUCTION A Holistic, Person-Centered Approach to Mental Health Care “Rehabilitation Psychology is a specialty area of psychology aimed at maximizing the independence, functional status, health, and social participation of individuals with disabilities and chronic health conditions overall and specifically with gaining and advancing with employment” OR “Rehabilitation psychology is a specialty area within psychology that focuses on the study and application of psychological knowledge and skills on behalf of individuals with disabilities and chronic health conditions in order to maximize health and welfare, independence and choice, functional abilities, and social role participation” OR “ A rehabilitation psychology is that particular stream of physical medicine which deals with the psychological aspects like cognition mental health, mood, emotions, affection, disgrace, anxiety and other experiences which an individual or an athlete undergoes in day to day life” Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 4. • Deals with assessment and treatment may include the following areas: psychosocial, cognitive, behavioral, and functional status, self-esteem, coping skills, and quality of life. • Rehabilitation psychologists provide clinical services in varied healthcare settings, including acute care hospitals, inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation centers, assisted living centers, long-term care facilities, specialty clinics, and community agencies. • A rehabilitation psychologist addresses that psychosocial factors, in relation to patients’ experience of pain, may explain why some patients are unable to make a full recovery. Introduction Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 5. HISTORY • Rehabilitation came into existence after the World Wars and because of their soldiers and activists working that time. • Medicine has always been keen on findings solutions to problems which not only last long but also consider rehabilitation in the centre stream of treatment line. • Psychological aspects of rehabilitation is said to have been originated and conceptualized in 1960s and 1970s. • Along with rehabilitation taking mainstream into treatment psychological aspects have been illustrated as important parameter by the World Health Organization. • Previously, psychological rehabilitation was provided by doctors and nurses along side main medications. • Present scenario has resulted in an increase of these therapies being provided by professional psychiatrists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and sometimes vocational therapists. • Worldwide, these services are being rendered by specialized Psychological therapists but many countries have incorporated dealing of such patients under Sports Rehabilitation Specialists. Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 6. DETAILED HISTORY AT A GLANCE There was a mental hospital at Dhar, near Mandu, in Madhya Pradesh, established by Mohammed Khilji in the 15thcentury between 1436 – 1469 A.D. In 1929, The Indian Association for Mental Hygiene was founded by Dr. Barkeley Hill. Subsequently The Indian Psychiatric Society (IPS) was established on 7thJanuary 1947 by a group of Indian Psychiatrists. In 1954, the involvement of family in the psychiatric treatment was initiated by Dr. Vidya sagar, at Amritsar Hospital in Punjab. In 1960, the first day care centre for the mentally ill was established by the All India Institute of Mental Health, Bangalore. In 1960s,the Mental Health Centre was started at Christian Medical College Hospital at Vellore, Tamil Nadu. In 1964, the first voluntary organisation for the persons with mentally illness was established by a group of people at Bangalore, called Medico Pastoral Association (MPA). The ALMA ATA declaration was proclaimed in 1970, the 7thcomponent was the promotion of mental health through primary health care system in the community In 1982, National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) was inceptioned by the Government of India. It was a landmark in the field of psychosocial rehabilitation. In 1985, the community based rehabilitation programme was launched by the United Nations. In 1986, World Association for Psychosocial Rehabilitation (Indian Chapter) (WAPR -IC) was established by Dr. Sarathamenon at Madras. In December 1995, People With Disability Act (Equal opportunity, Protection of rights, Full participation) was enacted by the Government of India and was implemented in February 1996. In 1999, National Trust Act was enacted and implemented by the Government of India. This act for persons with autism, cereparal palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 7. INDIA AND REHABILITATION PSYCHOLOGY • In India, rehabilitation psychologists render their services through various modes. • Psychiatric rehabilitation in India is in dynamic growth since the 1990s. • Three sectors which hire the most amount of these personnel in India include Hospital sector, NGOs and community initiatives. • Organized and financed government aided Psychosocial rehabilitation centres are still scarce and 60% of them remained on papers only. • NHRC report of 1999 states that 63% hospitals had a general rehabilitation service for all the aspects of rehabilitation throughout the country. • Well known NGOs in India like Medical Pastoral Association in Bangalore, Richmond Fund Society, Schizophrenia Research Foundation (SCARF) at Chennai, etc. are providing not only residential facilities but vocational facilities at their centres. • 25+ day care centres work all over India with majority of them being in South India. • Training of skilled professionals for jobs in this sector is usually taken up by the Rehabilitation Council of India in association with the Indian Psychiatric Society, Indian Association of Social Psychology, World Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, etc. Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 8.
  • 9. INDICATIONS Why should I seek Psychological Rehabilitation? Chronic illness Prolonged Hospitalization Amputation Mental disabilities Lack of social life Prolonged isolation Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 10. MODELS • Working of a psychological rehabilitation is conceptualized to be assertive to four main models, which are: Impairment, Disability and Handicap model Stress, Vulnerability Coping and Competence Model Integrated model by Liberman Biopsychosocial Model Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 11. ICIDH MODEL FOR PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 12. STRESS, VULNERABILITY COPING AND COMPETENCE MODEL Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 14. BIO-PSYCHO-SOCIAL MODEL Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 15.
  • 16. FACILITATORS AND BARRIERS Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 17. ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL REHAB Treatment strategies often used with patients requiring psychological rehabilitation include: • Cognitive therapies • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (Most recent therapy devised) • Skill training (considered as elementary in psychological rehabilitation) Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 18. COGNITIVE THERAPIES Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) Cognitive training Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) Counselling Group Psychotherapy Brain storming Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 19. COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT) Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 20. SKILL TRAINING •Patient’s problem should be identified in terms of Behavioural deficits and social problems. Problem • Strengths and capabilities of patients must be identified Inventory of Assests • Build rapport with patient and show empathy instead of judgemental Therapy Alliance • Establish realistic positive and attainable goals Goal setting • Behavioural rehearsal is critical element in training skills Rehearsal • Positive reinforcements should be build in at each and every step Reinforcement •Breaking of short term goals into long term goals which sound attainable and realistic Shaping • Giving directional prompts or cues to patients with every desired behaviour Prompting •Therapist demonstrated desirable behavioural patterns at different or desired situations. Modelling • Assignments and home-works allotment for general behavioural skills to develop Homework Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 5555 M Sarada Menon; Psychosocial Rehabilitation; NIMHANS Journal; 14(4) 1996; 29-305
  • 21. ROLE OF PTS • Physical therapists’ are considered to be in an optimal position to treat the psychosocial and physical factors accompanying the rehabilitation process. • Sports medicine has comprehensively examined the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in regards to the psychological and behavioral responses of injury and recovery. • An extensive amount of research in the field of sports medicine has investigated the psychosocial impact of athletic injuries. • It is suggested that medical professionals, such as physical therapists, should provide psychological support during athlete rehabilitation, be able to effectively implement psychosocial interventions, and have the ability to recognize when referral is appropriate. Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 555579
  • 22. ROLE OF PTS • Good rapport and communication have been associated with greater adherence to the rehabilitation program, increased motivation, and better recovery. • When used in conjunction, the integrated model of psychological response and the bio-psychosocial model of sport injury rehabilitation provide a broader framework of the psychological and social factors impeding the rehabilitation program than the one originally outlined by Engel. • It is evident that physical therapists need to address both physical and psychological aspects of their patients. Knuth A, Ross-Stewart L, Brent C, Salerno R. Psychological Aspects of Rehabilitation as Perceived by Physical Therapists. J Phy Fit Treatment & Sports. 2018; 2(1): 555579