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Sabrina Twilhaar, PhD
New Frontiers in Subjective Well-being Measurement
4 March 2024
PEER GROUP
FAMILY
PARENT - CHILD
INDIVIDUAL
NEIGHBOURHOOD
SCHOOL
MESOSYSTEM
EXOSYSTEM
CHRONOSYSTEM
MACROSYSTEM
Created based on Bronfenbrenner (1998)
Indirect influences
of economic, social,
education,legal,
political systems
Shared valuesor
belief systemsof
a group
Eventsor
experiencesover
the life course
Childrenare …
… developing.
… dependenton caretakers (micro).
… dependenton politics,economy(exo/macro).
Ben-Arieh et al. (2014):
“Children’swell-being is rootedin the interplayof a series of
factorson the micro level,framed by the social structures of the
wider society.”
▪ Child and adult subjective wellbeing are relatively
independent
▪ What influences adult subjective wellbeing is different from
what influences children’s subjective wellbeing (Rees, 2017)
Subjective
wellbeing (SWB)
Hedonic tradition
Cognitive A B
Emotional
Psychological
wellbeing (PWB)
Eudaimonic tradition
1
1. Life satisfaction 2. Positive affects
3. Negative affects
Good fit of tripartite and quadripartite model
Remarks:
▪ Research mainly used life satisfaction as sole
indicator (Rees et al., 2020)
▪ Affect is not appropriately included: focus on
positive affect (Savahl et al., 2021)
▪ Use single-item scales, despite psychometric
superiority multi-item scales
Overview mainly based on:
Savahl, Casas, & Adams (2021)
Moreta-Herrera et al. (2023)
Ryff, Morozink Boylan, Kirsch (2021)
a) Overall life satisfaction
b) Satisfactionin different
life domains
Autonomy
Self-acceptance
Mastery
Positive relations
Purpose in life
Personal growth
4
2 5
3 6
Researchin childrenisscarce
▪ Children’sSociety,UK
▪ International Survey of Children’s
Wellbeing(CW-PSWBS scale)
Remarks:
▪ Similar structure within countries
▪ Cross-country comparisons not possible
▪ Need for further research
▪ Need for further scale development
▪ Firstattempts
(Strelhow et al., 2020;
Moreta-Herrera et al.,
2023)
▪ Support foran
integrative model
in adolescents
Integrativeview
▪ Increase in SWBbetween6-10 years
▪ Decline from 10years
▪ Resultsvary acrossscales
▪ Differentdomainsof SWB
(Casas & González-Carrasco, 2018; Aymerich et al., 2021)
▪ Girlshave loweroverall SWB, but
findingsvary across domains
▪ Relative importance of domainsfor SWB
variesacross sex (Kaye-Tzadok, Kim, & Main
(2017)
▪ Evidence forinteractionwithage: higher
life satisfactioningirlsin childhood,but
lowerin adolescence (Aymerich et al., 2021)
▪ Limited evidence of associations between SWB and country-level macro indicators
▪ Variation across countries (Bradshaw & Rees, 2017)
▪ Variation across SWB components (affective component, certain life satisfaction domains) (Casas et al. 2022)
▪ Family relationships
▪ Parental wellbeing
▪ Bullyingvictimisation
▪ Social exclusion
Child > parent-reported
Sabrina Twilhaar, PhD
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions/UKRI Fellow
University of Warwick, UK
sabrina.twilhaar@warwick.ac.uk

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Measuring subjective well-being in children and young people_Sabrina Twilhaar.pdf

  • 1. Sabrina Twilhaar, PhD New Frontiers in Subjective Well-being Measurement 4 March 2024
  • 2. PEER GROUP FAMILY PARENT - CHILD INDIVIDUAL NEIGHBOURHOOD SCHOOL MESOSYSTEM EXOSYSTEM CHRONOSYSTEM MACROSYSTEM Created based on Bronfenbrenner (1998) Indirect influences of economic, social, education,legal, political systems Shared valuesor belief systemsof a group Eventsor experiencesover the life course
  • 3. Childrenare … … developing. … dependenton caretakers (micro). … dependenton politics,economy(exo/macro). Ben-Arieh et al. (2014): “Children’swell-being is rootedin the interplayof a series of factorson the micro level,framed by the social structures of the wider society.” ▪ Child and adult subjective wellbeing are relatively independent ▪ What influences adult subjective wellbeing is different from what influences children’s subjective wellbeing (Rees, 2017)
  • 4. Subjective wellbeing (SWB) Hedonic tradition Cognitive A B Emotional Psychological wellbeing (PWB) Eudaimonic tradition 1 1. Life satisfaction 2. Positive affects 3. Negative affects Good fit of tripartite and quadripartite model Remarks: ▪ Research mainly used life satisfaction as sole indicator (Rees et al., 2020) ▪ Affect is not appropriately included: focus on positive affect (Savahl et al., 2021) ▪ Use single-item scales, despite psychometric superiority multi-item scales Overview mainly based on: Savahl, Casas, & Adams (2021) Moreta-Herrera et al. (2023) Ryff, Morozink Boylan, Kirsch (2021) a) Overall life satisfaction b) Satisfactionin different life domains Autonomy Self-acceptance Mastery Positive relations Purpose in life Personal growth 4 2 5 3 6 Researchin childrenisscarce ▪ Children’sSociety,UK ▪ International Survey of Children’s Wellbeing(CW-PSWBS scale) Remarks: ▪ Similar structure within countries ▪ Cross-country comparisons not possible ▪ Need for further research ▪ Need for further scale development ▪ Firstattempts (Strelhow et al., 2020; Moreta-Herrera et al., 2023) ▪ Support foran integrative model in adolescents Integrativeview
  • 5. ▪ Increase in SWBbetween6-10 years ▪ Decline from 10years ▪ Resultsvary acrossscales ▪ Differentdomainsof SWB (Casas & González-Carrasco, 2018; Aymerich et al., 2021) ▪ Girlshave loweroverall SWB, but findingsvary across domains ▪ Relative importance of domainsfor SWB variesacross sex (Kaye-Tzadok, Kim, & Main (2017) ▪ Evidence forinteractionwithage: higher life satisfactioningirlsin childhood,but lowerin adolescence (Aymerich et al., 2021) ▪ Limited evidence of associations between SWB and country-level macro indicators ▪ Variation across countries (Bradshaw & Rees, 2017) ▪ Variation across SWB components (affective component, certain life satisfaction domains) (Casas et al. 2022) ▪ Family relationships ▪ Parental wellbeing ▪ Bullyingvictimisation ▪ Social exclusion Child > parent-reported
  • 6. Sabrina Twilhaar, PhD Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions/UKRI Fellow University of Warwick, UK sabrina.twilhaar@warwick.ac.uk