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Stats NZ
How Stats NZ approaches incorporating Māori
perspectives when measuring quality of life and
subjective well-being
OECD workshop on Globally inclusive approaches to measurement
March 2024
Dr Rosemary Goodyear
Ka mua, ka muri
(walking backwards into the future)
3
How Stats NZ has been incorporating
indigenous perspectives
• Development of Te Kupenga – Māori social survey
• Incorporating some concepts from Te Kupenga into Our main survey
of wellbeing – General Social Survey – particularly family/whanau
wellbeing
• Working with our partners around frameworks for use of
administrative data for Māori
• NZ Census of Population and Dwellings – trialling iwi led collections,
working with Iwi authorities around evaluation of data and decisions
around output.
Whare tapa whā to Te Kupenga – incorporating Māori
frameworks of Maori
Te Kupenga – Māori
social survey
• To develop Te Kupenga in 2013, we
undertook a full consultation
process that involved both
government agencies and Māori
stakeholders.
• The unique aspect of this process
was that Māori stakeholders were
fundamental to developing the
framework that would underpin the
survey, and consequently its content
and the information the survey
would collect
6
Here are some things we heard when first developing Te
Kupenga:
• Our rangatahi view their culture in a different way, and it depends upon what they know and how
they were raised…but their identity it is still important to them…”
• Bailey Mackey, Producer of The GC
“
“Being Māori also means being able to have access to te ao Māori, the Māori
world — access to language, culture, marae… tikanga… and resources.”
Sir Professor Mason Durie
“Ngāti Poroutanga is a critical part of the well-being of
any uri or descendant of Ngāti Porou. It’s not enough
to be rich and successful in the material world. We
want our people to be rich and connected to their Ngāti
Porou world!
Amohaere Houkamau,
former CE of Te Runanga o Ngāti Porou
7
Some key objectives of wellbeing measurement for
Māori
• Te Kupenga gives a picture of the social, cultural, and economic
wellbeing of Māori people in New Zealand, including information
from a Māori cultural perspective.
• Provides key statistics on four areas of Māori cultural wellbeing:
wairuatanga (spirituality), tikanga (customs and practices), Te reo Māori
(language), whanaungatanga (social connectedness)
• Recognises practices and wellbeing outcomes that are specific to Māori
culture.
• Key information needs are not just the wellbeing of the individual,
and household but also whanau (family/extended family),
community and environment
Te Kupenga: How is data used?
• Demographics
• Views and perceptions
• Paid work
• Standard of living
• Health
• Trust, Crime, Discrimination
• Civic participation
• Kaitiakitanga
• Whānau
• Unpaid work
• Tikanga tūturu tūrangawaewae
• Te reo Māori
• Tikanga hou
• Housing (from Census)
9
Māori people and the natural environment;
Why health of the environment is important to Māori wellbeing
What are the influences at play that bring people
together to create another generation?
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4
Chart Title
Series 1 Series 2 Series 3
Ngā Atua
(environmental influences)
Te Kupenga 2018 results
text text text text text
text
text
text
Te Kupenga: How data is used – an example
Using the Te Kupenga 2018 release to understand housing wellbeing
• The connection of Māori adults to tīpuna marae as tūrangawaewae – (Ahurea
Māori module)
• The role of both the ‘home’ (residence) and returning ‘home’ (rohe) in
learning, speaking and retaining Te reo Māori – (Te reo Māori module)
• The concept of whānau (as opposed to the concept of ‘household’ which
forms the basis of several other surveys) – (Whānau module)
• The importance of being in, interacting with, and caring for environments
beyond the physical house, and the ability to carry out activities such as māra
kai – (Kaitiakitanga module)
15
Some Te Kupenga concepts also included in
GSS
• Family and whanau wellbeing
• Where zero means extremely badly and ten means extremely well, how would you
rate how your family is doing these days? Your 'family' is the group of people you
think of as your family.
• Family/whanau is self defined
• – ask separately who is included, e.g. ‘parents, siblings and children’; grandparents or
grandchildren, aunts, uncles,cousins or other inlaws; and close friends or other
people.
• How well are you able to speak te reo Māori in day-to-day conversation?
• Environment: how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with state of:
• Lakes, rivers, harbours, oceans, and coastlines
• Green spaces, forests, nature reserves, and native bush in your local area
16
Family/whanau wellbeing also important for
other groups such as Pacific people
Questions?

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Globally inclusive approaches to measurement_Rosemary Goodyear.pdf

  • 1. Stats NZ How Stats NZ approaches incorporating Māori perspectives when measuring quality of life and subjective well-being OECD workshop on Globally inclusive approaches to measurement March 2024 Dr Rosemary Goodyear
  • 2. Ka mua, ka muri (walking backwards into the future)
  • 3. 3 How Stats NZ has been incorporating indigenous perspectives • Development of Te Kupenga – Māori social survey • Incorporating some concepts from Te Kupenga into Our main survey of wellbeing – General Social Survey – particularly family/whanau wellbeing • Working with our partners around frameworks for use of administrative data for Māori • NZ Census of Population and Dwellings – trialling iwi led collections, working with Iwi authorities around evaluation of data and decisions around output.
  • 4. Whare tapa whā to Te Kupenga – incorporating Māori frameworks of Maori
  • 5. Te Kupenga – Māori social survey • To develop Te Kupenga in 2013, we undertook a full consultation process that involved both government agencies and Māori stakeholders. • The unique aspect of this process was that Māori stakeholders were fundamental to developing the framework that would underpin the survey, and consequently its content and the information the survey would collect
  • 6. 6 Here are some things we heard when first developing Te Kupenga: • Our rangatahi view their culture in a different way, and it depends upon what they know and how they were raised…but their identity it is still important to them…” • Bailey Mackey, Producer of The GC “ “Being Māori also means being able to have access to te ao Māori, the Māori world — access to language, culture, marae… tikanga… and resources.” Sir Professor Mason Durie “Ngāti Poroutanga is a critical part of the well-being of any uri or descendant of Ngāti Porou. It’s not enough to be rich and successful in the material world. We want our people to be rich and connected to their Ngāti Porou world! Amohaere Houkamau, former CE of Te Runanga o Ngāti Porou
  • 7. 7 Some key objectives of wellbeing measurement for Māori • Te Kupenga gives a picture of the social, cultural, and economic wellbeing of Māori people in New Zealand, including information from a Māori cultural perspective. • Provides key statistics on four areas of Māori cultural wellbeing: wairuatanga (spirituality), tikanga (customs and practices), Te reo Māori (language), whanaungatanga (social connectedness) • Recognises practices and wellbeing outcomes that are specific to Māori culture. • Key information needs are not just the wellbeing of the individual, and household but also whanau (family/extended family), community and environment
  • 8. Te Kupenga: How is data used? • Demographics • Views and perceptions • Paid work • Standard of living • Health • Trust, Crime, Discrimination • Civic participation • Kaitiakitanga • Whānau • Unpaid work • Tikanga tūturu tūrangawaewae • Te reo Māori • Tikanga hou • Housing (from Census)
  • 9. 9
  • 10. Māori people and the natural environment; Why health of the environment is important to Māori wellbeing
  • 11. What are the influences at play that bring people together to create another generation? 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Chart Title Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 Ngā Atua (environmental influences)
  • 12. Te Kupenga 2018 results text text text text text text text text
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  • 14. Te Kupenga: How data is used – an example Using the Te Kupenga 2018 release to understand housing wellbeing • The connection of Māori adults to tīpuna marae as tūrangawaewae – (Ahurea Māori module) • The role of both the ‘home’ (residence) and returning ‘home’ (rohe) in learning, speaking and retaining Te reo Māori – (Te reo Māori module) • The concept of whānau (as opposed to the concept of ‘household’ which forms the basis of several other surveys) – (Whānau module) • The importance of being in, interacting with, and caring for environments beyond the physical house, and the ability to carry out activities such as māra kai – (Kaitiakitanga module)
  • 15. 15 Some Te Kupenga concepts also included in GSS • Family and whanau wellbeing • Where zero means extremely badly and ten means extremely well, how would you rate how your family is doing these days? Your 'family' is the group of people you think of as your family. • Family/whanau is self defined • – ask separately who is included, e.g. ‘parents, siblings and children’; grandparents or grandchildren, aunts, uncles,cousins or other inlaws; and close friends or other people. • How well are you able to speak te reo Māori in day-to-day conversation? • Environment: how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with state of: • Lakes, rivers, harbours, oceans, and coastlines • Green spaces, forests, nature reserves, and native bush in your local area
  • 16. 16 Family/whanau wellbeing also important for other groups such as Pacific people