POORNIMA COLLEGE OF
OMEGA ELECTRONICS, JAIPUR
ROHIT KR. SINHA
FINAL YEAR, ECE
• Company Profile
• International Presence
• Various department in
• Why Robotics ?
• Types of robots
• Laws of robotics
• Components of robots
• Future prospects
• Established in 1962 by Eminent Physics and
Electronics scholar Mr. Y.P. Agarwal.
• The company is renowned manufacturer of digital
instruments, electronic instruments, science
experimental training boards, computer logic training
boards, dynamic demonstration kits.
• Omega electronics follows international
standards and procedures and is an ISO
• 46 years of experience
• Annual revenue INR 2,000,000.
• No. of employees = 80.
• 12500 customers in India and abroad.
Mr. Y. P. Agarwal
FACTORY Mr. Rupendra
Mr. G. P. Agarwal
• All Engineering Colleges
• Technical Institutions.
• Training Organization
• Science and Polytechnic Colleges.
• Research and Development Labs.
• Telephone and Police Department
• Various Industries.
• Advanced Satellite Communication Trainer
• RADAR Trainer Equipment
• VLSI Trainer Equipment
• Microprocessor/Microcontroller Trainers
• LAN Trainer Equipment
• CRO Trainer Equipment
• Antenna Trainer Equipment
• Microwave Trainer Equipment
• Various Robotic Kits
• Fiber Optic Lab Trainer Equipment
• Bread Board Training Equipments
• Communication Training Equipment
Different Departments in the
• Mechanical Department
• Production Department
• Testing Department
• Research & Development
The Industrial Training
Program at Omega
• Exposure to Practical learning environment.
• Emphasis on Production, Processes, Policies & Layouts.
• Understanding of Responsibilities, Discipline, Deadlines,
Time & Stress Management.
• Introduction of Sales, Marketing, Purchase, Tender etc.
• Training at Omega is gaining popularity in North India.
WHAT IS ROBOTICS
• THE WORD ROBOTICS IS USED TO COLLECTIVILY
DEFINE A FIELD IN ENGINEERING THAT COVERS
THE MIMICKING OF VARIOUS HUMAN
• SOUND CONCEPTS IN MANY ENGINEERING
DISCIPLINES IS NEEDED FOR WORKING IN THIS
• IT FIND ITS USES IN ALL ASPECTS OF OUR LIFE
What a Robot can mean?
• An automatic industrial
machine replacing the
human in hazardous work.
• An automatic mobile
sweeper machine at a
• An automatic toy car for a
child to play with.
• A machine removing mines
in a war field all by itself
and many more…
• It is a field of Engineering that covers the
mimicking of human behavior.
• Robotics includes the knowledge of
Mechanical, Electronics, Electrical &
Computer Science Engineering.
Laws of Robotics
The term robotics was coined in the 1940s by science
fiction writer Isaac Asimov.
Asimov's Laws of Robotics:
• A robot may not injure a human being, or, through
inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
• A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings
except where such order would conflict with the First
• A robot must protect its own existence as long as such
protection does not conflict with the First or Second
WHY ROBOTICS ?
• It can work hazardous/dangerous
• To perform repetitive task.
Components of ROBOTS
o Power source
• The structure of a robot is usually
mostly mechanical and can be
called a kinematic chain.
• The chain is formed of links (its
bones), actuators (its muscles), and
joints which can allow one or more
degrees of freedom.
• Suitable power supply is needed to run the
motors and associated circuitry
• Typical power requirement ranges from 3V to
• 220V AC supply must be modified to suit the
needs of our machine
• Batteries can also be used to run robots
• Robots are driven by different motors :-
o DC Motors
o Stepper Motors
o Servo Motors
• DC Motors
oAs the name
suggests, a motor
which uses a DC
oCan run in both
• Stepper Motors
o Used for measured
o Can be held at a
particular position of
o Ideal for many
• Servo Motors :
o Used in closed loop
control systems in which
work is the control
o An integral feedback
device (resolver) or
devices (encoder and
tachometer) are either
incorporated within the
servo motor or are
remotely mounted, often
on the load itself
• Actuators are the "muscles"
of a robot, the parts which
convert stored energy into
• The most popular actuators
are electric motors.
• Robots which must work in the real world require
some way to manipulate objects; pick up, modify,
destroy, or otherwise have an effect.
• Thus the 'hands' of a robot are often referred to as
end effectors, while the arm is referred to as a
• Some manipulators are:
o Mechanical Grippers
o Vacuum Grippers
o General purpose effectors
• It is concerned with the motion of the robot.
• Robot contains different types of drives:-
o Differential drive
o Car type
o Skid steer drive
o Synchronous drive
o Pivot drive
o Articulated drive
DRIVE WHEELS DRIVE WHEELS DRIVE WHEELS DRIVE WHEELS
NON DRIVEN WHEEL
NON DRIVEN WHEEL
NON DRIVEN WHEEL NON DRIVEN WHEEL
• Revolution in Medical science and Health care
• New & wide scope in Education & Training.
• A good help in Nuclear industry.
• Used tremendously in Sports activities.
• Play the role of an efficient assistance in
Research and Development sciences.
• Can very well handle household business.
• Scientists say that it is possible that a robot brain
will exist by 2019 .
• Vernor Vinge has suggested that a moment may
come when computers and robots are smarter than
• In 2009, some robots acquired various forms of
semi-autonomy, including being able to find power
sources on their own.
• The Association for the Advancement of
Artificial Intelligence has researched on this