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on
By
BHARAT BHUSHAN
Asst. Professor, Department of Computer Sc.
RLSY College, Ranchi
Buddha Science and Technical Institute, Ranchi
www.bharatsir.com
INTRODUCTION
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
UNIT-1 : INTRODUCTION
 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
 Background and Applications
 Turing Test and Rational Agent
approaches to AI
 Introduction to Intelligent Agents
 Their structure
 Behavior and environment.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
The term artificial intelligence was first coined
by John McCarthy in 1956 when he held the
first academic conference on the subject.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Introduction
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a method of
making a computer, a computer-controlled
robot, or a software think intelligently like
the human mind.
AI is accomplished by studying
the patterns of the human brain and by
analyzing the cognitive process. The
outcome of these studies develops
intelligent software and systems.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Background of AI
1956 : John McCarthy coined the term ‘artificial
intelligence’ and had the first AI conference.
1969 : Shakey was the first general-purpose
mobile robot built. It is now able to do things with
a purpose vs. just a list of instructions.
1997 : Supercomputer ‘Deep Blue’ was designed,
and it defeated the world champion chess player in
a match. It was a massive milestone by IBM to
create this large computer.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Background of AI
2002 : The first commercially successful
robotic vacuum cleaner was created.
2005–2019 : Today, we have speech
recognition, robotic process automation
(RPA), a dancing robot, smart homes, and
other innovations make their debut.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Background of AI
2020 : Baidu releases the LinearFold AI
algorithm to medical and scientific and
medical teams developing a vaccine
during the early stages of the
SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic.
The algorithm can predict the RNA
sequence of the virus in only 27 seconds,
which is 120 times faster than other
methods.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Applications of AI
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Applications of AI
 E-Commerce
 Education
 Lifestyle
 Navigation
 Robotics
 Human Resource
 Healthcare
 Agriculture
 Gaming
 Automobiles
 Social Media
 Marketing
 Chatbots
 Finance
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Turing Test
In 1950, Alan Turing introduced a test to
check whether a machine can think like a
human or not, this test is known as the Turing
Test.
In this test, Turing proposed that the
computer can be said to be an intelligent if it
can mimic human response under specific
conditions.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Rational Agent
A rational agent or rational being is a person
or entity that always aims to perform optimal
actions based on given premises and
information.
A rational agent can be anything that makes
decisions, typically a person, firm, machine,
or software.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Example of Rational Agent
Consider the case of this Vacuum cleaner as a Rational
agent. It has the environment as the floor which it is
trying to clean. It has sensors like Camera's or dirt
sensors which try to sense the environment. It has the
brushes and the suction pumps as actuators which take
action.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
How Does a Rational Agent Work?
A rational agent is essentially a goal-based
agent. It assesses its environment by
considering what it is like. It then looks at
each available action in its arsenal and
determines how it will affect the
environment and help it attain its goal. It
tries out all the possible steps before
choosing the best one, the one that will
move it closest to its objective.
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
How Does a Rational Agent Work?
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Simple Diagram to understand Rational Agent
A sensor could be a camera, an infrared device, a
sonar, an ultrasound, a radar, or a lidar in the image
above. It helps an AI robot determine an object’s or
its surroundings’ size, identify a thing, and
determine distances.
An effector, meanwhile, is any device that affects a
particular environment. It could be a robot’s legs,
wheels, arms, fingers, wings, or fins. Effectors are
also called “actuators.”
www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889
Artificial Intelligence
Simple Diagram to understand Rational Agent
A sensor could be a camera, an infrared device, a
sonar, an ultrasound, a radar, or a lidar in the image
above. It helps an AI robot determine an object’s or
its surroundings’ size, identify a thing, and
determine distances.
An effector, meanwhile, is any device that affects a
particular environment. It could be a robot’s legs,
wheels, arms, fingers, wings, or fins. Effectors are
also called “actuators.”
Bharat Bhushan, Assistant Professor, RLSY College, Ranchi
Artificial Intelligence

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Introduction to Artificial Intteligence

  • 1. Presentation on By BHARAT BHUSHAN Asst. Professor, Department of Computer Sc. RLSY College, Ranchi Buddha Science and Technical Institute, Ranchi www.bharatsir.com INTRODUCTION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
  • 2. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence UNIT-1 : INTRODUCTION  Introduction to Artificial Intelligence  Background and Applications  Turing Test and Rational Agent approaches to AI  Introduction to Intelligent Agents  Their structure  Behavior and environment.
  • 3. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence The term artificial intelligence was first coined by John McCarthy in 1956 when he held the first academic conference on the subject.
  • 4. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Introduction Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a method of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or a software think intelligently like the human mind. AI is accomplished by studying the patterns of the human brain and by analyzing the cognitive process. The outcome of these studies develops intelligent software and systems.
  • 5. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Background of AI 1956 : John McCarthy coined the term ‘artificial intelligence’ and had the first AI conference. 1969 : Shakey was the first general-purpose mobile robot built. It is now able to do things with a purpose vs. just a list of instructions. 1997 : Supercomputer ‘Deep Blue’ was designed, and it defeated the world champion chess player in a match. It was a massive milestone by IBM to create this large computer.
  • 6. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Background of AI 2002 : The first commercially successful robotic vacuum cleaner was created. 2005–2019 : Today, we have speech recognition, robotic process automation (RPA), a dancing robot, smart homes, and other innovations make their debut.
  • 7. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Background of AI 2020 : Baidu releases the LinearFold AI algorithm to medical and scientific and medical teams developing a vaccine during the early stages of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. The algorithm can predict the RNA sequence of the virus in only 27 seconds, which is 120 times faster than other methods.
  • 8. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Applications of AI
  • 9. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Applications of AI  E-Commerce  Education  Lifestyle  Navigation  Robotics  Human Resource  Healthcare  Agriculture  Gaming  Automobiles  Social Media  Marketing  Chatbots  Finance
  • 10. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Turing Test In 1950, Alan Turing introduced a test to check whether a machine can think like a human or not, this test is known as the Turing Test. In this test, Turing proposed that the computer can be said to be an intelligent if it can mimic human response under specific conditions.
  • 11. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Rational Agent A rational agent or rational being is a person or entity that always aims to perform optimal actions based on given premises and information. A rational agent can be anything that makes decisions, typically a person, firm, machine, or software.
  • 12. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Example of Rational Agent Consider the case of this Vacuum cleaner as a Rational agent. It has the environment as the floor which it is trying to clean. It has sensors like Camera's or dirt sensors which try to sense the environment. It has the brushes and the suction pumps as actuators which take action.
  • 13. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence How Does a Rational Agent Work? A rational agent is essentially a goal-based agent. It assesses its environment by considering what it is like. It then looks at each available action in its arsenal and determines how it will affect the environment and help it attain its goal. It tries out all the possible steps before choosing the best one, the one that will move it closest to its objective.
  • 14. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence How Does a Rational Agent Work?
  • 15. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Simple Diagram to understand Rational Agent A sensor could be a camera, an infrared device, a sonar, an ultrasound, a radar, or a lidar in the image above. It helps an AI robot determine an object’s or its surroundings’ size, identify a thing, and determine distances. An effector, meanwhile, is any device that affects a particular environment. It could be a robot’s legs, wheels, arms, fingers, wings, or fins. Effectors are also called “actuators.”
  • 16. www.bharatsir.com || Mo No : 09835376044 || WhtasApp : 09006365889 Artificial Intelligence Simple Diagram to understand Rational Agent A sensor could be a camera, an infrared device, a sonar, an ultrasound, a radar, or a lidar in the image above. It helps an AI robot determine an object’s or its surroundings’ size, identify a thing, and determine distances. An effector, meanwhile, is any device that affects a particular environment. It could be a robot’s legs, wheels, arms, fingers, wings, or fins. Effectors are also called “actuators.”
  • 17. Bharat Bhushan, Assistant Professor, RLSY College, Ranchi Artificial Intelligence