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Present simple
The Present SimpleThe Present Simple
USE 1: Repeated Actions
USE 2: Facts or Generalizations
The Usages of the Present SimpleThe Usages of the Present Simple
Use 1
Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action
is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby,
a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often
happens. It can also be something a person often forgets
or usually does not do.
USE 1: Repeated Actions
Examples
- I tennis.
- She play tennis.
- The train every morning at 8 am.
- The train leave at 9am.
Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object
play
does not
leaves
does not
USE 2:USE 2: Facts or GeneralizationsFacts or Generalizations
The Present SimplePresent Simple can also indicate the speaker
believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and
will be true in the future. It is not important if the
speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to
make generalizations about people or things.
.
-Cats milk.
- Birds like milk.
-Windows made of glass.
- Windows made of wood.
Examples
Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object
like
do not
are
are not
Present Simple, third person singular
Note:
he, she, it
in the third person singular the verb, always ends in: ss
he want ss she need ss
Grammatical ViewGrammatical View
A:
Add eses to verbs ending in:
ssx sh
ch
he pass
she catch
he fix it push
B.
o
eses eses eses
eses He go eses
Verbs ending in yy ;the third person changes the to iesies
fly fl cry
C: yy
iesies criesies
Exception:
If there is a vowelvowel before the: yy
s prayplay play prays
What’s the 3rd
person singular?
1)push
2)sneeze
3)glorify
4)annoy
5)kiss
6)deny
7)marry
What’s the 3rd
person singular?
1)push
2)sneeze
3)glorify
4)annoy
5)kiss
6)deny
7)marry
pushes
sneezes
glorifies
annoys
kisses
denies
marries
  Negative and questionNegative and question  forms useforms use  DO or DOESDO or DOES  (=the(=the
third person of thethird person of the  auxiliaryauxiliary''DODO'') + the infinitive of the) + the infinitive of the
verb.verb.
He wantHe wantss. . DoesDoes  he want? Hehe want? He  doesdoes not not  want.want.
. 1.Third person singular with ss or eses
a. He goes to school every morning.
b. She understands English.
c. It mixes the sand and the water.
d. He tries very hard.
e. She enjoys playing the piano.
Examples:
Affirmative Interrogative Negative
I think Do I think? I do not think
You think Do you think? You don't think
thinks He, She, It Does he, she, it think? He, she, it doesn't think
We think Do we think? We don't think
You think Do you think? You don't think
2.Present Simple, form:
Example: to think, present simple
The present simplepresent simple is used:
A.to express habits, general truths, repeated actions
or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:
I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation);
London is a large city (general truth).
.
-He drinks tea at breakfast
-She only eats fish.
-They watch television regularly
Time expressions
1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every month, every summer,
every month, every year, always, usually, etc.
.2.All the time
There are time expressions that we use only with the
Present Simple and they are:
I go to school every day.
He visits me every summer.
1. Ask your friends questions about what they do at
different times. Also ask about their families.
- "What time do you get up?" - "When do your brothers go
to bed?"
Write down the questions and give them to your teacher
for checking.
Activities
Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple(
.?
__________________________________1.
I work in a bank.
_____________________________________?2.
My brother is an engineer.
3?___________________________________.
He lives in an apartment building.
.Put in : do/don't/does/doesn't
1.Excuse me, _____________ you speak English?
..Where's Ann? I _____________ know.2
3.George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play very
often.
Present simple

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Present simple

  • 2. The Present SimpleThe Present Simple
  • 3. USE 1: Repeated Actions USE 2: Facts or Generalizations The Usages of the Present SimpleThe Usages of the Present Simple
  • 4. Use 1 Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. USE 1: Repeated Actions
  • 5. Examples - I tennis. - She play tennis. - The train every morning at 8 am. - The train leave at 9am. Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object play does not leaves does not
  • 6. USE 2:USE 2: Facts or GeneralizationsFacts or Generalizations The Present SimplePresent Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
  • 7. . -Cats milk. - Birds like milk. -Windows made of glass. - Windows made of wood. Examples Subject + (Verb) + (s, es) + Object like do not are are not
  • 8. Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, it in the third person singular the verb, always ends in: ss he want ss she need ss Grammatical ViewGrammatical View A:
  • 9. Add eses to verbs ending in: ssx sh ch he pass she catch he fix it push B. o eses eses eses eses He go eses
  • 10. Verbs ending in yy ;the third person changes the to iesies fly fl cry C: yy iesies criesies Exception: If there is a vowelvowel before the: yy s prayplay play prays
  • 11. What’s the 3rd person singular? 1)push 2)sneeze 3)glorify 4)annoy 5)kiss 6)deny 7)marry
  • 12. What’s the 3rd person singular? 1)push 2)sneeze 3)glorify 4)annoy 5)kiss 6)deny 7)marry pushes sneezes glorifies annoys kisses denies marries
  • 13.   Negative and questionNegative and question  forms useforms use  DO or DOESDO or DOES  (=the(=the third person of thethird person of the  auxiliaryauxiliary''DODO'') + the infinitive of the) + the infinitive of the verb.verb. He wantHe wantss. . DoesDoes  he want? Hehe want? He  doesdoes not not  want.want.
  • 14. . 1.Third person singular with ss or eses a. He goes to school every morning. b. She understands English. c. It mixes the sand and the water. d. He tries very hard. e. She enjoys playing the piano. Examples:
  • 15. Affirmative Interrogative Negative I think Do I think? I do not think You think Do you think? You don't think thinks He, She, It Does he, she, it think? He, she, it doesn't think We think Do we think? We don't think You think Do you think? You don't think 2.Present Simple, form: Example: to think, present simple
  • 16. The present simplepresent simple is used: A.to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth). . -He drinks tea at breakfast -She only eats fish. -They watch television regularly
  • 17. Time expressions 1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every month, every summer, every month, every year, always, usually, etc. .2.All the time There are time expressions that we use only with the Present Simple and they are: I go to school every day. He visits me every summer.
  • 18. 1. Ask your friends questions about what they do at different times. Also ask about their families. - "What time do you get up?" - "When do your brothers go to bed?" Write down the questions and give them to your teacher for checking. Activities
  • 19. Write the questions for the following answers. (Present Simple( .? __________________________________1. I work in a bank. _____________________________________?2. My brother is an engineer. 3?___________________________________. He lives in an apartment building.
  • 20. .Put in : do/don't/does/doesn't 1.Excuse me, _____________ you speak English? ..Where's Ann? I _____________ know.2 3.George is a good tennis player but he ___________ play very often.