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INTRODUCTION TO
ROBOTICS
PREPARED BY MRS. SOUMYA HUBLIKAR
INTRODUCTION
• Robotics is an exciting and rapidly evolving field that combines
engineering, computer science, and technology. Robots are versatile
machines capable of automating a wide range of tasks with precision,
speed, and power. This introduction will explore the history,
components, and applications of this transformative technology.
WHAT IS A ROBOT?
• A robot is an electromechanical machine designed to perform tasks
autonomously or semi-autonomously.
• Robots are controlled by sophisticated software and can be
programmed to carry out a variety of functions.
• Robots use sensors to gather information about their environment and
actuators to interact with it.
HISTORY OF ROBOTICS
• The concept of automata, or self-operating machines, dates back to
ancient civilizations such as Greece and China.
• The development of industrial machinery in the 18th and 19th
centuries paved the way for modern robotics.
• The advent of computers in the 20th century enabled the creation of
more advanced, programmable robots
TYPES OF ROBOTS
• Industrial robots are commonly used in manufacturing, performing
tasks such as welding, painting, and assembly.
• Service robots are designed to assist humans in tasks like cleaning,
transportation, and healthcare
• Humanoid robots are designed to mimic the appearance and
functionality of the human body.
ROBOTIC COMPONENTS
• Mechanical Structure
Robots have a physical frame, joints, and linkages that allow for movement and manipulation.
• Power Source
Robots require a power source, such as batteries or electrical connections, to operate.
• Control System
The control system, often a computer or microcontroller, coordinates the robot's actions and
movements
• End Effectors
Robots may have specialized tools, such as grippers or tools, to interact with their environment
SENSORS AND ACTUATORS
• Cameras and other vision sensors allow robots to perceive and respond to
their environment.
• Ultrasonic and infrared sensors help robots detect and avoid obstacles.
• Tactile sensors enable robots to feel and interact with their surroundings.
• Motors, servos, and other actuators allow robots to move and manipulate
objects.
PROGRAMMING ROBOTS
• Robots are controlled by sophisticated software that defines their
behaviors and decision-making processes.
• Algorithms enable robots to process sensor data, plan actions, and
execute tasks autonomously.
• Advancements in machine learning allow robots to adapt and improve
their performance over time.
APPLICATIONS OF ROBOTICS
• Robots are widely used in industrial settings for tasks such as
assembly, welding, and packaging.
• Robotic systems are revolutionizing medicine, from surgical assistants
to rehabilitation devices.
• Robots are essential for exploring hazardous environments, such as
deep-sea and outer space
THANK YOU

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Introduction to Robotics in Mechanical Engineering.pptx

  • 2. INTRODUCTION • Robotics is an exciting and rapidly evolving field that combines engineering, computer science, and technology. Robots are versatile machines capable of automating a wide range of tasks with precision, speed, and power. This introduction will explore the history, components, and applications of this transformative technology.
  • 3. WHAT IS A ROBOT? • A robot is an electromechanical machine designed to perform tasks autonomously or semi-autonomously. • Robots are controlled by sophisticated software and can be programmed to carry out a variety of functions. • Robots use sensors to gather information about their environment and actuators to interact with it.
  • 4. HISTORY OF ROBOTICS • The concept of automata, or self-operating machines, dates back to ancient civilizations such as Greece and China. • The development of industrial machinery in the 18th and 19th centuries paved the way for modern robotics. • The advent of computers in the 20th century enabled the creation of more advanced, programmable robots
  • 5. TYPES OF ROBOTS • Industrial robots are commonly used in manufacturing, performing tasks such as welding, painting, and assembly. • Service robots are designed to assist humans in tasks like cleaning, transportation, and healthcare • Humanoid robots are designed to mimic the appearance and functionality of the human body.
  • 6. ROBOTIC COMPONENTS • Mechanical Structure Robots have a physical frame, joints, and linkages that allow for movement and manipulation. • Power Source Robots require a power source, such as batteries or electrical connections, to operate. • Control System The control system, often a computer or microcontroller, coordinates the robot's actions and movements • End Effectors Robots may have specialized tools, such as grippers or tools, to interact with their environment
  • 7. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS • Cameras and other vision sensors allow robots to perceive and respond to their environment. • Ultrasonic and infrared sensors help robots detect and avoid obstacles. • Tactile sensors enable robots to feel and interact with their surroundings. • Motors, servos, and other actuators allow robots to move and manipulate objects.
  • 8. PROGRAMMING ROBOTS • Robots are controlled by sophisticated software that defines their behaviors and decision-making processes. • Algorithms enable robots to process sensor data, plan actions, and execute tasks autonomously. • Advancements in machine learning allow robots to adapt and improve their performance over time.
  • 9. APPLICATIONS OF ROBOTICS • Robots are widely used in industrial settings for tasks such as assembly, welding, and packaging. • Robotic systems are revolutionizing medicine, from surgical assistants to rehabilitation devices. • Robots are essential for exploring hazardous environments, such as deep-sea and outer space