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Culture & Well-Being:
Measurement Issues
&
Indigenous Measures
Shige Oishi
Department of Psychology
University of Chicago
Part 1:
Measurement Issues: Beyond Reliability & Validity
(Diener et al., 1991; Oishi, 2010)
1. Response style
2. Measurement equivalence
3. Self-presentation
4. Judgmental and memory bias
5. Conceptual equivalence
1. Response Style?
Number use (Chen, Lee, Stevenson, 1995)
• 1-7 point scale
Slightly agree (5), Agree (6), Strongly agree (7)
• 5, 6, 7 → 3
• 4 → 2
• 1, 2, 3 → 1
7-point scale 3-point scale
• U.S-Japan d = .81 d = .79
• Chile-Japan d = 1.24 d = 1.25
2. Measurement Equivalence?
• Do well-being items function in the same way in two
cultures?
• Differential Item Function (DIF) Analysis
The DIF Analysis of Life Satisfaction
(Oishi, 2006)
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Ability
Probability
Item Characteristic Curv e: 1
Graded Response Model
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Ability
Probability
Item Characteristic Curv e: 6
Graded Response Model
Item 1: In most ways my life is close to ideal
China
US
Latent LS score
“disagree” “agree”
Latent LS score
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
1
2
3 4 5 6
7
Ability
Probability
Item Characteristic Curv e: 4
Graded Response Model
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
1
2
3 4
5
6
7
Ability
Probability
Item Characteristic Curv e: 9
Graded Response Model
China
US
Item 4: So far I have gotten the important things I want in life
“disagree”
“agree”
Satisfied Chinese (+1SD)
Satisfied American (+1SD)
Does mean difference disappear, if we use only
the equivalent items?
Answer: Not really
Original Mean Difference:
d = 1.18
Weighted Latent Mean Difference:
d = .83
Ideal Levels of Happiness
(Krys et al., 2024)
5. Meaning & Desirability of Happiness
Happiness more desirable in some cultures than others
→ Above or below-expected level of happiness?
Columbia
Puerto Rico
Peru
Thailand China
Nepal
HK
Japan
Taiwan
R = .37*
Measurement Issues Across Cultures
1. Response style?
Probably not
2. Lack of Measurement Equivalence?
Slightly
3. Self-presentation?
Slightly
4. Judgmental and memory bias?
Moderately
5. Desirability of happiness?
Moderately
Part 2:
Indigenous Measures
Globally inclusive approaches to measurement_Shigehiro Oishi.pdf
Globally inclusive approaches to measurement_Shigehiro Oishi.pdf

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Globally inclusive approaches to measurement_Shigehiro Oishi.pdf

  • 1. Culture & Well-Being: Measurement Issues & Indigenous Measures Shige Oishi Department of Psychology University of Chicago
  • 2. Part 1: Measurement Issues: Beyond Reliability & Validity (Diener et al., 1991; Oishi, 2010) 1. Response style 2. Measurement equivalence 3. Self-presentation 4. Judgmental and memory bias 5. Conceptual equivalence
  • 3. 1. Response Style? Number use (Chen, Lee, Stevenson, 1995) • 1-7 point scale Slightly agree (5), Agree (6), Strongly agree (7) • 5, 6, 7 → 3 • 4 → 2 • 1, 2, 3 → 1 7-point scale 3-point scale • U.S-Japan d = .81 d = .79 • Chile-Japan d = 1.24 d = 1.25
  • 4. 2. Measurement Equivalence? • Do well-being items function in the same way in two cultures? • Differential Item Function (DIF) Analysis
  • 5. The DIF Analysis of Life Satisfaction (Oishi, 2006) 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ability Probability Item Characteristic Curv e: 1 Graded Response Model 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ability Probability Item Characteristic Curv e: 6 Graded Response Model Item 1: In most ways my life is close to ideal China US Latent LS score “disagree” “agree” Latent LS score
  • 6. 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ability Probability Item Characteristic Curv e: 4 Graded Response Model 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ability Probability Item Characteristic Curv e: 9 Graded Response Model China US Item 4: So far I have gotten the important things I want in life “disagree” “agree” Satisfied Chinese (+1SD) Satisfied American (+1SD)
  • 7. Does mean difference disappear, if we use only the equivalent items? Answer: Not really Original Mean Difference: d = 1.18 Weighted Latent Mean Difference: d = .83
  • 8. Ideal Levels of Happiness (Krys et al., 2024)
  • 9. 5. Meaning & Desirability of Happiness Happiness more desirable in some cultures than others → Above or below-expected level of happiness? Columbia Puerto Rico Peru Thailand China Nepal HK Japan Taiwan R = .37*
  • 10. Measurement Issues Across Cultures 1. Response style? Probably not 2. Lack of Measurement Equivalence? Slightly 3. Self-presentation? Slightly 4. Judgmental and memory bias? Moderately 5. Desirability of happiness? Moderately