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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
                            General Certificate of Education
                     Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level

         PHYSICS                                                                    9702/01
         Paper 1 Multiple Choice
                                                                                May/June 2006

                                                                                             1 hour
         Additional Materials:   Multiple Choice Answer Sheet
                                 Soft clean eraser
                                 Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)




  READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

  Write in soft pencil.
  Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
  Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless
  this has been done for you.

  There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible
  answers A, B, C and D.
  Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

  Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

  Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.
  Any rough working should be done in this booklet.




                       This document consists of 18 printed pages and 2 blank pages.
IB06 06_9702_01/2RP
 UCLES 2006                                                                                     [Turn over
2

Data

speed of light in free space,    c = 3.00 × 108 m s–1

permeability of free space,     µ0 = 4π × 10–7 H m–1

permittivity of free space,     ε0 = 8.85 × 10–12 F m–1

elementary charge,               e = 1.60 × 10–19 C

the Planck constant,             h = 6.63 × 10–34 J s

unified atomic mass constant,    u = 1.66 × 10–27 kg

rest mass of electron,          me = 9.11 × 10–31 kg

rest mass of proton,            mp = 1.67 × 10–27 kg

molar gas constant,              R = 8.31 J K–1 mol–1

the Avogadro constant,          NA = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1

the Boltzmann constant,          k = 1.38 × 10–23 J K–1

gravitational constant,         G = 6.67 × 10–11 N m2 kg–2

acceleration of free fall,       g = 9.81 m s–2




© UCLES 2006                    9702/01/M/J/06
3

Formulae

uniformly accelerated motion,                                 1
                                                    s = ut + 2 at 2
                                                   v 2 = u 2 + 2as

work done on/by a gas,                             W = p ∆V

gravitational potential,                              φ = − Gm
                                                             r

simple harmonic motion,                               a = −ω 2 x

velocity of particle in s.h.m.,                       v = v 0 cos ω t
                                                      v = ± ω √( x0 – x2)
                                                                  2



resistors in series,                               R = R1 + R2 + . . .

resistors in parallel,                           1/R = 1/R 1 + 1/R 2 + . . .

electric potential,                                V =      Q
                                                           4π ε 0r

capacitors in series,                            1/C = 1/C 1 + 1/C 2 + . . .

capacitors in parallel,                            C = C1 + C2 + . . .

energy of charged capacitor,                           1
                                                   W = 2 QV

alternating current/voltage,                          x = x 0 sin ω t

hydrostatic pressure,                                 p = ρ gh

pressure of an ideal gas,                             p = 3 Nm < c 2>
                                                          1
                                                            V

radioactive decay,                                    x = x 0 exp(–λt )

decay constant,                                       λ = 0.693
                                                            t1
                                                             2




                                                          3H02
critical density matter of the Universe,           ρ0 =
                                                          8 πG

equation of continuity,                           Av = constant

Bernoulli equation (simplified),                1            1
                                           p1 + 2 ρv12 = p + 2 ρv22
                                                          2


Stokes' law,                                          F = Ar η v
                                                       ρvr
Reynolds' number,                                 Re = η

drag force in turbulent flow,                         F = Br 2ρv 2


© UCLES 2006                                9702/01/M/J/06                     [Turn over
4

1   Which pair includes a vector quantity and a scalar quantity?

    A    displacement;        acceleration
    B    force;               kinetic energy
    C    power;               speed
    D    work;                potential energy


2   For which quantity is the magnitude a reasonable estimate?

    A    frequency of a radio wave             500 pHz

    B    mass of an atom                       500 µg
    C    the Young modulus of a metal 500 kPa
    D    wavelength of green light             500 nm


3   The following physical quantities can be either positive or negative.

               s : displacement of a particle along a straight line

               θ : temperature on the Celsius scale
               q : electric charge
               V : readings on a digital voltmeter

    Which of these quantities are vectors?

    A    s, θ, q, V
    B    s, q, V

    C    θ, V
    D    s only




© UCLES 2006                                         9702/01/M/J/06
5

4   A light meter measures the intensity I of the light falling on it. Theory suggests that this varies as
    the inverse square of the distance d.




                                                                       light meter




                                             d

    Which graph of the results supports this theory?

                            A                                               B
               I                                               I




               0                                               0
                   0                  d                            0                 d




                            C                                               D
               I                                               I




               0                                               0
                   0                  d2                           0                 1
                                                                                     d2




© UCLES 2006                                  9702/01/M/J/06                                  [Turn over
6

5   The cathode-ray oscilloscope (c.r.o.) display shows the waveform produced by an electronic
    circuit. The c.r.o. time-base is set at 10 ms per division.




    What is the period of the signal shown?

    A    20 ms            B    30 ms               C    40 ms       D   80 ms


6   The resistance R of an unknown resistor is found by measuring the potential difference V across
                                                                           V
    the resistor and the current I through it and using the equation R =     . The voltmeter reading has
                                                                           I
    a 3 % uncertainty and the ammeter reading has a 2 % uncertainty.

    What is the uncertainty in the calculated resistance?

    A    1.5 %            B    3%                  C    5%          D   6%


7   An experiment is done to measure the acceleration of free fall of a body from rest.

    Which measurements are needed?

    A    the height of fall and the time of fall
    B    the height of fall and the weight of the body
    C    the mass of the body and the height of fall
    D    the mass of the body and the time of fall




© UCLES 2006                                       9702/01/M/J/06
7

8   The velocity of an object during the first five seconds of its motion is shown on the graph.

                              20

               velocity / m s–1

                              15




                              10




                                  5




                                  0
                                   0              1                 2          3              4      5

                                                                                          time / s

    What is the distance travelled by the object in this time?

    A    4m                 B         20 m            C        50 m                D   100 m


9   The diagram shows a velocity-time graph for a mass moving up and down on the end of a spring.

    Which point represents the velocity of the mass when at the lowest point of its motion?

                                             UP
                                                      A
                                velocity

                                                                    B          D
                                             0
                                              0                                        time



                                        DOWN                               C




© UCLES 2006                                              9702/01/M/J/06                                 [Turn over
8

10 A cyclist is riding at a steady speed on a level road.

    According to Newton’s third law of motion, what is equal and opposite to the backward push of
    the back wheel on the road?

    A    the force exerted by the cyclist on the pedals
    B    the forward push of the road on the back wheel
    C    the tension in the cycle chain
    D    the total air resistance and friction force


11 In perfectly elastic collisions between two atoms, it is always true to say that

    A    the initial speed of one atom will be the same as the final speed of the other atom.
    B    the relative speed of approach between the two atoms equals their relative speed of
         separation.
    C    the total momentum must be conserved, but a small amount of the total kinetic energy may
         be lost in the collision.
    D    whatever their initial states of motion, neither atom can be stationary after the collision.


12 Two railway trucks of masses m and 3m move towards each other in opposite directions with
   speeds 2v and v respectively. These trucks collide and stick together.

    What is the speed of the trucks after the collision?

    A    v                B       v             C      v             D    5v
         4                        2                                        4


13 The diagrams show three forces acting on a body.

    In which diagram is the body in equilibrium?

                              A                                              B




                              C                                              D




© UCLES 2006                                    9702/01/M/J/06
9

14 A force F is applied to a beam at a distance d from a pivot. The force acts at an angle θ to a line
   perpendicular to the beam.

                                                                                     F

                                                                             θ
                             pivot



                                                   d

    Which combination will cause the largest turning effect about the pivot?

                       F                     d                       θ

        A            large                 large                    large
        B            large                 large                    small
        C            small                 small                    large
        D            small                 large                    small


15 A rigid uniform bar of length 2.4 m is pivoted horizontally at its mid-point.

                                           0.8 m                             0.8 m



                        200 N                                               300 N

    Weights are hung from two points of the bar as shown in the diagram. To maintain horizontal
    equilibrium, a couple is applied to the bar.

    What is the torque and direction of this couple?

    A       40 N m clockwise
    B       40 N m anticlockwise
    C       80 N m clockwise
    D       80 N m anticlockwise


16 What is the internal energy of an object?

    A       It is the energy associated with the object’s movement through space.
    B       It is the energy associated with the random movement of the molecules in the object.
    C       It is the energy due to the attractions between the molecules within the object.
    D       It is the sum of all the microscopic potential and kinetic energies of the molecules.




© UCLES 2006                                       9702/01/M/J/06                                   [Turn over
10

17 A motorist travelling at 10 m s–1 can bring his car to rest in a braking distance of 10 m.

    In what distance could he bring the car to rest from a speed of 30 m s–1 using the same braking
    force?

    A    17 m            B       30 m          C    52 m            D    90 m


18 A stone of weight 4.0 N in the Earth’s gravitational field is moved from P to Q and then to R along
   the path shown.

                             Q                 40 m                  R




                         30 m
                                                   50 m




                             P                                     Earth's surface

    How much potential energy does the stone gain?

    A    120 J           B       200 J         C    280 J           D    1200 J


19 Below are four short paragraphs describing the molecules in a beaker of water at 50 oC.

    Which paragraph correctly describes the molecules?

    A    The molecules all travel at the same speed. This speed is not large enough for any of the
         molecules to leave the surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the
         molecules.
    B    The molecules have a range of speeds. Some molecules travel sufficiently fast to leave the
         surface of the water. There are no forces between the molecules.
    C    The molecules have a range of speeds. Some molecules travel sufficiently fast to leave the
         surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the molecules.
    D    The molecules have a range of speeds. The fastest molecules are unable to leave the
         surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the molecules.




© UCLES 2006                                   9702/01/M/J/06
11

20 In an experiment to demonstrate Brownian motion, smoke particles in a container are illuminated
   by a strong light source and observed through a microscope.

    The particles are seen as small specks of light that are in motion.

    What causes the Brownian motion?

    A    collisions between the smoke particles and air molecules
    B    collisions between the smoke particles and the walls of the container
    C    convection currents within the air as it is warmed by the light source
    D    kinetic energy gained by the smoke particles on absorption of light


21 In describing the behaviour of a spring, the spring constant is used.

    Different loads are used to extend the spring by different amounts.

    To find the spring constant, which quantities are required?

    A    the elastic limit and the loads
    B    the elastic limit, extensions and the length of the spring
    C    the loads and the extensions of the spring
    D    the loads and the length of the spring


22 The graph shows the behaviour of a sample of a metal when it is stretched until it starts to
   undergo plastic deformation.

                       force / N
                                   550                                        Y
                                   500                                  X




                                     0
                                         0                            10.0 12.0
                                                                  extension / mm

    What is the total work done in stretching the sample from zero extension to 12.0 mm?
    Simplify the calculation by treating the region XY as a straight line.

    A    3.30 J           B   3.55 J           C    3.60 J             D    6.60 J



© UCLES 2006                                   9702/01/M/J/06                              [Turn over
12

23 Which phenomenon is associated with transverse waves but not longitudinal waves?

    A    polarisation
    B    reflection
    C    refraction
    D    superposition


24 A displacement-time graph is shown for a particular wave.


                             displacement


                                         0
                                                                        time



    A second wave of similar type has twice the intensity and half the frequency.

    When drawn on the same axes, what would the second wave look like?

                                  A                                                 B


displacement                                         displacement

               0                                                0
                                             time                                         time




                                  C                                                 D


displacement                                         displacement

               0                                                0
                                             time                                         time




25 The frequency of a certain wave is 500 Hz and its speed is 340 m s–1.

    What is the phase difference between the motions of two points on the wave 0.17 m apart?

    A    π rad           B       π rad         C    3 π rad         D    π rad
         4                       2                   4



© UCLES 2006                                   9702/01/M/J/06
13

26 Where, in a standing wave, do the vibrations of the medium occur?

    A       only at the nodes
    B       only at the antinodes
    C       at all points between the nodes
    D       at all points between the antinodes


27 Monochromatic light is incident on a diffraction grating and a diffraction pattern is observed.

    Which line of the table gives the effect of replacing the grating with one that has more lines per
    metre?

                   number of orders of           angle between first and
                    diffraction visible        second orders of diffraction

        A              decreases                         decreases
        B              decreases                          increases
        C               increases                        decreases
        D               increases                         increases


28 A double-slit interference experiment is set up as shown.




                          *
                        red
                       light
                      source
                                single    double                                  screen
                                  slit      slit

                                                                               not to scale

    Fringes are formed on the screen. The distance between successive bright fringes is found to be
    4 mm.

    Two changes are then made to the experimental arrangement. The double slit is replaced by
    another double slit which has half the spacing. The screen is moved so that its distance from the
    double slit is twice as great.

    What is now the distance between successive bright fringes?

    A       1 mm            B    4 mm              C    8 mm          D       16 mm




© UCLES 2006                                       9702/01/M/J/06                             [Turn over
14

29 Two parallel metal plates are at potentials of +800 V and +1300 V.

    Which diagram best shows the electric field between the metal plates?

                         A                                                      B




          +800 V                   +1300 V                    +800 V                    +1300 V




                         C                                                      D




          +800 V                   +1300 V                    +800 V                    +1300 V




30 An electron of charge e is introduced between two metal plates a distance d apart.

    A potential difference V is applied to the plates as shown in the diagram.




                                        F
                   d                         electron                               V




    Which expression gives the electric force F on the electron?
         eV                                       V                        dV
    A                   B    eVd             C                         D
          d                                       ed                        e




© UCLES 2006                                 9702/01/M/J/06
15

31 The current in the circuit is 4.8 A.




                                                      R
                                   X                                       Y

    What is the rate of flow and the direction of flow of electrons through the resistor R?

    A    3.0 × 1019 s–1    in direction X to Y

    B    6.0 × 1018 s–1    in direction X to Y

    C    3.0 × 1019 s–1    in direction Y to X

    D    6.0 × 1018 s–1    in direction Y to X


32 Which equation is used to define resistance?

    A    energy = (current)2 × resistance × time

    B    potential difference = current × resistance

    C    power = (current)2 × resistance

    D    resistivity = resistance × area ÷ length


33 A p.d. of 12 V is connected between P and Q.

                                           500 Ω       X          1000 Ω


                    P                                                               Q


                                          2000 Ω       Y
                                                                  1000 Ω

    What is the p.d. between X and Y?

    A    0V               B   4V                 C    6V                   D   8V




© UCLES 2006                                     9702/01/M/J/06                               [Turn over
16

34 The diagram shows a low-voltage circuit for heating the water in a fish tank.




                                   source                      heater




    The heater has a resistance of 3.0 Ω. The voltage source has an e.m.f. of 12 V and an internal
    resistance of 1.0 Ω.

    At what rate does the voltage source supply energy to the heater?

    A    27 W            B       36 W        C     48 W          D      64 W


35 The diagram shows an arrangement of resistors.

                                                        10 Ω
                             X



                                            10 Ω                        10 Ω



                             Y
                                                        10 Ω

    What is the total electrical resistance between X and Y?

    A    less than 1 Ω

    B    between 1 Ω and 10 Ω

    C    between 10 Ω and 30 Ω

    D    40 Ω




© UCLES 2006                                 9702/01/M/J/06
17

36 When four identical lamps P, Q, R and S are connected as shown in diagram 1, they have normal
   brightness.


                                                                      P               Q
                            P         Q




                            R         S                               R               S
                            diagram 1                                     diagram 2

    The four lamps and the battery are then connected as shown in diagram 2.

    Which statement is correct?

    A       The lamps do not light.
    B       The lamps are less bright than normal.
    C       The lamps have normal brightness.
    D       The lamps are brighter than normal.


37 The diagram shows a light-dependent resistor (LDR) and a thermistor forming a potential divider.




                                          +

                                          –




    Under which set of conditions will the potential difference across the thermistor have the greatest
    value?

                  illumination        temperature

        A             low                     low
        B            high                     low
        C             low                     high
        D            high                     high




© UCLES 2006                                         9702/01/M/J/06                         [Turn over
18

38 What is a correct order of magnitude estimate for the diameter of a typical atomic nucleus?

    A       10–14 m          B    10–18 m          C       10–22 m           D   10–26 m


39 The decay of a nucleus of neptunium is accompanied by the emission of a β-particle and
   γ-radiation.

    What effect (if any) does this decay have on the proton number and the nucleon number of the
    nucleus?

                 proton number              nucleon number

        A             increases               decreases
        B             decreases               increases
        C             unchanged               decreases
        D             increases               unchanged


40 Radon-220 is radioactive and decays to Polonium-216 with the emission of an α-particle. The
   equation for the radioactive decay is shown.

                                              220          216
                                               86 Rn   →    84 Po   + 4 He
                                                                      2


    How many neutrons are in the radon and polonium nuclei?

                 Rn         Po

        A        86         84
        B       134         132
        C       220         212
        D       220         216




© UCLES 2006                                       9702/01/M/J/06
19

BLANK PAGE




 9702/01/M/J/06
20

                                                                    BLANK PAGE




Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every
reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the
publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department
of the University of Cambridge.

                                                                      9702/01/M/J/06

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June2006 P1

  • 1. UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level PHYSICS 9702/01 Paper 1 Multiple Choice May/June 2006 1 hour Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended) READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for you. There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet. Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully. Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet. This document consists of 18 printed pages and 2 blank pages. IB06 06_9702_01/2RP  UCLES 2006 [Turn over
  • 2. 2 Data speed of light in free space, c = 3.00 × 108 m s–1 permeability of free space, µ0 = 4π × 10–7 H m–1 permittivity of free space, ε0 = 8.85 × 10–12 F m–1 elementary charge, e = 1.60 × 10–19 C the Planck constant, h = 6.63 × 10–34 J s unified atomic mass constant, u = 1.66 × 10–27 kg rest mass of electron, me = 9.11 × 10–31 kg rest mass of proton, mp = 1.67 × 10–27 kg molar gas constant, R = 8.31 J K–1 mol–1 the Avogadro constant, NA = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1 the Boltzmann constant, k = 1.38 × 10–23 J K–1 gravitational constant, G = 6.67 × 10–11 N m2 kg–2 acceleration of free fall, g = 9.81 m s–2 © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 3. 3 Formulae uniformly accelerated motion, 1 s = ut + 2 at 2 v 2 = u 2 + 2as work done on/by a gas, W = p ∆V gravitational potential, φ = − Gm r simple harmonic motion, a = −ω 2 x velocity of particle in s.h.m., v = v 0 cos ω t v = ± ω √( x0 – x2) 2 resistors in series, R = R1 + R2 + . . . resistors in parallel, 1/R = 1/R 1 + 1/R 2 + . . . electric potential, V = Q 4π ε 0r capacitors in series, 1/C = 1/C 1 + 1/C 2 + . . . capacitors in parallel, C = C1 + C2 + . . . energy of charged capacitor, 1 W = 2 QV alternating current/voltage, x = x 0 sin ω t hydrostatic pressure, p = ρ gh pressure of an ideal gas, p = 3 Nm < c 2> 1 V radioactive decay, x = x 0 exp(–λt ) decay constant, λ = 0.693 t1 2 3H02 critical density matter of the Universe, ρ0 = 8 πG equation of continuity, Av = constant Bernoulli equation (simplified), 1 1 p1 + 2 ρv12 = p + 2 ρv22 2 Stokes' law, F = Ar η v ρvr Reynolds' number, Re = η drag force in turbulent flow, F = Br 2ρv 2 © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 4. 4 1 Which pair includes a vector quantity and a scalar quantity? A displacement; acceleration B force; kinetic energy C power; speed D work; potential energy 2 For which quantity is the magnitude a reasonable estimate? A frequency of a radio wave 500 pHz B mass of an atom 500 µg C the Young modulus of a metal 500 kPa D wavelength of green light 500 nm 3 The following physical quantities can be either positive or negative. s : displacement of a particle along a straight line θ : temperature on the Celsius scale q : electric charge V : readings on a digital voltmeter Which of these quantities are vectors? A s, θ, q, V B s, q, V C θ, V D s only © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 5. 5 4 A light meter measures the intensity I of the light falling on it. Theory suggests that this varies as the inverse square of the distance d. light meter d Which graph of the results supports this theory? A B I I 0 0 0 d 0 d C D I I 0 0 0 d2 0 1 d2 © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 6. 6 5 The cathode-ray oscilloscope (c.r.o.) display shows the waveform produced by an electronic circuit. The c.r.o. time-base is set at 10 ms per division. What is the period of the signal shown? A 20 ms B 30 ms C 40 ms D 80 ms 6 The resistance R of an unknown resistor is found by measuring the potential difference V across V the resistor and the current I through it and using the equation R = . The voltmeter reading has I a 3 % uncertainty and the ammeter reading has a 2 % uncertainty. What is the uncertainty in the calculated resistance? A 1.5 % B 3% C 5% D 6% 7 An experiment is done to measure the acceleration of free fall of a body from rest. Which measurements are needed? A the height of fall and the time of fall B the height of fall and the weight of the body C the mass of the body and the height of fall D the mass of the body and the time of fall © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 7. 7 8 The velocity of an object during the first five seconds of its motion is shown on the graph. 20 velocity / m s–1 15 10 5 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 time / s What is the distance travelled by the object in this time? A 4m B 20 m C 50 m D 100 m 9 The diagram shows a velocity-time graph for a mass moving up and down on the end of a spring. Which point represents the velocity of the mass when at the lowest point of its motion? UP A velocity B D 0 0 time DOWN C © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 8. 8 10 A cyclist is riding at a steady speed on a level road. According to Newton’s third law of motion, what is equal and opposite to the backward push of the back wheel on the road? A the force exerted by the cyclist on the pedals B the forward push of the road on the back wheel C the tension in the cycle chain D the total air resistance and friction force 11 In perfectly elastic collisions between two atoms, it is always true to say that A the initial speed of one atom will be the same as the final speed of the other atom. B the relative speed of approach between the two atoms equals their relative speed of separation. C the total momentum must be conserved, but a small amount of the total kinetic energy may be lost in the collision. D whatever their initial states of motion, neither atom can be stationary after the collision. 12 Two railway trucks of masses m and 3m move towards each other in opposite directions with speeds 2v and v respectively. These trucks collide and stick together. What is the speed of the trucks after the collision? A v B v C v D 5v 4 2 4 13 The diagrams show three forces acting on a body. In which diagram is the body in equilibrium? A B C D © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 9. 9 14 A force F is applied to a beam at a distance d from a pivot. The force acts at an angle θ to a line perpendicular to the beam. F θ pivot d Which combination will cause the largest turning effect about the pivot? F d θ A large large large B large large small C small small large D small large small 15 A rigid uniform bar of length 2.4 m is pivoted horizontally at its mid-point. 0.8 m 0.8 m 200 N 300 N Weights are hung from two points of the bar as shown in the diagram. To maintain horizontal equilibrium, a couple is applied to the bar. What is the torque and direction of this couple? A 40 N m clockwise B 40 N m anticlockwise C 80 N m clockwise D 80 N m anticlockwise 16 What is the internal energy of an object? A It is the energy associated with the object’s movement through space. B It is the energy associated with the random movement of the molecules in the object. C It is the energy due to the attractions between the molecules within the object. D It is the sum of all the microscopic potential and kinetic energies of the molecules. © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 10. 10 17 A motorist travelling at 10 m s–1 can bring his car to rest in a braking distance of 10 m. In what distance could he bring the car to rest from a speed of 30 m s–1 using the same braking force? A 17 m B 30 m C 52 m D 90 m 18 A stone of weight 4.0 N in the Earth’s gravitational field is moved from P to Q and then to R along the path shown. Q 40 m R 30 m 50 m P Earth's surface How much potential energy does the stone gain? A 120 J B 200 J C 280 J D 1200 J 19 Below are four short paragraphs describing the molecules in a beaker of water at 50 oC. Which paragraph correctly describes the molecules? A The molecules all travel at the same speed. This speed is not large enough for any of the molecules to leave the surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the molecules. B The molecules have a range of speeds. Some molecules travel sufficiently fast to leave the surface of the water. There are no forces between the molecules. C The molecules have a range of speeds. Some molecules travel sufficiently fast to leave the surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the molecules. D The molecules have a range of speeds. The fastest molecules are unable to leave the surface of the water. There are attractive forces between the molecules. © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 11. 11 20 In an experiment to demonstrate Brownian motion, smoke particles in a container are illuminated by a strong light source and observed through a microscope. The particles are seen as small specks of light that are in motion. What causes the Brownian motion? A collisions between the smoke particles and air molecules B collisions between the smoke particles and the walls of the container C convection currents within the air as it is warmed by the light source D kinetic energy gained by the smoke particles on absorption of light 21 In describing the behaviour of a spring, the spring constant is used. Different loads are used to extend the spring by different amounts. To find the spring constant, which quantities are required? A the elastic limit and the loads B the elastic limit, extensions and the length of the spring C the loads and the extensions of the spring D the loads and the length of the spring 22 The graph shows the behaviour of a sample of a metal when it is stretched until it starts to undergo plastic deformation. force / N 550 Y 500 X 0 0 10.0 12.0 extension / mm What is the total work done in stretching the sample from zero extension to 12.0 mm? Simplify the calculation by treating the region XY as a straight line. A 3.30 J B 3.55 J C 3.60 J D 6.60 J © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 12. 12 23 Which phenomenon is associated with transverse waves but not longitudinal waves? A polarisation B reflection C refraction D superposition 24 A displacement-time graph is shown for a particular wave. displacement 0 time A second wave of similar type has twice the intensity and half the frequency. When drawn on the same axes, what would the second wave look like? A B displacement displacement 0 0 time time C D displacement displacement 0 0 time time 25 The frequency of a certain wave is 500 Hz and its speed is 340 m s–1. What is the phase difference between the motions of two points on the wave 0.17 m apart? A π rad B π rad C 3 π rad D π rad 4 2 4 © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 13. 13 26 Where, in a standing wave, do the vibrations of the medium occur? A only at the nodes B only at the antinodes C at all points between the nodes D at all points between the antinodes 27 Monochromatic light is incident on a diffraction grating and a diffraction pattern is observed. Which line of the table gives the effect of replacing the grating with one that has more lines per metre? number of orders of angle between first and diffraction visible second orders of diffraction A decreases decreases B decreases increases C increases decreases D increases increases 28 A double-slit interference experiment is set up as shown. * red light source single double screen slit slit not to scale Fringes are formed on the screen. The distance between successive bright fringes is found to be 4 mm. Two changes are then made to the experimental arrangement. The double slit is replaced by another double slit which has half the spacing. The screen is moved so that its distance from the double slit is twice as great. What is now the distance between successive bright fringes? A 1 mm B 4 mm C 8 mm D 16 mm © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 14. 14 29 Two parallel metal plates are at potentials of +800 V and +1300 V. Which diagram best shows the electric field between the metal plates? A B +800 V +1300 V +800 V +1300 V C D +800 V +1300 V +800 V +1300 V 30 An electron of charge e is introduced between two metal plates a distance d apart. A potential difference V is applied to the plates as shown in the diagram. F d electron V Which expression gives the electric force F on the electron? eV V dV A B eVd C D d ed e © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 15. 15 31 The current in the circuit is 4.8 A. R X Y What is the rate of flow and the direction of flow of electrons through the resistor R? A 3.0 × 1019 s–1 in direction X to Y B 6.0 × 1018 s–1 in direction X to Y C 3.0 × 1019 s–1 in direction Y to X D 6.0 × 1018 s–1 in direction Y to X 32 Which equation is used to define resistance? A energy = (current)2 × resistance × time B potential difference = current × resistance C power = (current)2 × resistance D resistivity = resistance × area ÷ length 33 A p.d. of 12 V is connected between P and Q. 500 Ω X 1000 Ω P Q 2000 Ω Y 1000 Ω What is the p.d. between X and Y? A 0V B 4V C 6V D 8V © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 16. 16 34 The diagram shows a low-voltage circuit for heating the water in a fish tank. source heater The heater has a resistance of 3.0 Ω. The voltage source has an e.m.f. of 12 V and an internal resistance of 1.0 Ω. At what rate does the voltage source supply energy to the heater? A 27 W B 36 W C 48 W D 64 W 35 The diagram shows an arrangement of resistors. 10 Ω X 10 Ω 10 Ω Y 10 Ω What is the total electrical resistance between X and Y? A less than 1 Ω B between 1 Ω and 10 Ω C between 10 Ω and 30 Ω D 40 Ω © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 17. 17 36 When four identical lamps P, Q, R and S are connected as shown in diagram 1, they have normal brightness. P Q P Q R S R S diagram 1 diagram 2 The four lamps and the battery are then connected as shown in diagram 2. Which statement is correct? A The lamps do not light. B The lamps are less bright than normal. C The lamps have normal brightness. D The lamps are brighter than normal. 37 The diagram shows a light-dependent resistor (LDR) and a thermistor forming a potential divider. + – Under which set of conditions will the potential difference across the thermistor have the greatest value? illumination temperature A low low B high low C low high D high high © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06 [Turn over
  • 18. 18 38 What is a correct order of magnitude estimate for the diameter of a typical atomic nucleus? A 10–14 m B 10–18 m C 10–22 m D 10–26 m 39 The decay of a nucleus of neptunium is accompanied by the emission of a β-particle and γ-radiation. What effect (if any) does this decay have on the proton number and the nucleon number of the nucleus? proton number nucleon number A increases decreases B decreases increases C unchanged decreases D increases unchanged 40 Radon-220 is radioactive and decays to Polonium-216 with the emission of an α-particle. The equation for the radioactive decay is shown. 220 216 86 Rn → 84 Po + 4 He 2 How many neutrons are in the radon and polonium nuclei? Rn Po A 86 84 B 134 132 C 220 212 D 220 216 © UCLES 2006 9702/01/M/J/06
  • 20. 20 BLANK PAGE Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity. University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge. 9702/01/M/J/06