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PRESENTATION TO
STATE PLANNING BOARDS
FRIDAY, JULY 6, 2012
Overview of the Twelfth Plan
Perspectives and Strategies
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
1
Faster, Sustainable, and More Inclusive Growth
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
2
 Plan must meet people’s aspirations—as seen from
our consultations.
 All States want faster growth—unity of purpose.
 Quality of growth is important—ethics, equity,
efficiency, and sustainability.
 People are principal agents of development
 Interests of weak and vulnerable are protected
 Driven by knowledge and innovation, not exploitation of
natural resources
Four dimensions of our approach
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
3
 Developing Capabilities
 Human
 Institutional
 National
 Economic growth and inclusion
 Livelihoods
 The Earth and its resources
 Land
 Water
 Energy
 Engagement with the world
Developing human capabilities
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
4
Two pre-requisites:
 Life: IMR, MMR, child sex ratio, malnutrition
 Personal identity: Aadhar
How to best use the demographic dividend?
 Education, skill development
 Teachers’ training
 Quality of teaching
 Enrolment and retention in secondary schools
Developing human capabilities … 2
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
5
Other challenges
 Malnutrition
 Effects on education
 Effects on health
 Migration—linguistic barriers
 Medical facilities and trained staff, esp. nurses
 Mobile phones to access useful, timely information.
Developing institutional capabilities
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
6
 Capacity building of all arms of the government.
 Legislature Union
 Executive State
 Judiciary PRI/ULB
 Delivery of public services
 Dispute resolution within government
 Improving regulatory capacities.
 Reforms that facilitate institutional innovation and
adaptation.
Developing national capabilities
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
7
1) Infrastructure
 State governments’ capacities to use PPP in more
areas.
 Power reforms
 Railway reforms.
2) Science, Technology, and Innovation
Economic Growth and Inclusion
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
8
 Unfavorable starting conditions, unlike the Eleventh
Plan.
 Difficult to grow faster than 8 percent, without being
more efficient in our use of resources.
 Global and local trade and finance: difficult to rely on
large-scale corporate investments to boost growth.
 Need a new strategy
The small business way to faster growth
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
9
 SME share of total investment expanded even in the
crisis.
 More attuned to the domestic economy.
 Need to stimulate new entrepreneurship:
 Promotes inclusiveness too
 Enable existing SMEs to expand
 Capital: DFIs, insurance
 Human resources
 Closer policy collaboration between Union and States
Building on MGNREGS and NRLM
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
10
 Foster entrepreneurship—lower cost of failure.
 Use assets created MGNREGS.
 More income in rural hands—spark local
entrepreneurship to spend that money.
 Promote the shift to more productive non-
agricultural growth.
 States and Panchayats roles are critical
Expand manufacturing
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
11
 Expand labor-intensive light manufacturing.
 Markets
 Credit
 Technology
 Institutional reforms
 Making clusters more effective
 Need better logistics
 Improved industrial infrastructure
 Improving the business regulatory framework
Stronger financial system
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
12
 Improving credit to agriculture, SSIs, and
infrastructure.
 Making insurance more useful and more
sustainable—especially for agriculture.
The earth and its resources
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
13
 India has the lowest per-capita availability of natural
resources—planning must optimize their use.
 Increasing agitations on land, water, and forests.
 Climate change is accelerating.
 Soil health is deteriorating—unhealthy fertilizer use.
Rational land use
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
14
 A growing and a wealthier population.
 Changing nutrition will need changes in cropping patterns.
 Trade-off between:
 agriculture and industrial/urban
 forests and minerals—both are national assets
 Managing urban land
Agriculture: rainfed farming
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
15
 Apply natural resource management to rainfed
farming
 Focus on many crops and products that reinforce
each other—and strengthen the resilience of the
land
 This needs:
 Soil productivity
 Moisture management
 Seeds
 Farm mechanization
Energy: Efficiency plus alternate sources
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
16
 Coal constraint will remain—improve energy
efficiency
 Nuclear energy must be promoted—but
apprehensions allayed.
 Decentralized generation and distribution of
energy—to meet rising urban demand.
 For rural and semi-urban, integrate existing
government schemes to attract private investment.
Water: efficiency, policy, and institutions
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
17
 Water use efficiency in agriculture is the poorest in
the world.
 Need modern laws and policies on water and
groundwater
 Reduce pollution, through better designed
institutions.
 Challenges of increasing urbanization.
Engagement with the world
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
18
 9 percent GDP growth requires 20 percent export
growth.
 External borrowings are likely to increase—volatile
FDI and FII.
 India can command more of the non-traded services
market—through migration to other countries.
 Use our soft power to strengthen our position
 Improve tourist inflows
 Engage more with neighboring countries—states
role
Proposed monitorable targets for 2017
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
19
1) Increase Mean Years of Schooling to eight years.
2) Create two million additional seats for each age cohort in
higher education aligned to the skill needs of the
economy.
3) Reduce IMR to 28 and TFR to 2.1 by the end of the Plan.
4) Reduce malnutrition among children age 0-3 years and
anemia among girls and women to half of NGHS-3 levels.
5) Provide electricity to all habitations and reliable power by
the end of the Plan.
6) Connect all villages with all-weather roads, and improve
the quality of national and state highways.
Monitorable targets for 2017
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
20
7) Real GDP Growth Rate of 8.5 percent.
8) Agriculture Growth Rate of 4 percent.
9) Manufacturing Growth Rate of 2 percent higher than GDP
Growth rate.
10) Reduce head-count ratio of consumption poverty by 10
percentage points over the immediately preceding
estimates.
11) Generate 25 million new work opportunities in the non-
agriculture sector.
12) Increase the green cover by 1 million hectares every year.
FOR MORE DETAILS CONTACT
PRONAB@NIC.IN
HARSH.SHRIVASTAVA@NIC.IN
February 23, 2016The Planning Commission
21
Thank you

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Overview of the 12th Plan--July 6 presentation by Pronab Sen

  • 1. PRESENTATION TO STATE PLANNING BOARDS FRIDAY, JULY 6, 2012 Overview of the Twelfth Plan Perspectives and Strategies February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 1
  • 2. Faster, Sustainable, and More Inclusive Growth February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 2  Plan must meet people’s aspirations—as seen from our consultations.  All States want faster growth—unity of purpose.  Quality of growth is important—ethics, equity, efficiency, and sustainability.  People are principal agents of development  Interests of weak and vulnerable are protected  Driven by knowledge and innovation, not exploitation of natural resources
  • 3. Four dimensions of our approach February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 3  Developing Capabilities  Human  Institutional  National  Economic growth and inclusion  Livelihoods  The Earth and its resources  Land  Water  Energy  Engagement with the world
  • 4. Developing human capabilities February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 4 Two pre-requisites:  Life: IMR, MMR, child sex ratio, malnutrition  Personal identity: Aadhar How to best use the demographic dividend?  Education, skill development  Teachers’ training  Quality of teaching  Enrolment and retention in secondary schools
  • 5. Developing human capabilities … 2 February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 5 Other challenges  Malnutrition  Effects on education  Effects on health  Migration—linguistic barriers  Medical facilities and trained staff, esp. nurses  Mobile phones to access useful, timely information.
  • 6. Developing institutional capabilities February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 6  Capacity building of all arms of the government.  Legislature Union  Executive State  Judiciary PRI/ULB  Delivery of public services  Dispute resolution within government  Improving regulatory capacities.  Reforms that facilitate institutional innovation and adaptation.
  • 7. Developing national capabilities February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 7 1) Infrastructure  State governments’ capacities to use PPP in more areas.  Power reforms  Railway reforms. 2) Science, Technology, and Innovation
  • 8. Economic Growth and Inclusion February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 8  Unfavorable starting conditions, unlike the Eleventh Plan.  Difficult to grow faster than 8 percent, without being more efficient in our use of resources.  Global and local trade and finance: difficult to rely on large-scale corporate investments to boost growth.  Need a new strategy
  • 9. The small business way to faster growth February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 9  SME share of total investment expanded even in the crisis.  More attuned to the domestic economy.  Need to stimulate new entrepreneurship:  Promotes inclusiveness too  Enable existing SMEs to expand  Capital: DFIs, insurance  Human resources  Closer policy collaboration between Union and States
  • 10. Building on MGNREGS and NRLM February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 10  Foster entrepreneurship—lower cost of failure.  Use assets created MGNREGS.  More income in rural hands—spark local entrepreneurship to spend that money.  Promote the shift to more productive non- agricultural growth.  States and Panchayats roles are critical
  • 11. Expand manufacturing February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 11  Expand labor-intensive light manufacturing.  Markets  Credit  Technology  Institutional reforms  Making clusters more effective  Need better logistics  Improved industrial infrastructure  Improving the business regulatory framework
  • 12. Stronger financial system February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 12  Improving credit to agriculture, SSIs, and infrastructure.  Making insurance more useful and more sustainable—especially for agriculture.
  • 13. The earth and its resources February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 13  India has the lowest per-capita availability of natural resources—planning must optimize their use.  Increasing agitations on land, water, and forests.  Climate change is accelerating.  Soil health is deteriorating—unhealthy fertilizer use.
  • 14. Rational land use February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 14  A growing and a wealthier population.  Changing nutrition will need changes in cropping patterns.  Trade-off between:  agriculture and industrial/urban  forests and minerals—both are national assets  Managing urban land
  • 15. Agriculture: rainfed farming February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 15  Apply natural resource management to rainfed farming  Focus on many crops and products that reinforce each other—and strengthen the resilience of the land  This needs:  Soil productivity  Moisture management  Seeds  Farm mechanization
  • 16. Energy: Efficiency plus alternate sources February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 16  Coal constraint will remain—improve energy efficiency  Nuclear energy must be promoted—but apprehensions allayed.  Decentralized generation and distribution of energy—to meet rising urban demand.  For rural and semi-urban, integrate existing government schemes to attract private investment.
  • 17. Water: efficiency, policy, and institutions February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 17  Water use efficiency in agriculture is the poorest in the world.  Need modern laws and policies on water and groundwater  Reduce pollution, through better designed institutions.  Challenges of increasing urbanization.
  • 18. Engagement with the world February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 18  9 percent GDP growth requires 20 percent export growth.  External borrowings are likely to increase—volatile FDI and FII.  India can command more of the non-traded services market—through migration to other countries.  Use our soft power to strengthen our position  Improve tourist inflows  Engage more with neighboring countries—states role
  • 19. Proposed monitorable targets for 2017 February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 19 1) Increase Mean Years of Schooling to eight years. 2) Create two million additional seats for each age cohort in higher education aligned to the skill needs of the economy. 3) Reduce IMR to 28 and TFR to 2.1 by the end of the Plan. 4) Reduce malnutrition among children age 0-3 years and anemia among girls and women to half of NGHS-3 levels. 5) Provide electricity to all habitations and reliable power by the end of the Plan. 6) Connect all villages with all-weather roads, and improve the quality of national and state highways.
  • 20. Monitorable targets for 2017 February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 20 7) Real GDP Growth Rate of 8.5 percent. 8) Agriculture Growth Rate of 4 percent. 9) Manufacturing Growth Rate of 2 percent higher than GDP Growth rate. 10) Reduce head-count ratio of consumption poverty by 10 percentage points over the immediately preceding estimates. 11) Generate 25 million new work opportunities in the non- agriculture sector. 12) Increase the green cover by 1 million hectares every year.
  • 21. FOR MORE DETAILS CONTACT PRONAB@NIC.IN HARSH.SHRIVASTAVA@NIC.IN February 23, 2016The Planning Commission 21 Thank you