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Silene ciliata (Caryophyllaceae) as a model species in
a climate change scenario: our multidisciplinary
approaches
García-Fernández, A., Morente-López, J., Lara-Romero, C.,
Rubio-Teso, M.L., Iriondo, J.M.
Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos,
E-28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain.
10 years with Silene ciliata in 10 minutes using 10
slides
García-Fernández, A., Morente-López, J., Lara-Romero, C.,
Rubio-Teso, M.L., Iriondo, J.M.
Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos,
E-28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain.
• Circum-mediterranean alpine chamaephyte
• Elevation range: 1500 – 2500 m
• 2 important features:
• Polyploid karyotypes
– 2n = 24 to 2n = 192
• Phenotype variability
• Description of subspecies:
– Subsp. graffieri (Eastern mountains)
– Subsp. ciliata (Western mountains)
– Other subsp. and varieties
Silene ciliata Pourret
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
• Plastid markers support the existence of two
subspecies
• More haplotype diversity in western group
• Vicariance processes, dispersal barriers and
geographical disconnection associated to
glaciation-interglaciation periods
Kyrkou et al. (2015) PeerJ
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
• During the last decade, more than 10 papers
published with the species.
• Mediterranean mountains, hotspot of
biodiversity and endemisms.
• Altitudinal gradients summarize environmental
variabilities.
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
• Floral asynchrony
Intermediate
population
Low population
High population
Gimenez-Benavides et al. (2007) New Phyto.
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
• Floral asynchrony
• Local adaptation, reciprocal transplants
Intermediate
population
Low population
High population
Gimenez-Benavides et al. (2007) Ann. Bot.
Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
• Floral asynchrony
• Local adaptation, drought resistance
Intermediate
population
Low population
High population
Fv/Fmphtosynteticstatus
Days without water supply
García-Fernández et al. (2012) Plant Bio.
Low pop.
Inter. pop.
High pop.
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret • Central – marginal hypothesis
• Niche model prediction in Central Spain
GuadarramaGredosBéjar
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
• Central population
• Marginal populations
• Central – marginal theory
• Niche model prediction in Central Spain
• Populations selection, based in:
– 3 mountains
– Different population size
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret • Central – marginal theory
• Niche model prediction in Central Spain
• Populations selection
• Two complementary approaches:
 Ex situ sowing
experiment at
optimum conditions in
growth chamber and
greenhouse
environment (mother
plant x type of cross x
block x pop. = 8640
seeds).
 In situ sowing
experiment at the
locations of the 6
marginal populations
(mother plant x type of
cross x block x pop. =
24000 seeds)
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
Reference-based
transcriptome assembly
Silene latifolia Reference Genome
T G T C G G T C T
T G T C G G T C T
T G T C A G T C T
T G T C A G T C T
SNP calling – Reads2SNP
High
Low
Differential expression
Candidate Genes
High
Low Candidate Genes
Functional annotation
&
Enrichment analysis
• Next Generation Sequencing.
• Transcriptome analyses and SNP calling.
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret
Thanks for your attention
Prof. Jose M. Iriondo
Group leader
Javier Morente-López
Ph.D student
Luisa Rubio
Ph.D student
Dr. Alfredo García-Fernández
Dr. Carlos Lara-Romero
RUI AGI CAM SES NAJMOR
F1
F2
F3
F1>F2F1<F3 F1=F2,F3 F1=F2,F3F1=F2,F3
Inbreeding
depression
No inbreeding depression
F1<F2
Adaptation
from MOR
Maladaptation
from RUI
In situ
F1<F2,F3F1<F2,F3 F1=F2,F3 F1=F2,F3
Inbreeding depression No inbreeding depression
F1<F2,F3
Inbreeding
depression
Ex situ F1=F2,F3
He= 0.63
FIS= 0.33
Ne= 10
He= 0.75
FIS= 0.32
Ne= 25
He= 0.66
FIS= 0.19
Ne= 12
He= 0.70
FIS= -0.12
Ne= inf
He= 0.70
FIS= 0.39
Ne= 66
He= 0.51
FIS= 0.31
Ne= 131
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
Silene ciliata Pourret • Next Generation Sequencing.
• Transcriptome analyses and SNP calling
– 288 genes expressed differentially

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Presentation berlin 2015 alfredo garcia fernandez

  • 1. Silene ciliata (Caryophyllaceae) as a model species in a climate change scenario: our multidisciplinary approaches García-Fernández, A., Morente-López, J., Lara-Romero, C., Rubio-Teso, M.L., Iriondo, J.M. Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, E-28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain.
  • 2. 10 years with Silene ciliata in 10 minutes using 10 slides García-Fernández, A., Morente-López, J., Lara-Romero, C., Rubio-Teso, M.L., Iriondo, J.M. Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, E-28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain.
  • 3. • Circum-mediterranean alpine chamaephyte • Elevation range: 1500 – 2500 m • 2 important features: • Polyploid karyotypes – 2n = 24 to 2n = 192 • Phenotype variability • Description of subspecies: – Subsp. graffieri (Eastern mountains) – Subsp. ciliata (Western mountains) – Other subsp. and varieties Silene ciliata Pourret Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects
  • 4. Silene ciliata Pourret Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects • Plastid markers support the existence of two subspecies • More haplotype diversity in western group • Vicariance processes, dispersal barriers and geographical disconnection associated to glaciation-interglaciation periods Kyrkou et al. (2015) PeerJ
  • 5. Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • During the last decade, more than 10 papers published with the species. • Mediterranean mountains, hotspot of biodiversity and endemisms. • Altitudinal gradients summarize environmental variabilities.
  • 6. Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Floral asynchrony Intermediate population Low population High population Gimenez-Benavides et al. (2007) New Phyto.
  • 7. Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Floral asynchrony • Local adaptation, reciprocal transplants Intermediate population Low population High population Gimenez-Benavides et al. (2007) Ann. Bot.
  • 8. Introduction Past studies Current researches Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Floral asynchrony • Local adaptation, drought resistance Intermediate population Low population High population Fv/Fmphtosynteticstatus Days without water supply García-Fernández et al. (2012) Plant Bio. Low pop. Inter. pop. High pop.
  • 9. Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Central – marginal hypothesis • Niche model prediction in Central Spain
  • 10. GuadarramaGredosBéjar Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Central population • Marginal populations • Central – marginal theory • Niche model prediction in Central Spain • Populations selection, based in: – 3 mountains – Different population size
  • 11. Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Central – marginal theory • Niche model prediction in Central Spain • Populations selection • Two complementary approaches:  Ex situ sowing experiment at optimum conditions in growth chamber and greenhouse environment (mother plant x type of cross x block x pop. = 8640 seeds).  In situ sowing experiment at the locations of the 6 marginal populations (mother plant x type of cross x block x pop. = 24000 seeds)
  • 12. Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret Reference-based transcriptome assembly Silene latifolia Reference Genome T G T C G G T C T T G T C G G T C T T G T C A G T C T T G T C A G T C T SNP calling – Reads2SNP High Low Differential expression Candidate Genes High Low Candidate Genes Functional annotation & Enrichment analysis • Next Generation Sequencing. • Transcriptome analyses and SNP calling.
  • 13. Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret Thanks for your attention Prof. Jose M. Iriondo Group leader Javier Morente-López Ph.D student Luisa Rubio Ph.D student Dr. Alfredo García-Fernández Dr. Carlos Lara-Romero
  • 14. RUI AGI CAM SES NAJMOR F1 F2 F3 F1>F2F1<F3 F1=F2,F3 F1=F2,F3F1=F2,F3 Inbreeding depression No inbreeding depression F1<F2 Adaptation from MOR Maladaptation from RUI In situ F1<F2,F3F1<F2,F3 F1=F2,F3 F1=F2,F3 Inbreeding depression No inbreeding depression F1<F2,F3 Inbreeding depression Ex situ F1=F2,F3 He= 0.63 FIS= 0.33 Ne= 10 He= 0.75 FIS= 0.32 Ne= 25 He= 0.66 FIS= 0.19 Ne= 12 He= 0.70 FIS= -0.12 Ne= inf He= 0.70 FIS= 0.39 Ne= 66 He= 0.51 FIS= 0.31 Ne= 131 Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects
  • 15. Introduction Past studies Current research Future prospects Silene ciliata Pourret • Next Generation Sequencing. • Transcriptome analyses and SNP calling – 288 genes expressed differentially

Editor's Notes

  1. In parallel we conducted a genetic characterization of the marginal populations using microsatellite markers Inbreeding depression in MOR population (García-Fernández et al., 2012a). Najarra: He y Fis de los cuatro primeros marcadores de Carlos (uno de ellos distinto al utilizado en el resto del estudio) Ne calculado para los 8 marcadores de Najarra