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More Opportunities for More Growth
Times of India Seminar
Building an Inclusive India

- Harsh Shrivastava
- Centre for Civil Society
January 15, 2014
Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth
o

Both are needed to promote growth, especially
inclusive growth.

o

Capabilities without opportunities cannot create
growth.

o

Opportunities without capabilities cannot sustain
growth.

Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

2/11
Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth
Focus so far is on the Capabilities side of the
equation
o
o
o
o
o
o

Education
Skills
Health
Hunger
Power
Banking

Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

3/11
Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth
Not enough on the Opportunities side
o Opportunity to start a business
o Opportunity to grow a business
o Opportunity to exit a business

o Employment in the organized sector is not the
answer
o Livelihoods is part of the answer, but not the whole
answer
Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

4/11
Inclusive growth is more opportunities for:
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Dalits
Kashmiris
Muslims
Naxal-affected area residents
North-East residents
Women
… fourteen disadvantaged groups!

The whole country needs more opportunities, especially in
rural areas!

Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

5/11
Creating more opportunities: Citizens
• Cultural change
o Meghalaya Institute of Entrepreneurship

• Educational change
o Business skills in schools

• Support of civil society
o Argue for rights, but the rights are to what end
o www.umeed.org.in

• Political change
o Aam Dhanda Party!
Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

6/11
Creating more opportunities: Business
• Outsourcing
o Tata-DICCI collaboration

• Mentoring
o BYST is a good model

• Financing
o No moneylenders by 2017!

• Technology
o Mobiles for Muslims to make more money

• Support grow-ups
o Not just start-ups
Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

7/11
Creating more opportunities: Government
Create physical infrastructure
o Offices, markets, haats, parking lots

Make it easy to do business
o Arun Maira committee for states
o Need equivalent for cities and panchayats

Remove KYC norms
o Currently make it impossible to get regular loans

Reduce petty corruption
o Street-sellers’ business limited by the reach of their hands
Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

8/11
Creating more opportunities: Media

o

Devote 2 percent of airtime, space, etc. to
cover, celebrate, and campaign for local businesses

o

2 percent of Private Treaties investment to those
who support such small businesses

o

In self-interest: as Micro graduates to Small, it will
advertise more on your channels, papers, radio
stations

Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

10/11
Inclusive growth makes economic sense
• Focus on micro-economic rather than macro
o
o
o
o

Land
Labor
Capital
Productivity

• This is also the secret to 10 percent growth
o 2 percent more from women
o 0.5 percent more from Muslims
o 0.5 percent more from Dalits
… and so on

Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in

10/11
20 million more opportunities for the
marginalized by 2020
More capabilities
Plus
More opportunities
Equals

Inclusive growth

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More opportunities is the key to inclusive growth

  • 1. More Opportunities for More Growth Times of India Seminar Building an Inclusive India - Harsh Shrivastava - Centre for Civil Society January 15, 2014
  • 2. Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth o Both are needed to promote growth, especially inclusive growth. o Capabilities without opportunities cannot create growth. o Opportunities without capabilities cannot sustain growth. Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 2/11
  • 3. Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth Focus so far is on the Capabilities side of the equation o o o o o o Education Skills Health Hunger Power Banking Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 3/11
  • 4. Capabilities + Opportunities = Growth Not enough on the Opportunities side o Opportunity to start a business o Opportunity to grow a business o Opportunity to exit a business o Employment in the organized sector is not the answer o Livelihoods is part of the answer, but not the whole answer Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 4/11
  • 5. Inclusive growth is more opportunities for: o o o o o o o Dalits Kashmiris Muslims Naxal-affected area residents North-East residents Women … fourteen disadvantaged groups! The whole country needs more opportunities, especially in rural areas! Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 5/11
  • 6. Creating more opportunities: Citizens • Cultural change o Meghalaya Institute of Entrepreneurship • Educational change o Business skills in schools • Support of civil society o Argue for rights, but the rights are to what end o www.umeed.org.in • Political change o Aam Dhanda Party! Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 6/11
  • 7. Creating more opportunities: Business • Outsourcing o Tata-DICCI collaboration • Mentoring o BYST is a good model • Financing o No moneylenders by 2017! • Technology o Mobiles for Muslims to make more money • Support grow-ups o Not just start-ups Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 7/11
  • 8. Creating more opportunities: Government Create physical infrastructure o Offices, markets, haats, parking lots Make it easy to do business o Arun Maira committee for states o Need equivalent for cities and panchayats Remove KYC norms o Currently make it impossible to get regular loans Reduce petty corruption o Street-sellers’ business limited by the reach of their hands Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 8/11
  • 9. Creating more opportunities: Media o Devote 2 percent of airtime, space, etc. to cover, celebrate, and campaign for local businesses o 2 percent of Private Treaties investment to those who support such small businesses o In self-interest: as Micro graduates to Small, it will advertise more on your channels, papers, radio stations Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 10/11
  • 10. Inclusive growth makes economic sense • Focus on micro-economic rather than macro o o o o Land Labor Capital Productivity • This is also the secret to 10 percent growth o 2 percent more from women o 0.5 percent more from Muslims o 0.5 percent more from Dalits … and so on Inclusive Growth | Centre for Civil Society | www.ccs.in 10/11
  • 11. 20 million more opportunities for the marginalized by 2020 More capabilities Plus More opportunities Equals Inclusive growth